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GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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ESSEX INSTITUTE 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS. 



VOLUME XI 



v. 11 



SALEM, MASS. 

PUBLISHED BY THE ESSEX INSTITUTE. 
1872. 



PRINTED AT 
THE SALEM PRESS. 



1449181 



CONTENTS. 



PART I. 

Address at the Semi-centennial Anniversary of the Formation of 

the Essex Historical Society, by A. C. Goodell, ... 1 
Some Notes on old Modes of Travel, by R. S. Rantoul, . . 19 
Gleanings from Files of the Court of General Sessions of the 
Peace, by James Kimball, 74 

PARTS II AND III. 

Memoir of Asahel Huntington, by O. P. Lord, . . . .81 

Ancestry and Posterity of Zaccheus Gould, by B. A. Gould, . 115 

Perkins Family of Ipswich, by G. A. Perkins, .... 222 

Notices of the Ancestry of Mrs. Susannah Ingersoll, . . . 228 
Gleanings from the Files of the Court of General Sessions of 

the Peace, No. 2, by James Kimball, 235 

Memorandum referring to the Evacuation of Boston by the 

British Troops in 1776, 240 

PART IV. 

The Closing History of the Branch or Howard Street Church in 

Salem, by C. C. Beaman, . 241 

Perkins Family of Ipswich, by G. A. Perkins (continued), . 249 

Extracts from the Diary of Lieut. John Preston of Salem Vil- 
lage, by S. P. Fowler, 256 

The Chipman Lineage, by R. Manning Chepman, . . . 263 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



OF THE 



ESSEX INSTITUTE 



Vol. XI. April, 1871. No. 1. 

ADDRESS 

DELIVERED BEFORE THE ESSEX INSTITUTE ON THE SEMI-CENTEN 
NIAL ANNIVERSARY OF THE FORMATION OF THE 
ESSEX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

BY ABHEB C. GOODELL, JB. 

Mr. President, Members and Friends, of the Essex 
Institute : — 

The commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the 
founding of the Essex Historical Society, from which, 
by a union with the Essex County Natural History Soci- 
ety — started some twelve years later — the Essex Insti- 
tute was formed, naturally suggests, as a theme befitting 
the occasion, a consideration of the interdependence of 
History and the other Sciences. 

All the steps in the formation and union of these soci- 
eties have been so often traced, and the character and 
influence of the members of the first of them, especially, 
so fully and graphically described, in addresses and pub- 
lications by and before the Institute, that you will hardly 



expect from me a fresh treatment of a topic so familiar. 
Indeed, the echoes of Mr. Upham's memorial address on 
the lately deceased President of the Institute, in which he 
has left nothing further to be said upon this subject, have 
scarcely died away. You all remember his description 
of the literary character of this community before the 
Revolution ; of the formation of the Social Library in 
1760 ; and his list of names of those gentlemen of cul- 
ture whose learned conversations, in places of public 
resort, or over Mr. Appleton's counter, did much, per- 
haps, to mould the habits of thought and inform the mind 
of Benjamin Thompson, the young Salem apprentice, who, 
later in life, was the first to demonstrate, experimentally, 
what Faraday has declared to be "the highest law in physi- 
cal science which our faculties permit us to perceive" — 
the conservation and correlation of forces. Nor can you 
have forgotten how strikingly our associate exhibited the 
attainments of that group of scholars and men of science, 
who, fifty years ago to-day, resolved upon the formation, 
in this place, of a society devoted to civil and natural 
history. 

It needed not his eloquence, surely, to quicken our 
pride at the recollection of those great names. Story, 
who presided at the first meeting, now recognized alike 
in Westminster Hall, at Heidelberg, at Paris, and in our 
own courts, as a leading expounder of some of the most 
intricate problems of jurisprudence ; Bowditch, not only 
the translator, but the interpreter, of the profound calcu- 
lations of La Place, in celestial mechanics ; and White 
and Pickering who, in the most scholarly and faithful 
manner, jointly prepared the first American critical edi- 
tion of Sallust, and the latter of whom has given to us, 
as one of the results of his extensive philological studies, 
the first Greek and English Lexicon, — are names worthy 



to grace the rolls of any society of learned men. Nor 
are their less conspicuous associates and successors to be 
overlooked or forgotten. To say, merely, that they were 
men of rare accomplishments is to fail, as Mr. Upham 
has shown, in sufficiently recognizing their important con- 
tributions to the education and refinement of society about 
them, and to the advancement of science. 

Leaving, then, the history of the origin and growth of 
this society as a task already well accomplished, let us 
pursue the theme at first proposed. 

A brief comparison of some salient features of every- 
day life, now, and fifty years ago, will serve, appositely, 
I think, to illustrate my argument. 

No doubt the American citizen of 1821 felicitated him- 
self that he was born in an age so auspicious. For more 
than a generation American Independence had been an 
accomplished fact. The recent prowess of our navy, in 
conflict with the first and bravest maritime power in the 
world, had fanned the flame of patriotic pride not less 
than had the achievements of Franklin in science, and the 
success of our statesmen in constitutional law and diplo- 
macy ; and the hopes of stability and progress for the 
Kepublic were well assured. The telescope was an old 
invention, and the microscope had been used here more 
than a century. Gunpowder, the mariner's compass, the 
art of printing, the astronomy of Copernicus, knowledge 
of the law of gravitation, the use of logarithms, true 
principles of chemistry, the circumnavigation of the globe, 
— and great additions to our stock of geographical knowl- 
edge, — improvements in the art of navigation, the ex- 
tension of commerce, the solution of important problems 
of trade, the discovery of the circulation of the blood, 
and vaccination, the construction of turnpikes and im- 
proved roads, and the commencement of the application 



of steam to fixed machinery and to locomotion, were all 
actual achievements, which seemed to complete the long 
progress of civilization and to render all hopes of a 
greater future illusory and vain. 

Yet, viewed from our present stand-point, even then, 
how much of physical comfort and luxury was unknown, 
and how insufficiently were the higher wants of our na- 
ture supplied ! 

There were, then, no furnaces to warm our dwelling- 
houses and our public halls ; no anthracite coal in grate 
or stove ; no gas to illuminate our streets and buildings ; 
the ordinary table fare — in fruits and vegetables, espe- 
cially — lacked variety and delicacy; furniture was sim- 
ply-contrived and expensive ; and clothing was so dear 
and wardrobes so meagre, among the masses, as not only 
to limit the gratification of taste in dress, but to have 
produced intolerable inconvenience, had the modern no- 
tions respecting personal cleanliness generally prevailed. 
For amusements, our people were contented with the 
feats of the strolling juggler, occasional shows of a few 
wild animals, theatrical performances in our larger cities, 
assemblies, dinner-parties, singing-schools, and the parades 
of the militia. Our gardens, then as now, the source of 
the purest and healthiest delight, were neither numerous 
nor large. They seldom contained more than a single 
variety of the peony, three or four varieties of the tulip, 
as many, perhaps, of bush-roses and pinks, lilies, holly- 
hocks, balsams, daffodils, lilacs, marigolds, poppies and a 
small company of less conspicuous flowers, mostly an- 
nuals. 

There were, then, no courses of public lectures, no il- 
lustrated magazines and newspapers, — indeed, what news- 
papers there were, were mainly filled with local and polit- 
itical controversial articles, bitter, personal attacks, and 



heavy, stilted disquisitions on matters of small impor- 
tance. The reviewers and scientific journalists had, it is 
true, begun their labors, but they wrote for a limited cir- 
cle of scholars and thinkers, and depended upon their 
pecuniary, as well as intellectual, aid for existence. 
• There were then no free schools for girls,* no English 
high schools for boys, and no normal schools for either 
sex. Railroads had not then superseded stage-coaches, 
and the electric telegraph was not dreamed of. American 
art was scarcely known ; and our few larger libraries were 
defective, poorly arranged and not easily accessible. 

What a contrast to this picture does our present condi- 
tion afford ! — when the telegraph brings us almost hourly 
intelligence from Paris and San Francisco, and informs our 
merchants of the arrival of their ships in Arabia on the 
same day — promising, presently, to more than fulfil the 
extravagant engagement of Puck to — 

" put a girdle round about the earth in forty minutes ; " 

when our railroads stretch across continents, and ex- 
change the produce of the Zones without transhipment ; 
when the steamship, like a shuttle, weaves the strong 
web of amity and common interest between the opposite 
shores of oceans ; when newspapers convey to every 
family daily intelligence from all lands, and upon all sub- 
jects ; when exhibitions of the highest mechanical skill 
and galleries of art are opened to the public, and our best 
schools and libraries are free ; when, in short, the common 
laborer has the means of being better fed, clad, amused 

*This statement may require some qualification. In the country, children of 
both sexes generally attended the same schools, which were not graded; but, 
usually, in the larger towns, the girls were only permitted to attend, for recitation, 
after the boys were dismissed. In Boston, as I am informed by Mr. Philbrick, the 
accomplished superintendent of schools, no provision was made for the free 
instruction of girls until 1789, when they were permitted to attend the grammar- 
schools for half the year. Upon the establishment of primary schools, in 1818, 
pupils of both sexes were admitted; but it was not until 1828 that girls were 
allowed to attend the grammar-schools during the whole school year. 



and instructed than the most favored citizen could have 
been two generations ago, and, if he chooses, can live a 
larger life, with more solid enjoyment, than wealth could 
then purchase or royalty command. Nor is this all : the 
increase of knowledge and more complete dominion over 
nature have been accompanied by the amelioration of laws . 
and manners, and a larger measure of national liberty; 
feudal customs have become extinct ; systems of involun- 
tary servitude have been abolished ; the rights of individ- 
uals, including freedom of thought and of speech, in a 
great measure, established not only here but all over the 
civilized world ; and the thoughts of leading minds, in all 
pursuits, rationally directed to the great problems of life 
and destiny, and the earnest consideration of how the 
welfare of mankind may be best promoted. 

To the question " To what are we indebted for all this 
improvement?" there is but one final and sufficient an- 
swer; and that is, simply, The Progress Of Science. 
This Protean actor has played new parts throughout the 
whole cyclopaedia. The venerable science of Astronomy 
has, during the last half-century, been advanced by im- 
provements in the finish and machinery of the telescope ; 
and, besides the discovery of many asteroids and comets, 
and the calculation of their orbits, the world has, in that 
period, witnessed, in the discovery of the planet Neptune, 
an unprecedented triumph of science. Herschel's discov- 
ery of Uranus was accidental ; but the calculation by 
which Le Verrier fixed the position and revealed the pres- 
ence of Neptune, is an illustration of the perfection, and 
the wonderful prophetic power, which this grand science 
has attained — a science the s} 7 stematic prosecution of 
which in this country, elates hardly further back than the 
year 1843. 

Besides the telescope, two other great aids to man's 
natural powers of observation are the products of the 



last half-century ; I refer to the improved microscope, 
and the spectroscope. To the perfection of the former, 
we are indebted for the resolution of many obscure points 
in physiology, and the discovery and classification of a 
vast number of curious phenomena in crystallography, 
and in the lower and more minute forms of organic life ; 
while the latter has afforded to chemistry a test incon- 
ceivably delicate and sure, and to astronomy a positive 
answer to questions which, but a few years ago, seemed 
hopelessly beyond the province of actual knowledge. 

Chemistry has, during the same period, performed for 
the arts the most valuable Services. It has created the art 
of photography, and conveniently supplied to pharmacy 
many valuable remedies. By its new and powerful ex- 
plosive agents it has enabled man to quickly penetrate 
and remove the hardest and most formidable natural bar- 
riers, and, by its improved processes in metallurgy, it has 
helped to people regions hitherto uninhabited, largely in- 
creased the supply of coin, and proclaimed the opening 
of the age of steel. Electricity has been made to oper- 
ate the telegraph, and to reduce the cost, and accelerate 
the process, of printing; and the discovery of the anaes- 
thetic properties of ether and chloroform has greatly les- 
sened human suffering. 

Cuvier had publicly laid the foundation of modern 
zoology only four years before the event we now com- 
memorate ; and since that date the natural system in bot- 
any has become firmly established. Within fifty years 
geology and palaeontology have triumphed over obstinate 
prejudices and formidable opposition, and archaeology has 
risen to the dignity of a true science. Linguistic science 
dates its origin from the writings of Bopp, on compara- 
tive philology, which were first published in 1827 ; and 
ethnology is just starting upon a new career. 



8 

This is but an imperfect sketch of some of the recent 
achievements of science ; and when we consider only the 
more immediate results of these and other discoveries 
and improvements, in their application to the practical 
needs and purposes of life, we can hardly fail to ascribe 
to its legitimate cause the corresponding advance of civ- 
ilization, and shall clearly perceive that the relations of 
science to history are intimate and important. 

Indeed, history which fails to recognize the active 
agency of science in the affairs of men and nations, nay, 
which is not penetrated and guided by this idea, ceases 
to be history and becomes either mere speculation, or, 
what Bolingbroke characterized another superficial kind 
of narrative, "a dry register of useless anecdotes." 

The interdependence of the natural and physical sciences 
is plainly evident. How closely related, for instance, 
are mathematics and optics to astronomy, palaeontology 
to recent zoology, comparative philology to ethnology, 
and spectrum analysis to chemistry and astronomy. To 
chemistry even the fine arts are indebted for photography, 
which has created the pre-Raphaelite school of painters, 
as defined by Ruskin, with all their fidelity to nature, 
their delicacy, and freedom from exaggeration and false 
luxuriance of style. 

In like manner, the closest relations subsist between 
geology, palaeontology, archaeology and philology on the 
one hand, and history on the other. Indeed, what are 
these sciences but histories of the period unknown to tra- 
dition and prior to the invention of letters ? The great 
questions, now agitated by the scientific world, respecting 
the origin and primitive state of mankind, are as im- 
portant to the historian as to the zoologist ; and whether 
the arguments of later investigators in this field are sus- 
tained or refuted, the experimental facts they have gath- 



9 

ered and attested, must carry us a great way toward the 
ultimate truth respecting the beginnings of human exist- 
ence, and the history of our savage progenitors in their 
earliest and lowest condition. 

The science of human physiology, too, has a direct 
bearing upon history. It helps the historian to avoid 
errors into which he is liable to be drawn, by the force of 
dominant ideas, and teaches him when to suspect illusion 
in others. Mental epidemics, sectional and national ani- 
mosities, the antipathies of races and castes, and other 
causes of sudden and general motions in the social and 
political state — oftentimes of momentous consequence — 
cannot be properly characterized or explained, without 
the aid which physiological and ethnological science afford. 

Let us not confound the history of science, with history 
written upon a scientific basis, and guided by correct ob- 
servation and appreciation of those intimate and profound 
relations of things and events, which science discloses. 
History has been well said to be philosophy teaching by 
examples: it is, not less truly, science applied to the 
progress of human events. The historian who under- 
takes not only to recount, but to interpret events, should 
Collate, study, and digest his data with the same care, dil- 
igence and freedom from prepossession, that the most 
careful man of science would deem necessary in the 
pursuit of his specialty. His conclusions should be in- 
ductions; and, moreover, he should so test his obser- 
vations and deductions, both with reference to his own 
possible misapprehension, and to the weight and credi- 
bility of evidence, as to exclude, in anything he may 
affirm, all chances of error from distorted or partial views 
or sheer delusion. 

A single instance in point may illustrate my meaning. 
Probably, the most interesting and important phenomena 



10 

of psychology have been exhibited, in this country and in 
Europe, within the last twenty-four years, in what are 
called " the manifestations of spiritualism." Rightly un- 
derstood these phenomena, it would seem, offer a key to 
almost all the spiritual mysteries of former times ; and 
nothing, of a similar nature, in history is better supported 
by human testimony, whether we regard the nearness of 
the events, or the number, character and sincerity of the 
witnesses ; yet, by applying to these phenomena the rigid 
tests which science prescribes, the historian is obliged, in 
spite of the earnest protests of a multitude of believers, 
to exclude all the alleged phenomena which exceed or con- 
flict with well-established scientific laws, from his list of 
proved and admitted facts ; and, for the present, at least, 
they, necessarily, take their place, in history, as subjective 
impressions and not as objective realities. 

The use of statistics affords an example of a purely sci- 
entific method applied to history ; and it was a true say- 
ing of Schlozer, the pupil of the founder of this science, 
that "statistics is history at a stand ; history is statistics 
in a state of progression." The importance of statistics 
to political economy is now practically acknowledged the 
world over ; and census-returns and public registers are 
prepared by all civilized governments in such a manner 
as to be easily digested into tables adapted to show the 
comparative condition of society, in the most important 
particulars, at different periods. Carried still further, 
this science could be made vastly more serviceable, not 
only in solving problems in political economy, but in 
measuring the progress of ideas, faiths and other mental 
phenomena, changes of manners and customs, and, gener- 
ally, in contributing to the history of civilization. In- 
deed, there seems to be no surer basis for sound induction 
and generalization, in all matters relating to the progress 



11 

of human events ; and, simply, because the method pur- 
sued is purely scientific. 

If it is true, then, that history is dependent upon sci- 
ence for its only proper method, its tests and many of its 
most interesting facts, it is not less true that science is 
indebted to history for its preservation and expansion. 
As printing is the art preservative of arts, so is history 
the science preservative of sciences. Science cannot exist 
in isolated phenomena; it requires condition, comparison, 
relation or combination ; there must be the copula and 
predicate as well as the subject : and these denote an his- 
torical fact, even if they be presented simultaneously. 

By history, alone, can science exhibit the order and 
procession of discovery ; and, like a child to its nurse, 
must it look to history to learn its age and the story of 
its growth. Every part of science Avhich is not learned 
by original discovery is learned from history, no matter 
what name the record assumes, or in what guise it appears. 
All the known laws and data of established science are 
historical facts ; and the story of Galvani and the frog, or 
of Newton and the apple, and the discoveries to which 
these incidents led, are as truly historical as the assassina- 
tion of Caesar, or the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown. 

The historian's art is indispensable to the man of sci- 
ence in all his larger generalizations ; since only by this 
means can the higher laws of relation and tendency be 
discerned ; and a master of science should never think of 
his speciality but with reference to the succession of ob- 
servations and discoveries which have accumulated until 
they have gained for it a place in the circle of the sci- 
ences. Your best scientific treatises are strictly historical, 
albeit their chronology may be brief and the events few. 

Finally, the whole tendency of modern philosophy con- 
strains us to believe that history and science, conjointly, 



12 

have a nobler work to accomplish than the world has yet 
witnessed ; and that is, to solve the problem of the great 
end of human existence, to furnish a positive test of good 
and evil, and to define the nature, indicate the course, and 
demonstrate the obligations of duty. It is a lamentable 
fact that the world, even the Christian world, is not yet 
agreed upon a system of ethics. The philosophy of mor- 
als is at best essentially dogmatic, or the creature of spec- 
ulations — profound, perhaps, often wise, and always well- 
meaning ; but still very far removed from the certainty 
of scientific induction. I do not attempt to say what the 
true system is, nor whether its discoverer and expounder 
has appeared ; but I firmly believe that we are not always 
to grope through an — 

" infinite, dark, and fathomless abyss," 

but that science and history, mutually acting, are, some 
day, to unfold to us a system of moral philosophy built 
upon positive foundations and commanding universal 
assent; so that the solution of ethical questions may be 
made with the regularity and certainty of mathematics. 

History cannot take its first step, nor philosophy exist, 
without some theory of human duty constantly in view. 
It may be purely speculative, or it may be accepted upon 
authority ; but the recognition of some system is implied 
in the very idea of history or philosophy. Yet what 
widely different theories of right have been adopted by 
historians and parties in all ages ! In English history, 
for instance, is it settled what picture we shall accept 
as genuine of Henry VIII, Mary of Scotland, Mary 
of England, Elizabeth, Charles I, Cromwell and the 
Puritans? Within the last fifty years what utterly 
diverse conclusions have been arrived at respecting the 
admitted facts of the careers of the first and the third 



13 

Napoleons ; and what totally opposite ideas of morality 
have been advanced and sedulously maintained in the ter- 
rible controversies — now happily ended — concerning 
American Slavery ! What umpire shall decide for us ? 
What test shall, in future, be applied to redeem history 
from the reproach of empiricism and uncertainty ? 

The conviction that such conflicts must be reconciled ; 
that error springs from partial views ; that all truth is con- 
sistent in the aggregate and in all its parts ; that a uni- 
form law pervades and characterizes all the motions of 
life, referring them to some great, ultimate purpose ; and 
that this law has been revealed, partially and by glimpses, 
to the expounders of all systems, — has drawn modern 
philosophy to adopt the method of history, by which she 
hopes to detect this law, and trace it to its end ; or, often- 
er, assuming that she has discovered it, she resorts to 
history to vindicate her right of discovery, and to show 
how this continuous line of truth, extending through all 
philosophical systems, has developed, at last, into har- 
monious perfection in the particular system proposed. 
If, with the historical method, she combines the induc- 
tive processes of science, and limits herself to the study 
of experimental truth — distinguishing between mental 
impressions and real phenomena — she will make, let us 
believe, if not as high excursions, a more certain progress 
toward the desired goal, which it would be distrusting 
Providence to believe is not attainable. 

Here let us revert to the event we commemorate, and 
consider the proofs of their wisdom who founded, in the 
joint interests of history and science, the society out of 
which this Institute has sprung. 

What then existed only in an act of incorporation and 
a name, now offers for public use, in this large and com- 
modious building, a library of twenty-six thousand bound 



14 

volumes, more than one hundred thousand pamphlets, 
and two thousand five hundred volumes of newspapers, 
bound and unbound, including duplicates. 

On the other side of the library hall, the Athenaeum 
displays nearly fourteen thousand volumes more, in every 
department of literature. 

Our publications embrace the three numbers of the 
Journal of the Natural History Society, six volumes of 
Proceedings, ten volumes of Historical Collections, and 
an eleventh volume already begun. To these must be 
added — besides some occasional publications — two vol- 
umes of the "Monthly Bulletin" and five volumes of the 
"Naturalist." 

These publications have been well circulated and have 
received merited attention at home and abroad. The 
"Naturalist," especially, which is now published under 
the auspices of the Peabody Academy of Science, has 
been, without exception, most favorably noticed by scien- 
tific and literary critics here and in Europe. 

Our Cabinets, in 1866, contained about fifty-five thou- 
sand classified specimens in the various branches of natu- 
ral history. These and other specimens not then arranged 
have been united with those in the East India Marine 
Hall, and they, together, number several hundreds of 
thousands. These united collections the Peabody Acad- 
emy of Science has in charge ; but they are available for 
use to members of the Institute, and all other students of 
science, on the most liberal terms. 

In numismatics, ethnological specimens, and manu- 
scripts our collections are considerable ; and the fine arts, 
embraced, by the recent amendment to our act of incor- 
poration, among the objects of the Institute, are begin- 
ning to receive special attention — particularly the art of 
music. 



15 

The public have always been invited to participate in 
our studies, and enjoy the advantages which the Institute 
offers, upon almost equal terms with our members ; and 
while the State has had the use of the rare collection of 
the Province laws in our library, our cabinets have fur- 
nished nearly all the typical specimens — from which one 
of our associates has made the drawings — used in the 
preparation of the recent work on the invertebrates of 
Massachusetts, published by authority of the Common- 
wealth. 

Finally, we have established a printing-office, which, 
though not now connected with the Institute, continues to 
perform all our typographical work in a style not excelled 
by any other press in the country. 

All this, and much more, has been the result of grad- 
ual and quiet growth. No Maecenas has showered his 
golden bounty upon us, nor have we received the lar- 
gesses of the State ; but by slow and silent processes, un- 
der wise and prudent direction, those who are most to be 
benefited by such an institution, — the people — drawn 
by the various attractions which are embraced by its con- 
stitution, have built it up, rendered it symmetrical, and 
enlarged and strengthened its foundations. 

Throughout our career we have had no jealousies, no 
divisions, no conflicts ; but science and literature have 
gone hand in hand to prove that wisdom's "ways are ways 
of pleasantness and all her paths are peace." There has 
not even been a generous rivalry between the workers 
in the different departments of learning who have labored 
here, side by side, in a common cause. To adopt the 
words which were lately applied to our oldest university 
by its President, in his admirable inaugural address, the 
Institute "recognizes no real antagonism between litera- 
ture and science : " nay, we go further ; we claim to 



16 

have shown that the true interests of both are identical, 
and their success mutually dependent. 

As the representative of the historical department of 
the Institute, I am proud to attest to the joy with which 
we all received the announcement of the munificent pro- 
vision of Mr. Peabody, for the promotion of science in 
this county, through the instrumentality of those devoted, 
hard-working, young men who composed the scientific 
side of this body ; and, I certainly utter the sentiments 
of the Institute, as a whole, when I, also, express our 
sense of the immeasurable obligations we are under to 
the great disciple of Cuvier, who, for half the period we 
are to-day looking back upon, has been disseminating a 
knowledge of the correct principles of natural science in 
this, the land of his adoption, and to whom his pupils, 
our associates, are so much indebted for the methods of 
observation and reflection by which they have won an en- 
viable fame; for their knowledge of, and interest in, the 
progress of their European collaborators ; and for their 
unfaltering, enthusiastic devotion to science through years 
of discouragement, toil, trial and sacrifice. 

Lovers of history and antiquities are, it is commonly 
thought, habitually conservative. Constant retrospection 
is apt to beget undue regard for the past and aversion 
and distrust of novelties. Science, on the other hand, is, 
to its votaries, nothing if not new. Yet here, where these 
different dispositions are certainly as strongly marked as 
in any other body, no offence has been given and no dis- 
cord ensued. Our connection with our scientific associ- 
ates has made us so familiar with the great truths of 
nature, which it is their province to seek out and eluci- 
date, that we are no longer startled by the free discussion 
of those phenomena which have led men of science, every- 
where, to modify their interpretation of, or assent to, the 



17 

Mosaic cosmogony, and to reject the chronology of New- 
ton. We do not hesitate to follow science in condemning 
as visionary many notions generally received as truths 
fifty years ago ; and some theories then entertained ap- 
pear to us now as absurd as the cycles and epicycles of 
Ptolemy. 

Yet the effect of scientific progress has been not to 
abate our reverence, but, by extending the limits of 
actual knowledge, to exalt our ideas of the greatness, 
harmony, minute economy, and regularity of Creative 
Power ; and, by depriving them of all appearance of finite 
and material qualities, to render more venerable the mys- 
terious objects of faith. 

If I should attempt to portray the results of the educa- 
tion which this miniature university, with its democratic 
organization, its wide range of pursuits, and its free 
and healthy discipline, is calculated to bestow, I should 
show you a mind many-sided ; intensely curious as to all 
the phenomena of nature and all the concerns of life ; 
exact and complete in what it professes to know ; ready 
to receive any and all truth, yet not rashly venturing 
upon experiments, nor given to drawing conclusions from 
uncertain premises ; as far removed from envy and cov- 
etous ambition, as from indifference to anything that con- 
cerns the welfare and happiness of mankind ; large of 
comprehension yet laborious and exact in details : know- 
ing no science, no phenomenon of mind or matter un- 
worthy of study, and holding sacred every law of nature ; 
ever industrious in the serious avocations of life, yet ever 
contriving how to make them pleasurable and recreative ; 
intent on gathering and treasuring the relics of the past 
because of their possible interest and value for the future ; 
the associate and counsellor of age, and the friend and 
genial companion of youth ; aiding, both by precept and 



18 

example, to interest all others in its own special work, 
and taking an equal interest in the pursuits of others ; 
above all, disturbed by no fears that coming generations 
will undo the work of to-day, or that the mass of our 
fellow men may not be trusted to work out their own des- 
tiny in the best possible manner; and looking, for the 
conservation of truth, to the general intelligence of man- 
kind rather than to edifices and institutions erected and 
maintained by the few. 

Brothers and Sisters : — If, in the picture I present, 
you discern the lineaments of one still living — and long 
may he be spared to us — in whom the Institute may be 
said, reverently and truly, to have lived and moved and 
had its being — that "guide, philosopher and friend" to 
whom the whole community, and we in particular, are so 
deeply indebted ; who, with rare industry, and utter 
suppression of self, for more than a generation, has de- 
voted to the upbuilding of this institution his time, learn- 
ing, talents and all his energies ; whom ambition has not 
allured from his chosen path of duty, nor bereavements 
secluded ; — consider, that the likeness is but another illus- 
tration of the invariable relations of cause and effect, — 
that the school must take its cast from the genius of its 
founder; and that the only return which it is possible 
for us to make him, and that he will accept, is so to imi- 
tate his example that this our " gentle mother," may have 
sons and daughters able and worthy to take up and carry 
on the work which he shall leave undone. 






SOME NOTES ON OLD MODES OF TRAVEL. 

READ AT THE INSTITUTE, FEB. 4, 1868, AND MAKCH 2, 1870. 



BY ROBERT S. RANTOUL. 

" You may ride in an hour or two, if you will, 

From Halibut Point to Beacon Hill, 

With the sea beside you all the way, 

Through the pleasant places that skirt the Bay ; 

By Gloucester Harbor and Beverly Beach, 

Salem Witch-hatmted, Nahant's long reach, 

Blue-bordered Swampscott and Chelsea's wide < 

Marshes, laid bare to the drenching tide, 
, With a glimpse of Saugus spire in the west, 

And Maiden hills wrapped in hazy rest. 

All this you watch idly, and more by far, 

From the cushioned seat of a railway-car. 

But in days of witchcraft it was not so ; 

City-bound travellers had to go 

Horseback over a blind, rough road, 

Or as part of a jolting wagon-load 

Of garden-produce and household goods, 

Crossing the fords, half-lost in the woods, 

By wolves and red-skins frightened all day, 

And the roar of lions, some histories say. 

If a craft for Boston were setting sail, 

Very few of a passage would fail 

Who had trading to do in the three-hilled town ; 

For they might return ere the sun was down." 

— Peggy BUgh's Voyage. 

When this region of ours was first colonized by Euro- 
peans, they contented themselves for a time with the rude 
means of conveyance and transportation known to their 
savage neighbors. The favorite way to Boston, Ply- 
mouth, and Cape Ann, was by water. The "dug-out" 
was much in use, being a pine log twenty feet long and 
two and one-half feet wide, in which they sometimes 
" went fowling two leagues to sea." These " cannowes " 
seem to have been inspected at stated intervals, by a 



20 

town surveyor, and passed or condemned according to 
their fitness for farther service. It was in swimming for 
one of these, from a desire to visit the Indian Village at 
"Xorthfield," that Governor Winthrop's son Henry, on 
the day after his arrival at Salem, was drowned in the 
North River. In one of these boats, no doubt, Roger 
Conant might often be seen making his way up Bass 
River, to visit his farm of two hundred acres, near the 
" great pond side." And Governor Endicott's little sloop- 
boat, or " shallop," flits across the pages of the ancient 
records, as, no doubt she walked the waters of the bay 
and rivers, like a thing of life. 

The condition of the trail, which was the only land 
transit between Salem and Boston, is indicated by two 
contemporary writers of the first authority. On the 12th 
of April, 1631, Gov. Endicott wrote to Gov. Winthrop 
the following letter from Salem. 

"Right Worshipful : I did expect to have been with 
you in person at the Court, and to that end I put to sea 
yesterday, and was driven back again, the wind being 
stiff against us. And there being no canoe or boat at 
Saugus, I must have been constrained to go to Mystic, 
and thence afoot to Charlestown, which, at that time 
durst not be so bold, my body being, at this present, in 
an ill condition to wade or take cold. * * * The 
eel-pots you sent for are made, which I had in my boat, 
hoping to have brought them with me." * * * * 

It will be observed that these worthies were not the 
plodders of the Colony. Their position insured them 
the best travelling facilities the times afforded. Gov. 
Winthrop wrote in his Journal, Oct. 25th, 1631, "The 
Governor, with Capt. Underbill and other of the officers, 
went on foot to Saugus, and next day to Salem, where 
they were bountifully entertained by Capt. Endicott, and 



21 

on the 28th, they returned to Boston by the ford at 
Saugus River and so over at Mystic." 

In 1637, Gov. Winthrop passed through Salem on foot, 
with a large escort, on his way to and from Ipswich, and 
next year, visited Salem by water and returned by land. 
The first party of Salem people who visited Boston after 
its settlement, are said to have spent four days on the 
way, and on the following Sabbath, to have put up a note 
of thanks, in our First Church (now restored and stand- 
ing in the rear of Plummer Hall) for their safe guidance 
and return. 

In 1650, as we learn from Parkman's "France and 
England in North America," the first essay was made, at 
the instance of the Colony of Massachusetts, towards 
negotiating a reciprocity treaty between these English 
settlements and the French colonies in Canada. A Jesuit 
ambassador from Quebec set out in company with a con- 
verted Indian chief, to visit Boston, and secure the 
military aid of this colony against the Iroquois, in con- 
sideration of some privileges of trade to be granted by 
the French. He made his way from "Kepane" (Cape 
Ann)', where he was forced ashore by stress of weather, 
to Charlestown "partly on foot — partly in boats along 
shore," and from that peninsula the priest crossed by boat 
to Boston, — probably the first Romanist who ever re- 
ceived a welcome in this Puritan Colony. On return- 
ing, he stopped at Salem, and dined with Gov. Endicott, 
who, he says, spoke French. 

Some felling of trees and lifting of rocks was needed 
to convert these muddy trails into bridle-paths, and then 
the colonist moved about through the forest, accompanied 
by good- wife on a pillion behind,* and followed per- 
haps by a pack-horse, sweating under well stuffed pan- 

* Dunton's Joiirnal 1686. I. Felt 313. 



niers. "Such a way as a man may travel on horse back, 
or drive cattle," the court ordered laid out by Eichard 
Brackenbury, Mr. Conant and others, from the ferry at 
Salem, to Jeffrie's Creek, now Manchester. Poets sing 
false, or the saddle was sometimes mounted on the backs of 
cattle, in those early days, as now-a-days in San Domingo. 

•' Then, from a stall near at hand, amid exclamations of wonder, 
Alden, the thoughtful, the careful, so happy, so proud of Priscilla, 
Brought out his snow-white Bull, obeying the hand of its masters- 
Led by a chord that was tied to an iron ring in its nostrils, — 
Covered with crimson cloth and a cushion placed for a saddle. 
She should not walk, he said, through the dust and heat of the noon-day, 
Nay, she should ride like a Queen, — not plod along like a peasant. 
Somewhat alarmed at first, but reassured by the others, 
Placing her hand on the cushion, her foot in the hand of her husband, 
Gaily, with joyous laugh, Priscilla mounted her palfrey." 

After the bridle-paths came the roads. The configura- 
tion of our surface did not favor the use of canals and we 
escaped that dreary stage in the development of trans- 
portation. Roads multiplied apace, but they were con- 
structed not so much on mathematical, as on social prin- 
ciples. Nothing is more entertaining to the idler, than 
to trace out some old abandoned lane, wandering between 
crooked walls — choked up with underbrush of barberry, 
alderberry, rose-bush, fern and bramble — arched with 
grand old elms, and seemingly leading nowhere. Some 
dilapidated cellar-wall or ruined well soon answers the 
question, "whither wilt thou lead me?" The pioneers 
built their homes where the soil was tempting, the slopes 
attractive, and material at hand. Villages were small 
and infrequent. Hence roads were made to reach the 
homesteads of single colonists, and not with prime regard 
to directness between town and town. And as the dis- 
tance around a hill was no greater than over it, and the 
cost of excavating must be avoided, these roads, in un- 
even places, became still more circuitous, from the hills 
they encountered. Their original cost has been expended 



23 

many times over, in widening, straightening, and leveling 
them, so that the curious observer will find on either side 
of the present road, grass-grown bits of the old highway 
leading off a little, and soon returning to it. 

An old family of the county have been in the habit of 
making a yearly pilgrimage from Cape Ann to Andover, 
over the road as it was two or three generations back, 
faithfully tracing out, wherever it was possible, each ox- 
bow in the way, with its ancient trees and low-roofed 
farm-house and well-sweep and brook. Hawthorne has 
thus described one of the most tempting of these lovely 
by-ways, in his account of "Browne's Folly," written for 
the Institute in 1860. 

"Along its base ran a green and seldom trodden lane, 
with which I was very familiar in my boyhood ; and there 
was a little brook, which I remember to have dammed up 
till its overflow made a mimic ocean. When I last looked 
for this tiny streamlet, which was still rippling freshly 
through my memory, I found it strangely shrunken ; a 
mere ditch indeed, and almost a dry one. But the green 
lane was still there, precisely as I remembered it ; two 
wheel tracks, and the beaten path of the horses' feet, and 
grassy strips between ; the whole overshadowed by tall 
locust trees, and the prevalent barberry bushes, which are 
rooted so fondly into the recollections of every Essex 
man." 

These old roads belonged to the period when a journey 
to Boston was a thing to be thought of for days before 
hand — and only to be embarked on in pleasant weather. 
Dobbin must be brought in from pasture — be rested and 
fed up a little, and have his shoes looked to — the "one- 
hoss shay," with its capacity for stowage like that of the 
ark, — 

" Thorough-brace bison skin, thick and wide, — 
Boot, top, dasher of tough old hide 
Found in the pit when the tanner died ;" 



24 

this lumbering conveyance was to be cleaned up over 
night and its wheels put in order — the Sunday suit must 
be aired and dusted, and when at last, the eventful morn- 
ing dawned fresh and fair, and the leave-taking of several 
generations was accomplished, the journey of the day 
was to be performed, by not too burthensome stages, re- 
lieved by episodes of breakfast and baiting at the " Crea- 
ture Comfort," or some other favorite half-way house, and 
a scrupulous withdrawal of Dobbin from the too active in- 
fluence of the mid-clay sun. 

A few figures will show how much distances from 
point to point have been reduced. We find the follow- 
ing in "Travis's Almanac," Boston, 1713. 

"From Boston to Portsmouth, (Ferry's excepted) 62 
Miles, thus accounted. 

From Winisimit, to Owens 4 Miles, to Leives's 2 & 
half, to the Sign of the Galley at /Salem 9, to the Ferry 
at Beverly 1, to PisJcs at Wenham 5, to Cromtons at Ips- 
wich 6, to Bennets at Roivley 3 & half, (which is called 
the half way house) to Sargeants at Newbury, the upper 
way by ThurreVs Bridge 8, but from Roivley the right 
hand way by the Ferry is but 7 to said Sargeants, to 
Trues, or to Pikes Gate at Salisbury 2 & half, to JVbr- 
tons at Hampton 4 & half, to Sherbons at said Town 2, to 
Johnsons at Greenland 8 & half, and to Harvies at the 
three Tons at Portsmouth 5 Miles & half." 

In April, 1775, Col. Pickering marched his regiment 
. from Salem on the alarm of the fight at Lexington. To 
explain his tardiness in reaching the scene of action, he 
gives these distances in his journal. Salem to Danvers, 
2 miles ; to Ne well's in Lynn, 7 miles ; to Maiden, 6 
miles ; to Medford, 3 miles ; to Boston, 4 miles ; making 
the route from Salem to Boston, towards the close of the 
last century, 22 miles. 

The character of the public houses of the time, is 



25 

closely allied to our subject. The "Sign of the Galley 
at Salem," mentioned by Travis, was, no doubt, the 
" Ship Tavern," on School street, at the corner of what 
are now Church and Washington streets, the old Gov- 
ernor's house, brought up by water from Cape Ann, 
and rebuilt there and successively occupied by Conant and 
Endicott. It was kept, in 1713, by Henry Sharp, who, 
in 1701, advertised a calash to let, the first recorded in- 
stance of such a convenience in Salem. Modern travel- 
lers would hardly think these inns well described by the 
term "ordinary," under which they were licensed. They 
were conditioned to allow no tippling after nine at night ; 
the house must be cleared on week-day lecture of all per- 
sons able to attend meeting ; no cakes or buns to be sold, 
this was in 1637, on fine of ten shillings, the prohibition 
not to extend to cakes "made for any buryall or marriage, 
or such like special occation." In 1645, the widow of an 
innholder is licensed "if she procure a fitt man, that is 
Godly, to manage the business." In 1659, the law for- 
bids dancing at Taverns, and as late as 1759, the sale of 
spirits, wines, coffee, tea, ale, beer and "syder" on the 
Sabbath. 

At the middle of the last century a New York mer- 
chant, supercargo on board the ship "Tartar Galley," 
from New York for London, was disabled when a few 
days out, and put in to Boston for repairs. While de- 
tained there he seems to have moved among what he 
terms the "best Fashion in Boston." I make room for a 
passage from his Journal. * 

"October 19th, 1750. While at breakfast Mr. Nathan- 
iel Cunningham waited on me at Capt. Wendell's, agree- 
able to promise & furnished me with a horse to go to 

* New England Hist, and Gen. Reg., January, 1870. 



26 

Salem, being very desirous to see the country. Sett out 
about 10 o'clock. * * * Cross'd Charles Towne 
Ferry. * * * About 2 miles from thence we crosst 
Penny Ferry which is better than J mile over. Being 
the neighest way to Salem. From this to Mr. Ward's is 
about 8 miles, and is about a mile this side of Lyn which 
is a small Country Towne of ab't 200 Houses very pleas- 
antly situated, & affords a Beautifull Rural Prospect ; we 
came to Mr. Ward's about one o'clock and dynd on fryd 
Codd. From this place is about 7 miles to Salem. After 
dinner having refreshed ourselves with a glass of wine 
sett out on our journey through a barren rocky country 
which afforded us not the least prospect of anything but 
a desart country, abounding with Loffty Ragged Rocks a 
fine Pastering Ground only for their Sheep, the Rhoads 
are exceeding stony and the country but thinly peopled." 
Oct. 19th. Arrived at Salem ab't 3 a Clock put up 
our Horses at the Wid'o Prats from whence went to See 
Coll. William Browne * where drank Tea with his Spouse, 
after which Mr. Browne was so Good as to Accomodate 
us with a Walk round the Towne, Shewing us the wharfs 
warehouses &c, went up in the Steeple of the Church, 
from whence had a Fine View of the Town, Harbour, <fcc, 
which is Beautyfully Situated From which have a View of 
Mr. Brownes Country Seatf which is Situated on a Heigh 
Hill ab't 6 Miles Eastward of Salem Spent the Evening at 
his House where Joynd in Company by Parson Appleton $ 
and Miss Hetty his daughter from Cambridge they Being 
Acquaintence of Mr. and Mrs. Browne we Supd togeather 
and after that where Very merry, at Whist, &c. 

* Col. Browne was, at one time, a conspicuous character in Salem. He probably 
married the daughter of Gov. Burnet while the latter resided in Mass. His 6on, 
Col. William Brown, was a prominent loyalist. Felt's Annals of Salem ; Picker- 
ing's Life of Timothy Pickering; Sabine's Am. Loyalists. 

t "Browne's Folly;" see Ante, p. 23, and Stone's History of Beverly, p. 6. 
X Rev. Nathaniel Appleton, D. D. 



27 

Oct. 20th. Lodg'd at Mr. Brownes ; after Breakfast 
Saunterd round the Towne mayking Our Observations 
on the Build's &c. Dynd at his House after Dinner had a 
Good Deal Conversation with him upon Various Subjects 
he being a Gent'n of Excellent Parts well Adversed in 
Leaturate a Good Scholar a Great Vertuosa and Lover of 
the Liberal Arts and Sciences haveing an Extroardenary 
Library of Books of the Best Ancient and Modern Authors 
about 3 a Clock we Sett out in his Coach for his Country 
Seat rideing trough a Pleasent Country and fine Rhoads 
we arived there at 4 a Clock the Situation is very Airy 
Being upon a Heigh Hill which Over Looks the Country 
all Round and affords a Pleasent Rural Prospect of a Fine 
Country with fine woods and Lawns with Brooks water 
running trough them, you have also a Prospect of the 
Sea on one Part and On another A Mountain 80 Miles dis- 
tant The House is Built in the Form of a Long Square, 
with Wings at Each End and is about 80 Foot Long, in 
the middle is a Grand Hall Surrounded above by a Fine 
Gallery with Neat turned Bannester and the Cealing of 
the Hall Representing a Large doom Designcl for an As- 
sembly or Ball Room, the Gallery for the Mucisians &c. 
the Building has Four Doors Fronting the N. E. S. & W. 
Standing in the middle the Great Hall you have a Full 
View of the Country from the Four Dores at the Ends 
of the Buildings is 2 upper and 2 Lower Rooms with neat 
Stair Cases Leadeing to them in One the Lower Rooms is 
his Library and Studdy well Stockd with a Noble Colec- 
tion of Books the others are all unfurnish'd as yet Nor is 
the Building yet Compleat wants a Considerable workman 
Ship to Compleat it, so as the Design is But Since the 
Loss of his first wife who was Governour Burnetts Daugh- 
ter of New York by whome he has yet 2 Little Daughters 
Liveing, the Loss of her he took much to heart as he was 



28 

doateingly fond of her Being a Charming Laclie when 
married. But he is now determind to Compleat it we 
drank a Glass wine haveing Feasted our Eyes with the 
Prospect of the Country Returned to his House where 
Sup'd and Past the Evening Vastly Agreeable being a 
Very merry Facitious Gentlemen, went to bed Intend'g to 
Proceed to Marble head Next Morning. 

Oct. 21st. Haveing Got our Horses ready, after Break- 
fast took our Leave's of Mr. Browne and Spouse. Before 
proceed shall Give a Small Discription of Salem. Its a 
Small Sea Port Towne. Consists of ab't 450* Houses, 
Several of which are neat Buildings, but all of wood, and 
Covers a Great Deal of Ground, being at a Conveniant 
Distance from Each Other, with fine Gardens back their 
Houses, the Town is Situated on a Neck of Laud Nava- 
gable on either Side is ab't 2J Miles in Lenght Including 
the build'gs Back the Towne, has a main Street runs 
directly trough, One Curch 3 Presbiterian and One 
Quakers Meeting, the Situation is Very Pretty, &c. The 
Trade Consists Chiefly in the Cod Fishery, they have ab't 
60 or 70 Sail Schooners Employd in that Branch. Saw 
ab't 40 Sail in the Harb'r hav'g then ab't 40 at Sea. They 
Cure all their Own Cod for Markett, Saw there a Vast 
Number Flakes Cureing, in the Harbour Lay also two 
Topsail Vessells and three Sloops, on Exam'g into the 
Fishery find it a very adventag's Branch. 

The travellers then ride to Marblehead " trough a plea- 
sant country and good Roades " — spend an hour there 
at breakfast with Mr. Read — see the town, of which 
they formed no very flattering impression, and push on 
to their friend Mr. Ward's, at Lynn. "Dynecl upon a 
fine mongrel goose " — proceeded on their journey 

* Salem had (May 1, 18GS), 3053 dwelling houses, and about 21,000 inhabitants. 



29 

"through Mystic, and came to Mr. Wendell's in Boston, 
ab't 8 o'clock." 

I find passages illustrative of the times in the diary of 
John Adams written when the author was ■ ' riding the 
circuit " in the practice of the law, at the age of thirty, 
and residing in Braintree. 

"1766, Nov. 3d. Monday. Sett off with my wife for 
Salem. Stopped half an hour at Boston. Crossed the 
Ferry, at three o'clock arrived at Hill's, the tavern in 
Maiden, the sign of the Kising Eagle * * * where we 
dined. Here we fell in company with Kent and Sewall. 
We all oated at Martin's where we found the new 
Sheriff of Essex, Colonel Saltonstall. We all rode into 
town together. Arrived at my dear brother Cranch's, 
about eight, and drank tea and are all very happy. Sat 
and heard the ladies talk about ribbon, catgut, and Paris 
net, riding-hoods, cloth, silk and lace. Brother Cranch 
came home and a very happy evening we had. Cranch 
is now in a good situation for business, near the Court 
House and Mr. Barnard's meeting-house and on the road 
to Marblehead : his house fronting the wharves, the har- 
bor aud shipping, has a fine prospect before it. 

4. Tuesday. A fine morning : attended court all day 
* * Prayer by Mr. Barnard, Deacon Pickering was 
foreman of one of the juries * * his appearance is 
perfectly plain, like a farmer. * * * * 

5. Wednesday. Attended Court; heard the trial of an 
action of trespass, brought by a mulatto woman for dam- 
ages for restraining her of her liberty. * * * Spent 
the evening at Mr. Pynchon's with Farnham, Sewall, Sar- 
gent, Colonel Saltonstall, etc., very agreably. Punch, 
wine, bread and cheese, apples, pipes and tobacco. 
Popes and bonfires this evening at Salem, and a swarm 
of tumultuous people attending them. 



30 

6. Thursday. A fine morning. Oated at Martin's, 
where we saw five boxes of dollars, containing, as we 
were told, about eighteen thousand of them, going in a 
horse-cart from Salem Custom House to Boston, in order 
to be shipped for England. A guard of armed men, 
with swords, hangers, pistols and muskets, attended it. 
We dined at Dr. Tuft's in Medford. * * * Drank 
tea at Mrs. Kneeland's, — got home before eight o'clock." 

On a previous visit to his brother Cranch in August, 
he rode after tea to Neck Gate, then back through the 
common, down to Beverly Ferry and about town. 
"Scarce an eminence," he says, "can be found anywhere 
to take a view. The streets are broad and straight and 
pretty clean. The houses are the most elegant and grand 
that I have seen in any of the maritime towns." 

On Friday, June 29th, 1770, he set out on another 
"journey to Falmouth in Casco Bay." Dined at Good- 
hue's in Salem. Fell in with a London merchant, a 
stranger, who "made a genteel appearance," — was in 
a chair himself, with a negro servant, talked of American 
affairs, thought the colonists " could not conquer their 
luxury," and this would make them dependent on Great 
Britain. " Oated my horse and drank balm tea at Tread- 
well's in Ipswich." Treadwell's was a favorite resort 
with him. On a visit there ten days before, he says, — 
"Rambled with Kent round Landlord Treadwell's past- 
ures to see how our horses fared. We found them in 
the grass up to their eyes ; excellent pastures. This hill, 
on which stand the Meeting-house and Court House, is a 
fine elevation, and we have here a fine air and the pleas- 
ant prospect of the winding river at the foot of the hill." 

On another visit he writes. "Landlord and Landlady 
are some of the grandest people alive : landlady is the 
great grand-daughter of Governor Endicott. * * As to 



31 

Landlord he is as happy and proud as any nobleman in 
England." And again — "The old lady has got a new 
copy of her great grandfather's, Governor Endicott's 
picture hung up in the house." That picture is now 
among the collections of the Institute. 

Next morning, Saturday, June 30th, he "arose not 
very early, drank a pint of new milk and set off; oated 
my horse at Newbury, rode to Clarke's at Greenland 
meeting-house, where I gave him hay and oats and then 
set off for Newington." Dined there with his uncle 
Joseph, minister of that town, then in his eighty-second 
year, and set off for York over Bloody Point Ferry * * 
"a very unsentimental journey excepting this day at 
dinner ; have been unfortunate enough to ride alone all 
the way and have met with very few characters or adven- 
tures. I forgot yesterday to mention that I stopped and 
inquired the name of a pond in Wenham, which I found, 
was Wenham Pond, and also the name of a remarkable 
little hill at the mouth of the pond, which resembles a 
high loaf of our country brown bread, and found that it 
is called Peters' Hill to this day from the famous Hugh 
Peters." * * * 

July 1. Sunday. "Arose early. I took a walk to the 
pasture, to see how my horse fared. * * * My little 
mare had provided for herself, by leaping out of a bare 
pasture into a lot of mowing ground, and had filled her- 
self with grass and water. * * * * 

2. Monday morning. In my sulky before five o'clock, 
Mr. Winthrop, Farnham and D. Sewall with me on 
horseback : rode through the woods the tide being too 
high to go over the beach and to cross Cape Neddick 
River: came to Littlefield's in Wells, a quarter before 
eight : stopped there and breakfasted. * * * Rode to 
Patten's of Arundel. Mr. Winthrop and I turned our 
horses into a little close to roll and cool themselves and 



32 

feed upon white honey-suckle. P. M. Got into my 
chair : rode with Elder Bradbury through Sir William 
Pepperell's woods : stopped and oated at Milliken's and 
rode into Falmouth." 

Compare this picture of Mr. Adams, in his desobli- 
geant, as he calls his narrow seated chair, riding into Fal- 
mouth, with an incident in the career of two statesman 
of our time. During the negotiation of the British- 
American treaty which detained Mr. Webster in the Cab- 
inet of John "Tyler, after his colleagues had deserted all 
the departments but that of State, it was proposed to con- 
vey him, in company with Lord Ashburton, with the ut- 
most speed, from Boston to Portland. Alexander Brown, 
a genial, trusty, energetic man, was chosen from among 
the drivers on the route to arrange the conveyance by 
stage from the Railroad terminus, and the most thorough 
preparations were made. Relays of picked horses, fre- 
quent and fresh, awaited him at every stage house, a 
groom to each horse, ambitious, both man and beast, to 
act well their parts in the struggle against time. Three 
minutes were allowed for each change of horses. Mr. 
Brown, afterwards Depot-master at the Rail Road Station 
in Boston, recalled the achievement of that day with 
pride until his death, and used to tell how the British 
ambassador got out at a stopping-place and watch in 
hand observed the process of "unhitching and putting to," 
remarking that it was done as quickly, within a few sec- 
onds, as in England. This was high commendation from 
an Englishman. And it certainly was a notable thing, 
to have driven for eight hours over American roads, well 
enough to keep an English peer in good humor and to 
have brought him into Portland in the company of that 
man whose titan brow and olympian presence prompted 
Sydney Smith to remark, that if the great American were 
half as great as he looked he must be great indeed. 



33 

Once more, Monday June 17th, 1771, Mr. Adams sets 
out upon the Eastern Circuit. 

" I mounted my horse and rode to Boston in a cloth 
coat and waistcoat, but was much pinched with a raw, 
cold, harsh, northeast wind. At Boston I put on a thick 
flannel shirt and that made me comfortable and no more ; 
so cold am I, or so cold is the weather, June 17th * * * 
Came over Charlestown ferry and Penny ferry and dined 
at Kettel's in Maiden. * * * Overtook Judge Cushing 
in his old curricle with two lean horses, and Dick, his 
negro, at his right hand, driving the curricle. This is 
the way of travelling in 1771, — a judge of the circuits, 
a judge of the superior court, a judge of the king's bench, 
common pleas and exchequer for the Province, travels 
with a pair of wretched old jades of horses in a wretched 
old curricle, and a negro on the same seat with him driv- 
ing * * * Stopped at Martin's in Lynn with Judge 
Cushing ; oated and drank a glass of wine. * * * Rode 
with King, a deputy sheriff, who came out to meet the 
judges, into Salem : put up at Goodhue's. The negro 
that took my horse soon began to open his heart. He 
did not like the people of Salem ; wanted to be sold to 
Capt John Dean of Boston. His mistress said he did not 
earn salt to his porridge and would not find him clothes." 
Arrived at Falmouth, July 2nd, he writes : " This has 
been the most flat, insipid, spiritless, tasteless journey I 
ever took, especially from Ipswich." And this we can 
understand better when we read of his riding alone 
through Saco woods after night-fall. "Many sharp, steep 
hills, many rocks, many deep ruts, and not a footstep of 
man except in the road ; it was vastly disagreeable."* 



* It will be remembered, in this connection, that when Gen. Washington took 
command of the army at Cambridge, he came all the way from Virginia on horse- 
back. 



34 

Before great advances could be made towards speed, 
comfort, safety and cheapness in travel, fords and step- 
ping-stones must give way to ferries, — ferry-ways must 
yield to bridges, and turnpikes must supersede county 
roads on the great thoroughfares. Eoad-making was no 
new art. It had been carried to a high point by the an- 
cients, but the costliness of their works made the lesson 
of little value to the new countries of the modern world. 
The Romans, for instance, had magnificent roads leading 
out into the provinces, — as many of them as the hills 
upon which the Eternal City sat. These roads were 
crowned with a surface of polished stone, over which 
wagons, on wooden wheels, were drawn by unshod 
beasts with ease and speed. But it was only at the be- 
ginning of this century that McAdam showed us how to 
bridge over a quagmire with a crust of concrete so firm 
as to bear loads that make the marshy substratum on 
which it rests quake like a jelly. 

From 1636 a ferry had been supported between North 
Point or Salem Neck, so called, and Cape Ann or Bass 
Eiver side, now Beverly. From time to time it was 
leased for the benefit of the Grammar School Masters 
of Salem. At first it provided only for the crossing of. 
persons. But, in 1639, these were the regulations : 
" Lessee to keep an horse-boate — to have for strangers' 
passadge 2d apeice, — for towne dwellers Id apeice, — 
for mares, horses and other great beasts 6d apeice, and for 
goats, calves and swyne, 2d apeice." For more than 
a century, an inn known as the, "old Ferry Tavern," stood 
hard by on the Salem side. The ferry touched at Salem 
side near the present bridge, but a little to the north. 

In 1787, Beverly, somewhat aggrieved at the manage- 
ment of the ferry in the interest of Salem, moved for a 
bridge. A charter, now on deposit with the Institute, 



1449181 

35 

was granted to the Cabots, and Israel Thorndike of Bev- 
erly, and to John Fiske and Joseph White of Salem, and 
the old Ferry-way was laid out as a highway by the Court 
of Sessions. Dec. 13th, the proprietors of the bridge 
organized at the Sun Tavern. Nathan Dane was modera- 
tor and William Prescott, clerk. The bridge was opened 
for use Sept. 24th, 1788. It was one of the modern 
wonders. Gen. Washington, on his northern tour next 
year, dismounted to examine it and observe the working 
of the draw. And a Russian engineer was specially com- 
missioned to acquaint himself with its structure. But 
this beneficent work was not carried through without 
violent opposition, of which Spite Bridge was one of the 
fruits. Salem voted to oppose the petitioners and invited 
other towns to do so. Competition was threatened from 
a parallel bridge. The navigation of North River, it was 
urged, would be annihilated, and 40 vessels of various 
tonnage, then employed there, would be driven from the 
river. "Prejudices, strong party feeling and much ex- 
citement" are spoken of by Felt, and he adds that one 
Blythe, a wit of the time, was prompted to observe that 
there never was a bridge built without railings on both 
sides. This timely successor of the old ferry -way, after 
compensating its projectors for their risk and outlay, re- 
verted, at the expiration of its 70 years' charter, to the 
State. I may be pardoned a personal reminiscence in 
this connection. My grandfather told me that he walked 
over the bridge on the day it was opened for travel, 
being then a Salem school boy ten years old, and again 
in his eightieth year on the day of the expiration of its 
charter. 

In 1868 the bridge was surrendered by the state to the 
towns and thrown open to the public, in accordance with 
that enlightened social economy, which shows us that all 



36 

needless restraint upon the intercourse of neighbors is 
barbarism. 

Another monument of Essex County enterprise is 
the turnpike connecting us with Boston, now also, in the 
same liberal spirit, dedicated to free travel. March 6th, 
1802, Edward Augustus Holyoke, William Grey, Nathan 
Dane, Jacob Ashton and Israel Thorndike, with their 
associates, were incorporated to build a turnpike from Buf- 
fum's corner, through Great Pastures, over Breed's Island 
in Lynn Marshes, across Mystic River, and from a point 
near the navy-yard to Charles River Bridge. The Statute 
Books are full of similar acts at this period. The Essex 
Turnpike from Andover, intended to bring the travel of 
Vermont and New Hampshire through Salem to Boston, 
was chartered the next spring, as was also another from 
State street, Newburyport " by as nearly a straight line 
as practicable" to Maiden Bridge. 

Here again we were not behind the times. Telford 
and McAdam had not completed their grand experiments 
nor demonstrated their rival systems for some years later. 
But the turnpike corporators used the best science of the 
day and a wonderful road they made. In the famous rec- 
ords kept at Benjamin Blanchard's Barber Shop, in which 
his distinguished patrons noted current events, while wait- 
ing for an empty chair, it appears that work began near 
"Pickering's Pen" June 7th, 1802. Of course there 
was vigorous opposition and wild disparagement on one 
side, — great enthusiasm on the other. Dr. Stearns, 
One of its most ardent promoters, is said to have declared 
that, when the turnpike was done, a man might stand on 
BufTum's corner and look straight into Charlestown Square. 
The extent of the work of building may be judged of by 
the fact that a village of huts covered the high ground 
now occupied by Erastus Ware, which soon became a 



37 

resort for toddy and tenpins, and that the material and 
tools employed, sold on the completion of the work, 
brought at auction, Oct. 27th, 1803, thirty-two hundred 
dollars. Captain Richard Wheatland paid the first toll, 
July 12th, 1803, on his way to Boston to take command 
of his ship for Calcutta. How much the new route, only 
twelve miles and a fraction long, did to bring us and the 
metropolis together, will be recalled with pleasure by some 
yet living who enjoyed for the first time, in the fall of 
1803, an evening ride to Boston with a ball, a concert, or 
a play in prospect to give zest to the excursion. 

The largest sum, taken in a year at " Toll-Gate No 1,'' 
near our great pastures, was $5300, in 1805 ; — the day of 
the greatest travel was June 1st, 1813. On that summer 
afternoon the smoke of conflict between the Chesapeake 
and Shannon was rolling over the bay. One hundred and 
twenty stages, crowded to repletion, passed up that day. 
Thousands of spectators prayerfully watched the fight from 
every hill-top and gloomily retired when the issue was 
but too plainly seen. 

On the morning of Nov. 6th, 1869, the old gate- 
keeper at "No. 1," gets orders to take no more tolls. 
Gravely he sets open, for the last time, the last toll-gate 
in Essex County and breaks out in rhyme : 

"The last toll is taken, — I've swung wide the gate, 
The word has been spoken, — We yield to our fate !" 

The distinctive character of the turnpike among roads 
is departed. It is as wholly a thing of the past as that 
negro village which once clustered about the entrance at 
Buffum's corner, with its fortune-telling and cake-baking 
and fiddling and dancing. But the great road will stand. 
Years will not destroy its traces of heavy blasting and 
grading, — its viaducts of splendid masonry across deep, 
picturesque ravines, their granite sides and terraced but- 



38 

tresses backed up with sturdy trunks and roots of ancient 
elm and willow, fit types of the beauty and utility which 
mark its course. No son of Salem returning from his 
wanderings, however great a truant, but will pause de- 
lighted on that hill top, where bursts upon the eye the 
eldest born of New England cities, whether the morn- 
ing sun is touching with an early glory the score of spires 
and towers, clustered about that thing of beauty, the South 
Church Steeple, or whether, at night-fall, broadsides of 
factory windows are blazing with their perpetual illumina- 
tion in honor of the triumphs of industry. While lovers 
ramble and young limbs are strong — while Bitter-sweet 
Rocks live in song, and Great Pastures find a place in 
story, — so long shall there be brisk walking among its 
rugged scenes in Spring and Autumn, and willing horses 
shall be urged to speed over No-bottom Pond Bridge 
on the moonlight gallop, so long as water plashes up like 
molten silver through the chinks in the planking, — until 
indeed the poet sings to deaf ears : 

" 'Tis life to guide the fiery Barb 
Across the moonlight plain ! » 

The first public conveyance noticed by Felt was a 
" large stage chair," or two horse curricle which ran from 
Portsmouth to Boston and back each week, in 1761. " An 
epidemical distemper" among horses interfered with the 
business in 1768 but two years after, Benj. Coats, who 
was then landlord at the Ship Tavern in School, now 
Washington street, gave notice that he had bought a "new 
Stage chaise " which would run between Salem and Bos- 
ton " so that he will then, with the one now improved in 
that business, be able to carry and bring passengers, bun- 
dles and the like every day except Sunday." He also has 
five fall-back chaises, one fall-back curricle, six standing 
top chairs and three sulkies to let. In December, 1771, 



39 

Benj. Hart advertises that " he has left riding the single 
horse post between Boston and Portsmouth and now 
drives the post stage lately improved by John Noble. 
He sets out from Boston every Friday morning and from 
Portsmouth on Tuesday morning following. The above 
conveyance has been found very useful and now more so, 
as there is another curricle improved by J. S. Hart, who 
sets off from Portsmouth the same day this does from 
Boston, by which opportunity offers twice a week, for 
travellers to either place." 

Systematic staging probably began here about 1796 and 
in this business Benjamin Hale of Newburyport, seems to 
have been the pioneer on the route between Boston and 
Portsmouth, as was Seth Paine of Portland, on the lines 
further east. Mr. Hale was a resolute, persevering man, 
and there was nothing worth knowing about staging which 
he did not know. Many improvements in stage springs 
are accredited to him, as well as the introduction of the 
trunk-rack, by which means the passenger's luggage was 
employed to ballast the coach, whereas formerly it had 
rested, a dead weight, on the axles, jolting and tossing as 
though springs were yet to be invented. He had made 
his way up from small beginnings against discouragements 
and trials, but his single coach, driven by his own hand, 
in the early years of the century, had come at last to be a 
large establishment of horses, carriages and drivers. Mr. 
Paine's career had not been different. He was a postman 
in Maine when all the mails were carried on horse-back : 
a man of few words, prompt, inflexible, and of great 
energy. He came to be the largest owner and sole man- 
ager of coaches east of Portsmouth and government con- 
tractor for the eastern mails, while the stages on this side 
of Portsmouth were under the able and exclusive manage- 
ment of Mr. Hale. The proprietors, at this time, were 



40 

few, — not more than five or six. Besides those named, 
were Judge Elkins, of Wenham, and Salem, and Samuel 
Larkin of Portsmouth. Dr. Cleaveland, of Topsfield, 
bought in, about 1806. The profitable character of the 
business could not long be concealed. Tributary lines 
spring up. Thus a stage connected with the Boston Line 
set off from Salem, Aug. 20th, 1810, for the Coos County. 
Three were to be despatched every week. Competition, 
of course, followed and, in 1818, opposing lines were 
absorbed by the original proprietors, and the Eastern 
Stage Company was incorporated. It is not too early to 
write in a historic strain of that once familiar visitant, the 
Stage Coach. And the books of this corporation, now in 
possession of the Institute, shed ample light upon one of 
the largest and most successful staging enterprises of New 
England. 

The Eastern Stage Company was chartered by the state 
of New Hampshire, for a period of twenty years. Its 
act of incorporation, approved June, 1818, contains three 
sections, and singularly enough, by no word except its 
title, from beginning to end, indicates the business to be 
facilitated thereby. By this act, Samuel Larkin, Wil- 
liam Simes, Elisha Whidden and their associates are made 
a body corporate, the " Eastern Stage Company," by 
name, are to sue and to be sued, have a common seal, 
make rules and by-laws, and generally to do whatever ap- 
pertains to bodies corporate, with a capital stock not ex- 
ceeding one hundred thousand dollars, shares not more 
than five hundred in number, and that is all. To one 
familiar with the guarded language of acts establishing the 
railroad lines which superseded this great stage route, 
the absence of all limitations of power is striking. 
In the early railroad charters every function that could be 
anticipated is provided for, even to the grade of the road- 
bed, the curves of the track, and the erection of toll-houses 



41 

and toll-gates, after the analogy of the turnpike, where 
trains were to stop and travellers pay fare. 

But these corporators did not abuse their powers, how- 
ever loosely conferred. Their first meeting, duly notified 
in the Portsmouth Oracle, the Boston Centinel, and the 
JSfewburyport Herald, was held at Langmaid's Tavern, at 
Hampton Falls, on Friday, October 9th, 1818. They 
chose Dr. Nehemiah Cleaveland, of Topsfield, Moderator 
and Samuel Newman, Clerk, — accepted the charter, — 
adopted by-laws, and fixed their capital stock at four hun- 
dred and twenty-five shares, of one hundred dollars each. 
The by-laws provide for eight directors and a proprietors' 
clerk, to be chosen annually by the share-holders who 
were to throw a vote for each share owned, not exceeding 
twenty — the directors to choose a President from their 
number, — appoint "a principal agent and treasurer" and 
such "agents, drivers, and servants as they may find nec- 
essary for the due management of the property." They 
are to close accounts and declare dividends in March and 
September, and are allowed two dollars per day and ex- 
penses for attendance at Directors' meetings. The clerk 
was under oath, and the agent and treasurer under bonds 
in the sum of ten thousand dollars. 

Article VI. provides a form of stock certificate, as- 
signable by indorsement and transfer on the books of the 
Proprietors' Clerk. 

Article VII. " No person whatever shall be privileged 
to ride in any of the company's carriages without paying 
common stage fare." 

They organized thus, — President, Dr. Cleaveland, — 
Proprietors' Clerk, Seth Sweetser, — Directors, Josiah 
Paine, Stephen Howard, Seth Sweetser, Samuel Larkin, 
Thomas Haven, Henry Elkins, Ephraim Wildes. Col. 
Jeremiah Coleman was principal agent and treasurer. 



42 

If the charter said nothing of the purposes of this cor- 
poration, their own by-laws said about as little. Nowhere 
is there a distinct announcement of the function which j 
they proposed to discharge, nor any description of the ex- 
tent nor location of their field of operations. This is to 
be explained, no doubt, by the fact that some of these 
gentlemen were, before their incorporation, already suc- 
cessful operators and proprietors of stages running over 
portions of the routes they now proposed to combine, and 
no words were needed to teach them the duties and liabili- 
ties of common carriers of persons. 

Thus at the first directors' meeting we seem plunged at 
once into the dust and whirl of stage-coach travel. The 
six o'clock stage from Portsmouth (they vote) is to be 
discontinued. What a chapter might be written on that 
early coach, leaving " Wildes' Hotel " at six o'clock each 
frosty October morning, or better still, on the stage which 
all winter long, in storm or by starlight, left Boston for 
the east at five o'clock in the morning. The hurried 
breakfast, — the smoking corn-cake, — the savory rasher, 

— the potato raked, glowing hot, out of its bed of ashes, 
— the steaming, creamy, aromatic coffee, — the chill, 
crisp morning, — lanterns flitting ghostly through the am- 
ple stables, — reluctant horse-boys shivering about the 
door-yard and wishing themselves in their bunks again, 
— the resonant crack of the whip, — the clear, sharp click 
of well-shod hoofs on frozen ground, — the clatter of 
wheels, — the scramble in the dark for seats, — the long, 
dull ride with fellow-travellers chilled and grim, half 
concealed by twilight and half in mufflers, — that crying 
baby, who seems to have found vent, at that unlucky 
moment, for all the pent-up sorrows of its little life-time, 

— the gradual warmth of conversation and day-break 
stealing at last over the coach-load, — the side-lights 



43 

fading out and good nature once more prevailing over 
cramped legs, sharp elbows and cold feet shuffling among 
the scanty straw, — all these things must now be given 
over to the romancer, whose ready pen, ever busy with 
the past, will not long neglect them. 

The late President Quincy gives a well-drawn picture 
of staging facilities at the close of the last century. He 
was then paying court to a New York lady, to whom he 
was privately engaged and afterwards married. Boston 
had twenty — New York, thirty thousand souls. Two 
coaches and twelve horses sufficed the travel between the 
two commercial centres of the continent. The journey 
was almost as rare an event then, as a voyage to Europe 
is now, and took about as long. To one bent on Mr. 
Quincy 's errand the way no doubt seemed doubly tedious. 
The impatient suitor writes : 

"The carriages were old and the shackling and much of 
the harness made of ropes. One pair of horses carried 
us eighteen miles. We generally reached our resting- 
place for the night, if no accident intervened, at ten 
o'clock, and after a frugal supper, went to bed with a 
notice that we should be called at three, next morning — 
which generally proved to be half-past two. Then, 
whether it snowed or rained, the traveller must rise and 
make ready by the help of a horn lantern and a farthing 
candle, and proceed on his way, over bad roads, — some- 
times with a driver showing no doubtful symptoms of 
drunkenness, which good-hearted passengers never failed 
to improve at every stopping-place, by urging upon him 
the comfort of another glass of toddy. Thus we travelled 
eighteen miles a stage, sometimes obliged to get out and 
help the coachman lift the coach out of a quagmire or rut, 
and arrived at New York after a week's hard travelling, 
wondering at the ease as well as the expedition with which 
our journey was effected." 

Contrast with this picture an " Old Driver's Reminis- 



44 

cence," which I give in his own words. "The stage that 
left Newburyport for Boston at 8 o'clock in the morning, 
usually took the passengers who had stopped for rest over 
night, many of whom were strangers to our New England 
customs. One morning as the passengers were about 
taking their seats, a gentleman asked the driver if he 
would accommodate him with a seat on the box. " Cer- 
tainly," says the driver, "please step right up before an- 
other occupies it." Our first stop was at Rowley, a seven 
mile drive, during which many questions were asked by 
the stranger and answered according to the driver's 
knowledge. At this place we took some passengers. 
While the driver was arranging the baggage, the gentle- 
man on the box asked him to step in and take something 
to drink. His reply was, "No, I thank you, sir, I have 
no occasion for anything," and he mounted the box and 
drove to Ipswich, where the horses were changed. Here 
most of the passengers alighted while the shifting was 
taking place. At the same time the stranger came off 
the box and urged the driver again to take something to 
drink. The answer was the same as before. When the 
horses were ready, the driver, as was the custom, says — 
" the stage is ready, gentlemen !" and they take their seats 
in the coach. Off they start down the crooked hill and 
over the stone bridge, called by some short-sighted peo- 
ple, "Choate's Folly." The next stop was at Wenham, 
where it was the usual practice to take the fares, it being 
the Half-way House to Boston. And here the outside 
passenger says to the driver again, — "Come, now, you 
have accomplished one-half of the distance, — you must 
certainly take a drink with me." "No, I thank you, sir." 
"What kind of men are you drivers here in this section 
of the country ? Drivers where I came from will drink 
at every stopping place, and it is with much fear that we 



45 

travel there, but here I see that passengers are perfectly 
at ease when seated in the coach. 5 ' " Sir, things have 
changed here within a few years. You were saying that 
passengers in your section were uneasy and often had 
fears for their safety while riding with your drivers. 
Here all that is reversed, for in former years the travel- 
lers used every precaution to keep the drivers sober, but 
now the drivers by their example try to keep the passen- 
gers sober." "I will never ask you to drink again," says 
our outside passenger, and he was mum on the drinking 
question the rest of the way to Boston. 

The arrangements for the main route of the Eastern 
Stage Co., in the winter of 1818, may be sketched thus : 
A coach left Portsmouth for Boston at 9 A. M. (the 
same carriage running through) dined at Topsfield, then 
through Danversport and Salem to Boston, and back the 
same way next day, dining at Newburyport. A portion of 
the Newburyport turnpike was used, and this made Tops- 
field quite metropolitan, so much so that conventions often 
met there. John Adams writes, in 1808, of a great cau- 
cus held at Topsfield to resist the embargo. The County 
Convention which established Lyceums met there in 1829. 

Of course the records plunge us at once into all sorts of 
questions of law and policy — they meet us at the thresh- 
old, — they linger to the end, — questions of tolls on turn- 
pikes and bridges, — conferences arranged with this and 
that corporation, — new terms made or war declared. 
Once it is voted that seven hundred dollars be accepted 
by the Newburyport Turnpike as toll for the year, or 
the stages go by Old Town Bridge. Complications grow 
out of the delicate relations of carriers to the public. 
Too accommodating drivers are induced to act as express- 
men on their private account, and attempts are made to 
hold the company liable for their losses. At the first 



46 

meeting " Drivers are expressly prohibited from carrying 
any money or packages, not accounted for to the compa- | 
ny's agent ;" and almost at the last a " committee is con- j 
sidering the subject of drivers carrying provisions from i 
sundry places to Boston for sale, contrary to a vote of j 
the directors." In April, 1819, "the company do not | 
consider themselves accountable for the loss of any bag- i 
gage, bundles, or packages whatever, committed to the I 
care of the drivers, or otherwise put into their stages." 
This sweeping announcement, so like what is sometimes 
read on the backs of railroad tickets to-day, was followed 
lip in the same spirit in 1826 and 1829. Now they vote 
that no driver shall carry anything, except in his pocket, | 
without paying the company's agent, on pain of instant 
dismissal; and again the driver must "agree with the j 
agent to exclude his private or pocket business from his 
compensation, so the company shall have no participa- ! 
tion, direct or indirect, with such business of the driv- I 
ers, meaning especially Bills of any Bank which may be 
entrusted to them." "But is this law?" ask the perplexed 
proprietors of Benjamin Merrill, Esq., in 1832, and that 
eminent counsellor finds himself unable to give the de- 
sired assurance, but on the contrary they record a long \ 
opinion advising them that their contract with drivers will | 
not discharge them from liability, unless notice of it is j 
brought home in each case to the sender of the bill or 
parcel. And accordingly a notice, drawn by him, is 
formally served in person on every Bank President and 
Cashier on the route, posted in the taverns, and widely 
advertised in the newspapers. 

The record is rich in little incidents which snve life to i 
the picture of the times. A driver is fined fifty dollars, 
the value of a horse killed by his carelessness. After- 
wards, for good conduct, the forfeiture is reduced to one j 



47 

month's wages. Owing to the appreciated state of the 
currency, in 1820, wages were reduced, and fares from 
Boston to Exeter put at three dollars. Once in a while a 
coach is overturned. In one case, if payment of damages 
is refused by the Salem Turnpike, the agent is to enter a 
complaint and present the road to the grand jury ; in 
another, forty dollars are received in liquidation. Again, 
a director is to settle for damages done by loose horses 
breaking out of the Salem stable. And again, fines 
imposed by the Post Office Department for loss of Mails, 
are to be charged off to the drivers who lost them. Sub- 
agents were selected for the principal points on the route, 
placed on salary, and under bonds, and quartered at the 
best hotels. Blacksmith's shops were established at many 
points, and extensive stables in Boston and elsewhere, 
many of them built of brick. Not more than seven shil- 
lings were to be paid for shoeing, out of Boston, and but 
ten cents for caulking or resetting shoes. Drivers are 
forbid taking letters, in violation of laws regulating the 
United States General Post-office ; and frequent embassies 
are dispatched to Washington to contract for carrying the 
mails, or to change the times or terms for delivering them. 
"Accommodating Stages" are sometimes to take mails at 
the desire of government or the Postmaster at Boston, 
but "Mail Stages" are regularly designated, and these 
make better speed and collect higher fares than the 
former. Mail-contracts are exchanged among different 
companies, and combinations formed with other lines 
where competition would be ruinous, and agents are with- 
drawn from Inns which harbor the books of hostile com- 
panies. In April, 1823, it is significantly voted that sev- 
eral sub-agents be discharged, and hereafter it shall be an 
"indispensible requisite that their moral characters be 
good, and that they have no horses and carriages to let." 



48 

In August, 1823, it is voted to "keep a horse and chaise 
in Boston to accommodate passengers, and carry and 
fetch their baggage." This under the stress of a vigorous 
opposition, when the exigency called for unusual efforts, 
and the running of extras at "about the same time the 
opposing stage goes, but always a little before that con- 
veyance and at the same fare." In October, a number of 
horses and chaises are to be kept on hire at Newburyport. 
In December, the extras run a little before the opposition 
coaches, are to charge but half fare. The Ann street 
Stage House at Boston is leased and furnished, and Col. 
Wildes placed there as landlord, with an interest in the 
profits not to exceed one-half. Next summer, the horses 
are to be fed with cut hay and meal. April 19th, 1825, 
the directors met at Gilman's hotel in Newburyport. 
They found their enterprise thriving, — established a sink- 
ing fund to be swelled by semi-annual additions ; carried 
one thousand dollars to that account ; declared a semi- 
annual dividend of four per cent. ; created seventy-five 
new shares, making up the full five hundred to which they 
were limited in their charter, and provided for selling the 
new shares at not less than six dollars premium on a par 
of one hundred dollars. To the sinking fund was after- 
ward voted the net income of the Ann street Stage 
House, and the agent was directed to sell at auction, from 
time to time, collections of articles left in their offices and 
coaches "for which no owners can be found." The second 
dividend for this year was six per cent., and in 1826, 
eleven per cent, was divided. 

At the end of ten years the prosperity of the company 
was established. It had now substantial stables, not con- 
nected with public houses, at all the chief points of the 
route, one of them on Church street, in the rear of 
the Lafayette Coffee-house ; and it owned hotels, or a con- 



49 

trolling interest in hotels, at Boston, Newburyport, Exe- 
ter and Dover. It was sending deputations to the New 
England Stage Association, which met at "Holbrook's," in 
Milk street, Boston, with a view to bring together, at 
least once a year, representatives of all the Stage compa- 
nies of this section. In October, 1828, it held its shares 
at a premium of fifty dollars, and made a semi-annual 
dividend of eight per cent., on one hundred and fifty dol- 
lars per share. At this time the management of the 
Stage House in Ann street passed into the hands of Mr. 
Leavitt, upon the death of Col. Wildes, and Col. Henry 
Whipple, of Salem, became a director in place of Judge 
Elkins, resigned. 

In 1830, the company was incorporated in Massachu- 
setts, with a capital of one hundred thousand dollars. In 
1832, it sent delegates to a Mail Contract convention 
which sat at "Wyatt's" in Dover, to apportion the Mail 
Eoutes for New England, and its bid shows that it was 
running coaches from Concord to Portsmouth ; Dover, 
by two routes, to Newburyport ; Portsmouth, by Exeter, 
to Newburyport, Salem and Boston ; from Salem to 
Haverhill and Lowell ; from Gloucester to Ipswich ; and 
from Lowell, by two routes, to Newburyport. 

January, 1833, found them free from debt and their 
stock higher than ever. They owned near five hundred 
horses. 

A steamboat had been built on Lake Winnepessaukee 
and they were running stages from Dover to meet it. At 
times they ran a daily to Portland. In October, 1834, 
the stock stood at $202.13 per share on their books, par 
being $100. In January, 1835, they were paying be- 
tween eight and nine thousand dollars in tolls for the 
year, had bought turnpike, bridge and bank stocks, and 
amongst other real estate the Dalton House, between the 

4 



50 

West estate and Church street, in Salem, which they 
sold, retaining a way out from the stables to Church 
street. Up to this point, their career must be considered 
as one of unmixed prosperity. The Eastern Railroad 
was not chartered ; the Boston and Maine was but a spur 
from the Boston and Lowell, extending as far as Andover. 
Travel increased apace, — with it the running stock and 
corps of employes. The directors' record-book is pleas- 
ant reading now. They meet at comfortable Inns, spend 
two or three days together, examine lucrative accounts, 
pass the evening over plethoric way-bills, compute their 
dividends, make combinations with kindred bodies all 
over the Eastern States, and New York if need be, and 
smile at competition. 

What a text is here for another volume of pen and ink 
sketches, — these old Stage Houses which figure in the re- 
cord, — "Wildes' Hotel" at Portsmouth, "Langmaid's" and 
"Wade's" at Hampton Falls, " Grilman's" and the "Wolfe " 
at Newburyport, the "Sun Tavern," the "Lafayette Coffee 
House" at Salem, "Ann Street Stage House" and "City 
Tavern" in Boston ! What pleasant memories start up 
at the recital, as of those ancient hostelries of London, 
once, as Mr. Dickens says, "the head-quarters of cele- 
brated coaches in the clays when coaches performed their 
journeys in a graver and more solemn manner than they 
do in these times, but which have now degenerated into 
little more than the abiding and booking places of coun- 
try wagons." Of these he says, " there still remain some 
half-dozen, in the Borough, which have preserved their 
external features unchanged, and which have escaped 
alike the rage for public improvement and the encroach- 
ments of private speculation. Great rambling, queer, old 
places they are, with galleries, and passages, and stair- 
cases wide enough and antiquated enough to furnish ma- 



51 

terials for a hundred ghost-stories, supposing we should 
ever be reduced to the lamentable necessity of inventing 
any." Such was our own poet's Wayside Inn, 

"Built in the old colonial day, 
When men lived in a grander way, 
With ampler hospitality — 
A kind of old Hobgohlin Hall, 
Now somewhat fallen to decay, 
With weather stains upon the wall 
And stair ways worn and crazy doors 
And creaking and uneven floors 
And chimneys huge, and tiled and tall. 
A region of repose it seems. 
By noon and night the panting teams 
Stop under the great oaks, that throw 
Tangles of light and shade below. 
Across the road the barns display 
Their lines of stalls, their mows of hay. 
Through the wide door the breezes blow, — 
The wattled cocks strut to and fro, — 
And, half effaced by rain and shine, 
The ' Red Horse ' prances on the sign." 

One seems to recall the impatience with which the tired 
traveller looked forward to alighting at these old Inns, — 
to see again the village steeple peering over the hill, its 
gilded cockerel glistening in the sunset, — to hear the 
stage horn once more bidding the postmaster expect the 
evening mail, the landlord serve the welcome meal ; to 
see honest, little, nervous Jack Mendum, or sturdy, 
robust, reliable Kobert Amiable, or good-natured Knight, 
or the voluble but substantial Pike, or some other famous 
whip, gather up his reins and muster his strength for a 
final sweep across the tavern yard, the crowning effort 
of a day of toil to dusty traveller and smoking, jaded 
team, and then down go the steps and cramped legs are 
free at last ! 

Or we seem again to be bowling down that grand old 
turnpike from Newburyport, with Akerman or Barnabee 
or Forbes, rumbling by old Gov. Dummer's Academy at 
By field, telling off the milestones through the Topsfield 



52 

of fifty years ago, over the grassy hills and by the beauti- 
ful lake at Lynnfield, on the coach that left " Pearson's" 
at six every summer morning ; or to be whirling by Flax 
Pond, where, a century ago last June, Mr. Golclthwaite 
asked John Adams to a "genteel dinner" of fish, bacon, 
peas and incomparable Madeira, under the "shady trees, 
with half a dozen as clever fellows as ever were born," or 
to be rattling through the old toll-gate and dashing down 
great pasture hills into town on the topmost seat of the 
early Boston Mail Stage which, in 1835, was to "break- 
fast in Salem and dine at Portsmouth," while all the east- 
ern landscape is aglow with the tints of morning and the 
dews of spring make everything in nature sparkle. Or 
perhaps it is winter. 

Now the increasing storm makes all the plain 
From field to high-way a vast foaming sea ! 
And sculptors of the air, with curious skill, 
Have graven their images of stainless white, 
Pagodas, temples, turrets, columns raised 
From the exhaustless quarries of the snow, 
Afar and near, — the artwork of the wind ! 

and we reach perhaps the little Court House on the 
hill at Ipswich, with the bar of southern Essex, to find 
that another coach-load of jurisprudence is stuck fast on 
Rowley Marshes, while judge and counsellor alike have 
committed trespass quare clausum fregit, in prying their 
coach out of a snowdrift with the nearest fence rails. 

The Hon. Allen W. Dodge writes of the drivers of 
those days as follows : — 

"In those days of old-fashioned winters, there were 
many trials and difficulties in getting through the route, 
but let the storm or the snow blockade be ever so bad, 
they were always ready in their turn to do to the utter- 
most all that men could do to accomplish it. These 
drivers, too, were the most obliging and kind-hearted 
men that ever handled reins, cracked whip or sounded 
stage horn. 



53 

"They were great favorites with all the boys who rode 
with them. Many of us who were then at Exeter Acad- 
emy came home at the end of the term by the Eastern 
Stage route, and a lively time we used to have of it. 
Quite a number of stage coaches were always sent on 
to take us. When they arrived what a scramble ensued to 
see who should ride with Pike, who with Amiable, or 
Knight, or Forbes, or some other good-natured driver — 
experienced in stages and careful of their young charges, 
as if they were all destined to be governors, or judges, 
or presidents. We used to consider it the seat of honor 
on the outside with the driver, there to listen to his sto- 
ries and to enjoy his company. Many a scrap of practical 
wisdom did we youngsters thus pick up to turn to good 
account on the great road of life. 

* ' And then too what a gathering at the old Wolfe Tav- 
ern in Newburyport, when the noon stage-coaches ar- 
rived from Boston. The sidewalk was often crowded 
with anxious boys, and men too, to catch a sight of dis- 
tinguished passengers and the last fashions, and to hear 
the latest news. Why, it was as good as a daily paper, 
or a telegraphic dispatch — better indeed, for the living 
men, actors sometimes in the scenes described, were there 
to tell what had happened." 

I find related in a contribution to the Salem Gazette, 
one of those little incidents that sparkle like jewels in 
the sand : 

" Once when a mere child it was necessary for me to 
go from Saco to a town near Boston. This was quite an 
undertaking in those days, as one was obliged to pass the 
night in Portsmouth. Being without a protector, my 
mother confided me to the care of one of those old, faith- 
ful drivers. It was evening when we reached Ports- 
mouth and very cold. Everything was new and strange 



54 

to me. How carefully was I taken by the hand and led 
up that long flight of stairs to the excellent accommoda- 
tions which awaited me ! How well I remember the 
kind, smiling face of Robinson, as next morning, whip 
in hand, he appeared at the parlor door and inquired for 
the f little girl' who was to go with him! His hearty 
'good morning' and 'all ready, miss,' as I presented my- 
self, are still sounding in my ears. While changing 
horses at Newburyport I was comfortably seated before a 
warm fire in the sitting-room. Indeed, I do not know 
that I could have been more comfortably attended to had 
I been the daughter of the President. I was the daugh- 
ter of a poor widow instead, and an utter stranger to 
the man whose memory I have ever cherished as one of the 
pleasant recollections of my childhood." 

What stalwart men this sturdy, out-door life produced ! 
Moses Head of Portsmouth, drove into that town from 
Boston, the stage that brought news of peace in 1815, 
with a white flag fastened to the box. News of the bat- 
tle of New Orleans came at the same time. That even- 
ing there was a procession in honor of these events. Head, 
who was then Ensign of the artillery company, and re- 
sembled Gen. Jackson in appearance and stature, arrayed 
himself in a military suit and chapeau, and personated the 
hero of New Orleans in the ranks of the procession to 
great acceptance. He was born among the granite hills 
of New Hampshire, and died at the age of seventy-two, 
after a sickness of a day, the only sickness of his life. 

Another old driver sends me his recollections of " life 
on the road" and I insert them here. 

"I began to drive on an opposition line in 1823, and 
after about nine months I had an application from Col. 
Coleman to come over to the old company. As I thought 
it a more permanent job, I came over to drive "Extra." 



55 

I had not been long at it before the travel increased very 
much, so the directors ordered one hundred more horses 
to be bought, and carriages in proportion, to accommodate 
the public. The business came on so hard that I had all I 
bargained for. I followed the mail twelve days in suc- 
cession, starting from Boston at 2 o'clock in the morning, 
breakfasting in Newburyport, dinner at Portsmouth and 
back again to supper in Salem, getting into Boston any- 
where from nine to eleven o'clock, so there was not much 
sleep or rest for me. The twelfth day, when I drove into 
the yard at Salem, Col. Coleman was there and said he 
"young man, you had better stop here and get a little 
rest and take your team in the morning at four o'clock." 
So Mr. Rand took the team to Boston and back. 

6 'The worst of it was, I had the same horses out and 
back every day. It was hard keeping up with the mail, 
as their horses rested one or two days in the week, and 
they were like wild ones. Only hold on and they would 
go as fast as any one wished to ride. As a general thing 
we made good time. I have been through Charlestown 
Square on time, for three weeks, not varying five minutes 
by the clock, although we had some trying storms. 

"I was compelled to stop at Hamilton one night, after 
beating the storm from seven in the morning till ten at 
night, with a single sleigh and two horses, and so, com- 
pletely used up, we slept well. It cleared up about three 
o'clock, so that uncle Robert Amiable, with the morning 
coach, came along pretty well, and passed us while we 
were asleep, and took off his bells so as not to awake us, 
and then he was very joyous to think he had got ahead. 
It was something, to be sure, that never happened before 
nor since. 

"On the whole, it was a very pleasant life, for every one 
on the road was very hospitable to us. I never got stuck 



56 

in the mud nor snow, when all the people on the road 
were not willing, night or day, to lend a hand. So we 
felt that we were among friends, and that was comforting 
to us. The wealthy Southerners, who used to come east 
in summer, would almost always want us to keep on and 
drive them to Providence or New York, for they did not 
get so srood accommodations at the South. And as we 
refused the refreshments they offered us at every stopping 
place, we were pretty sure to get a handsome present be- 
fore they left, which was far more satisfactory. It was a 
very pleasant business, and we had our choice of com- 
pany outside, and that was worth a great deal. 

< ' When it was decided by the Legislature that there 
should be a Kailroad, you may depend upon it there were 
heavy hearts. For we had spent so much time in staging 
we did not know what we should do. But all who wished 
had something to do. The corporation employed a large 
number of the drivers as conductors, baggage-masters 
and brakemen. I withdrew and took up the express busi- 
ness, and followed that until 1860. So I had served the 
public from '23 to '60." 

These drivers, so freely trusted with life and treasure, 
with the care of helpless infancy and age, deserved well 
of the community and are held in kindly remembrance. 
They knew of old the wants and habits of the travelling 
public, and Railroad corporations were glad to secure 
agents from among their numbers. 

Has anybody forgotten rare James Potter of the Salem 
and Boston Line, — active, clear-headed, courteous and 
prompt, who for forty years, drove with such care and skill 
to Boston and back, that it was said, he was as well known 
and as much respected by Salem people as Dr. Bent- 
ley ? Here he comes up the street from the old " Sun 
Tavern" with the seven o'clock morning coach, his dap- 



57 

pie-grays groomed to a hair and well in hand, — the 
model driver, trusted by the Banks, by the old sea-kings, 
by everybody with uncounted treasure, — the splendid 
reinsman, chosen in August, 1824, to bring the beloved 
Lafayette safely into Salem. 

Has anybody forgotten the scene in College yard at 
Cambridge, when Peter Kay arrived at the end of the 
term, with his coach and six sorrels, to take home what 
might well be styled the " flower of Essex ! " How he 
displayed, before admiring eyes, his mastery of curves 
and functions, by turning six-in-hand, at a cheerful trot, 
in the little corner between Holworthy and Stoughton, 
and how the Essex boys, cheered by their fellows, and 
eager for the long vacation, whirled out of college gate, 
and down the historic roads by Washington's Elm and 
Letchmere's Point, and Bunker Hill, to their welcome 
home ! Handsome Peter, they called him — a favorite 
with children and ladies — for with him, on the introduc- 
tion of the famous steel-spring coaches, they first knew 
what it was to ride comfortably outside, with an intelligent 
and entertaining driver, whose tongue kept pace with his 
team, and whose castles in the air often reached gigantic 
proportions before half the distance between Lynn and 
Salem was accomplished ! 

And here comes Page, witty, large-hearted, strong- 
handed Woodbury Page, his two bays on the jump, 
swinging round the corner from Beverly, — sweeping 
round the common to the old stable in Union street, shift- 
ing horses, and then round the big elm and off again in a 
twinkling, with those very four milk- whites, with which 
he drove Henry Clay, in October, 1833, from Senator 
Silsbee's door-step in Pleasant street to the Tremont 
House in sixty minutes ! 

And what shall be said of the polished and agreeable 



58 

Jacob Winchester, favorite driver on wedding journeys 
and pleasure parties, who carried bags of specie to and 
from New York, when our merchants wanted a messenger 
who would neither play the rogue with funds nor suffer 
anybody to take them from him ; what of the popular 
driver and consummate reinsman Lot Peach, who would 
get to Boston about as soon with crows' meat as moderate 
drivers did with choice teams of horses ; — what of Al- 
bert Knight, always on good terms with passengers and 
team; — what of stout, little, talkative Major Shaw, who 
was off at three with the sorrels and the last coach up, 
rather than not go with whom ladies would often lose the 
morning stages and some hours shopping and visiting in 
Boston; — what of stalwart, kind-hearted Adrian Low 
whose cheerful life ended in mystery and an unknown 
grave ; — what indeed of the hundred and fifty good, 
sound, trusty men, who, from first to last, drove stages 
over these routes in the employ of regular or opposition 
lines, whole families of them, like the four Potters, the 
three Annables, the three Akermans, the brothers Canney, 
Conant, Drake, Knight, Marshall, May, Manning, Patch, 
Robinson, Shaw, Tenney, Tozzer, Winchester, seeming 
to have been born on wheels, or descended from the hip- 
pocentaurs of ancient fable, — men who combined energy 
and good nature in a ratio not likely to be developed by 
any vocation now in vogue, — men who cracked their 
joke as they swung their whip, — men who knew what 
it is vouchsafed us to know of that fascinating uncer- 
tainty, the horse, and supplemented this with a wonder- 
fully shrewd appreciation of human nature ! * 

*It was a happy thought which brought two hundred and fifty " old stagers," of 
the Connecticut Valley, — Drivers, Proprietors and Agents,— together at Spring- 
field for a merry Christmas in 1859. Hon. Ginery Twitchell and James Parker, 
Esq., of the Western Railroad, seem to have been promoters of this "gathering 
of the whips," and two days were given up to their entertainment in Springfield, 



59 

And what shall be said of those elegant coaches built 
in the Union street shop for the Salem and Boston Stage 



Company, 



"Step and prop-iron, bolt and screw, 
Spring, tire, axle, and linch-pin too, 
Steel of the finest, bright and blue." 



the first in the country mounted on steel springs, and pro- 
vided behind with a " dicky " and trunk-rack after the Eng- 
lish pattern ! And what of those noble teams of blacks 
and bays and buckskins and roans and chestnuts, clean- 
limbed and strong, that moved out, with coats like velvet, 
every afternoon when dinner was over, before the City 
Tavern in Brattle street, the Ann Street Stage House or 
the Marlboro Hotel, sweeping the ground with flowing 
tails, too often, it must be added, tails of fiction, in which 
the cunning hand of Lancaster had eked out the unsuccess- 
ful efforts of nature ! What of those scores of coach-build- 
ers and blacksmiths, and harness-makers, who plied the 
awl, and bent the tire, and drove the plane, with such 
pride and spirit in these old clays, when Harding shod, and 
Daniel Manning ran with orders from the Sun Tavern to 
the yards in Union street, and William H. Foster bal- 
anced accounts and made up dividends, and Mackie, over 
his saddlery, fought out the battle of Waterloo, and that 
shy boy, since known to fame as Nathaniel Hawthorne, 
was keeping stage-books in his uncle Manning's office ! 
What of that ancient negro hostler at Breed's Hotel, with 
his little competency accumulated from the trifles dropped 
into his hat for many a year by kindly travellers as the 

during which the hospitalities of larder and stable were tested to the utmost. At 
a public dinner on this occasion were produced those spirited lines of Edwin 
Bynner, now familiar to newspaper readers, beginning, 

" Oh I the days are gone when the merry horn 

Awakened the echoes of smiling morn. 

As, breaking the slumber of village street, 

The foaming leaders' galloping feet 

Told of the rattling, swift approach 

Of the well-appointed old stage coach ! " 



60 

stage rolled off, who fell on his knees on the stable floor 
and wept great tears when the steam whistle sounded at 
last and he felt indeed that he must say with his Shakes- 
perean prototype, "Farewell! Othello's occupation's 
gone ! " Too many of this company of worthies are now 
" where rolling wheels are heard no more and horses' feet 
ne'er come." Twenty-one surviving drivers of the East- 
ern Stage Company honored themselves and the memory 
of the Agent under whom they served, by attending, in 
April, 1866, the funeral of Col. Coleman, the man to 
whose vigorous and intelligent oversight that enterprise 
had almost owed its success for a quarter of a century. 
During the same years the Salem and Boston Company 
was under the courteous management of William Man- 
ning, another model stage agent, known among the 
" whips " as " Sir William," and to have been trusted by 
whom they thought enough for an epitaph. 

We come now to the closing scene of the Eastern 
Stage Company. In July, 1835, the ominous words "Kail- 
road " appear for the first time in their voluminous rec- 
ords. Let us see what these words meant. 

Passengers had been transported in carriages propelled 
by steam over the Darlington and Stockton Railway in 
England, for ten years. The engines employed were sta- 
tionary, and inventive genius had been as busy with the 
problem of travelling in steam carriages over turnpikes, as 
with the twin problem, which has since completely over- 
shadowed the other, of locomotive machinery for Rail- 
ways. During the first ten years of the century, indeed, 
the steam engine, both stationary and locomotive, began 
to be applied to transportation. And long before this, 
the simple tram-way of wood or iron, operated by horse- 
power had been employed for the conveyance of passen- 
gers and freight. As early as the settlement of New 



61 

England, wooden rails were in use between the coal mines 
of Newcastle and the river, and these were so far per- 
fected that in 1765 they had been introduced extensively 
in England, and enabled a horse to drag from two to three 
tons on an easy grade. Plates and wheels of iron had 
still further and very largely increased the draft-capacity 
of the horse. On the Darlington and Stockton road, 
trains had been provided with stable-cars, in which the 
horses employed for motive power on level and up grades, 
rested and fed in quiet while the momentum of the train 
carried it clown hill. 

The use of the Railway was no less familiar on this side 
the ocean. Our former townsman, Mr. Gray, after leav- 
ing Salem, owned a wharf in Boston on which trucks 
were moved by hand over a plank-walk provided on its 
edges with round iron bars, on which ran grooved wheels, 
thus forming a freight Railway from the ship in her dock 
to the warehouses on Lynn (now Commercial), street. 
In grading Beacon Hill for the erection of the State 
House, late in the last century, an inclined Railway was 
used, on which the gravity of the loaded cars in their de- 
scent, served to bring up on a parallel track those which 
had been emptied, and the same expedient, also in use in 
England, was employed at Quincy when the blue sienite 
of the quarries began to supplant, as a building material, 
the familiar gray granite of our hills and ledges. The 
first Railroad charter granted by Massachusetts author- 
ized, March 4th, 1826, the building of a Railway from 
these quarries to Neponset River, and the first freight 
transported over it was the corner stone of Bunker Hill 
Monument. It was operated by horse power. 

That unrest which prognosticates some great step in 
inventive art was stirring the public mind and bringing 
to light every clumsy expedient of cogs and ropes and 



62 

wheels for mounting grades and for moving by steam on 
common roads, as well as on rails, when in 1829, the 
Stephensons, father and sou, completed the Locomotive 
" Rocket " and placed it upon the Liverpool and Manches- 
ter road. Its success was at once complete and transpor- 
tation by horse-power was doomed from that hour. In 
America we were not behindhand in applying steam to 
propulsion. It was already in use since 1807 on our 
rivers, canals and lakes. The Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road was begun in 1827 ; other routes from New York 
and Philadelphia soon after. In 1829-'30-'31 Massachu- 
setts chartered roads from Boston to Lowell, to Provi- 
dence and to Worcester. 

In 1833, the Boston and Lowell road was extended to 
Andover and Wilmington, and to Haverhill in 1835. This 
was the first incursion of the iron monster into Essex, but 
he rapidly made his way over the county, enfolding in 
his fatal coils the poor struggling Stage Companies whose 
nightly dreams were disturbed by the scream of the 
whistle, and whose waking eyes, turn where they might, 
were blasted with those words of doom, "Look out 
for the engine"* For a time our directors stood up 

* Mr. Tony Weller has favored the English-reading public with his views on 
the Railway and its invasion of his native Island, in words which I am forced to 
recall at this point. Said that eminent driver, as reported in " Master Humphrey's 
Clock,-'' ,l I consider that the rail is unconstitutional, and a iuwader o' privileges. 
As to the comfort — as an old coachman I may say it — veres the comfort o' 
sitting in a harm-chair, a lookin' at brick walls, and heaps o' mud, never comin' 
to a public 'ouse, never seein' a glass o' ale, never goin' thro' a pike, never meetin' 
a change o' no kind (bosses or otherwise) but always comin' to a place, ven you 
comes to vim at all, the werry picter o' the last ! As to the honor and dignity o' 
travi'llin' vere can that be vithout a coachman, and vats the rail to sich coachmen 
as is sometimes forced to go by it, but a outrage and a insult I and as to the in- 
gen, a nasty wheezin' creakin' gaspin' puffin' bustin' monster always out o' 
breath, with a shiny green andgold back like a onpleasant beetle; as to the ingen as 
is alvays a pourin' out red-hot coals at night and black smoke in the day, the 
sensiblesl thing it does, in my opinion, is ven there's somethin' in the vay, and it 
sets up that 'ere frightful scream vich seems to say ' now eres two hundred and 
forty passengers in the werry greatest extremity o' danger, and eres their two 
hundred and forty screams in vun!'" 



63 

manfully to their struggle with fate. First they tried to 
curtail their expenses, — offered to sell real estate, — 
to buy in their stock at par, then at $60 and then at $50, 
and pay for it in the personal effects of the company. 
Fifty horses were to be disposed of at a stroke, and again 
and again another fifty, — hay and grain were high, — 
the appetites of live-stock inexorable. To add to their 
embarrassment travel went on increasing as the hour of 
dissolution drew near. More horses and more were re- 
quired, and again and again they were forced to replace 
those sold. To sell so large a stud at once, when the 
end came, would bring prices down to a ruinous figure, 
and the theory was generally accepted that, upon the es- 
tablishment of steam cars, horse flesh would be worth little 
more than dog's meat. Before the end of 1835 they had 
joined the other proprietors of Newburyport turnpike in 
offering five miles of it for the use of a projected Kailroad 
to Salem. In 1836 the Eastern Railroad was chartered. 
Still they go on voting to sell their horses, still buying 
more. Late in '36 they try adding twenty per cent, to 
their fares. The directors meet once a month without no- 
tice, sometimes at half past six in the morning. They 
combine with thirteen like companies to keep up prices. 
Opposition coaches take the road and prices come down 
again. Late in '37, they try a reduction of wages, the 
peremptory sale of thirty horses, "as the company is fast 
approaching dissolution," they say — sell the lease they 
hold of Henry Codman, of the Ann Street House, and 
agree with the purchaser to keep their teams from day 
to day — sell the Exeter Stables, the Portsmouth and 
Concord Stages, — apply without success for a short ex- 
tension of their charter to close the business, and in Feb- 
ruary, '38, offer for sale the whole remaining assets of the 
corporation. 



64 

This effort failing, the shareholders were for the last 
time summoned to Hampton Falls, — detailed reports 
submitted, — a fruitless effort made to start a new com- 
pany, and the property turned over to trustees for final 
administration, and so this respectable body-corporate died 
without issue, at the stroke of midnight, June 26th, 1838. 
Says the late Col. Whipple, who had been a director for 
ten years, and became its president on the death of Dr. 
Cleveland in 1837, "the holders of stock, during twenty 
years, received eight and one-third per cent, in dividends 
annually, and after paying all debts, between $66 and $67 
on each share. It does not appear that a passenger was 
killed or injured." 

In August, 1838, the steam cars from Boston reached 
Salem. The Register speaks of immense crowds on 
every arrival and departure, covering the depot grounds 
and the banks of the mill pond. In the belfry of the 
wooden station house hung a bell, taken from a ruined 
Spanish convent, and sold to one of our West Indiamen 
for old metal, which was vigorously rung to summon pas- 
sengers on the departure of a train. At first, the cars 
took eleven hundred persons per day, but this, said the 
papers, was evidently due to their novelty, and could not 
be expected to continue. From six to eight hundred, it 
was thought, could be relied on. In about a month, six- 
teen hundred passengers were carried in one day, " the 
best day's work yet," said the press with enthusiasm ! The 
Boston Courier stated that the cars used were not of the 
prevailing style, shaped like a coach-body with the door 
on the side, but were of a new pattern, in which a man 
may stand erect or pass from one to another, the whole 
length of the train, while in motion, with perfect safety. 
The passage from Salem to the Boston side of the terry 
occupied from thirty-five to forty minutes, and it was 



65 

hoped that about thirty -two minutes would be the average 
time consumed, when all was completed. The Boston 
Post announced that the witches came out of their graves 
to see these new conveyances. They met all expecta- 
tions, and Mr. George Peabody, the first President of the 
Road, in his opening address delivered before the six 
hundred stockholders and others, August 27th, called at- 
tention to the fact that those doing business in Boston 
could now live more cheaply in Salem than in Boston. 
What the Railroad has done for us, in common with all the 
environs of Boston, cannot be briefly stated. If Boston is 
the Hub, the Railroads seen from the State House dome 
are the living spokes, which bind it to an outer circle of 
social and business relations. If these have carried off 
our men of enterprise in search of a larger market, they 
have brought back the wealth they accumulate, to beautify 
our estates and elevate our culture, and make of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, from Plymouth to Cape Ann, one great 
suburb in which the arts of cultivated life are brought to 
aid the native charms of country living. 

Of the two presidents of the Eastern Stage Company, 
the first, Dr. Cleaveland, was a man of no common 
stamp. He came of the staunchest Puritan stock, his 
great grandfather, Moses Cleaveland, having emigrated in 
his prime from Ipswich, in England, to Eastern Massa- 
chusetts and left a numerous and distinguished progeny. 
Some of them appear among the founders of Connecticut ; 
many of them adorn the learned professions or fill chairs 
in the universities. Dr. Cleaveland's father died on his 
77th birthday, in 1799, having been for more than half a 
century the pastor of Chebacco Parish in this county — 
a chaplain in both the French and Revolutionary wars, 
present with the army at Ticonderoga in 1758, at Louk- 
burg in 1759, at the siege of Boston in 1775, on the Gon- 
9 



66 

necticut shore in 1776, and in 1778 in New York and 
New Jersey, and having given three sons to the Conti- 
nental army. 

Dr. Nehemiah Cleaveland was a man of large stature, 
and of erect, dignified and commanding aspect. A tall 
stripling of sixteen, he attended his father upon his ser- 
vice as Chaplain during the siege of Boston, and in 1777 
enlisted in the army as a common soldier. The stress of 
war deprived him of the collegiate training to which he 
had looked forward fondly, and kept him, during his 
minority, either in the camp or at the plow. Having 
subsequently mastered the science of medicine he began 
practice at Topsfield in 1783, purchasing the stock of a 
successful predecessor, as well as his library of just two 
volumes. He was soon after complimented with a com- 
mission as Justice of the Peace, and began to interest 
himself in the public affairs of town and county. As a 
politician he was earnest, ardent and patriotic. He was 
chosen, through Federalist support, to the State Senate 
in 1811, and lost his seat the next year, under the opera- 
tion of that famous districting system known as the "Ger- 
rymander." From 1815 to 1819 he was reelected and 
then withdrew. In 1814 he was a Sessions Justice of 
the Circuit Court of Common Pleas. From 1820 to 1822 
he was an Associate Justice of the Court of Sessions for 
the county and in 1823 became its Chief Justice. This 
station he filled with ability and firmness until- 1828, 
when he retired from public business, receiving at the 
same time from Harvard College, the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. 

With an iron constitution and health, up to his fiftieth 
year, untouched by disease, Dr. Cleaveland never laid 
aside the practice of his profession, however interrupted, 
but had extended it to all the neighboring towns. And 



67 

up to his death in February, 1837, at the age of 77, he 
continued to serve, as their trusted physician, the com- 
munity with which he had for fifty years identified him- 
self by rare activity in every enterprise of moment. As 
a neighbor he was sought for his willing and judicious 
counsel, while his public career was marked throughout 
by good judgment, sound sense and solid worth. 

He was twice married and left five children, among 
whom the eldest son, an honored graduate of Bowdoin, 
a distinguished educator, man of letters and doctor of 
laws, perpetuates his name and title. 

Dr. Cleaveland's was one of those monumental charac- 
ters which deserve study both for themselves and because 
they are typical of their times. Formed in our revolu- 
tionary period, it was consolidated like the arch by the 
pressure which events imposed upon it. If his principles 
were austere, he applied them as rigidly to his own con- 
duct as to his judgment of others. Thus he could in 
youth forego, without a murmur, the college training he 
had been promised, and, at the last, reject narcotics which 
would have spared him excruciating torture, because they 
might deaden his mental and moral sensibilities. Says 
the late Dr. Peirson of Salem, in the "Medical and Sur- 
gical Journal," "he was a much respected member of the 
Essex South District Medical Society. No man amongst 
us set a better example of professional integrity and 
honor. The few who could boast of his friendship, will 
long remember with pleasure the virtuous and kind- 
hearted old man, whose influence was uniformly and 
efficiently exerted in support of good order and the true 
advancement of society." 

It is not too much to say of Dr. Cleaveland that he 
was a thorough-bred New England gentleman of the 
eighteenth century. It has been granted us of to-day to 



68 

behold a brighter light ! Happy for us if posterity shall 
find that we have lived up to it as nobly ! 

Col. Henry Whipple, the second and last president of 
the Eastern Stage Company, has left us so lately that the 
mention of his name is enough to recall a venerable pres- 
ence and an exemplary life. He was born at Douglass in 
Worcester County, June 24th, 1789, and died in his 
eighty-first year, Dec. 2d, 1869. He served his appren- 
ticeship with his brother, Charles, at Newburyport, and 
opened a book-store in the Franklin (then Archer's) 
Building in Salem, October, 1810. For three score years 
from that time, including part of that golden era when 
the story of Salem Commerce reads like an eastern fiction, 
Col. Whipple was constant at his post, supplying our dar- 
ing navigators with charts and books of travel, — our 
busy thinkers and bold projectors of enterprises distant 
and domestic with the best intelligence of the day. Said 
the Danvers Wizard in July, 1861, "it would be diffi- 
cult to point to a man now living so identified with the 
social, literary and denominational interests of Salem, 
as is Col. Whipple. In almost all the societies of a 
social and benevolent character he has been prominent 
and active. With the grace of native dignity and the 
bearing of a gentleman of the old school, the suavity of 
his manner attracted to his place of business the elevated 
and refined of Salem. His store was the resort and 
lounging place of all the eminent men of the past who 
have given a name to Salem in its modern history. Here 
met Bowditch, Story, Prince, Pickering, the elder Wor- 
cester, Barnard and Hopkins. Here Cummings discussed 
politics with Glen King and Saltonstall, while Dr. Flint 
and Judge White made criticisms on the last new book." 

It was well said of Col. Whipple that in his death 
Salem had lost one whom slander never touched, and who 



69 

had probably never made an enemy, — his religious per- 
suasion a consistent supporter, — the militia a veteran 
whose commissions bore elate and expired before those of 
any officer now living, — and the Masonic body its oldest 
member. First from seniority on the roll of the Active 
Fire Club, and lately President of the Salem Dispensary, 
— a promoter in 1821 of the Salem and Dan vers associ- 
ation for mutual protection against thieves and robbers, 
as well as an active militia-man from his enlistment in 
the ranks of the Salem Light Infantry in 1811, until he 
resigned the command of the Artillery Regiment of 
Southern Essex, he was, in earlier as in later life, ready 
at all times for whatever service devolves upon the good 
citizen and Christian neighbor. At the close of the last 
year, he fell peacefully asleep at his home in Salem, after 
enjoying for a while a tranquil retrospect of the memo- 
ries he was to leave behind. 

The good old days of stage coach travel are over. 
Gone, too, are most of those to whom they owed their 
charm. The stage-driver, — that next best man, it was 
quaintly said, to the minister, out of jail, — we have no 
longer. The old stage houses are for the most part, as 
in London, closed and deserted, or stand, "with a kind 
of gloomy sturdiness, amidst the modern innovations 
which surround them." Never again shall 

The windows of the wayside inn 
Across the meadows, bare and brown, 
Gleam red with firelight through the leaves 
Of woodbine, hanging from the eaves, 
Their crimson curtains, rent and thin ! 

Even the Ann Street Stage House, — the very focus of 
New England travel, — has vanished, and the name of the 
street it stood on is fading out of mind ! Never again, 
about its hospitable hearth, that well known company of 
"whips" shall gather for a parting pipe, when guests are 



70 

dreaming, and night coaches in, and horses well-bestowed, 
and smouldering embers, in its ample fire-place, give a fit- 
ful, flickering light. I see them now, in their quaint old 
chairs, whiffs of smoke curling lazily about their cheerful, 
weather-beaten, ruddy faces, — heavy, wet boots steam- 
ing on the hearth, — ample capes and top-coats flung 
dripping on the benches, — while they chat by turns and 
stir the fire and laugh at the storm. There sat burly 
Sam Robinson, telling how he served the sneak who stole 
a ride on the trunk-rack every day as the noon coach 
passed through Wenham, by driving into the pond at 
Peter's Pulpit, under pretence of watering his horses, and 
then making such vigorous application of the lash that 
whoso rode behind was glad to escape his parthian blow T s 
by dropping off into the water ! Or little Jack Mendum 
mounts a chair to tell how he drove the "mail," and 
"something broke" and the hungry passengers were all 
out, hurrying him on, and the neighbors bustled about, 
and he lost his patience, and making up in oaths what he 
lacked in stature, bid them all stand aside and let him 
manage, "for while I drive that mail, I am the United 
States of America ! " Or Peter Ray recounts the driving 
of the first steel spring coach to Boston on its trial trip, 
freighted with the mechanics who were its builders, and 
what a stir it made on 'change ! Or Major Shaw, blinded 
by his great popularity, utters his famous threat of run- 
ning the Railroad off the route, by opposition coaches ! 
Or Woodbury Page enjoys the discomfiture of the Charles- 
town driver who roughly asked him to "get his bean pot 
out of the way," when he was taking up a passenger 
from that city for Beverly, and he replied, "wait till I 
get the pork in !" Or they all debate, with the warmth of 
conviction, the relative merits of the northern and south- 
ern routes to the eastward, until Alex. Brown declares 



71 



that stage routes to the east are like different creeds in 
religion, for all creeds lead to Heaven, if faithfully fol- 
lowed, — upon which reticent little Conant taps his pipe 
on the great iron fire-dog, and as the ashes drop upon the 
hearth, puts it tenderly away in his waistcoat pocket, 
remarking that he would rather not go to Heaven at all, 
if he must go by the Dover route, and retires to bed. 

Each had his tale to tell, and each 
Was anxious to he pleased and please, 
With rugged arts of humorous speech. 

Never again, in that quaint old hostelry, shall 

The fire-light on their faces glance, 
Their shadows on the wainscot dance. * 

And the coaches which once, says a writer in the Lynn 
Reporter, "raised such a dust on the turnpike, night and 
day, that Breed's End knew no rest, and the road seemed 
made for their accommodation, so much at home were 



* A list of drivers employed on the Eastern Stage Routes, kindly furnished hy 
Hon. Allen W. Dodge. Those known to he dead at the date of publication, June 
1871, are marked thus : (*) 



Benjamin Akerman, 

* John Akerman, 
William Akerman, 
Charles Annahle, 
*Perley Ann able, 

* Robert Annable, 

* Nathaniel Aubin, 

* Willis Barnabee, 
David Batchelder, 
Isaac Bracket, 

* Nathaniel Bradshaw, 

* Alexander Brown, 
Benjamin Canny, 
Moses B. Canny, 
Nathan Carter, 

* Orlando Chandler, 

* Alexander R. Chute, 
Aaron Conant, 
William Conant, 
Camden Davis, 

J. Holt Drake, 

* Simon P. Drake, 
Wm. Forbes, 
*JohnFoss, 
Nathaniel Gerrish, 

* William Hanson, 

* Moses Head, 
Truman Herrick, 
John Holland, 



*Levi Hon stings, 
C. C. Jackson, 
*John Johnson, 

* Albert Knight, 
Edmund Knight, 

* James Knox, 

* J. Sherbum Leavitt, 

* William R. Long, 

* Adrian Low, 

* Stephen Marshall, 

* Thomas Marshall, 

* John May, 

* Stephen May, 
*John Mendum, 

* John Merrill, 

* James Merrow, 
John Miller, 
Frederick Mitchell, 
Joseph Moses, 

* Woodbury Page, 

* Josiah Patch, 

* Nathaniel Patch, 
*Lot Peach, 

* John Pearson, 

* James Pike, 

* Isaac Pinkham, 
Eppes Porter, 

* James Potter, 
Joseph Potter, 



* Oliver Potter, 

* William Potter, 
Jeremiah Prescott, 
*BickiordL. Rand, 
Peter Ray, 

John F.Remick, 

* Joseph E. Robinson. 

* Samuel Robinson, 
Calvin Rockwood, 
Eseck Saunders, 
Benj. Savory, 

* Chester tthattuck, 
Moses Shaw, 
Samuel Shaw, 

* Shepard Smith, 
Sherborn Somerby, 

* Prince Stetson, 

* William Stinson, 
Jacob Tenney, 
Moses Tenney, 
Enoch Tilton, 
Oliver Towe, 

* Fortune Tozer. 
*Wm. Tozer, 
Gideon Walker, 
Amos Whitten, 
*John Wiggin, 

* James Wildes, 
Jacob Winchester. 



72 

they on it in their day of glory," are all gone now. Over 
Essex Bridge, over the turnpike, through Salem streets, 
horse-cars now rumble and rattle with their growing 
freight. And at last the single coach, which brought us 
daily the dust and mail bags of Cape Ann, has disap- 
peared forever. Never again shall we gather at the cot- 
tage gate, as the clatter of wheels and the cloud of dust 
approach, to welcome the aged parent, — the coming guest, 
— the daughter home from school. Never again shall we 
linger in the open doorway of a New England homestead, 
in tender parting with the young son setting out for sea, 
or on some distant westward venture, — to speed the 
lovers starting together on the life-long journey, — never 
again cast longing glances after that receding freight of 
dear ones, until at last the winding road and over-hang- 
ing elm trees part us, and we sit sadly down to listen, 

While faint from farther distance borne 
Are heard the clanging hoof and horn. 

Never again will the midnight watcher by the silent bed- 
side hear the mail-stage arrive and go, leaving its mes- 
sages of love and sorrow for the sleeping townsfolk, and 
sing, with Hannah Gould,* 

" The rattling of that reckless wheel 
That brings the bright or boding seal 
To crown thy hopes or end thy fears, 
To light thy smiles or draw thy tears, 
As line on line is read." 

Famous levelers were these old stage coaches and mas- 
ters in etiquette also ! What chance-medley of social el- 
ements they brought about ! What infinite attrition of 
human particles, — what jostling of ribs and elbows, — 
what contact inconvenient, nose to nose ! What conse- 
quent rounding and smoothing of angles and corners, — 



*The "Midnight Mail," a poem written by Miss Gould while watching with a 
sick friend, on the arrival of the night coach at Newbnryport. 



73 

what a test of good-nature, — what a tax on forbear- 
ance, — what a school of mutual consideration! For 
how else could a dozen strangers consent to be boxed 
up and shaken together for a day, but upon condition 
that each was to exhibit the best side of his nature and 
that only ! 

To the next generation, the old stage coach will be as 
shadowy and unreal a thing as were those which appeared, 
musty and shattered, to the uncle of the one eyed Bag- 
man in Pickwick, while he dozed at midnight in the 
Edinboro' courtyard. " My uncle," says the Bagman in 
telling the story, "rested his head upon his hands and 
thought of the busy, bustling people who had rattled 
about years before in the old coaches and were now as 
silent and as changed. He thought of the numbers of 
people to whom one of those crazy, mouldering vehicles 
had borne, night after night, through all weathers, the anx- 
iously expected intelligence, the eagerly looked for re- 
mittance, the promised assurance of health and safety, 
the sudden announcement of sickness and death. The 
merchant, the lover, the wife, the widow, the mother, the 
school-boy, the very child who tottered to the door at 
the postman's knock, — how had they all looked forward to 
the arrival of the old coach ! And where were they all 
now ! " 









GLEANINGS FROM THE FILES OF THE COURT OF 
GENERAL SESSIONS OF THE PEACE. 

COMMUNICATED BY JAMES KIMBALL. 



Wo. 1. 



1697. — William Baker, Glovyer, 
vs. 
Charles Attwood, Ms apprentice. 

The history of this curious case has preserved to us 
the usages and customs, incident to the relations of Mas- 
ter and Apprentice, as embodied in the common law at 
this early period. 

Charles Attwood of Ipswich was indented to William 
Baker of Ipswich on the 11th day of April, 1687, to 
serve him until the 5th day of March, when he would 
have arrived at the lawful age of twenty-one years, 
which time would have expired on the 5th of March, 
1699, but by the omission of the word nine after ninety 
in the Indenture, he left his Master before he was of law- 
ful age. 

His Master, no doubt for the purpose of securing his 
services for the unexpired time, complains of him for 
stealing ; the penalty for which was to be whipped, to 
pay fine and costs, also to pay treble the value of the ar- 
ticles stolen, and if unable to pay the penalty and costs, 
then to be sold into service, for such a length of time as 
would nett the required amount, to any person who would 
be responsible to the Court for the same. • 

Baker's object appears to have been to recover the ser- 
vices of his Apprentice, trusting that, after the complaint 
was made, neither the boy nor his friends would risk a 
trial, and the consequent penalty. 

(74) 



75 

"Ipswich, July 30, 1697. 

baker's complaint. 

William Baker of Ipswich, Glov er , brings his Servant 
Charles Attwoocl, that had run from him & been absent 
some considerable tyme, chargeth him w th stealing sev- 
erall things and carrying them away w th him, as a bridle 
& a new suit of cloathes, and upon his examination being 
demanded of the Dep nt whe'er he was Giltie and he 
pleaded not Giltie, but upon his examination, owned y l 
he had the Cloaths, for he said he had worne the briches 
before, but not the coat & denied that he had the bridle. 
For further Examination & Triall I sent him to Ipswich 
Goal & there to remaine to the next sessions of the 
peace to be holden for the County of Essex at Newbury 
on the last Tuesday in September next, 1697. Before 

John Appleton, J. Peace." 

On the foregoing complaint of Baker the Grand Jury 
found an indictment, and he was set for trial. The Pro- 
ceedings under said indictment are entered in the Records 
of the Court of General Sessions of the Peace as follows : 

" Att A Generall Sessions of the Peace holden at New- 
bury, September the 28th, 1697. 

Charles Attwood being Indited for stealing a Coat and 
pair of breeches from William Baker his Master — Matter 
of fact committed to a Jury — Impaneled and s worne, 
who find him not Guilty. The Court's Judgement is that 
he be Dismist paying cost." 

The Depositions filed on Baker's complaint against Att- 
wood for stealing, are interesting, giving us to under- 
stand somewhat of the evidence submitted to the Juries 
of those early days. 

"The Deposition of William Baker, Aged 42 years, tes- 
tified and saith y* some time in July, 1697, being on y e 
Rhoad travilling from Rhode-Hand bringing my servant 
Charles Attwood home, I asked him what he had done 
with y* new Sarge suite y* he stole from me when he Rane 



76 

Away, he said ; that as he was going over sea the Coat 
was washed overbord ; and y e briches he had worn out." 

"The deposition of Tho s Bennet, aged about 27 years. 
This deponent Testifieth & Saith that last July past, I be- 
ing In Company with Charles Attwood & he Told me y* 
he Lost the Sarge Coat that he Carried away from his 
master In going over a reaver at y e Southard and a paire 
of Britches he wore out that he caried away also." 

"The Deposition of Martha Smith, about 40 vers old, 
testy-fieth and saith that som tim in agust, 1696, Wil- 
liam Baker showed me a pise of Searg, and asked me the 
deponent whether ther was enough to make Charles Att- 
wood a coat and a pair of briches. I told him I thought 
ther be enough, then the said Baker said he would get 
my husband to make them for Charles Attwood, wher- 
upon Charles Attwood brought the Searg and my husband 
mad them, and Charles fheched the clos away. 

Sworn in Court. 

Newbury, Sept. 28, 1697. 

Steph Sewall, CI" 

"The Deposition of thos Smith, Jun'r, Aged a boute 40 
yeares, testifieth that in Sept in the year 1696, I made a 
Jacote & a pare of briches for Charles Attwood upon his 
Master's a compt (* & that hee tooke measure of s d 
Attwood.) Sworn in Curt at Newbury this 28 Sept. 97. 

Attest Sewall, Gl." 

"The depossition of Dar s Woodwell, aged aboute 20 
yeares. testifieth & saith that shee sawe Charles Atwood 
Cut out and mak e apare of Gloves for a man with Lined 
Tops with an Intent for John Lord & this wase whille he 
was a sarveant with his Master Baker. & it was unbe- 
known to his Master. 

Oath made to the truth of the above s d writing and 
notice given to Charles Attwood by me. 

Sept 1 ' 23 d 97. John Appleton, Jus. Peace" 

* These words in brackets are in the handwriting of the Clerk. 



77 

"The Deposition of Sarah Wascoat Aged aboute 23 
yeares. Testifieth & saith y 1 being at the house of Good- 
wife Atwood sometime this last Somer I Sawe apare of 
Gloves with lined tops, & this knowing y l thay Came 
from Mr. Baker, his Master. I asked Thomas Atwood 
when he had them Gloves. he anssward to me y fc he 
bovgt them of Charles Atwood for a black Doge, & 
that s d Gloves he made with a Intent for John Lord. 

Ips ch Sep 1 * 23 rd 1697. Sworn before me & timely notice 
given to Charles Attwood by me. 

John Appleton, J. Peace." 

Baker, not proving his case against Attwood for steal- 
ing, makes another complaint against him for running 
away from his service and the following papers are filed 
in this case. 

"Essex ss. 

To the Hono ble Justices of Quarter Sessions of the 
Peace holden at Newbury, Sept. 28th, 1697. 

William Baker of Ipswich Glover, Complains of Charles 
Attwood for that the s d Attwood being an Aprentice vnto 
him the s d Baker as by an Indentur vnder his hand & 
Seale, dated the 11 th day of April 1687. And his time not 
expired vntill the 1st day of March, w ch would be in y e 
yeare 1698-9 he being to serve the s d Baker 13 years 
from the 1st day of March 1686. The s d Charles Att- 
wood, Contrary to his s d Indenture & his Covenant & 
engagement therein expressed, Absented himself from 
his the s d Bakers service & Run away from him his s d mas- 
ter the 16th day of September 1696, and so hath continued 
out of his s d master's service to this day, which is to y e 
said Baker's greivous damage, he haveing been out much 
time and expense in psueing & Recovering the said Ap- 
prentice beside the want of his Worke in his calling for 
above one whole yeare. 

The said Baker humbly prays your honors to order the 
s d Charles Attwood to serve out his time with s d Baker, 
According as by his said Indenture he is bound. 

Your Honors humble Serv* 

William Baker." 



78 

The subjoined Papers are filed in this case. 

"This Indenture made y e Eleventh day of Aprill Anno : 
1687. Witnesseth that Charles Atwood with y e consent 
of his Father Thomas Atwood of Ipswich in the County 
of Essex in Newengland hath put himself an Apprentice 
unto William Baker of y e said Ipswich for y e term of 
time Beginning from y e day above written, untill y e fift 
day of March, which will in y e year of our Lord one 
Thousand Six hundred & Ninety Thirteen years by Com- 
putation wanting only y e time since y e fift day of March 
last past till y e above written Then to be Compleated, 
Expired & fully ended. During which foresaid Term to 
live, dwell with said William Baker his Master doing all 
his said Master's Lawful Commandments not absenting 
himself from his said Master's Service either by night or 
by day keeping his said Masters Secrets not to contract 
matrimony but in all things himself well behave liveing 
after y e maner of an Apprentice trustfyly & Faithfully 
& y e said William Baker on his part is to provide foi 
Charles Atwood aforesaid his Apprentice Meat drink 
washing Lodging clothes & all things needfull & neces- 
sary for such an Apprentice during y e said Term & with- 
in y e said Term to teach his said Apprentice y e Art & 
mistery of y e Trade of a glover & y e Art & mistery of a 
white Leather dresser suficiently for y e use of a glover & 
all other things conserning y e Art and misterys aforesaid 
so as that end of y e said Term his said Apprentice shall 
have proficencie in y e Knowledge & handy practicall part 
of y e foresaid Arts & misteries being Imployed mostly 
for y e attaining thereof during* y e said Term. 

Also within y e said Term to teach or cause to be taught 
his said Apprentice to read to write y e English Tongue 
Suficently & so farr in y e Art of Arithmetick as well to 
doe y e rule of three, called y e golden rule or rule of 
proportion & at y° end & Expiration of y e said Term 
shall then lett his said Apprentice have double new good 
suits of Apparel 1 throughout in evry perticular things as 
Jaucoats Coats Waistcoates Bridies drawers Trowssers 
shirts Neckcloths Hatts stockings shoes gloves Hanker- 
chiefs. Two of evry perticular one of said suits to be 



79 

made of good Sold cloth or stuff by Merchants Hand- 
some & comely for Sabbath dayes. y c other of New good 
strong home made cloth. 

To this Indenture the parties abovesaid have put to 
their hands & Seales Interchangeably this day & yeare 
first above writen. 

Signed Sealed & delivered Signed Charles Attwood 

in y e presence of & Sealed his 

Thomas Lowell Thomas x Attwood 

Mary Lowell Mark." 

"The Deposition of Richard Lowe of Ipswich — being 
of full age — Testifieth & saith : Aboutt y e time y* Thorn 8 
Attwood Bound oute his Soun Charles Attwood An 
Aprentiss to W lm Baker of Ips. "Glover." y e s d Attwood 
being att my house, he told me y* he had Bound Charles 
Aprentiss to Will m Baker, for thirteen years, saying he 
would then be twenty & one years of Age when his time 
came out. I asked s d Attwood why he bound him for so 
long a time he told me y* s d Baker was to learn him y e 
trade of a Glover, & to Dress his Lether. Also to read 
& write & Cast Acompts fitt to Keep A merchantts Book. 

Ips h Sep 1 ' 24 th 1697. Sworne and timely notice was 
given to the adverse Party. 

Before me, John Appleton, J. Peace." 

"Ann Louell aged a Bout 73 yeares. saith shee did 
understand to the Best of her memory that Charles Att- 
wood should a bin bound to William Baker from the time 
he went first to live with him s d Baker til thirteen yeares 
were expired. Shee asked Tho s Attwood why he wold 
bind a child so yong for so long time to a Glover, he said 
he had several Children and that he did like s d Baker and 
was sattisfied. 

Sworne the 24th of Sept. 1697. in Ips 11 . timely notice 
was given to the adverse Party. Before me 

John Appleton, J. Peace" 

"The Deposition of Joseph Cabsoe & Robert Lord, 
both of full age testyfie and say y* sum time in Sep* 1696 
being on Ocasion at y e house of the widow Attwood dis- 
coursing with her consarning her sun Charles his Inden- 



80 

ture, we to aid her we did beleve y fc the honest intent of 
it was y* Charles should sarve y e 13 years (said she) soe 
he might if they had not differd. She said they knew 
how y fc Indentur run at first, for when her husband 
brought it home he threw it into her Lape, and toulcl her 
thare was Charles rite, then she took upy e Indenture and 
see how it was rite and told her husband y t he had bound 
the boye for but A bout 3 yeares. then s d he that's a 
mistake he is bound for 13 yeares and when he found it 
to be soe. had charged her not to Lett it be known : add- 
ing these words, that he should Not be taken from him 
until I y e time is expired if he used him well : She did 
also say that she did never Eead it to any : but Charles by 
Looking over sum of her wrightings after her husband 
was dead found this Indentur, and said his time had bin 
out agreat whill ; after which time he s d Charles was dis- 
contented, and that made him Eun away. and for y l 
Indentur. she did believ that y e honist Intent of it was 
13 years : but now William Baker shall dare his worst, 
what is ritt must stand : they must stand by the Indentur 
and not by ye honest intent." 

(to be continued.) 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



ESSEX INSTITUTE 



Vol. XI. July and October. Nos. 2 & 3. 






MEMOIR OF ASAHEL HUNTINGTON, 

BY 

OTIS IP. LORD. 

[READ AT A SPECIAL MEETING, TUESDAY, SEPT. 5, 1871.] 



Mr. President : It is an ordination of Providence, that 
social life shall be continuous. Communities do not cease to 
exist. Their members are constantly passing away, and they 
are succeeded by others and the common life goes steadily on. 
The vacancy occasioned by the departure of an individual, 
however eminent, is soon filled. As the human organization 
remains the same, though its constituent particles are in process 
of perpetual decay and renewal, so a community continues to 
be identical, though every member of it is changed. It is, 
indeed, only natural that in our first thoughts upon the void 
occasioned by the death of a great and good man, we should 
feel that society itself has undergone a change, and that the 
loss to it is irreparable ; and when the death is that of an inti- 
mate and prized friend, there comes, also, the feeling of oppor- 
tunities lost, of occasions neglected when we should have 
[earned more of his virtues and treasured more carefully his 
3xcellences ; the feeling, that if the companionship could be 



82 

restored to us, but for a short time, we would know him better 
and more intimately. 

In the freshness of our sorrow we overlook a great law of 
human existence, which reasserts itself on calmer reflection, 
and we perceive that grief like this is a superficial and, to some 
extent, a selfish emotion. 

It is undoubtedly a beneficent arrangement of the Divine 
wisdom, that we live with our friends not as if they were about 
to die, but rather as though they would be always with us. If, 
in obedience to that law by which death is appointed for all, a 
friend is taken away, we have his life to comfort and instruct 
us. 

The only memorial of the good man, which is not worth- 
less, is a review of his life — a recurrence to his daily walk, 
with all its acts and charities, in which we find the evidences 
and the elements of character. Statues and mausoleums are 
meaningless, if the life, which they w T ould commemorate, does 
not give them vitality ; for we value the tomb because of the 
life which consecrates it, and not the life because of the tomb, 
however splendid. The grandest sepulchres of the world, im- 
mortalizing no great deed, are regarded but as monuments of 
wasted labor ; while the mere recital of one high act of charity, 
which developed the life and character of a poor and obscure 
widow, is itself a memorial that can never perish. 

It is in this view that I have accepted your invitation to pre- 
pare and read before you a memorial of our late honored and 
respected fellow citizen — the Honorable Asahel Huntington 
— and I shall best satisfy myself, and, I doubt not, you also, 
by a simple narration of those incidents and traits, which 
secured to him the eminent position he held while he lived, and 
which afford to us the sweet memories that we would fondly 
cherish. 

He was born at Topsfield, in this county, July 23, 1798. He 
was the son of Rev. Asahel and Mrs. Aletliea (Lord) Hunt- 
ington. At the time of his birth, his father was the acceptable 
and beloved pastor of the Congregational church and society 
of that town. His first ancestor, who arrived in this country, 



83 

landed in Boston, in 1633, a widow with five children ; her hus- 
band, Simon Huntington, from Norwich in England, having 
died upon the passage. One of these children, Christopher 
Huntington, settled in Norwich, Connecticut. Christopher's 
son Christopher lived in that part of Norwich, which is now 
Franklin. His son, Barnabas, was the father of Rev. Asahel 
Huntington, the father of him whose life we commemorate. 
All these men, influential and respected in their time, holding 
commanding positions in the church and in their municipali- 
ties, were of the kind which created New England character. 
The farm which the second Christopher owned and occupied 
in Franklin, was lately owned and occupied by Azariah Hunt- 
ington, a cousin of our friend, having descended unalienated 
and undivided through four generations. The mother of 
Asahel was one of five daughters of Dr. Elisha Lord of Pom- 
fret, Connecticut, " a good physician and a good man." These 
five sisters were all married, and with one exception left chil- 
dren surviving them. The eldest married Dr. Nehemiah 
Cleaveland and resided in Topsfield. They were all, for their 
time, of unusual culture. Though separated by a long dis- 
tance difficult to be overcome, a year seldom passed without a 
reunion either in Connecticut or Massachusetts. These de- 
lightful gatherings were not without influence as well upon the 
subject of these remarks as upon others connected with them. 
Endowed by nature with persons more than comely, with 
marked superiority of intellect, and graced by those charms 
of character which delight and attract, they were women from 
whom descend men of the highest type of manhood. 

Upon both sides our friend came from unmixed Puritan 
stock. The Rev. Mr. Huntington, his father, was graduated 
with the highest honors of the class at Dartmouth College in 
1786, and was settled in Topsfield in 1789. He was a true 
specimen of the New England pastor, and might well have sat 
for the village preacher of Goldsmith : 

"A man he was to all the country dear, 
And passing rich with forty pounds a year." 

The village pastor, of the latter part of the last century and 



84 

the beginning of this, is a character unknown at the present 
day. 

Like most others of the class, Mr. Huntington was pastor, 
farmer and schoolmaster. A portion of the time he taught the 
public school, or, in the language of the day, he kept the town 
school. His teaching, however, was not thus limited. As was 
the custom at that time, when there were few academies and no 
high schools, he, like many other clergymen, took scholars from 
abroad into his family, some to fit for college, others, especially 
mates of vessels, to educate in the science of navigation. Be- 
sides his own children, he had pupils from Boston, from this 
city, from Newburyport, from Ipswich and occasionally a 
Creole from the West Indies. 

It is, of itself, a eulogy upon his character and influence that 
so many young men from the small village of Topsfield and its 
vicinity were induced and aided by him to seek a public educa- 
tion. Of these, were that beloved man, so affectionately re- 
membered by all the older citizens of this place, the Hon. 
David Cummins, for many years a leader of the bar of this 
county, and Judge of the Court of Common Pleas — as pure 
minded and upright a magistrate as ever graced the ermine in 
any State ; the late Benjamin Althorp Gould, so long the dis- 
tinguished master of the Boston Latin School ; the Hon. Asa 
Waldo Wildes, for many years the chairman of the County 
Commissioners of this county ; Rev. Jacob Hood, Rev. Eben- 
ezer Perkins, Dr. Israel Balch, Dr. Josiah Lamson, and Dr. 
George Osborne — all well known in this vicinity. There was, 
also, another pupil during several years under his instruction, 
a cousin of Asahel, Nehemiah Cleaveland, LL. D., the elegant 
scholar and accomplished gentleman, who long presided over 
that ancient institution, known as Dummer Academy, beloved 
and respected by all his pupils ; still living in advanced and 
vigorous manhood, receiving the grateful esteem of hundreds 
of pupils, whose course and usefulness in life had its first im- 
pulse from his kind and courteous instruction. I am glad to 
be able on this occasion to pa}*- my personal tribute of respect 
and ati'ectionate veneration to my earliest instructor in an aca- 



85 

demic institution, and to acknowledge my indebtedness to him 
for what is of value in this memorial of his kinsman, between 
whom and himself, during a contemporaneous life of three- 
score and ten years, there had been unbroken, mutual confi- 
dence, respect and love. 

The fitting a young gentleman for college was, then, an 
entirely different thing from the same task, at present ; and 
without making comparisons, the village clergyman of Tops- 
field might well have boasted of the preparations he had made. 
It was not usual, at that time, to test the capacity of a boy's 
mind by the quantity of heterogeneous matter which could be 
crammed into it. The foundation of instruction was disci- 
pline. The mind and body were both disciplined ; obedience 
and self-control were cardinal virtues. The mind was an in- 
strument to work, and by discipline to become self-acting, and 
to impress itself upon its acts ; not a mere reservoir, to receive 
what could be forced into it and to take impression from what 
came in contact with it. A preparation for college was rather 
to teach the boy how to study than merely to impart knowl- 
edge. 

Like most fathers of the time Mr. Huntington thought it de- 
sirable that his son should have the advantage of study away 
from home, and at the age of eleven years he was sent to the 
academy at Bradford and became a boarder in the family of 
Rev. Mr. Allen, then the minister of the town. The means 
of the father did not justify the payment of board, and Asahel 
was taken into the family of a brother clergyman and boarded 
in compensation for the labor he could perform in taking care 
of the minister's cow and horse, and doing the chores of the 
family. Young as he was, the advantages from this contract 
were not all on his side. Even before this period, I have the 
authority of the cousin, to whom I have referred, for saying : 
— "he was sensible and serious, earnest and practical, a will- 
ing, capable and diligent boy. In a family like his father's, 
with a small farm to be looked after, there is always plenty of 
work, and this strong, willing lad early began to do more, per- 
haps, than his share. No labor within the compass of his 



86 

ability was so hard or so unpleasant, that he did not bend to 
it with a will. The problem of life — in so far as that means 
the getting of a living — seemed to have caught his attention 
at a period when boys, in general, think of little beyond their 
studies and their play. He discovered very early the value of 
property, being eager to earn and careful to save." By labor- 
ing for the neighbors in the vicinity for small compensation, by 
raising fowls and husbanding their produce, he was enabled to 
embark in the business of sheep raising, and while yet a mere 
lad, became the owner of a flock of very considerable value. 
During his stay at Bradford I am inclined to think that he 
acquired but little except discipline — and those associations 
and memories with which, in the latter years of his life, he was 
accustomed, occasionally, to regale his more intimate acquaint- 
ances. 

He was in his fifteenth year when his father died, after an ill- 
ness of only four days. His elder brother, Elisha, afterwards 
a plrysician of much respectability, and frequently honored 
with important trusts by the people of Lowell, where he re- 
sided, and also by the people of the Commonwealth in electing 
him to the office of Lieut. Governor, was, at the time, in col- 
lege. A younger brother, Hezekiah, who died quite young, 
was sickly and weak, and the care of the home and farm de- 
volved almost wholly upon Asahel. These duties he performed 
with an ability and discretion beyond his years. He had all 
but the entire direction and did a large part of the work with 
his own hands. 

Dr. Nehemiah Cleaveland, between whom and his brother-in- 
law there existed a friendship of unusual strength with a 
mutual confidence, administered upon the estate of Mr. Hunt- 
ington, and became the legal guardian of the five fatherless 
children. The property, though considerable, in view of the 
circumstances and conditions under which it had been ac- 
quired, was yet hardly equal in amount to our friend's annual 
official income, during the last years of his life. As the 
guardian, and kind, judicious friend of } T oung Asahel, Dr. 
Cleaveland did much towards laying the solid foundation of 



87 

his character, and was at that time undoubtedly more instru- 
mental in accomplishing the wishes and aims of his relative in 
the education of his son, than any, or than all other persons ; 
and it would not be pardoned, if I omitted a passing notice of 
that most excellent man. 

Inheriting from a father, who was eminently a patriot Chris- 
tian pastor, the principles of the men who laid the foundations 
of our republic, and himself, when a mere boy of seventeen, 
enlisting in the service of the country during one of the dark- 
est years of the revolutionary struggle, he lived to become a 
marked man in the history of his native county. Deprived, by 
the severity of the times, of the collegiate education which his 
father had designed for him, he devoted himself after leaving 
the army, to the study of medicine, first at Byfield under the 
care of his brother, Dr. Parker Cleaveland, and subsequently 
in Ipswich, under the tuition of Dr. John Manning, then 
eminent as a physician, and commenced the practice of his 
profession in Topsfield. During a long and honorable life, he 
enjoyed the respectful esteem of his contemporaries ; called at 
various times to the highest political and judicial offices in the 
county, he performed every duty with an ability and fidelity 
which reflected upon him high honor. 

To the care of such a counsellor was young Huntington com- 
mitted ; and I should fail in that part of my duty, which my 
friend, could he speak, would be least willing to have omitted, 
did I not speak of the parental care and affection, which this 
truly wise and affectionate guardian bestowed upon his young 
ward. The little patrimony was carefully and anxiously pre- 
served. By his counsels and by his support, the young man 
was encouraged and sustained in all the efforts and sacrifices 
necessary to secure the education, which the death of his father 
had well nigh prevented. Of him might our friend say, in the 
language of the youthful bard : 

" Some I remember and will ne'er forget, 
My early friends * * * * 
My counsellors * * * my guides 
******* in doubt 
My oracles, my wings in high pursuit." 



88 

The influences which form and develop character are silent 
and oftentimes secret, and yet, so far as we can now see, we 
are authorized to attribute the course and the character of 
our friend very much to the formative guidance and direction 
of his beloved and respected uncle, whose interest in the wel- 
fare of his ward continued long after he had entered upon the 
active scenes and duties of life. 

"When, at the close of the sad, industrious summer which 
succeeded the death of his father, the uncle advised his nephew 
and ward to enter Phillips' Academy, with a view to college, 
he at first objected, from doubts and fears of the expense. He 
knew how small was his own share of the little property, and 
probably thought that his mother and sisters, and perhaps his 
brothers, might feel the need of his continued and not unskil- 
ful toil. But the judicious friend, then standing in the place 
of a parent, understood his capacities and knew much more 
than he did of life and the world, and soon convinced him that 
an education, though at first expensive and liable to be embar- 
rassing, would more than repay its cost, and be far better in 
the end not only for himself, but for those in whom he felt so 
deeply interested. 

Yielding to these considerations, he entered Phillips' Acad- 
emy in the autumn of 1813, where his habits were studious and 
his conduct exemplary. He was manly in his deportment, yet 
not, I am glad to say, without a vein of roguishness. The boy 
without this element seldom shows much manliness in later 
life. At Andover, he had for his classmate, and part of the 
time for a roommate, Milton P. Braman, now so well known 
among us as an able divine and brilliant writer. He was the 
son of Rev. Isaac Braman of New Rowley, now Georgetown. 
The fathers of these boys had lived in the closest intimacy, 
and their mutual regard was easily and naturally transmitted 
to their sons. Unlike in temperament and tastes, they soon 
became strongly attached to each other, and the friendship 
then begun was never broken. The following remarks in rela- 
tion to his former schoolmate are taken from a recent letter of 
the Rev. Dr. Braman, and will interest and possibly surprise 



89 

some of those who knew our friend well. "When a youth, he 
had a most exuberant love of fun. His sense of the comic 
and ludicrous was very keen ; and he was accustomed to divert 
himself, greatly, with the eccentricities, curious peculiarities, 
petty foibles and amusing habits of those within his observa- 
tion, whose demeanor in those particularities was strongly 
marked. His humor was much expended when a youth in 
laughable practical jokes, which, as his age became riper, he 
put away with other childish things. As this propensity be- 
came chastened by age, you know how much it contributed to 
the agreeableness of his society." 

Many, whom I address, have undoubtedly heard him, half- 
seriously and half-jokingly, claim to be a soldier of the war of 
1812. It is well known that the people of Boston and its vi- 
cinity were alarmed, while the British men-of-war were upon 
our coast, lest the territory should be invaded. The boys of 
Phillips' Academy, young Huntington among the number, de- 
sired to do what they might in their country's cause, and, in a 
body, walked to Charlestown, labored with their spades for a 
whole day upon the redoubts, and walked back again to An- 
dover and to their studies, not only with a consciousness of 
duty performed, but proud and happy that they had elicited 
words of compliment and commendation from that great man, 
Josiah Quincy, who was then one of the trustees of Phillips' 
Academy, and who had gone to Charlestown not only to see, 
but to praise them. 

In consequence of his limited means, he was received at the 
academy as a beneficiary, but the bread then cast upon the 
waters after many days returned. 

Within a few years past, the academy building was destroyed 
by fire, and a meeting of the Alumni was called to provide 
means for rebuilding it. Our friend, if he did not originate 
the call, was among the first to respond to it, and was selected 
to preside over the deliberations. By his own liberal sub- 
scription, and by his zealous and effective aid, in procuring 
contributions from others, he more than repaid in money what 
he had received, thus evincing a grateful and affectionate 



90 

attachment to his early benefactor more valuable even than 
his gift. 

He entered Yale College in 1815, and was graduated in 
course in 1819. I have again to acknowledge my indebted- 
ness to the kinsman before referred to, who has not only 
favored me with his own reminiscences, but has obtained from 
Mr. Jonathan Edwards, a classmate of his cousin, now living 
in New Haven, this testimony : — 

"As he was in a different division of the class, and roomed 
at a distance from me" (in the early part of his college life he 
did not occup}^ a room in the college buildings) " I saw but 
little of him in his early college career. I knew, however, that 
he was exemplary in his deportment, accurate in scholarship, 
regular in attendance on college duties and more mature in 
character than most around him. I never knew him engaged 
in any of the dissipation or light amusement, which engrossed 
so much of the time of many others. He was kind, courteous 
and conciliating in his intercourse with others ; made many 
friends, but no enemies, and preserved through his college life 
the character of a gentleman. As I recollect him, he pos- 
sessed then the genial manners, which he retained through life. 
* * * jj e was amon g the first scholars of his class 
having an oration assigned him at Commencement." 

There is abundant evidence that during his course his rank 
in all respects was high, and that it was continually improving. 
In his senior year, he won the Berkleyan prize for excellence in 
classic literature, but was, however, deprived of the benefit of 
it, which is conditioned upon a residence in New Haven. Such 
residence Mr. Huntington contemplated, and actually made 
the city his home for a few months after graduation ; not long 
enough, however, to entitle him to receive any portion of the 
Berkleyan bounty. 

Having fixed upon the profession of the law as best adapted 
to his habits of thought, his disposition and his tastes, and 
being still in straitened circumstances, he selected Newbuiy- 
port as a place, where, situated as he was, he could most suc- 
cessfully and least expensively pursue his studies. It was the 



91 

place of residence of the late Hon. Asa W. Wildes, a gentle- 
man from Topsfield, a pupil of his father, then a young practi- 
tioner of the law, who invited Mr. Huntington into his family, 
where he found a pleasant home. Mr. Wildes was a gentle- 
man of great amiability of character, a warm friend and a 
genial companion; and when, in the later years of his life, 
misfortunes and reverses overtook him, they, who knew these 
early associations, understood the fidelity and the affection, 
with which Mr. Huntington adhered to his friend and former 
benefactor. He never ceased, however changed the circum- 
stances, to remember a kindness, and while he repaid such 
debts in kind even usuriously, he never withheld that better 
than payment in kind — his grateful remembrance of it. He 
entered the office of John Scott, Esq., then also a young law- 
yer of Newburyport. Mr. Scott died while Mr. Huntington 
was still a student in his office, leaving a widow and several 
small children, and as is the case with most young attorneys, 
he was poor. The widow and several of the children died be- 
fore Mr. Huntington ; but his quiet, unobtrusive, and almost 
unobserved devotion to that widow and those fatherless chil- 
dren, during her life and as long as he lived, was more like 
romance than like real life. There were no relations between 
them or between their families, either of consanguinity or asso- 
ciation — there was nothing in the social position — nothing 
to call forth the sympathy and assistance, which extended 
through a period of time equal to an estimated generation — 
except widowed and orphan dependence. To this call the 
heart, the purse, the sympathy of our friend always responded. 
At the time he was in the office of Mr. Scott, there was, in 
Newburyport, an unusual proportion of intelligent and culti- 
vated young men, many of them originating and residing there, 
or in the immediate vicinity, and no inconsiderable number from 
abroad, pursuing their studies preparator}^ to entering upon 
their respective professions. Probably there was no more 
brilliant coterie of young gentlemen in the Commonwealth ; 
certainly none in any single municipality so unpretentious as 
Newburyport. Very many of them, as you are probably all 



92 

aware, were made famous by the genius of that gifted poetess, 
Miss Gould, in those choice morceaux in the form of epitaphs, 
so pleasantly and humorously descriptive of their more promi- 
nent peculiarities. Of all those thus early dedicated to fame 
by her graphic pen, the honorable Caleb Cushing of Newbury- 
port, and Bailey Bartlett, Esq. of Lawrence, alone survive. 
Taken in connection with what Dr. Braman says of Mr. Hunt- 
ington's fondness for deriving amusement from the eccentrici- 
ties, curious peculiarities and petty foibles of others, I am 
prepared to believe what I am told by an eminent literary 
man, a native of Newburyport, that the materials for all these 
epitaphs were furnished by Mr. Huntington, and that they were 
prepared at his suggestion and under his personal supervision ; 
while that upon himself, which was one of the earliest, if not 
the very first in point of time, was merely a ruse to divert at 
tention from any suspicion of his participation. It is not 
however, upon these effusions that the fame and the literary 
position of their author is based. The gentleman to w T hom I 
have referred, himself a poet of much distinction, the Hon. 
George Lunt, in a recent communication to me thus refers to 
the intimacy which existed and continued between these two 
persons : — "During Mr. Huntington's student life at New- 
buryport, he was on terms of intimacy with a lady of large 
literary celebrity in her day, and in a day when few ladies made 
literary pretensions, the late Miss Hannah Flagg Gould. 
Though considerably younger than Miss Gould, the intimae^ 
then formed was cordial and sincere, and remained unbroken 
until the decease of the once famous poetess, a few }<ears ago. 
Doubtless, the fact that she also was of Topsfield origin led to 
the acquaintance, for, though a professed admirer of her verses, 
the tastes of Mr. Huntington were in the direction of his legal 
studies, rather than in the way of general reading, especially 
of poetry. At that time, Miss Gould resided with her father, 
a plain, worthy and venerable man, who had been a captain in 
the war of the revolution ; and after his decease and that of 
other members of the family, she continued to occupy the same 
dwelling. * * * She had many distinguished 



93 

visitors from other parts of the country, attracted by her poeti- 
cal reputation and one of those, who never failed to pay her his 
respects, was the late respected Judge Daniel A. White of this 
city, himself a gentleman of no mean culture, who always en- 
tertained a high opinion of her verses and was her warm per- 
sonal friend. * * * Many of her poems enjoyed 
remarkable popularity during her life and arc still favorites. 
Her themes are almost always simple and familiar, distin- 
guished by delicacy and purity of sentiment and by exemplary 
correctness of versification, and no American female has yet 
appeared so likely to be permanently remembered as she, for 
some of her poetical pieces. As an instance of her general 
accomplishment, at a time when such an acquisition was much 
more rare than at present, upon the occasion of Lafayette's 
spending a night at Newburyport in 1824, she was introduced 
to him by the town authorities as the one lady able to converse 
with him in his native tongue. It speaks well for the sound- 
ness of Mr. Huntington's moral sense, that he found pleasure 
in the familiar society of such a woman and that the friendship 
continued while she lived." 

The young gentlemen to whom I have referred as the associ- 
ates of Mr. Huntington, at Newburyport, had established a 
Debating Society or Club, of which he became an active and 
earnest member. Indeed, at that, as well as at every other 
time of his life, for him to be engaged in any enterprise was to 
be active and earnest in it. He frequently, perhaps generally, 
participated in the discussions, and his mode of debate was 
marked by the same peculiarities, which afterwards became so 
well known to the bar and to the public. He loved discussion, 
and the more earnest and excited it was, the more pleasurable 
was it to him. And he carried his discussions beyond the 
limits of the debating club. Newburyport was then a town, 
and her public affairs were discussed in that most perfect of all 
democracies, and that strongest of all citadels of civil liberty 
— town meeting. Mr. Huntington being "of age" and resi- 
dent at Newburyport, did not fail to attend the town meeting. 
At such a meeting, some of the influential citizens proposed a 



94 

measure, which they were strongly bent on carrying and which 
they had no doubt of being able to carry. After they had 
spoken in its advocacy, and had been heard with apparent 
favor, young Huntington rose, in accordance with a previous 
design, opposed the measure at some length and defeated it. 
His opposition was most unexpected and filled the advocates 
with surprise, disappointment and mortification. 

On leaving Newbuiyport, he came to Salem and entered the 
law office of the Hon. David Cummins, of whom I have be- 
fore spoken as a pupil of the liev. Mr. Huntington of Tops- 
field. It would be pleasant to linger a moment upon the 
memory of that beloved man, still green in the hearts of the 
older portion of our community ; especially upon those endear- 
ing traits of character and temperament, which, while they ren- 
dered his success as a magistrate less conspicuous, only bound 
him more closely bj r the ties of respect and love. With an 
ardor and a vehemence of action in the trial of causes never 
equalled at the Essex bar, his great powers were never excited 
except upon the side of charity, virtue and truth ; but I must 
content myself by saying, that the pupil of the father was the 
eminently fit instructor of the son. Not far from this time, 
Mr. Huntington taught the district school in North Beverly, 
and I refer to the fact, especially, because he so endeared him- 
self to the boys and girls of his school, that they ever after, 
even to the time of his death, seemed to regard him as theirs ; 
and the counsels which he commenced with them as bo}^s and 
girls, he continued to give them as men and women, whether 
they were required in matters of law, of morals, of conduct 
or even of domestic and family trial and concern. The friend 
of their youth remained the counsellor of their lives, unpaid, 
except by that filial gratitude and love, which prompted many 
tears at his death. 

While here engaged in the study of the law, he became much 
interested in a system of mnemonics, or artificial memory. I 
have not been able to learn whether the S3-stem originated with 
him or whether he adopted it from some other source, nor have 
I been able to ascertain precisely what it was. He prepared a 



95 

lecture upon the subject, with a series of illustrative diagrams, 
and delivered it in several places in the Commonwealth, in 
Rhode Island and Connecticut. I have heard his warm per- 
sonal friend, the estimable man and upright magistrate, Chief 
Justice Mellen, late of the court of Common Pleas, say that he 
remembered with interest its delivery at Providence, while he 
was an undergraduate of Brown University. The only account 
I can find of it is from that cousin to whom I am so greatly 
indebted. He says: "The floor and ceiling and four sides of 
a room, were supposed to have each nine compartments with 
some familiar object in each. The student made himself 
familiar with these, and then associated with them, in their 
order, the things to be remembered." But whatever the princi- 
ple, or whatever the detail, no doubt Mr. Huntington soon 
came to the practical result, to which others before and since 
have arrived, that each man must cultivate, in his own mode 
and by his own reflection, such aids to the memory, as he finds 
adapted to himself. 

At the March Term of the Court of Common Pleas, 1824, he 
was admitted as an attorney of that court ; two years later, ac- 
cording to the law then existing, he was admitted an attorney 
of the Supreme Judicial Court, and after two years' practice as 
attorney, was admitted as counsellor in the Supreme Judicial 
Court, the highest grade of the profession. 

It is not easy to define with entire accuracy his position as a 
lawyer. It is easy to say that he took a prominent place at the 
bar, which he maintained with honor so long as he remained in 
practice. It is easy to say, that he had the confidence of his 
clients and of the public and the respect of his associates ; but 
to point out wherein he differed, who differed largely from his 
compeers, is not easy. Lord Bacon says : — " Studies serve for 
delight, for ornament and for ability. Their chief use for de- 
light is in privateness and retiring ; for ornament, is in dis- 
course ; and for ability is in the judgment and disposition of 
business. * * To spend too much time in studies is sloth ; 
to use them too much for ornament is affectation ; to make 
judgment wholly by their rules is the humor of a scholar." 



96 

More, formerly, than now in the early education of youth was 
there the just admixture of delight, ornament and ability. 
The mind was so cultivated that it found delight in literary 
pursuits, and discourse was made attractive and ability to treat 
affairs promoted. When Mr. Huntington entered upon life, the 
necessities of his position gave predominance to the last of 
these qualities of study, the ability to deal with affairs. His 
life became eminently a practical one, and though he never ab- 
solutely renounced the humanities, he gave but inconsiderable 
and unimportant attention to them. The natural and indeed 
necessary result of this was accomplishment and not display 
in his professional career. With no design to become a writer 
or expositor of the law, his studies did not range through the 
entire field of jurisprudence ; but determined to perform well 
the duties of his profession, he limited his labors to the exi- 
gencies of immediate duty. In this he was constant and stead- 
fast. This course of study made him what he was. If there 
was one mental trait, more strikingly manifest than any other 
to the minds of all who were brought into contact with him, 
it would probably be characterized by the majority as strong, 
sterling, common sense. This, however, would very imper- 
fectly describe it ; for we understand by a vigorous common 
sense the mere natural working of a sound mind ; a sort of 
intuition which results from original mental organization. It 
is not that, that I mean. What we thus characterize, when we 
apply it to Mr. Huntington, is the result of severe training 
and discipline. It is more properly wisdom applied to con- 
duct. The secret springs of action in one mind are not in- 
tuitively known to another. To discover them and to turn 
them to useful account demands more profound thought and 
more incessant study than to master the details of history or 
science. The mysteries of mind are more subtle than those of 
physics and much more readily elude pursuit and investigation ; 
and he that becomes master of the human mind and human 
passions has achieved a greater triumph than he who has dis- 
covered a pianet. "He understands human nature," can prop- 
erly be said only of him who has been a long, severe and 



97 

profound student; although when such power is attained, like 
the most marvellous discoveries in science or art, it seems so 
simple that we are inclined to deem it intuitive. What we call 
gravitation, and what we call force, will explain nearly every 
phenomenon of the physical world ; but it was the subtle and 
more mysterious workings of the mind, the more difficult and 
multifarious rules of human conduct that claimed the study of 
Mr. Huntington ; and although we may call the result by the 
humble and unpretentious name of common sense, it is indeed 
one of the highest achievements of study. The great poet of 
nature wrote songs and sonnets, which would have given high 
place to another ; but how insignificant they are in comparison 
with his magnificent exhibitions of human action ! 

The position of Mr. Huntington, as prosecuting officer, while 
still a young man, having been appointed to that place first in 
1830, required the study of the mind in other than what may 
be called its normal condition. He was called to deal with 
men who violated law and duty ; with those who transgressed 
in the slightest degree the rules of municipal law, and those 
who committed the highest and most revolting crimes ; and the 
conduct of men under such circumstances he was called to in- 
vestigate and to study ; and though it opened a peculiar and 
ample field, he entered upon it and reaped an abundant har- 
vest. To this was added an accurate and critical knowledge 
of the criminal law, a reasonable proficiency in the principles 
of the common law r , a familiarity with general jurisprudence 
and an average degree of culture in literature and science. 
He thus became in the practice of his profession a strong man. 

The character, however, would be incomplete without the 
addition of the high moral qualities, which distinguished him 
through his whole career, and an incorruptible integrity, which 
crowned and illustrated every other quality. While he held 
the office, first of County and afterwards of District Attorney, 
there were no separate terms of the Court for the transaction 
of criminal business ; he was, therefore, although retained in a 
large proportion of civil controversies, to a considerable ex- 
tent, prevented from attending in Court to that branch of pro- 



98 

fessional business. He was twice elected to the House of 
Representatives of this Commonwealth, but was never a mem- 
ber of any other legislative body. 

He remained unmarried until the year 1842. In August of 
that year, he was married, in Boston, to Mrs. Caroline Louisa 
Tucker, widow of Mr. Charles Tucker of that city. Mrs. 
Tucker had then one surviving child, Richard D., a lad of some 
nine or ten years of age, now a partner in the long established 
and well known house of Peele, Hubbell & Co., at Manila. 
Though her idiosyncrasies were different from his, and though 
their early associations and educational influences had been 
respectively so unlike yet the constant and constantly increas- 
ing mutual confidence, respect and love, which made his 
married life one of comfort and happiness through many years 
— and to its close — fully attested the fitness of the union. 
His house was an abode of generous hospitality and of rare 
domestic happiness. 

By this marriage there were born to them three children, 
William Deblois, Louisa Sarah, and Arthur Lord, of whom 
only the two younger survived him. 

As prosecuting officer for the District comprising the large 
counties of Middlesex and Essex, the duties of Mr. Hunting- 
ton were numerous and necessarily arduous. The year 1843 
was one of much more than the usual responsibility and labor ; 
and there occurred, during it, an important and memorable 
trial in which he was compelled to meet an array of ability, 
learning and legal skill, quite unexampled in the history of the 
Commonwealth. He met the demands of the occasion. The 
law was vindicated, and in the judgment, as well of the public 
as of the profession, in such manner as to reflect high credit 
upon him. 

Strong as was his physical constitution, the labors of that 
year were too exhausting, and late in the fall he was prostrated 
with a tedious and dangerous illness, which, for many months, 
con fined him to his house and prevented him from attending to 
any professional business till the next midsummer. 

It was at this time, in Jan., 1844, while his body was suffer- 



99 

ing with a fearful disease, that there was superadded a calamity 
much more terrible to him. 

No might nor greatness in mortality 

Can censure 'scape; back wounding calumny 

The whitest virtue strikes. 

His integrity was called in question, and charges were pub- 
licly made, that he was corrupt in office and had embezzled 
public funds. Nerves, strong as his, might well yield under 
the accumulated pressure of sickness and calumny. The 
charges, indeed, came from polluted sources ; from those who, 
under the law and by force of the law, had been doomed to the 
pecuniary penalties, which he was charged with embezzling. 
They came, however, with dates and sums and with circum- 
stance, so that the poison gangrened the minds of some honest 
and worthy men, and a call was made for Legislative investiga- 
tion. On the 19th day of Jan., 1844, Mr. Washburn, of Lynn, 
introduced an order into the House of Representatives, which, 
after amendment, was adopted, directing the committee on the 
Judiciary "to inquire into any charge which may be preferred 
against Asahel Huntington, District Attorney of the Common- 
wealth, for malefeasance in the discharge of the duties of his 
office " and the committee were empowered to send for persons 
and papers. At the time, that most excellent and pure minded 
man, the late Honorable Leverett Saltonstall, our respected 
townsman, was at the head of the committee on the Judiciary. 
He knew Mr. Huntington well ; and there is sufficient evidence 
that he was disinclined to enter upon such an investigation, at 
a time when his friend was unable even to Converse on any sub- 
ject of business, and that he was disposed to let a life of in- 
tegrity and uprightness be its own vindicator. But Mr. 
Huntington, enfeebled and almost overwhelmed as he was, 
demanded an investigation, and on the 12th day of March, 
1844, Mr. Saltonstall, in behalf of the committee, made a re- 
port recommending that " in conformity with the desire of the 
respondent a committee be appointed, to meet during the re- 
cess of the Legislature, to examine the charges which have 
been preferred against the said Asahel Huntington and to 



100 

make their report at the next session of the Legislature. And 
further, that said committee have authority to send for persons 
and papers." This report was accepted. The committee ap- 
pointed were the late Hon. Joseph Bell, an eminent lawyer of 
Boston, the Hon. George S. Bout well, the present -Secretary of 
the Treasury of the United States, at that time a young, active 
and extreme partisan of the extreme democracy, and the late 
Hon. J. H. W. Page, a young and promising lawj^er of New 
Bedford. The committee it will be perceived, had none of the 
qualities of a whitewashing committee. Nothing but integrity 
could pass that ordeal. This committee met in Salem on the 
9th da}^ of July, 1844, having previously given notice to Mr. 
Washburn who introduced the order, and to Mr. Huntington of 
the time and place of their meeting. On that da}^, the com- 
mittee say " Mr. Huntington appeared and was ready to pro- 
ceed. But no person appeared to sustain the charges." I 
have said the charges were made with the circumstance of 
dates, and sums, and persons, who had paid the mone}-, which 
he was charged with embezzling ; and neither the committee 
nor Mr. Huntington was willing to accept the absence of an 
accuser as sufficient vindication of the accused. Under the 
power to send for persons and papers they directed that Mr. 
Washburn and every person named in the accusation should be 
summoned, and that every document referred to should be 
brought before them for examination. Though Mr. Hunting- 
ton was able to be present, he had not recovered his health. 
The elastic step and the buoyant spirit were not with him. 
Severe and protracted illness and its sympathetic influence 
upon a strong mind still debilitated and depressed him. But 
his life of honor and integrity had not been in vain. He had 
friends that loved him, and they were friends that knew him. 
They knew also his accusers, and though these had paraded 
what they called facts and figures of condemnation, so as al- 
most to forestall the public judgment, his friends did not falter 
or hesitate. They voluntarily and unsolicited, tendered to him 
their professional services before the committee, and entered 
upon the investigation with a zeal and confidence which no de- 



101 

ceptive army of figures could diminish, and which fraud and 
falsehood could not shake. Foremost among them was the 
late Hon. Rufus Choate, the friend of his early manhood and of 
his whole life ; who, in probably the last letter he ever indited, 
said affectionately " I am quite competent to pronounce for 
myself that I love and esteem you and * * * and brother 
Huntington quite as much as ever and for quite as much rea- 
son. Pray accept for yourself, and give them all my love, and 
be sure if I live to return, it will be with unabated affection 
for you all." To the cause of his friend he brought his love 
as well as his genius. Three others of the most conspicuous 
of these, whom Mr. Huntington followed sorrowfully to their 
graves, he would require me to name ; Mr. Stickney of Lynn, 
an honorable lawyer of a different political party from Mr. 
Huntington ; Mr. N. J. Lord of Salem, also of different poli- 
tics, and Mr. J. H. Ward of Salem. The latter two were his 
more immediate and active advisers, the last- of whom especi- 
ally engaged in the cause with characteristic enthusiasm, and 
did not cease from his labors until the honor and integrity of 
his friend were clearly and completely vindicated. But while 
these, from their position, were naturally the more prominent 
among his vindicators, others of the bar, some of whom are 
now among the dead while others live to mourn his loss, felt no 
less assurance of the final result and were in no degree less 
ready, should opportunity occur, to lend their aid to a success- 
ful issue. 

Early in the next session in Jan. 1845, the committee made 
their report to the House of Representatives. I give its 
closing paragraph. "On the contrary, the evidence w r as en- 
tirely satisfactory to the committee, that Mr. Huntington had 
deA^oted himself with extraordinary zeal and untiring industry 
— even to the peril of his life, to the discharge of his official 
duties ; and that he had thereby acquired, and has a just right 
to retain the wide spread and well founded confidence of his 
fellow citizens in the intelligence, integrity, fidelity and ability 
with which these duties have been discharged. The committee 
are, therefore, unanimously of opinion, that the charges of 



102 

malpractice in office brought against Asahel Huntington, Esq., 
District Attorney of the Commonwealth for the Northern Dis- 
trict, at the last session of the Legislature are wholly unsus- 
taiued by the evidence referred to for their support, and that 
no farther action be had thereon by this House." And on the 
7th day of Jan. 1845, the record says this "report was read, 
unanimously accepted and ordered to be printed." Thus, 
effectually and forever was wiped away the only stain ever 
sought to be fixed upon his character. So thorough and com- 
plete was their vindication, that not even a suspicion rested 
upon any mind. Few, probably, of those who have since come 
upon the stage have ever heard of the attempt to defame him, 
while those who remember it, remember it only as a miserable 
failure. It would not now have been referred to, but that en- 
tire justice to his character required it, and because it illus- 
trates, in a striking manner, the value of honesty, uprightness 
and integrity in character. 

A few months later he returned to his accustomed work will 
strength and spirits fully restored, and from that time to his 
death, which occurred a year ago this day, casting a gloom 
over our city and sending sorrow to many hearts, his uniformly 
robust health and ever cheerful temper were facts of universal 
observation and remark. 

Thus, wholly exonerated, in 1845, he resigned the office of 
District Attorney which he had held from 1832, and resumed 
with much success the general practice of the law. 

In 1847, Essex county was again constituted a distinct dis- 
trict, and yielding to the general public wish, he assumed again 
the duties of public prosecutor which he discharged for four 
years longer. In 1851, he was appointed by the Supreme Ju- 
dicial Court, Clerk of the Courts for the County of Essex. 
Subsequently, by a change in the constitution of the Common- 
wealth, the office was made elective, and by successive elec- j 
tions, each for the term of five years, he continued to hold the 
office during the remainder of his life. The duties of the office, 
though he was not clerical in his tastes or habits, were accept- 
ably performed. Lord Bacon, speaking of clerks, who are first 



103 

and last and only clerks, and who grow old in the service, says 
"an ancient clerk, skilful in precedents, wary in proceeding 
and understanding in the business of the Court, is an excellent 
finger of the court and doth many times point the way to the 
Judge himself." In a different and far higher sense, Mr. Hunt- 
ington was a finger which many times pointed the way for the 
Judge himself; and it has often occurred to me, as I do not 
doubt it has to others holding a similar position, that the rela- 
tive position of Judge and clerk might have been changed to 
the advantage of the public and for the better administration 
of the law. 

In 1853, he was a member of the convention called to revise 
the constitution of Massachusetts. In 1854, he was Mayor of 
the city, and this was the last political duty to which he was 
elected by his fellow citizens. 

But these were not all the trusts which w r ere committed to 
him. In 1844, he was chosen a Trustee of Dummer Academy, 
an institution endeared to him by the fact that his esteemed 
cousin, whom I have so often referred to, was for many years 
its accomplished head. The duties of this office he performed 
assiduously and efficiently so long as he lived. He was an 
officer, at various times, in several of our charitable institu- 
tions a service most congenial to his nature ; was Director and 
President of the Naumkeag Cotton Company ; he was Presi- 
dent, also, of this Institute which will never fail to honor his 
memory. 

In all places to which he was thus called, he gave the benefit 
of his wisdom, his prudence and his efficient labors. 

But, though his life was cheerful and happy in the highest 
degree, it was not all unshadowed. I remember, and memory 
will be dethroned when I forget that three years ago, our friend 
and I were engaged, each in our respective official duties at 
Newburyport, and returned together on the evening of Mon- 
day, May 11, with the expectation of resuming our places on 
the following morning. There was the same buoyancy of 
spirits, the same warm words from the heart, the same flow of 
genial and sympathetic kindness, that were his uniform charac- 



104 

teristics and which made his society so charming. As I sat at 
breakfast the next morning, a note, in his familiar handwritl 
ing, was brought to me, the opening words of which were, 
" God has taken my first born." My own emotion, in some 
faint degree, indicated the severity of the calamity which well 
nigh overwhelmed him. I have since learned that when he 
parted with me on that previous evening, instead of going 
directly to his home, he made one of his frequent and ever wel- 
come calls upon his beloved pastor ; and there, in an unusual 
and pathetic manner, poured out his heart, his hopes, his 
anxieties, his confidence in relation to his first born son ; lin- 
gering beyond his custom, and seemingly reluctant to leave 
the theme. His whole existence seemed garnered in the life 
of that young man. He went to his home to find the seal 
unbroken of a letter, which announced that this child of his 
love, of his hopes, of his heart, had, several months before, 
in a distant land, gone peacefully to his final rest. 

He was a young gentleman of extraordinary promise, pos- 
sessing an exceedingly amiable disposition, and had developed 
a more than usual capacity for business. He had not only 
endeared himself to a large circle of friends and associates 
here, but had secured the warm affection of many, with whom 
he came in contact in his far distant home. In contemplation 
of a son, so suddenly cut down in the full vigor and bright 
promise of opening manhood, well might the strong heart of 
the father quail, and the firm step, for a time, falter. The 
unwonted grief, which, at first, greatly saddened and subdued 
him, soon settled into a calm and submissive sorrow, that 
threw its attempering and hallowed influence over the rest of 
his life. His silent, tender farewell to this child of his affec- 
tions might be well expressed in the words of the beautiful 
apostrophe. 

" Go, gentle spirit, to thy destined rest, 
"While I, reversed our nature's kindlier doom, 
Pour forth a lather's sorrow on thy tomb.' 



Jn the early manhood of Mr. Huntington, at just about th 
time he was appointed a public prosecutor, began what ha 



105 

been known as the temperance reformation. This commenced 
by a pledge to abstain from the use of distilled liquors and was 
afterwards extended to abstinence from all intoxicating drink. 
To this cause, he was, from first to last, the consistent, un- 
wavering and judicious friend. To it, he devoted the strength 
of his youth, the energy of his manhood, and the counsels of 
his mature age. If he had a specialty in life, it was devotion 
to temperance. If he had an ambition for distinction among 
his contemporaries, it was as the uncompromising friend of 
temperance. If there was one field above all others in which 
he delighted to labor, it was that which the cause of temper- 
ance opened to him. In 1861, when he was requested by his 
classmate, Edwards, to give some of the incidents of his life 
for the purpose of a class memorial, he said in a postscript to 
his letter of reply, " If I have had any special mission, or 
rendered any special service in nry day and generation, it is as 
a temperance reformer, and in that I flatter myself I have 
made my mark. My labors have been felt in the general cause 
in this Commonwealth and in its legislation. Under the lead 
of one of your name and blood, the late Dr. Justin Edwards of 
Andover, the great temperance reformer of the United States, 
who should always be placed at its head, I enlisted in this work 
of benevolence and good will more than three and thirty years 
ago, and have been in it from that day to this, in season and 
out of season, by pen, speech and example. And if, in all 
these years, I have not done something, I must have been a 
very poor worker. I have lived to witness an entire revolution 
in the public sentiment of the State and people, and to see our 
principles established in the high places of power and influence. 
Our principles and creed have become energetic among the 
vital forces of society and are installed in the legislation of the 
State. In all this great work I have had some share, and as 
far as public service is concerned, I consider it the great felicity 
of my life." During his various terms of service as prosecut- 
ing attorney, he labored with great zeal in the prosecution of 
parties charged with the violation of laws respecting the sale 
of intoxicating Mquors. In the performance of this duty, I do 



106 

not think he was fully understood. The fact that he was an 
ardent and zealous advocate of temperance was put in conjunc- 
tion with the fact that he was a no less ardent and zealous 
prosecutor of persons charged with illegally selling intoxicat- 
ing liquors, and they were deemed cause and effect. This, it 
seems to me, is a superficial view of his conduct. His zeal in 
both cases sprang from a deeper source. There was, underly- 
ing his whole character, the profoundest conviction that the 
morality, good order and advancement of society, depended 
upon the prevalence of temperance ; there was also the no less 
profound conviction that society itself and the government,* 
upon which it is based, will be subverted if law may be vio- 
lated with impunity. His energy in the prosecution of such 
offences arose not so much from the fact, that such persons 
illegally sold liquors, as from the fact, that those, thus charged, 
constituted a large and influential class of open and arrogant 
violators of law ; and this energy w T as intensified when he saw 
these persons, so open and arrogant in society, becoming mean 
and cowardly before the judicial tribunals, and resorting to 
every sort of sham and disguise when called to answer for 
their conduct. No wonder that he took delight in rending 
those disguises, in exposing those shams and in vindicating the 
law. It would, however, be unjust to him and to his memory, 
to give such prominence to his energy in securing the convic- 
tion of such offenders as to warrant the inference that he was 
less energetic in the prosecution of other offences. There 
sometimes may have appeared to be more zeal in this class of 
prosecutions, but it arose not from the prosecution, but from 
the nature of the defences. These prosecutions were quite 
tame and unexciting, when, as in other cases, the issue was 
simply ''Guilty" or "Not Guilty." It was only when some 
device, ingenious or absurd, was resorted to, that his zeal 
was kindled or his energy aroused. His true fame and excel- 
lence as a public prosecutor, had a wholly different foundation. 
Acting upon that other conviction to which I have referred, 
that the whole fabric of society rested upon the supremacy of 
the law, his great ability and all his powers were brought into 



107 

action to this end. He kept constantly in mi ad the two great 
objects of the criminal law — the protection of society and the 
reformation of the offender. He accepted as the true defini- 
tion of these objects, that which was given in the most 
remarkable trial in the annals of this county, by the great 
constitutional lawyer who conducted that prosecution, "The 
law is made, if we would speak with entire accuracy, to protect 
the innocent by punishing the guilty." The vindication of the 
law was the only object of his effort, the only joy in his tri- 
umph. The result of this course of administration has al- 
ready been anticipated in the report of that Legislative Com- 
mittee, from which I have quoted — the wide spread and well 
founded confidence of his fellow citizens in the intelligence, 
integrity, fidelity and ability with which those duties were dis- 
charged. 

In estimating the character of Mr. Huntington, his religious 
views cannot otherwise than contribute an important element. 
Although it is impossible that a mind like his could be fettered 
b} r the words of any creed, his views were substantially in ac- 
cordance with those, with whom he was accustomed to worship 
— the orthodox congregationalists. They were tolerant and 
catholic. He was opposed as well to the bigotry of exclusive- 
ness, as to the bigotry of liberalism. His religion was a reli- 
gion of thought and action rather than speech. He never 
proclaimed that he was a lighted candle, but those who ap- 
proached him saw the light, which could not be hid. In refer- 
ence to the fundamental principle of Christianity, he believed 
that Science was silent, — that if it spoke at all, it was only in 
gloom} 7- and despondent words ; that Philosophy could offer 
nothing but a "pleasing hope," — a "fond desire," — a "long- 
ing after," — and that by Revelation, and by revelation alone, 
the truth of the immortality of the soul was, with certainty, 
promulgated ; and to deny an authentic and infallible revela- 
tion was, with him, to uproot all confidence that the condition 
of man differed from that of the beasts which perish. He was 
not of those who rejected what was old in belief, because it 
was old ; nor was the consentaneous judgment of all minds 



108 

for thousands of years rejected by him because it had been so 
long concurred in. 

There is a class quite numerous now, and perhaps tempora- 
rily increasing in number, endowed above all others with in- 
quiring and investigating minds. They receive nothing upon 
trust. Old truths are merely old superstitions until tested by 
the touchstone of their unerring wisdom. They must put their 
finger into the print of the nails, and thrust their hand into the 
side of every truth before it can have their sanction ; and when 
truth has stood this test, they are prepared to inquire whether 
the body of truth is really a substantial bod}^ or only a certain, 
manifestation which appears to be a body ; for of such delicate 
composition are their minds that they can contain nothing as 
true, which is inconsistent with their view of what truth ought 
to be. It would be difficult to tolerate this new school were it 
not for that general and satisfactory compensation wiiich nature 
provides in such cases. While they will believe nothing which 
has been generally believed for ages, there is nothing, of recent 
suggestion, which they will not believe. They will hazard 
their lives upon the truth of every theoiy, every hypothesis, 
and even every speculation of each one of those learned pro- 
fessors, who has established, each for himself, a positive suc- 
cession of prehistoric ages fraught with detailed events ; nor 
does it dampen the ardor of their belief, that of the theories of 
a hundred of these learned men, each man's individual theory 
is rejected as absurd by the other ninety-nine. They go for 
progress. To believe what has been believed a thousand 
years, is not progress. 

It is mere incredulity and a bigoted adherence to old no- 
tions, which refuses to believe that man by natural or sexual 
selection or in some other equally philosophical mode has been 
evolved from some ape-like progenitor, or anthropomorphous 
monkey, and that in " Curiosity " "Imitation" "Attention" 
"Memory" " Imagination" and " Reason " the difference be- 
tween man and any other animal is only in degree — not in 
kind. With this class of advancing men, Mr. Huntington had 
no sympathy. What had commended itself to the common be- 



109 

lief for 11 long time was more likely, in his opinion, to he true, 
than what had never been received. He was well aware that 
these old truths had undergone investigation and scrutiny 
many times ; that they had been opposed and denied ; crushed 
even to the earth, only to rise again with renewed and in- 
creased power ; that many of the new discoveries had been 
time and again discovered, and time and again exploded ; that 
under different names and in different types the new theories 
and new philosophies had been, over and over again, originated 
and discarded ; and it was such and such only of what modern 
theorists and speculators call old superstitions, as, after study 
and investigation, commend themselves to belief, that com- 
manded his sanction. 

It would be doing him great injustice, should I omit to say 
that the authenticity and divine origin of the sacred scriptures 
was the one foundation, on which he planted himself. His in- 
terpretation of them — the particular theological truths which 
he derived from them, I shall not in this place attempt to 
state : but belief in their essentially divine character was a 
part of his being, and beautified and illustrated his life. 

There was another trait of Mr. Huntington's character so 
conspicuous and so constant, that no one would recognize the 
portraiture which did not present it. It may, perhaps, be 
designated by the word benevolence, if understood in that en- 
larged signification of assisting others in every commendable 
enterprise. Whether the call came from country, from state, 
from city, from parish, from institution or from individual, 
there was the same ready response. Whether made upon his 
mind, his hand or his purse, the answer was never uncertain. 
An unrecompensed journey of a thousand miles for a poor 
widow was given with the same cheerfulness as his deposit in 
the charity box. His views were enlarged and liberal. He 
was conscious that 

There is some soul of goodness in things evil 
"Would men observingly distil it out. 

He did not confine his good offices to kindred or to sect, to 
those about him or personally known to him. I have known 



110 

men liberal and generous ; men who gave largely, impulsively 
and even passionately ; but I have never known a man, who so 
uniformly and so cheerfully contributed according to his means 
to every worthy object ; and his fondness for accumulation, 
though great, undoubtedly, was thus graced and dignified by 
his extraordinary dedication of its results to charity and 
benevolence. His giving was not ostentatious nor lavish, but 
discriminate and prudent. His public contributions are known 
— his private aid, by counsel, by loan, by gift will never be 
fully revealed. 

The inquiry is natural, whether there are any peculiar cir- 
cumstances or causes, that evidently contributed to form the 
character and to shape the life, which I have so imperfectly 
depicted. There is, in every person, an individuality of some 
sort. This is not the occasion to inquire whether such individ- 
uality is inherent, or whether it is the result of education. In 
relation to Mr. Huntington there were, at least, two facts which 
had a marked influence on his character, and which modified to 
some extent his whole life. His father was a clergyman — his 
mother a widow from his early boyhood. 

The memory — the consciousness of these facts, were, with 
him, an ever-present, all-pervading influence, manifest in mairy 
of his tastes and habits, and to which thousands of his kindly 
charities majr be traced. To the fact just mentioned may be 
ascribed in large measure, I think, the peculiar interest he al- 
ways felt in members of the clerical profession and in all mat- 
ters and occasions of an ecclesiastical nature. Occasionally, 
he presided, by special invitation, over assemblies which might 
almost be called ministerial, and uniformly discharged the duty 
with great felicity. 

" And she was a widow." In this was a cause still more 
potent. There is, probably, no appeal to the better nature of 
a boy so strong, as that which is made by having a mother wid- 
owed and destitute. His filial love and duty, thus specially 
excited, became an unfailing stimulus to exertion and kept him 
firmly in the right path. Who has not observed that the sons 
of poor widows very often, na} r , more frequently than those in 



Ill 

any other special condition of life — become eminent for their 
virtues and success. Mr. Huntington's devotion to the be- 
loved and venerated parent, who survived his father nearly 
forty years was conspicuously exemplary. Several years after 
her death, at the age of eighty-five, lie thus referred to her in 
a letter to his classmate Edwards " She has been the delight 
and charm of my life, and I cherish her memory in all honor 
and with the highest filial love." 

There were incidents of interest in the life of Mr. Hunting- 
ton, to which I might refer. His life, however, did not consist 
of here and there a brilliant exhibition ; an occasional exploit, 
which startled or enchanted an admiring public ; there was no 
extraordinary and sporadic effort now and then eclipsing the 
general tenor of his life. There was rather a daily beauty, 
which everywhere and at all times gave a charm to his life, 
developing a well formed and symmetrical character — of ac- 
tive duty, kindly and faithfully done — of constant sympathy, 
flowing in continuous benevolence — and unfailing integrity, 
seeking to be right rather than to be brilliant, dealing justly 
and truly in all conditions of life. 

To some extent, an impression has been made that there 
was a certain degree of indolence in his mental constitution. 
In that graceful tribute of his esteemed pastor, so happy in its 
delineation of his character — a tribute, which, while it does 
honor to its subject, reflects honor upon its author — it is said, 
"that he was constitutionally, a man of more than usual 
inertia." In the sense in which the eloquent preacher used the 
phrase, it is undoubtedly true, for it was only when roused by 
some exigency or excited by some call of duty that " his pro- 
digious energy" was manifested. In its normal condition — 
in the ordinary intercourse of life — there was a quiet repose 
of mind — an indisposition to obtrude his own reflections upon 
others — an apparent inattention which the phrase may pro- 
perly characterize. In no other sense, however, is it true. He 
was a thinking man. His mind was constantly active. In- 
deed, it could not be otherwise ; for it was healthily constituted 
— constantly nurtured — and well sustained by a vigorous and 



112 

healthful physical frame. He did not display the crude, undi- 
gested and unarranged congeries of thoughts which first took 
possession of his mind. He spoke only matured opinions. It 
was the incessant activity of his intellect — its presentation to 
itself of every question in so many phases and aspects which 
gave the idea of what is sometimes called inertia — more prop- 
erly, perhaps, abstraction — but which is, in reality, the highest 
condition of mental activity. 

The inquiry is not unnatural, why Mr. Huntington, com- 
mended by such excellences of character, and fitted to adorn 
any place, was not elevated to more conspicuous public posi- 
tion. The answer, however, is easj^, and for him an honorable 
one. So far as judicial position is concerned, he had fixed an 
ideal standard of qualification, which it were no disparagement 
to him, nor to any man, to fail to reach. I am not without 
reason to suppose that his absence from judicial office is to be 
attributed rather to his own disposition than to that of the ap- 
pointing power, and that he felt constrained to his determina- 
tion by the conscientious fear that more is required of a judge, 
than the lot of humanity will admit. The inquiry, however, 
rather is, why he was not elevated to more important political 
position. The present generation can scarcely appreciate the 
condition of the public mind, as it was, when he entered upon 
professional life. Suffrage was comparatively limited, and was 
exercised principally by the more intelligent and the wiser. 
The surest evidence of unfitness for any office was the desire 
to fill that office. Politics was not a trade, and there were few, 
if any, politicians. Officers were selected under the guidance 
of an enlightened public judgment. It is a high tribute to the 
early worth and future promise of our friend, that compara- 
tively a stranger, and before he was thirty years of age, he was 
chosen to represent the most important town in the county in 
the public counsels. Before he had been ten 3 7 ears at the bar, 
at a time when fitness was the only qualification, he was ap- 
pointed by the executive to an important position, one previ- 
ously held by a gentleman of high standing, who was by many 
years his senior, and who had before occupied a high judicial 



113 

office. With the change of the times, he did not change. II' 
that change were progress he did not advance with the progres- 
sive ; if it were deterioration, lie did not deteriorate. 

"O, that estates, degrees and offices 
Were not derived corruptly; and that clear honor 
Were purchased by the merit of the wearer! 
How many then should cover, that stand bare, 
How many be commanded, that command." 

Iii reply to a letter already referred to, in which the inci- 
dents of his life were asked of him, for the purpose of a Col- 
lege class memoir, he said, "I have had the honor to hold 
various offices of trust, which have sought me. I never sought 
them, or any of them, from first to last." There was, however, 
one occasion, and I can recall but one, after he had arrived at 
the maturity of his manhood, when the public sentiment de- 
manded that fitness should be the only qualification, and to 
this end, with a single exception not to be more particularly 
noticed, that public sentiment selected those who most emi- 
nently possessed the requisite qualifications, and were to the 
fullest extent entitled to the public confidence. I refer to the 
choice of delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1853 
— and Mr. Huntington was of course, and without dissent, one 
of them. Although the part he took in that assembly was not 
a very conspicuous one, it was one of honorable and control- 
ling influence, not so much in what was clone, for he was in a 
minority, as in what was prevented. The ultimate judgment 
of the people, in rejecting every proposition of the convention, 
was in accordance with his counsels and his efforts. If the 
incumbency of high official position is necessary to establish a 
title to grateful remembrance — our friend did not achieve it. 

Est autem gloria, laus recte factorum, magnorumque in rem- 
publicam meritorum, quae cum optimi cujusque, tarn etiam mul- 
tituclinis testimonio comprobatur — and our friend achieved it. 

There is, however, another view of the character of Mr. 
Huntington, upon which, if the proprieties of the occasion 
would allow, it would be delightful to linger — that of the 
warm-hearted, generous, constant personal friend. It was in 
this relation, beyond all others, that he commended himself 



I 
I 

114 

most warmly, and in which his true worth was strikingly con- 
spicuous. Tolerant of faults, sympathetic in vicissitudes, re- 1 
joicing in success, supporting in trial, solacing in affliction, J 
seeking another's rather than his own advancement, his ever j 
ready and responsive heart grew warmer, and entwined itself i 
more and more closely about his friends every year of his life. 
Washington Irving, in the preface to one of the later editions \ 
of the sketch book, alluding to Sir Walter Scott, and in grati- 
tude for the interest which that distinguished man had mani- 
fested in him, before he himself had acquired his own worldwide 
celebrity, used a phrase, which seems to me better than any 
other to characterize our friend — that "golden hearted man."] 
How descriptive and how just ! Those who were admitted to 
his confidence — those who sustained the relation of personal 
friend — those who have been accustomed to his cordial and 
sympathetic greeting — and not those alone — will accept it — I 
and amid all the recollections, which cluster about his name | 
and his memory, no word will more truly and graphically define || 
the aggregated qualities, which endear him to us than this one I 
phrase — that golden hearted man. 

i 
i 



ANCESTRY AND POSTERITY OF ZACCIIEUS GOULD. 

BY BENJAMIN APTHOKP GOULD. 
PREAMBLE . 

Since the year 1854, the writer has employed such 
intervals of leisure as he has found available, in the en- 
deavors : — first, to trace back the lineage of his family, 
and secondly, to follow out the posterity of its earliest 
American member, Zaccheus Gould, who appears to 
have sought the shores of New England between the 
years 1636 and 1638, and to have established himself 
finally in that part of Ipswich which was subsequently, 
and chiefly through his efforts, set off into a separate 
town under the name of Topsfield. 

During these sixteen years, the town, church and 
county records of New England have been laboriously 
and extensively scrutinized, and such opportunities as 
have been found for obtaining information from special 
family records have been improved, until the results of 
the investigation, which at the beginning was prompted 
by personal curiosity alone, have attained a magnitude 
that confers upon them an interest of much wider range. 
Many members of this family, and of others bearing the 
same name, and not improbably affiliated with it by a 
common origin on the other side of the Atlantic, have 
contributed largely and most cordially to the stock of in- 
formation gathered, and the family records have already 
acquired a fulness far surpassing that wdiich had been 
anticipated. Through the laborious and assiduous efforts 
of my friend Mr. Somerby, the well known antiquarian, 
sundry unknown and long-forgotten records have been 
discovered at various places in England, which have 

(115) 



I 

I 

116 

developed the family pedigree for six generations previous 
to our first American ancestor, and have thus brought! 
to light the relationship of some of the other American 
families of the name, while they have introduced a slight! 
element of confusion, by showing the simultaneous pres- 
ence in New England of two persons named Zaccheus 
Gould, uncle and nephew, the latter dying unmarried at j 
a comparatively early age. 

A manuscript letter, written in the early part of the 
present century by Rev. Daniel Gould of Bethel, Me., 
and purporting to give an account of the family as com- 
piled by himself from various traditions, and from maim- j 
scripts which now seem to have disappeared, furnished j 
the first clews for tracing the history of the family in 
America. Although many of the statements in this letter 
have proved to be incorrect, they have none the less guided 
to sources of information which could otherwise have been 
found only with great difficulty. Some of these clews \ 
were effectively followed up during the early stages of 
the inquiry by Mr. Thomas B. Wyman of Charlestown, ! 
who made a number of journeys in my behalf to various 
parts of the New England States, in order to examine 
early records and to find the present representatives of 
different branches of the family, for the purpose of col- 
lecting- such information as the elder members might be 
able to supply from memory. 

During the past few years, much additional information 
has been gathered by my kinsman, Mr. John H. Gould j 
of Topsfield, whose avocations have carried him repeat-] 
ed ly to Western cities, where he has gleaned a rich har- • 
vest of facts regarding those descendants of Zaccheus of I 
Topsfield, who, following the example of their honored 
ancestor, have sought and found new and thriving homes 
towards the setting sun. 



117 

Thus the mass of family memorials has gradually ac- 
quired dimensions which have of late suggested to me 
the duty of placing it upon record in some permanent 
form, and in such a manner as to be accessible; to all 
those interested in the subject. A plan of this sort was 
already forming itself in my mind, when events occurred, 
in consequence of which I am now on my way to another 
hemisphere, with a view to a protracted absence from 
home. Several years must probably elapse before the con- 
templated work can be prepared and published. Mean- 
while, in the natural course of human affairs it must be 
expected that many of the elders will be taken away, 
who can now give information which a few years would 
render unattainable. And should I myself not be per- 
mitted to return to my own land, there is no assurance 
that another would soon be found with opportunity and 
inclination to continue these inquiries and make public 
his results. 

Influenced by these considerations, and being unable 
to find time for arranging in proper form all the mate- 
rials hitherto collected, it has seemed best to prepare a 
condensed abstract of the family history, containing little 
excepting names, places and dates, and to offer this to 
my kindred throughout the land, as a germ or nucleus, 
from or around which a worthy family memorial may at 
some future time be developed. Many of the numerous 
gaps in this abstract can doubtless be filled out by some 
person now living. Even where dates and names cannot 
be supplied, some definite information as to place will 
often lead to the information needed ; either by guiding 
to official records, by identifying known individuals, or 
by discriminating between different persons who bore the 
same name and were living at the same time. The 
amount of facts already gathered relative to persons in 



118 

the United States, bearing the name of Gould, but not | 
known to be descendants of Zaccheus, is quite large ; and 
some fortunate, though slight discovery or identification 
may at any time transfer one or more entire families from I 
these records into their true place in our genealogy. Fur- j 
thermore, it is morally impossible that in so extensive a 
record as is comprised even in this present abstract, mis- j 
takes should not exist. I have endeavored to avoid these, 
as far as possible, by admitting no statement regarding any 
descendant of Zaccheus Gould, which is not authenticated | 
by some official record, family Bible, or near kinsman of j 
the person concerned. Nothing has been accepted as 
true because found in print, nor is any mere surmise, j 
however plausible, presented as a fact. Indeed, there are| 
few, if any, statements herein contained, for which the 
authority cannot easily be produced. 

I therefore earnestly request every one who may be I 
able to add to the information here presented, or to j 
correct any errors which he may recognize, to communi- 
cate with Mr. John H. Gould of Topsfield, who has j 
kindly undertaken to receive such communications, and 
to record the facts in proper form during my absence in 
South America, — which will probably continue for about 
three years. 

The arrangement adopted requires little comment. 
The small superior figures appended to some names indi-l 
cate the number of the generation from the first American 
ancestor. The marginal numbers are affixed for the sake! 
of reference only, and are subsequently repeated at the| 
head of those paragraphs in which the corresponding per- 
sons appear as parents of families. The limits prescribed 
for the present abstract, comprise such paragraphs or fam- 
ily groups for all fathers of families to the seventh gene- 
ration of descendants from Zaccheus Gould, and similarly) 



119 

for all those mothers of families who were born to the 
name of Gould. Wider limits than these would be in- 
compatible with the plan of this present publication ; but 
information is desired both regarding other descendants 
in the female line, and regarding later generations than 
the seventh. 

The dates here given are intended to be in the Old or 
New Style, according to the usage at the time; so like- 
wise, the months of January, February and part of March 
to be regarded as belonging to the preceding year until 
1750, and to the following year after that epoch. But in 
many cases where confusion might arise from the ambi- 
guity in numeration, the double dates are given. 

Hoping that this contribution to the family history may 
not be deemed valueless by my kindred, now so widely 
distributed over the continent, I solicit from them the 
means of rendering the record more complete, and as 
much information as possible concerning the numerous 
individuals here mentioned, especially those who are not 
now living. — Benjamin Apthorp Gould. 

At sea, 1870, June 6. 

ABSTRACT OF THE FAMILY RECORD. 

Thomas Gould, of Bovingxlon, in the parish of Hemel Hempsted, and 
county of Hertford, seems to have been born as early as the year 
1455. His last will and testament is elated 1520, August 29, and was 
admitted to probate Sept. 28, thirty clays later. In this will he be- 
queaths property to his wife Joan, and to seven children, five of 
whom had not attained the age of legal majority. The eldest two 
children were sons. 

Richard Gould, of Bovingxlon, was the second son of Thomas, above 
named, and his wife was likewise named Joan. He was born, 
apparently, not later than 1178, and died in 1531; his willbeing 
elated August 25th and proved October 11th of that year. His 
widow died in 1537. 



120 

Thomas Gould, of Bovingdon, sou of Richard and Joan, was born in 
or before the year 1500. His will is dated in 154G and was proved 
in 1517. By his wife, Alice, he had seven children living in the year 
1537, and eight at the time of his own death; only two of them 
being at that time under eighteen years of age. The first four of 
these children were sons ; the third being 

Richard Gould, of Stoke Mandeville, who was born as early as 1530, 

aud married (perhaps as his second wife), Jane, widow of 

Weden. By her he had two sons. Richard and Henry. 

Richard Gould, of Bovingdon, born about 1553. was the elder of 
these sons, and his descendants appear to have been prominent 
among the early settlers of New England. He was father of 

1. Jeremy, who married Priscilla Grover, came to Rhode Island, 

and after his wife's death returned to England, leaving 
behind him three sons, the eldest of whom, Daniel, married 
in 1651 Wait Coggeshall, and became the ancestor of the large 
and highly respectable family of Goulds of Rhode Island. 

2. John, of the " Corner Hall," in Hemel Hempsted, and of King's 

Langley, — possibly also himself a colonist of New England. 
His youngest son, Zaccheus, died in New England unmarried, 
and letters of administration on his estate were granted to 
his elder sister, Elizabeth, in England. Other children of 
John also came over. 

3. Zaccheus, our ancestor, who was born in 1589 and died in 1670 

at Topsfield. The stones may still be seen in the Topsfield 
cemetery which probably mark the places of burial for him- 
self and his wife Plube. In company with Messrs. Zaccheus 
Gould, his descendant of the sixth generation, and Samuel 
Todd, his descendant in the seventh, I exhumed these stones, 
hoping to find some inscription, but without success. 
Henry Gould, younger brother of the last named Richard, was born 
about 1555. His posterity appear to have remained in England, 
residing mostly in Buckinghamshire, at least for the next three gen- 
erations. 



121 



FIRST GENERATION. 

1. Zaccheus Gould, born about 1589, resided at 

Hemel Hempsted and Great Missenden, in Eng- 
land, came to New England about 1638, estab- 
lished himself finally at Topsfield, and died there 
ab. 1G70. By his wife Phebe, who died 1663, 
Sept. 20, he had the following children : — 

2. Phebe, bapt. at Hemel Hempsted, 1620, Sept. 27, 

m. Dea. Thomas Perkins of Topsfield. She was 
living in 1681. 

3. Mary, bapt. at Hemel Hempsted 1621, Dec. 19; 

m. John Redington of Topsfield. 

4. Martha, bapt. at Hemel Hempsted, 1623, June 15 ; 

m. John New march of Ipswich ; died 1699. 

5. Priscilla, m. John Wildes (b. 1620) ; d. 1663, 

April 16. 

6. John, b. 1635, June 10-21; m. 1660, Oct. 12, 

Sarah Baker; d. 1709-10, Jan. 26. 

SECOND GENERATION. 
2 

Phebe 2 , dau. of Zaccheus Gould, m. Dea. Thomas 
Perkins of Topsfield. He was the son of John 
and Judith Perkins of Ipswich, was born ab. 
1616, and died 1686, May 7, net. 70. Their chil- 
dren were : [see Geneal. Reg. x. 213, 4.] 

7. John, m. 1666, Nov. 28, Deborah Browning; d. 

1668, May 19, leaving a son Thomas, b. 1667, 
Nov. 4. 

8. Thomas, m. 1683, Sarah Wallis ; d. 1719. 

His children were, Martha, b. 1695 ; Robert, 
b. 1697; Samuel, b. 1699; Sarah; Phebe; Han- 
nah. 



122 

9. Elisha , m. 1680, Feb. 23, Catherine Towne 

(b. 1(362, Feb. 25, dau. of Jacob and Catherine). 
His children were Thomas, b. 1681, Oct. 15; m. 
1719, Nov. 26, Mary Wildes. [See Bradbury his- 
tory of Kennebnnkport] ; Elisha, b. 1683, May 

27 ; m. Lucy , who d. 1751. 

10. Timothy. 11. Zaccheus. 

12. Margaret, m. Joseph Towne [b. 1673, March 22.] 

13. m. Lamson. 

14. Judith, b. 1658, Jan. 28. 

3 

Mary 2 , dau. of Zaccheus Gould, m. John Reding- 
ton, of Topsfield, selectman in 1661. He died 
1690, Nov. 15. His children were: [see Gen. 
Reg. ii, 157.] 

15. Daniel, m. Phila. Peabody (b, 1698, Sept. 28). 

16. Mary, m. 1. 1674, March 25, John Herrick of 

Beverly (bapt. 1650, May 25: d. 1680), son of 
* Zachary and Mary Herrick. 

2. 1682, March 13, Robert Cue of Salem (who 
was, in the Herrick genealogy, supposed to have 
married Mary the daughter, instead of the daugh- 
ter-in-law of Zachary Herrick). 

17. Martha, m. as his 2d. wife, John Gould, 

Jr. [b. 1648, Aug. 5 ; d. 1712, Jan. 24], son of 
John and Joanna Gould of Charlestown, Upper 
Village. This alliance between persons resid- 
ing so widely apart suggests the possibility of 
some kinship between the Goulds of Topsfield 
and those of Stoneham. The children of this 
marriage were Samuel, Abraham, b. 1692, 
and Isaac. (See Vinton's "Giles Memorial," p. 
170.) 



123 

18. Phebe, m. Samuel Fisk of Wcnhsim. 

4 
Martha 2 , clan, of Zacoheus Gould, m. Johu New- 
march of Ipswich, whose will, made 1697, Feb. 
14, was proved 1697, April 26. He seems to 
have been a resident of Ispwich as early as 1638. 
Their children were : 

19. John, m. Johanna 

20. Thomas, m. Abigail 

21. Zacoheus, b. 1653, m. Frances (who died 1731, 

July 11) ; d. 1731, Aug. 13. 

22. Martha, m. 1675, Samuel Balch. 

23. Phebe, m. Peter Penuiwell. 

24. Sarah, m. Berry. 

5 

Priscilla 2 , dan. of Zaccheus Gould, m. John 
Wildes of Topstielcl, b. 1620, the same whose 
second wife, Sarah (Averill) married, 1663, 
Nov. 23, suffered in 1692 from the witchcraft 
persecutions. [See Gen. Reg. viii, 167.] Their 
children were : 

25. John. 26. Sarah. 27. Elizabeth. 28. Phebe. 

29. Priscilla, b. 1658, April 6, m. 1681, May 9, 

Henry Lake; d. 1688, March 23. 

30. Martha, b. 1660, May 13. 

31. Nathan, b. 1662, March 17. 

32. Ephraim, 

6 

John 2 Gould, born 1635, June 10-21, only son of 
Zaccheus, m. 1660, Oct. 12, Sarah, dau. of John 
Baker. She was born 1641, March 9, died 



124 

1708-9, Jan. 20. For an account of his impris- 
onment for alleged treason against the government 
of Dudley, see 3 Mass. Hist. Coll. viii, 150-154. 
Children : 

33. John, b. 1662, Dec. 1; d. 1724, Nov. 5; m. 1. 

1684, Nov. 10, Phebe French, m. 2. Rose 

34. Sarah, b. 1664, Dec. 18; d. 1723, Dec. 6; m. 

1682, March 29, Joseph Bixby. 

35. Thomas, b. 1666, Feb. 14; d. 1752, June 29; m. 

1700, Mercy Sumner (b. 1675, Jan. , d 1763, 
May 8). 

36. Samuel, b. 1669-70, March 9; d. 1724, ; m. 

1697, Apr. 20, Margaret Stone. 

37. Zaccheus, b. 1672, March 26; d. 1739, ; m. 

1702, Jan. 21, Elizabeth Curtice. 

38. Priscilla, b. 1674, Nov. 2; d. 1715, May 16; in. 

1695, Apr. 15, John Curtice. 

39. Joseph, b. 1677, Aug. 24; d. 1753, Apr. 4; m. 

1712-13, Jan. 14, Priscilla Perkins. 

40. Mary, b. 1681, June 16 ; d. 1689, May 2. 

Each of these five sons of Capt. John 2 Gould was the 
founder of a numerous family or tribe, and it may be 
convenient to keep these distinct from one another in our 
record. 

THIRD GENERATION. 
33 

John 3 Gould, eldest son of Capt. John 2 , m. 1684, 
Nov. 10, Phebe, dau. of John French; b. 1667, 
May 8 ; d. 1718, April 25. He appears also to 
have had a second wife named Rose (?Keyes). 
His children were : 

41. Phebe, b. 1685, July 7 ; m. 1706, Oct, 16, Thomas 

Curtice of Middlcton and Andover. 



125 

42. John, b. 1G87, Aug. 25; m. 1708, Feb. 2, Hannah 

Curtis ; 1713, June 23, Pbebc Towne. 

43. Mary, b. 1689, May 11; m. 1711, June 25, 

Thomas Standley of Attleboro. 

44. Nathaniel, b. 1691, bapt. Oct. 25; m. Grace 

Hurd ; lived at Harwich. 

45. Sarah, b. 1694, Sept, 8; m. 1720, Nov. 24, 

Thomas Butler of Attleboro. 

46. Hannah, b. 1697, June 19; d. 1738, March 25; 

m. 1721, Aug. 16, Gideon Towne of Topsfield, 
(b. 1696, Feb. 4). 

47. Daniel, b. 1699, Nov. 8; d. 1766, Dec. 11; m. 

1731, July 28, Lydia Averill, 2d. 1753, Jan. 3, 
wid. Lucy Perkins. 

48. David, b. 1701, Dec. 25; m. 1720, Aug. 10, Abi- 

gail Dodge of Ipswich. 

49. Solomon, b. 1704, March 19; d. J762, Dec. 15; 

m. 1734, Dec. 19, Elizabeth Robinson, 2d., 1756, 
May 12, wid. Rebecca Bixby. 

50. Lydia, b. 1707, June 8; m. 1732, Nov. 23, Sam- 

uel Standley. 

84 

Sarah 3 , dan. of Capt. John 2 Gould, m. 1682, March 
29, Joseph Bixby. Children. 

51. Sarah. 52. Joseph. 53. Jonathan 54. George. 
ob. Daniel. 56. Benjamin. 57. Mary. 58. Abigail. 

35 

Thomas 3 Gould, second son of Capt. John 2 , mar- 
ried Mercy (b. 1675, Jan. ; d. 1763, May 8), 
dau. of William and Augustine (Clement) Sum- 
ner. There was also a Thomas Gould who m. 
1729, Jan. 13, Mary Standley, but the death of 



126 

widow Mercy Gould is recorded as above, and 
she seems to have been the only wife of Thomas 3 . 
Perhaps Mary Standley was the first wife of 
Thomas 4 , his son. Children : 

59. Thomas, b. 1701, Sept. 4 ; m. 1731, June 30, Mary, 

dau. of John Gould [No. 106]. 

60. Jacob, b. 1703, Jan. 16; m. 1731, Feb. 4, Dor- 

othy Goodridge ; lived in Lunenburg. 

61. Deborah, b. 1704, Nov. 17; cl. 1706, Jan. 30. 

62. Deborah, b. 1707, Sept. 23; d. 1767, Nov. 7; m. 

1730, Dec. 3, Joseph Page of Lunenburg. 

63. Simon, b. 1710, March 8; cl. 1803, Jan. 3; m. 

1740, Oct, 9, Jane Palmer of Rowley. 

64. Mercy, b. 1712, Jan. 17; m. 1733, Dec. 25, Natlrl 

Pa^e of Lunenburg. 

65. Yates, b. 1714, March 24; d. 1736, Aug. 11; un- 

married. 
6G. Benjamin, b. 1716, May 29; d. 1746; m. 1739, 
Oct. 17, Esther Pierce. 

67. Nathaniel, b. 1717, Nov. 9; d. 1748, unmarried; 

lived in Lunenburg. 

36 
Samuel 3 Gould, third son of Capt, John 2 , m. 1697, 
Apr. 20, Margaret Stone, and resided in Box- 
ford. Children : 

68. Sarah, b. 1698, Feb. 25; d. 1786, Feb. 21; un- 

married. 

69. Samuel, b. 1701, Jan. 18 ; in. 1725, June 9, Mehit- 

able Stiles. 

70. Moses, b. 1703, Sept, 18; ? d. 1772, Oct. 20; m. 

1728, Nov. 7, Mary Bellows of Lancaster. 

71. Daniel, not named in his father's will of 1724, 

Dec. 2. 



127 

72. Patience, b. 1709, Aug. 25; ? m. 1744, Edmund 

Towne of Oxford. 

73. Jonathan, bapt. 1709, Sept. 4. at same time witb 

Patience, probably twin with her. 

74. Margaret, b. 1712, March 6. 

75. Zaccheus, b. 1715, March 29. 

76. Hubbard, b. 1720, July 8; m. 1744, March 8, 

Hannah Bootman, 2d. 1759, Mary, widow of 
Natk'l Jones, 3d. 1783, Jan. 2, Thankful Bowles. 
There is some confusion upon the Boxford records in 
the names of Samuel 3 Gould's children. "Moses" is there 
erroneously written "Amos," and the birth of Jonathan 
does not appear, although his baptism is upon the church 
record, and he is named in his father's will. 

37 

Zaccheus 3 Gould, fourth son of Capt. John, mar- 
ried 1702, Jan. 21, Elizabeth, clan, of John Cur- 
tice or Curtis. She was born 1679, Dec. 15, and 
died 1740, June 21. 

77. Elizabeth, b. 1702-3, Feb. 13; m. 1733, March 29, 

Edmund Towne, of Oxford and Sutton. 

78. Mary, b. 1704-5, Mar. 1; m. 1731, Sept. 23, 

Jacob Robinson of Westforcl. 

79. Priscilla, b. 1707, Aug. 4; d. 1744, Sept. 25; m. 

1745, Oct. 8, Samuel Smith, b. 1714, Jan. 26. 
They were great grandparents of Joseph Smith, 
the Mormon prophet. 

80. John, b. 1709-10, Jan. 29; d. 1778, June 21; m. 

1748-9, Jan. 5, wid. Esther Bixby. 

81. Sarah, b. 1711-2, Jan. 28; m. Estey. 

82. Abigail, b, 1715, Aug. 12; m. 1737, Aug. 2, Jon- 

athan Stand ley. 

83. Zaccheus, b. 1716, Nov. 7; d. 1793, Jan. 2; m. 






128 

1745, Nov. 4, Rebecca Symonds of Middleton ; 
no issue. 
84. Eliezer, b. 1720, May 29; m. 1740, April 17, 
Elizabeth Smith, 2d. 1755, Feb. 25, Phebe, dau. 
of John Gould (No. 110.) 
. So. Susanna, b. 1722-3, Feb. 11 ; in. Robert Smith. 

38 

PitisciLLA 3 , dau. of Capt. John Gould, m. 1695, 
April 15; John Curtice, Jr., the brother of 
her brother Zaccheus's wife. He was born 1673, 
Oct. 11. 

86. Priscilla, b. 1695-6, Jan. 27. 

87. John, b. 1697, Apr. 16; d. 1698, Aug. 27. 

88. Nathaniel, b. 1698-9, March 13; owned covenant, 

1733. 

89. Lydia, b. 1701, Apr. 8. 

90. Mary, b. 1702-3, Jan. 22: (?) m. Isaac How of 

Falmouth. 

91. Sarah, b. 1705, July 4; d. 1706, March 29. 

92. Sarah, b. 1712, Jan. 8 ; ( ?) m. Micah Holdgate 

of Ipswich. 

93. Hannah, b. 1712, Jan. 8; d. 1712, Oct. 24. 

39 

Joseph 3 Gould, fifth son of Capt. John; m. 1713, 
Jan. 14, Priscilla, dau. of Capt. Tobijah and 
Sarah (Denison) Perkins. She was born 1689, 
Apr. 21, and died 1753, April 11; See Geneal. 
Keg. x. 212. 

94. Priscilla, b. 1714, Apr. 6; d. 1799, May 27 ; m. 

Oct. 3, 1745, Samuel Smith, Jr. 

95. Joseph, b. 1715, Sept. 29; died early. 

96. Amos, b. 1716-7, March. 



129 

97. Ruth, b. 1718-9, Mar. 8 ; m. 1741, Nov. 17, Daniel 

Bixby; cl. 1808, Sept. 14. 

98. Mary, b. 1720, Dec. 22; m. 175G, Apr. 27, Dan'l 

Kobinson, of Middleton. 

99. Anna, b. 1722, Oct. 30; d. 1749, June 29. 

100. Sarah, b. 1724, Nov. 23; m. 1. 1749, Sept. 24, 

Joshua Symonds of Boxford ; 2. Nathan Andrews. 

101. Joseph, b. 1726, Nov. 4; m. 1751, Dec. 19, Eliza- 

beth, dau. of Rev. John Emerson ; d. 1803, June 9. 

102. Daniel, bapt. 1729, Mar. 30; d. 1734, Sept. 15. 

103. Elizabeth, bapt. 1731, Dec. 26; d. 1734, Aug. 28. 

104. b. 1733; d. 1734, Mar. 19. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 

(A.) TRIBE OF JOHN 3 . 
42 

John 4 Gould, son of John, m. 1. 1708, Feb. 2, 
Hannah Curtis, who d. 1712, Apr. 25. 

105. Martha, b. 1709, Nov. 6; m. 1729, Sept. 23, John 

Pritchard, and had twenty-one children. 

106. Mary, b. 1710-1, Feb. 4 ; m. 1731, June 30, Lieut. 

Thomas Gould, No. 59. 

107. Hannah, b. 1712, Apr. 9; m. 1732, July 9, Sam- 

uel Marston. 

108. John, b. 1712, Apr. 9 ; cl. in infancy. 
He m. 2. 1713, June 23, Phebe Towne. 

109. John, bapt. 1714, June 20; d. in infancy. 

110. Phebe, b. 1716, Sept. 22; m. 1755, Feb. 25, Elie- 

zer Gould, No. 84, being his second wife. 

111. Kezia, b. 1718, May 10; m. 1739, Dec. 20, Jacob, 

son of Dr. Michael Dwinell [b. 1715]. 

112. John, b. 1720, Apr. 6. 

(9) 



130 

113. Richard, b. 1722, Apr. 20; m. 1747? lived in 

Milford and Amherst, N. H. 

114. Stephen, b. 1724, July 6; m. 1747-8, Jan. 18, 

Hannah Perkins. 

115. Ruth, b. 1727, Sept. 16. 

116. Jacob, b. 1728-9, Feb. 6; m. 1751, Oct. 27, Eliz- 

abeth Towne. Lived in Boxford. 

117. Esther, b. 1732, Aug. 10; m. 1751, July 9, Jona- 

than Towne. 

118. Amos, b. 1735, Aug. 13; d. 1772; m. 1759, May 

3, Huldah Foster. 
There is some indication of yet another son, Abner, born 
about 1726, but this is uncertain. 

" 44 

Nathaniel 4 Gould, son of John, married 1716, Apr. 
15, Grace Hurd of Yarmouth and resided at 
Eastham and Harwich. They had children as 
follows : 

119. Nathaniel, b. 1717 ; m. 1742-3, Feb. 3, Jane Arey. 

120. John, b. 1718 ; m. 1739, Ruth Godfrey of Eastham. 

121. Elizabeth, b. 1720; m. 1738, Oliver Arey of East- 

ham. 

122. Mary, b. 1721 ; m. 1742, Samuel Paine of Eastham. 

123. Phebe, b. 1723; m. 1743, Joshua Godfrey of Chat- 

ham. 

124. Joseph, b. 1725 ; m. 1745, Hannah Godfrey of 

Chatham. 

125. Abigail, b. 1727. 

126. Priscilla, b. 1731 ; m. 1753, Jan. 9, Jonathan Lin- 

nell of Eastham. 

127. Solomon, b. 1733. 



131 



47 

Daniel 4 Gould, of Topsfield, son of John; m. 1. 

■ 1731, July 28, Lyclia (born 1712, Dec. 11; d. 
1739, Dec. 22) dau. of Ebenezer Averill ; and 
2. Lucy (b. 1722, Oct. 25; d. 1806, Aug. 29) 
dau. of Capt. Thomas Tarbox of Wenham and 
widow of Elisha Perkins. She was subsequently 
married for the third time, 1768, May 31, to Asa 
Gould (No. 157). His children were, by 1st 
wife, Lydia : — 

128. Ruth, b. 1732, June 28; cl. 1747, Nov. 3. 

129. Daniel, b. 1735, March 31 ; d. 1747, Nov. 22. 

130. Lydia, b. 1737, June 3; d. 1747, Nov. 8. 
By 2d wife, Lucy : — ( 

131. Daniel, b. 1753, Dec. 8; d. about 1842; in. 1. 

1782, Dec. 24, Mary, dau. of George Booth. 
She d. 1785, and he m. 2. 1788, Dec. 25, wid. 
Eunice Perley ; lived in Wolfsboro, Bethel and 
Rumford, Maine. 

132. Elisha, b. 1755, Feb. 20; m. 1779, Sept. 19, Eliz- 

abeth Peabody. 

133. Lucy, b. 1757, July 23; m. 1778, Nathaniel Gold- 
smith of Marblehead. 

134. Samuel, b. 1759, March 6; m. 1. 1783, Abigail 
Lamson ; 2. 1792, Ruth Tower; lived in Middle- 
ton ; d. 1837, Apr. 12. 

135. Lydia, b. 1760, Dec. 31 ; m. 1783, July 22, Sam- 
uel Hood, d. 1834, Dec. 2. 

L36. Ruth, b. 1762, Dec. 3; m. 1791, Feb. 17, John 

Hood, as his second wife. 
137. Moses, b. 1766, June 10; m. 1798, Anna Mecum ; 

lived in Boxford. 



132 



48 
David 4 Gould, son of John, m. 1726, Aug. 10, Abi- 
gail Dodge of Beverly. He was in 1737 a large 
land owner in Lunenburg, but his life seems to 
have been chiefly passed in Sunderland and Lev- 
erett, Mass. Children : — 

138. Abigail, b. 1727, Feb. 8, at Topsfield. 

139. Rebecca, b. 1728, Mar. 25, at Lunenburg. 

140. Solomon, b. 1730, Dec. 15, at Lunenburg; in. 

1757, Dec. 29, Prudence . 

141. Joseph, b. 1732-3, Jan. 18, at Lunenburg. 

142. Edmund, b. 1735, Jan. 18. I 

143. Sarah, b. 1736, Sept. ; m. 1759, Feb. 20, Solo- 

mon Rood in Amherst. 

144. (?) David. 145. AWvbapt. 1737, Aug. 21. 

146. John, bapt. 1739, Aug. 5; d. 1768, June 2Q ; m. 

(?Mary Barrett). 

147. Daniel, b. 1745, Dec. 8. 

49 
Solomon 4 Gould, son of John, m. 1. 1734, Dec. 
19, Elizabeth, dau. of John Robinson. She d. 
1749, Apr. 24, and he m. 2. 1756, May 12, 
Rebecca, dau. of Nathan Wood, and widow of 
Gideon Bixby. Children by first wife, Eliza- 
beth :— 

148. Elizabeth, b. 1735, Oct. 12; m. 1754, May 2, Eli 

Towne of Sturbridge ; cl. 1799, Apr. 27. 

149. Solomon, b. 1738, July 22; m. 1761, July 2, 

Mehitable Perkins. 

150. Nathaniel, b. 1741, Jan. 26; cl. 1746, July 18. 

151. Lydia, b. 1743, June 11 ; m. 1764, Feb. 27, Nath'l 

Fisk of Danvers; d. 1809, Apr. 2&. 

152. John, b. 1746, Feb. 20; m. 1. 1769, Feb. 9, Eliz- 



133 

abeth, dau. of John Bradstreet; 2. 1777, Bethiah 
Fitts; d. 1819, Apr. 24. 
By second wife, Rebecca : — 

153. David, b. 1757, Feb. 21; d. 1778, Aug. 1. 

154. Ruth, b. 1760, May 8 ; d. 1764, Apr. 9. 

155. Amos, b. 1762, Feb. 19; m. 1792, Feb., Lydia 

Wood. 

(B.) TEIBE OF THOMAS. 
59 

Thomas 4 Gould, son of Thomas, m. 1731, June 30, 
Mary (No. 106), dau. of John Gould. He is 
generally designated upon old records, as Thomas 
Gould, junior. Children: — 

156. Thomas, b. 1732, May 22 ; m. 1757, Dec. 29, Anne 

Perkins [b. 1739, June 21] ; they lived in Box- 
ford, he died in 1771, and she afterwards m. 
1786, Nov. 6, Andrew Foster [cl. 1803, Apr. 3] 
whose first wife was Hannah Berry of Middleton. 

157. Abner, b. 1734, Apr. 27; cl. 1738, Sept. 

158. Asa, b. 1736, June 18; d. 1816, July 6; m. 1768, 

May 31, Lucy, wid. of Daniel L. Gould, and 
dau. of Thomas Tarbox. 

159. Mary, b. 1737, Oct. 22; m. 1768, Sept. 8, Simon 

Stiles of Middleton. 

160. Dorcas, bapt. 1744, May 13; cl. 1746, Feb. 9. 

161. Benjamin, bapt. 1746, June 18; cl. 1747, Dec. 16. 

162. Mercy, b. 1748, Mar. 30; d. 1749, Jan. 2. 

163. Mercy, b. 1749, May 7 ; cl. 1772, Feb. 13. 

164. Andrew, b. 1751, July 1 ; killed 1777, at Ticonde- 

roga ; m. 1773, Elizabeth Hood. No issue. 

165. Nathaniel, b. 1753, July 16; m. 1. 1777, Nov. 20, 

Hannah Killam ; 2. 1791, Mar. 3, Betty Andrews ; 
d. 1842, July 3. 



134 



60 

Jacob 4 Gould, son of Thomas, in. 1731, Feb. 4, 
Dorothy Goodriclge, of Newbury [d. 1801, Mar. 
23] dau. of Philip and Mehitable (Woodman) 
moved to Lunenburg 1730, was Constable, 
Selectman, Capt. in militia, etc. Children: — 

166. Mercy, b. 1732, Mar. 4; m. 1752, Dec. 21, Aaron 

Taylor, and lived in Kludge, N. H. 

167. Oliver, b. 1733, Oct. 3; m. 1759, May 3, Mary 

Stockwell of Petersham. 

168. Sarah, b. 1735, Apr. 6 ; m. 1759, Dec. 27, Samuel 

Sanderson [b. 1734 Apr. 26] ; lived in Gardner, 
Mass. 

169. Jacob, b. 1737, Oct. 16. 

170. Dorothy, b. 1740, Aug. 27; d. in infancy. 

171. Elijah, b. 1743, Aug. 8 ; m. 1767, Feb. 26, Eunice 

Patch. 

172. Thomas, b. 1745, Oct. 20; in. 1768, June 28, Eliz- 

abeth Willard, of Harvard [b. 1745-6; d. 1817, 
Apr. 21] ; d. 1823, Mar. 3. 

173. Dorothy, b. 1750?, Aug. 18; m. 1773, Nov. 18, 

Stephen Stickney, Jr : d. 1834,Feb. 22. 

63 

Simon 4 Gould, son of Thomas, m. 1740, Oct. 9, 
Jane Palmer of Rowley. Children: — 

174. Moses, b. 1741, July 21 ; d. of fever, 1763, Sept. 2. 

175. Hannah, b. 1744, June 9 ; unmarried (had no 

palate) ; d. 1822, Nov. 25. 

176. Jane, b. 1746, July 30; m. 1791, Apr. 12, Jacob 

Andrews ; no issue. 

177. Iluldah, b. 1748, Aug. 1 ; d. 1748, Oct. 22. 

178. Lucy, b. 1749, May 27; m. 1770, Sept. 4, Oliver 

Perkins. 



135 

179. Huldah, b. 1752, Juno 7; m. 1777, Mar. 6, Enoch 

Kimball of Boxford. 

180. Simon, b. 1755, Nov. 8; m. 1788, Feb. 19, Sarah 

White, and lived in Hempstead, N. H. 

181. Elijah, b. 1758, Feb. 29; d. 1840, Oct. 1; m. 

1. 1789, Elizabeth Lake, who died in 1821; 2. 
Hannah Esty [b. 1777 ; d. 1825] 3. Dolly Kim- 
ball (d. Aug. 21, 1840). 

66 

I Benjamin 4 Gould, of Lunenburg, fourth son of 
Thomas 3 , m. 1. 1739, Oct. 17, Esther, dan. of 
Ephraim and Esther (Shedd) 'Pierce [b. 1722, 
May 29] (see Bond's Watertown, p. 401). She 
m. 2. 1752, Nov. 2, Joseph Hammond of Lower 
Ashuelot [now Swansey]. (See Bond's Water- 
town, p. 270.) Children: 

182. Benjamin, b. 1741, Jan. 31 ; m. in Lunenburg, 

Sarah Foster of Harvard (b. 1745, Aug. 28). 

183. Amos, b. 1744, Feb. 7 ; d. 1746, Sept. 20. 

(C) TRIBE OF SAMUEL. 
69 

Samuel 4 Gould, eldest son of Samuel 3 , m. 1725, 
June 9, Mehi table Stiles. Children : — 

184. Samuel, b. 1727, Mar. 20; cl. 1791; m. 1746, 

Sarah Gilbert (d. set. ab. 90). 

185. Mehitahle, b. 1729, Feb. 11 ; m. 1754, Peter Lam- 

son, and moved to N. H. 

186. Jeremiah, b. 1731, Aug. 5, at Boxford; m. 1. 

1755, June 5, Hannah Bartlett of Brooklield ; 2. 
1760, Aug. 21, Hannah Stevens of Heath; d. at 
Charlemont, 1809, Aug. 6. 



136 



187. Nathan, b. 1734, Jan. 8-18, at Boxford ; m. 1757, 

Oct. 31, Martha Gilbert, of Brookfield ; lived in 
Charlemont, moved to Virginia and died there 
in 1816. 

188. Jonathan, b. 1735, Nov. 28; probably died young. 

189. Eli, b. 1738, May 4; m. 1769, Dec. 21, Lydia 

Jennings. 

190. Deliverance, b. 1742, Feb. 23 ; m. Reuben Nims, 

of Shelburne. 

70 

Moses 4 Gould, son of Samuel 3 , m. 1728, Nov. 7, 
Mary Bellows of Lancaster, clau. of Benjamin 
and Dorcas (Cutter) Bellows (d. 1747, Sept. 
8), and sister of Benjamin Bellows of Walpole. 
Children : — 

191. Nehemiah, b. 1730, Feb. 19. 

192. Moses, b. 1732, July 4; m. atGroton, 1759, Sept. 

13, Submit Holclen (b. in Groton, 1729, Nov. 21) 
dau. of Stephen and Hannah (Sawtell) Holden. 

193. Benjamin, b. 1734, Aug. 15. 

194. Mary, bapt. 1737, Oct. 2; m. 1752, Mar. 27, 

Zachariah Tarbell (b. 1730, Dec. 27), son of 
Eleazer and Elizabeth (Bowers) Tarbell of Gro- 
ton. They settled in Westminster. He was a 
revolutionary soldier. 

195. Aaron, bapt. March 16, 1744. 

73 

Jonathan 4 Gould, son of Samuel 3 , m. Lydia Smith 
in 1730 (publ. May 3). They lived in Shirley, 
where she died, 1758, Sept. 28. (See Butler, p. 
490.) Children: — 

196. Jonathan, b. 1731, July 24 (d. 1758?). 



137 

197. Lydia, b. 1732, Dec. 21; m. at Groton, 1758, 

May 4, Amos Athcrton from Lancaster. 

198. Mary,h. 1735, Jan. 1; cl. 1773, Feb. 14; m. 

1756, May 2G, in Lunenburg, Obadiah Sawtell, 
of Shirley. 

199. Margaret, b. 1737, Apr. 1G. 

200. Samuel, bapt. 1739, Dec. 23 ; m. Elizabeth 

201. Zacckeus, bapt. 1742, Apr. 25. 

202. Daniel, bapt. 1744, May 27. 

176 
Hubbard 4 Gould, son of Samuel, m. 1. 1743-4. 
March 8, Hannah Bootman : 2. 1759, Mary, widow 
of Nathaniel Jones; 3. 1783, Jan. 2, Thankful 
Bowles. Children: — 

203. Hannah, b. 1744-5, Jan. 4. 

204. Sarah, b. 1747, June- 27. 

205. Elizabeth, b. 1750, Aug. 3. 

206. Asa, b. 1752, Aug. 26; m. 1. Jerusha Dirth ; 2. 

Lois Owen; resided at Colden, N. Y., where he 
d. 1849, Sept. 11. 

(D.) TRIBE OF ZACCHEUS. 
79 

Priscilla, 4 dau. of Zaccheus 3 Gould, m. 1734, May 
27, Samuel Smith of Topsfieid (b. 1714, Jan. 
26; d. 1785, Nov. 14) ; brother of the husband 
of her sister Susanna, and of the wife of her 
brother Eliezer. He was son of Samuel Smith 
(b. 1666, Jan. 26) and Eebecca (Curtis), who 
were married 1707, Jan. 25. Children : — 

207. Priscilla, b. m. Kimball. 208. Samuel, b. 

209. Vashti, b. m. Hobbs. 

210. Susanna, b. m. Hobbs. 



138 

211. AsaJwl, b. 1744, March 7 ; m. 1767, Feb. 12, Mary 

Duty of Windham, N. H. Moved about the 
year 1790 to Tunbridge, Vt. They had seven 
sons and four daughters, viz : — 1. Jesse, b. 1768, 
Apr. 20 ; m. Hannah Peabody of Middleton ; d.. 
Stockholm, N. Y., aged over 80 years. 2. Pris- 
cilla, b. 1769, Oct. 24. 3. Joseph,* b. 1771, 

June 12; m. dan. of Solomon Mack of 

Sharon, Vt. ; d. Nauvoo, 111., 1840. 4. Asahel, 
b. 1773, May 21 ; d. 1849 at Des Moines, Iowa. 
5. Mary, b. 1775, June 4. 6. Samuel, b. 1777, 
Sept. 15 ; d. 1834, Pottsdam, N. Y. 7. Silas, b. 
1779, Oct, 1 ; d. 1839, Sept. 13, Pittsfield, Pike 
. Co. 111. 8. John, b. 1781, July 16; cl. 1854, 
May 3, at Salt Lake City. 9. Susanna, b. 1783, 
May 18. 10. Stephen, b. 1785, April 23; d. 
1802, July 25. 11. Sarah, b. 1789, May 1(5. 

80 
John 4 Gould, son of Zaccheus 3 , m. 1748-9, Jan. 5, 
Esther, wid. of Richard Bixby, and previously of 
James Taylor, Jr. She was dan. of John Giles 
of Salem (b. ab. 1671); was bapt. 1718, July 
,8 ; and d. 1788, Dec. 20. Her son Bartholomew 
Taylor was living at the time of her 3d. marriage, 
but d. set. ab. 20 years. She is No. 71 in Vinton's 
" Giles memorial". Her mother (m. for the 2d. 
time 1709, May 9), was Esther, dau. of Dr. John 
Swinnerton of Salem, who d. 1691, ost. 57. 

212. John, b. 1749, Oct. 1; m. 1775, Jan. 12, Ruth 

Perkins, sister of Robert; d. 1820, Jan. 11. 

* Father of Joseph Smith, founder of the church of Latter Day 
Saints, who was born at Sharon, Vt., 1805, Dec. 20; lived at Palmyra 
N. Y., Manchester, N. Y., and Nauvoo, 111; and was killed at Cai'tliagi 
111. 1844, June 27. 



139 

213. Benjamin, b. 1751, May 15; m. 1781, July 19, 

Grizzel Apthorp Flagg of Lancaster; d. 1841, 

May 30. 

214. b. and d. 1753, April 5. 

215. Esther, b. 1754, March 7 ; m. 1784, March 4, Capt. 

Robert Perkins. . 

216. Elizabeth, b. 1756, May 6; unmarried, lived in the 

paternal house, and d. 1844, June 11 (1843, on 
church records). 

84 

IEliezer 4 Gould, son of Zaccheus 3 , m. 1. 1740, 
Apr. 17, Elizabeth Smith (b. 1718, July 8 ; d. 
1753, March 27) ; 2. 1755, Feb. 25, Phebe 5 
Gould (No. 110), dau. of John G. of Boxford. 
Children : — 

217. Eliezer, b. 1740, Sept, 23; m. 1761, Jan. 6, Sarah 

Bigelow. 

218. Elizabeth, b. 1742, Nov. 12; d. 1743, Feb. 4. 

219. Zaccheus, b. 1743-4, Feb. 5 ; m. 1778, Anne Brown 

of Boxford; d. 1823, Feb. 13. 

220. John, b. 1746, Mar. 5 ; m. 1772, Dec. 3, Jane 

Palmer. 

221. Hvldah, b. 1748, Aug-. 1 ; d. 1748, Oct. 22. 

222. Elizabeth, b. 1749, Sept. 22; m. 1794, Feb. 19, 

Thos. Lyon, of White Plains N. Y. ; d. 1829, 
Sept. 

223. Bebecca, b. 175.2, Dec. 31 ; m. 1788, Mar. 25, Amos 

Foster. 

224. Bezaleel, b. 1756, July 4; m. 1. 1788, Bathsheba 

Robinson and lived in Douglas; 2. wid. of 

Hill. 

225. Jedediah, b. 1758, Apr. 7; d. 1758, Apr. 22. 

226. Aholiab, b. 1759, June 24; killed 1777, Oct, 8 by 

cannon ball at taking of Burgoyne. 



140 

227. Ebenezer, b. 1760 ; m. Anna Cook of Burrillville, 

R. L; d. 1809. 

(E.) TRIBE OF JOSEPH. 
101 

Joseph 4 Gould, son of Joseph 3 , m. 1751, Dec. 19, 
Elizabeth (b. 1730, Sept. 28) , eldest clan. Rev. 
John and Elizabeth Emerson; d. 1825, Mar. 5. 
Children : — 

228. Elizabeth, b. 1752, Dec. 4; m. 1784, June 29, 

Stephen Per ley. 

229. Joseph, b. 1753, Dec. 6 ; d. ret. 14, 1767, Sept. 16. 

230. Dorcas, d. in infancy. 

231. Daniel, b. 1755-6, Jan. 18; m. 1778, Sarah Brad- 

street ; d. 1826, Apr. 3. 

232. Priscilla, b. 1757, Nov. 13 ; m. 1796, May 21, John 

Longfellow of Byfield. 

233. Sarah, b. 1759, Aug. 26. 

234. Mary, b. 1761, Mar. 29 ; m. 1788, May 6, Elijah 

Aver ill. 

235. Emerson, b. 1763, Jan. 23; m. Sarah who 

afterwards m. James Co veil. 

236. John, b. 1765, Jan. 27; m. 1. 1788, Jan. 8, Sarah 

Lamson ; 2. 1795, Betsey Stephens of Boxford ; 
3. Clark. 

237. Cornelius, b. 1767, Feb. 1; m. 1. Phebe Porter; 

2. 1812, Lydia Jenkins. 

238. Sarah, b. 1769, Feb. 5 ; m. Phineas Perley. 

239. Abigail, b. 1771, Oct. 27; m. 1792, Feb. 9, Peter 

Shaw of Beverly. 

240. Joseph, b. 1773, Aug. 29; m. 1. 1794, Apr. 7, 

Ruth Porter; 2. 1825, Jan. 16, Catherine B. 
Parker; d. 1834. 



141 



FIFTH GENERATION. 

(A) TRIBE OF JOHN. 
113. 
Richard 5 Gould, son of John 4 , m. 1747 ? . Chil- 
dren : — 

241. Mary, b. 1745, Mar. 24. 

242. John, b. 1748, May 1 ; cl. 1748, May 31. 

114. 
Stephen 5 Gould, son of John 4 , m. 1748, Jan. 18, 
Hannah Perkins, lived in N. H. Children : — 

243. Hannah, b. 1750, Feb. 5. 

244. Elijah, b. 1752, Mar. 30; was in American army, 

cl. 1775, May 8. 

245. Stephen, b. 1754, Feb. 6 ; m. Lydia Fuller ; cl. 1825. 

246. Abner, b. 1756, Apr. 7; cl. 1771, Jan. 30. 

247. Eunice, b. 1758, Mar. 31 ; m. 1787, June 3, Wm. 

Booth of Hillsboro'. 

248. Jacob, b. 1759, Dec. 13 ; m. 1783, Jan. 13, Susanna, 

(No. 256) dau. of Jacob 5 Gould (No. 116.) 

249. Sarah, b. 1762, Apr. 12. 

250. John, b. 1766, Sept. 29; cl. 1767, Aug. 5. 

116. 

Jacob 5 Gould, son of John 4 , m. 1751, Oct. 27, Eliz- 
abeth Towne of Topsfield ; he commanded a com- 
pany at Lexington. Children : — 

251. Jacob, b. 1752, Apr. 28; cl. 1753, July 25. 

252. Richard, b. 1753, June 15; cl. 1754, Jan. 30. 

253. Ruth, b. 1755, Jan. 22; m. 1787, Sept. 13, Nathan 

Perley of Georgetown. 

254. Elizabeth, b. 1756, Dec. 12; m. 1787, Mar. 15, 

Nathaniel Herrick of Boxford ; d. 1814, Apr. 13. 



142 

255. Edna, b. 1759, Mar. 17; m. 1. Samuel Stiles; 2. 

Jacob Flynn of Milford, N. H. 

256. Susanna, b. 1761, Feb. 13; m. 1783, Jan. 13, 

Jacob (No. 248), (son of Stephen 5 Gould, No. 
114) d. 1857. 

257. Jacob, b. 1764, Sept. 9; m. 1790, May 25, Ruth 

Pcabody of Midclleton. 

258. Lois, b. 1766, Nov. 1; m. in Boxford, 1791, July 

7, Benj. Perley of Dumbarton, N. H. (Children 
in Hist. Dumbarton, p. 254.) 

259. Samuel, b. 1768. 

260. Kezia, b. 1770, Oct. 24; m. 1805, Dec. 17, Joseph 

Smith. 

261. Huldah, b. 1774, Dec. 21 ; in. 1801, June 30, Moses 

Dorman (Sen.) ; cl. 1846, Oct. 26. 

262. -John, b. 1778, July 11 ; m. 1799, June 29, Polly 

Prince ; living in Boxford in 1860. 

118 

Amos 5 Gould, son of John 4 , m. 1759, May 3, Huldah 
Foster; lived in Bridgeton, Me. Children: — 

263. Ezra, b. 1760, Mar. 7." 

264. Amos, b. 1761, Dec. 12. 

265. Huldah, b. 1764, Mar. 31 ; m. 1784, Benj. Kimball 

of Bridgeton, Me. 
26Q. Phebe, b.^766, Mar. 6. 

267. Enoch, bapt, 1770, Dec". 2. 

119. 

Nathaniel 5 Gould, son of Nathaniel 4 , m. 1743, Feb. 
3, Jane Arey. Children : — 

268. Hannah, b. 1743. 

269. Nathaniel, b. 1745. 









143 

270. Joshua, b. 1747; in. 1770, Mary ( ) Kurd, d. 

1826, Jan. 19. 

271. Daniel, b. 1749. 

120. 

John 5 Gould, son of Nathaniel 4 , m. 1739, Ruth God- 
frey of Eastham. Children : — 

272. John, b. 1741, Sept. 15 ; m. 1766, Jan. 23, Apphia 

Cole. 

273. Thomas, b. 1743, Mar. 26; m" 1762, Nov. 11, 

Phebe Cole ; lost at sea. 

274. Richard, b. 1744, Dec. 9; m. 1765, Sept. 12, 

Martha Bearse of Chatham. 

275. Abigail, b. 1746, Apr. 22. 

131. 

Daniel 5 Gould, son of Daniel 4 , m. 1782, Dec. 24, 
Mary (b. 1751, July 3, d. 1785, Oct. 1) dau. of 
George Booth of Hillsboro'. They had one 
child :— 

276. Molly, b. 1785, Sept, 28; d. 1785, Dec. 4. 

132. 
Elisha 5 Gould, son of Daniel 4 , in. 1779, Sept. 19, 
Elizabeth (b. 1750, Aug. — or 1749, July 19) 
dau. of Zorobbabel Peabody of Middleton ; 2? 
1789, Sept. 17, Elizabeth Lake. Children:— 

277. Betsy, b. 1781, July 4; m. Levi Hyde of Ossipee, 
N. H. 

278. Jerusha Peabody, b. 1784, Feb. 15; m. Robert 

Roberts of Ossipee; d. 1812, Feb. 14. 
79. Polly, b. 1785-6, June 8 ; m. Stephen Willey. 

134. 

Samuel 5 Gould, son of Daniel 4 , m. 1. 1784, Feb. 



144 

12, Abigail, clau. of John Lamson ; 2. 1792, 
Feb. 13, Euth (b. 1763, Feb., d. 1851, Jan. 19) 
dan. of Joshua Towne. Children by his first wife, 
Abigail : — 

280. Samuel Lamson, bapt. 1785, Apr. 24; m. 1807, 

Mar. 19, Mary Long; d. 1860, Apr. 9. 

281. Lucy, bapt. 1786, Apr. 9. 

282. Josiah 9 b. 1789, Jan. 8; in. 1816, Betsy 6 Gould, 

(No. 482)' dan. of Dea. John 5 (No. 212) and 
Ruth (Perkins) ; d. 1851, Apr. 26. 

283. d. in infancy. 

284. Ruth, m. George Thomas of Middleton. 

By 2nd. wife, Ruth : — 

285. Asa, bapt. 1793, June; unmarried; d. 1838. 

286. Abigail, b. 1795, Mar. 26; unmarried; living in 

1860. 

287. Sally, bapt. 1799, Nov. 24; m. Fletcher. 

288. Patty, bapt. 1803, Apr. 10; m. 1831, Dec. 28, 

Samuel W. Weston. 

137. 

Moses 5 Gould, son of Daniel 4 , m. 1793, Apr. 14, 
Anne Mecum (b. 1771, living in 1860). Chil- 
dren : — 

289. Moses, b. 1800, May 27 ; m. Lydia Abbot Russell : 

d. 1845, June 30. 

290. Daniel Tarbox, b. 1805, Apr. 30; unmarried in 

1860. 

291. Nancy, m. 1844, Oct. 15, Dan'l Andrews. No 

issue. 

140. 
Solomon 5 Gould, son of David 4 , m. 1757, Dec. 29, 
Prudence set. 18. They lived in Sunder- 
land and Leverett, Mass. Children :— 



145 

292. David, b. 1758, Dec. 29. 

293. Solomon, b. 1760, Sept. 6- 22; d. 1762, Aug. 16. 

294. Phebe, b. 1762, May 6 ; d. 1762, May 7. 

295. Samuel, b. 1763, Mar. 21. 

296. Noah, b. 1763, Mar. 21 ; m. 1794, Jan. 30, Mary 

Williams. 

297. Phebe, b. 1765, Jan. 26. 

298. Prudence, b. 1767, June 26. 

299. John, b. 1769, May 8. 

300. BasmatJi, b. 1771, June 2. 

301. Solomon, b. 1773, Apr. 27. 

302. Lucius, b. 177(5), June 12. 

303. Mosley, b. 1777, July 18. 

304. Nathan, b. 1779, Apr. 27. 

305. Amos, b. 1780, Dec. 17. 

146 

John 5 Gould, son of David 4 ; m. ? Mary Barrett 
of Sunderland ; one child : — 

306. Miriam, bapt. 1766, Feb. 9 at Amherst. 

149 

Solomon 5 Gould of Middleton, son of Solomon 4 , 
m. 1761, July 2, Mehitable Perkins. Children : — 

307. Nathaniel, b. 1762, Mar. 13 ; twice married. 

308. Solomon, b. 1764, Sept. 13; m. Betsey Proctor of 
Marbiehead. 

309. Mehitable, b. 1768, May 3; d. of consumption, 

1787, Aug. 11. 

310. Martha, b. 1772, Sept. 7 ; died of consumption. 

150 

Lydia 5 , clau. of Solomon 4 Gould of Topsfield ; m. 
1764, Feb. 27, Nathaniel Fisk of Danvers [b. 

10 



146 

1740-41, March; d. 1815, Apr. 9], son of The- j 
ophilus and Jemima (Goldsmith) Fisk ; resided I 
in Topsfield. [See Essex Inst. Hist. Coll., VIII, [ 
180] Children :— 

311. Nathaniel, b. 1764, Dec. 2; m. 1794, Nov. 20, \ 

Mehi table Balch. 

312. Ruth, b. 1767, May 10 ; m. Elijah Perkins. 

313. John, bapt. 1769, Aug. 20; m. Huldah Wood- j 

bury; d. 1803, May 4. 

314. Lydia, bapt. 1772, March 1; d. 1777, May 16. 

315. Benjamin, b. 1774, Aug. 17; m. 1796, March 17, j 

Lydia Hobbs. 

316. Ebenezer, m. 1804, Mary Dodge. 

317. Moses, b. 1777, Aug. 20 ; m. 1802, Dec. 12, Sukey j 

Platts. 

318. Lydia, bapt. 1780, April 23. 

319. David, b. 1783, Nov. 24: m. 1813, Apr. 8, Nancy j 

Baker. 

151 
John 5 Gould of Topsfield, son of Solomon 4 , m. 1 
1769, Feb. 9, Elizabeth Bradstreet, dau. of John I 
and Elizabeth (Fisk) Bradstreet [d. 1775, Oct. I 
18]; 2. 1777, June 3, in Hamilton, Bethiah I 
Fitts of Ipswich. Children by his first wife, I 
Elizabeth : — 

320. Abigail, b. 1769, Dec. 25; m. 1793, Dec. 10,1 

Moody Perley of Boxford. 

321. Rebecca, b. 1772, May 31; d. 1782, Feb. 10. 

322. Elizabeth, b. 1774, Apr. 20; unmarried; d. 1796, 

Apr. 5. 
By his second wife, Bethiah : — 

323. David, bapt. 1780, June 18; d. 1781, Aug. 26. 

324. Rebecca, b. 1782, Jan. 7 ; m. 1802, Mar. 18, John 

Boardman of Topsfield. 



147 

325. John, b. 1785, Aug. 29; in. 1809, Nov. 30, Mary 

Averell. 

326. David, d. in infancy. 

327. JElsey, b. 1788, Aug. 14 ; m. 1807, Dec. 25, Allen G 

Gould (No. 346). 

328. David, bapt. 1791, Mar. 27. 

329. Martha, b. 1793, Feb. 23; m. Israel Conaut of 

Ipswich. 

154 

Amos 5 Gould of Peacham, Vt., son of Solomon 4 ; m. 
1792, Feb. 9, at Boxford, Lydia Wood [b. 1760 
and d. 1845, May 3]. They settled in Peacham, 
1792. Children:— 

330. David, b. 1792, Nov. 5 ; m. in Boston, Susan Glea- 

son, of Acworth, N. H. No children; he was 
lawyer in Chelsea, Mass., and d. there in 1860. 

331. Jacob Wood, b. 1794, May 24; m. 1818, Feb. 12, 

Maria Rew; d. 1868, Mar. 20. 

332. Bennett, b. 1797, Dec. 1; m. 1833, Sarah Marsh. 

(B.) TRIBE OF THOMAS. 
156 

Thomas 5 Gould of Boxford, son of Thomas 4 , m. 
1757, Dec. 29, Anne Perkins [b. 1739, June 21]. 
She married, 2. 1786, Nov. 8, Andrew Foster in 
Boxford [whose ancestry is in Geneal. Reg., XX, 
229]. Children: — 

333. Dorcas, b. 1758, Nov. 3 ; d. 1759, June 16. 

334. Anna, b. 1761, May 12; d. 1762, Dec. 30. 

335. Benjamin, bapt. 1763, Jan. 30; m. 1785, Apr. 17, 
Eusebia Abbot. 

336. Anna, bapt. 1764, Nov. 11 ; m. Joshua Chamber- 
lin of Arriugton, Me. 



148 

,337. Sarah, bapt. 1766, Nov. 2 ; m. in Middleton, 1790, 
Aug. 31, Asa Felton of Danvers. 

338. Thomas, bapt. 1769, Mar. 5; d. in Southfield, 

Mass., ret. about 25; m. in Salem; had children 
George and Mary. 

339. Ezra, bapt. 1770, Dec. 23. 

340. Mercy, bapt. 1773, Jan. 17 ; d. 1774, Sept. 28. 

341. Phebe, bapt. 1775, Mar. 5 ; unmarried in 1799. 

342. Andrew, b. 1777, June 21 ; m. Pamelia Kinney of 

Middleton ; d. 1844, Jan. 24, in Boxford. 



164 

Nathaniel 5 Gould of Topsfield, son of Thomas 4 , 
m. 1. 1777, Nov. 20, Hannah Killam [b. 1755; 
d. 1790, Apr. 5] ; 2. 1792, Mar. 3, Betty An- 
drews. Children by first wife, Hannah : — 

343. b. 1779 ; d. 1781, July 20. 

344. Hannah "2d.," b. 1781, Sept. 1; m. 1804, Sept. 

16, Francis Hood. 

345. Sally, b. 1783, Aug. 1 ; m. 1804, Apr. 15, David 

Brown. 

346. Allen, b. 1785, Sept. 15; m. 1. 1807, Dec. 25, 

Elsey 6 Gould (No. 327) ; 2. Martha Drowne ; 3. 
Mary Ann Potter; d. 1862. 

347. Andrew, b. 1787, Mar. 2 ; m. 1816, Nov. 15, Emily 

Webb. 

348. Polly, b. 1789, Feb. 1 ; living in Boxford in 1869. 

349. Louisa, b. 1790, June 25; m. Francis Perley ; d. 

1843. 
Children by his second wife, Betty : — 

350. Sophia, b. 1792, Nov. 13. 

351. Nathaniel, b. 1794, Aug. 27; went to sea, set. 21, 

and died on homeward passage. 

352. Andrews, b. 1796, Aug. 4; m. 1. 1821, Sept. 21, 



149 

Eebecca Putnam [d. 1854, Jan. 1] ; 2. 1855, 
Mar. 19, Lydia G T. (No. 5G4), wicl. of E. How 
and dau. of Joseph 5 Gould (No. 240). 

353. Francis, b. 1798, Sept. 5; m. 1. 1822, Oet. 9, 

Irene Perley; 2. 1840, June 30, Catharine B., 
dau. of Edmund Parker- and widow of Joseph 
Gould (No. 240) ; 3. Eliza, wid. of Cyrus Dud- 
ley. 

354. Dolly, b. 1800, Sept. 19; unmarried; d. 1835, 

Jan. 28. 

355. Pamelia, b. 1802, Oct. 19; m. 1825, Nathaniel 

Dorman of Boxford. 

356. Usther A,, b. 1804, Dec. 30 ; m. Perley. 

357. Thomas, b. 1807, Oct. 15; m. 1833, May 23, 

Betsey Perkins. 

358. Lemuel Holt, b. 1809, Nov. 11 ; m. 1839, Jan. 23, 

Sally Mundy. 

165 
Mercy 5 , dau. of Jacob 4 Gould, m. 1752, Dec. 21, 
Aaron Taylor of Lunenburg and in 1760 settled 
in Rindge, N. H., then called "Rowley, Canada." 
Children :— 

359. Jonathan, b. 1753, July 22. 

360. Aaron, b. 1755, Jan. 19. 

361. Sarah, b. 1757, July 24. 

362. Martha, b. 1760, Sept. 6. The church records 

give her name as Mercy, bapt. 1760, Oct. 12. 

363. Rebecca, b. 1763, June 11. 

364. David, b. 1765, April 25. 

166 

Oliver 5 Gould, son of Jacob 4 , m. 1759, May 3, 
in Petersham, Mary Stockwell of Petersham. 
Children : — 



150 

365. Oliver, b. 1760, Mar. 31. 

366. Sarah, b. 1762, Aug. 16. 

367. Lucy, b. 1764, Sept. 9. 

368. Mary, b. 1766, Oct. 16. 

369. Susannah, bapt. 1769, Jan. 8. 

167 
Sakah 5 , dau. of Jacob 4 Gould, m. 1759, Dec. 27, 
Samuel Sanderson [b. 1734, Apr. 26, in Lunen- 
burg]. He was a soldier of the Kevolutionary 
army. They moved to Gardner, Mass., where \ 
both died. Children : — 

370. Samuel, bapt. 1762, Nov. 21. 

371. Abraham, bapt. 1766, June 15. 

372. Patience, bapt. 1770, March 4. 

170 

Elijah 5 Gould, son of Jacob 4 , m. 1767, Feb. 26, 
Eunice Patch. Children : — 

373. Lois, b. 1767, Dec. 22, in Kludge. 374. ? Joshua. 

375. Samson, b. in Lunenburg, 1770, Jan. 31 ; m. 1795, 

Nov. 22, Betsey (No. 384), dau. of Thomas 5 
Gould; d. 1847*, Oct. 24. 

376. Mary, b. 1772. 377. ? Abigail. . 

378. Eunice, b. 1773, Dec. 21; cl. 1846, at Waltham; 

m. 1793, Mar. 19, Elisha Parker, Jr. 

379. Elijah, b. 1775, Dec. 7 ; lived in Lebanon, N. H. 

380. Benjamin, b. 1778, Dec. 30. 

381. Ruth, bapt. 1782, June 9. 

382. Sarah, bapt. 1783, Sept. 28. 

171 
Thomas 5 Gould, son of Jacob 4 of Lunenburg, m. 
1768, June 28, in Harvard, Elizabeth Willard 



151 

[b. 1745-6, and d. 1817, Apr. 21, while visiting 
her son in Charlestown.] She was dau. or niece 
of Phineas Willard. Children : — 

383. Phineas, bapt. 1770, Nov. 4; d. 1776, Dec. 21. 

384. Elizabeth, b. 1772; m. 1795, Nov. 22, Samson 6 

Gould (No. 375) son of Elijah 5 ; d. 1846, May 17. 

385. Thomas, b. 1776, Sept. 10; m. 1805-6, Jan. 15-16, 

Lydia Ellingwood of Charlestown [b. 1781, d. 
1867, Apr.^13]. He died 1865, Dec. 31, at 
Lunenburg. 

386. Sabra, bapt. 1779, Dec. 25; d. 1852, June 1; m. 

1. 1804, Apr. 9, Ezra Clap, Jr. [d. in 1805, 
Sept. 1] ; 2. Joseph Hayden [b. 1788; d. 1865, 
Apr. 7]. 

387. Lucinda, bapt. 1787, Aug. 19; d. 1795, May 14. 

172 

Dorothy 5 , dau. of Jacob 4 Gould of Lunenburg, m. 
1773, Nov. 18, Stephen Stickney, Jr. [b. Row- 
ley, 1743, Nov. 10; d. Lunenburg, 1838, Oct. 
26] son of Stephen and Mehitable (Goodridge) 
Stickney. He was constable, selectman and town 
treasurer of Lunenburg, and died at the age of 
95. Children:— 

388. David, b. 1775, March 27 ; m. Sally Rhodes. 

389. Mehitable, b. 1777, Oct. 21 ; d. 1820, Sept. 11 ; 

unmarried. 

390. Stephen, b. 1781, March 15; m. 1825, Mary, dau. 

of Wm. Kilburn, and widow of Abel French. 
Resides in Groton. 

179 

Simos 5 Gould, son of Simon 4 , m. 1788, Feb. 19, 
Sarah White. Children :— 



152 

391. Moses, b. 1788, Nov. 22 ; m. 1818, Feb. 23, Mehit- 

able Upton of Danvers; d. 1829, Jan. 14. 

392. Oliver, b. 1790, Apr. 5 ; d. 1795, June 22-29. 

393. Oliver, b. 1795, Dec, 21 ; d. 1796, Aug. 11. 

394. Haffield,h. 1797, Oct. 8: unmarried; d. 1841. 

395. Sally, b. 1800, May 26; m. 1824, June 18, Jesse 

Perley, Jr., of Boxford. 

396. Sam'l White, b. 1803, Jan. 8 ; m. of Balti- 

more ; and d. in Philadelphia leaving one daughter. 

397. Elijah, b. 1805, Sept. 19. 

398. Thorndike Osgood, b. 1808, May 19. 

180 

Elijah 5 Gould of Topsfield, son of Simon 4 , m. 1. 
1789, Sept. 17, Elizabeth [b. 1768, July 25 ; d. 
1821, Nov. 5] dau. of Eliezer and Sarah Lake; 
2. Hannah Esty [d. in 1825] ; 3. Dolly Kimball 
[d. 1840, Aug. 21, in Andover]. Children by 
his first wife, Elizabeth : — 

399. cl. set. 2 yrs., 1795, July 19. 

400. cl. ?et. 5 months, 1795, July 5. 

401. Mehitable, b. 1801, Oct. 2; m. Hugh Floyd; d. 

1828, Aug. 3. 
No children by second or third marriage. 



181 
Benjamin 5 Gould of Bindge, N. H. , son of Benja- 
min 4 , m. 1764, May 14, Sarah Foster [b. in Har- 
vard, Mass., 1745, Aug. 28]. Children : — 

402. Esther, b. 1765, Sept. 19. 

403. Benjamin, b. 1767, July 26. 

404. Martha, b. 1770, June 18; d. 1776, March. 

405. Rebecca, b. 1772, Nov. 25; d. 1776, Feb. 

406. Joseph, b. 1774, June 2 ; d. 1776, Feb. 






153 ■ 

407. Sarah, b. 1779, May 4; d. 1780, Feb. 27, at 

Kockingkam. 

408. Sarah, b. 1785, June 7. 

409. Joseph, b. 1776, Feb. 19. 

(C.) TRIBE OF SAMUEL. 

tl83 
Samuel 5 Gould, son of Samuel 4 , m. 1750, Sarah Gil- 
bert [cl. set. ab. 90]. They lived in Brookfield, 
Amherst, Charlemont and Heath. Children : — 

410. Sarah, b. 1751, Aug. 13; m. Ebenezer Field. 

411. Esther, b. 1753, June 30; unmarried; d. set. 55. 

412. Samuel, b. 1755, May 30 and was killed at White 

Plains, 1776, Oct. 28. 

413. Isaac, b. 1758, Apr. 14; m. 1780, Olive Thayer; 

d. 1844. 

414. Daniel, b. 1760, Jan. 24; went "south;" was un- 

married and died in New York City of yellow 
fever. 

415. Beulah, b. 1761, July 9; d. young. 

416. Eli, b. at Amherst, 1766, May 5 ; m. 1790, Mar. 

3, Bernice Johnson of Westford ; d. at Heath, 
1848, June 24. 

417. Mehitable, m. Win. Batt, an Englishman of Bur- 

goyne's army, and lived in Bennington, Yt. 



185 
Jeremiah 5 Gould, son of Samuel 4 , m. 1. 1755, June 
5, Hannah Bartlett, in Brookfield ; 2. 1760, Aug. 
21, Hannah Stevens [d. 1812, Dec. 12]. He 
lived in Brookfield from the age of about 15 yrs. 
and about 1773 removed to Charlemont. Chil- 
dren by his first wife : — 






154 

418. Aaron, b. 1757, Dec. 23 ; m. 1781, May 29, Lydia 

Gray; d. 1826, Oct. 16. 

419. Nathan (no children). 
Children by his second wife : — 

420. John. 421. Mary 0., b. 1769, Aug. 21; d. 1789, 

Dec. 4. 

422. Lydia, m. 1. Eells ; 2. Ephraim Eddy; 

lived in Coleraine. 

186 
Nathan 5 Gould, son of Samuel 4 , m. 1757, Oct. 31, 
Martha Gilbert of Brookfield. He moved from 
Charlemont, Mass., with his son Nathan, to Vir- 
ginia, in 1816, and died about two weeks after 
his arrival. Children : — 

423. Jonathan was in revolutionary army and in a de- 

tachment commanded by Gen. Lee at Monmouth ; 
d. 1778. 

424. Mehitable; m. Barnabas Alden of Ashfield. 

425. Benjamin, b. 1767, Oct. 3; m. Lydia Alden; d. 

1849, Dec. 2. 

426. Paschal JPaoli, named for the Corsican General; 

died early. 

427. Lydia, b. 1772, July 3 ; m. Eobert Young. 

428. Nathan, b. 1776; m. 1. Esther Alden; 2. Ceman- 

tha (Phillips), wid. of Martin Burr of West Vir- 
ginia; d. 1826 or 1856. 

429. Gilbert, b. 1779, Feb. ; m. 1803, Mehitable Tay- 

lor ; living in 1869. 

188 
Eli 5 Gould, son of Samuel 4 , m. 1769, Dec. 21, 
Lydia Jennings. They had one son : — 

430. Samuel, b. in Amherst, Mass. ; m. Gates. 



155 



191 

Moses 5 Gould, son of Moses 4 , m. 1759, Sept. 13, 
in Groton, Submit [b. 1729, Nov. 21], dau. of 
Stephen and Hannah (Sawtell) Holden. Chil- 
dren : — 

431. Jeremiah, b. 1760, Jan. 27. 

432. Moses, b. 1761, Sept. 1. 

193 
Mary 5 , dau. of Moses 4 Gould, m. 1752, Mar. 27, 
Zachariah Tarbell [b. 1730, Dec. 27], son of 
Eleazer and Elizabeth (Bowers) of Groton. 
They settled in Westminster, Mass. He was a 
revolutionary soldier. Children : — 

433. Molly, b. 1753, May 1. 

434. Zachariah, b. 1754, Nov. 9 ; a revolutionary sol- 

dier. 

435. Elizabeth, b. 1755, Dec. 5. 

436. Molly, b. 1757-8, Mar. 19. 

437. Sibyl, b. 1758-9, Mar. 9. 

438. Sarah, b. 1760, Sept. 20. 

439. Bethuel, bapt. 1764, Sept 30. 

196 

Lydia 5 , dau. of Jonathan 4 Gould, m. 1758, May 4, 
at Groton, Amos Atherton of Lancaster. Chil- 
dren : — 

440. Lydia, b. 1759, Jan. 22. 

441. Amos, b. 1760, Oct. 31. 

442. Betty, b. 1762, Oct. 27. 

443. Jonathan, b. 1765, Jan. 17. 

444. Mary, b. 1768, July 28. 

445. David, b. 1769, Oct. 6. 






156 

446. Eunice, b. 1771, Jan. 10; cl. 1839, May 29; m. 

1. 1791, May 12, William, son of Stephen and 
Elizabeth (Lovejoy) Boynton [b. 1761, March 
29 ; cl. 1815, Feb. 27] ; 2. 1822, Dec. 8, Adoni- 
ram, son of Aaron and Martha (Porter) Patch 
[b. 1789? d. 1851, Apr. 18]. 

447. Sarah, b. 1773, Feb. 23; d. 1858, Sept. 19; m. 

1809, June 6, David Bennett [b. Shirley, 1754, 
Nov. 17], son of David and Elizabeth (Wait) 
Bennett. Had three children. 

448. Samuel, b. 1774, Oct. 18 ; d. 1774. 

197 
Mary 5 , dau. of Jonathan 4 Gould, of Lunenburg, m. 
1756. May 26, Obadiah Sawtell, who was born 
1732, Oct. 11, at Groton [See Butler's Hist, of 
Groton, p. 496] . Children :— 

449. Obadiah, b. 1757, Nov. 29. 

450. Lydia, b. 1760, May 15. 

451. Solomon, b. 1762, Feb. 23. 

452. Sarah, b. 1764, Apr. 2; m. 1789, Mar. 4, Jesse 

Farns worth. 

453. Daniel, b. 1766, July 18. 

454. Rebecca, b. 1768, June 3. 

455. Zachariah, b. 1770, Mar. 11 ; d. 1771, Feb. 12. 

456. Ede, b. 1772, June 17; d. 1772, Aug. 4. 

199 

Samuel 5 Gould, son of Jonathan 4 , m. Elizabeth - 
Children : — 

457. Betty, b. 1769, Jan. 29, at Shirley. 

458. Lydia, b. 1770, Sept 24. 

459. Sarah, b. 1772, Oct. 23 ; d. same day. 

460. Molly, b. 1776, Feb. 28. 



157 

461. Phineas, b. 1778, Oct. 25, at Lunenburg. 

462. Hannah, b. 1781, Mar. 11. 

205 
Asa 5 Gould, son of Hubbard 4 , m. 1. 1784, Mar. 4, 
Jerusha Derth ; 2. Lois Owen [born 1770, Mar. 
31, and died 1847, Nov. 2] ; lived in Brookfield, 
East Bethel, Vt., and Colden, Erie County, N. 
Y. Children by his first wife, Jerusha : — 

463. Ezra, b. 1785, at East Bethel. 

464. Elmer, b. 1787 ; moved to Wisconsin ; d. about 

1867. 

465. Hannah, b. 1790. 

By his second wife, Lois : — 

466. John Derth, b. 1795, Mar. 11; m. 1820, May 7, 

Hannah Buffum; d. 1864, Nov. 15. 

467. Mary March, b. 1797, Jan. 21; m. 1. 1817, June 

20, Joseph Mayo, who died in Nov., 1830, leav- 
ing one child, Sylvester Jackson Gould Mayo, 
b. 1819, Apr. 23 ; d. 1842, Feb. 10. She m. 2. 
Wade Clark [d. 1864, Apr. 6]. 

468. Jerusha, b. 1799. Jan. 7 ; drowned at White River, 

set. about 17. 

469. Philena, b. 1801, Dec. ; m. Soril Pierce. 

470. Asa, b. 1804, Feb. 4; m. 1. 1824, March, Sally 

Smith; 2. 1858, June 17, Phebe Wood [b. 1821, 
March 2.] 

471. Cornelius R., b. 1806, Apr. ; cl. 1808, Aug. 

472. Emily, b. 1808, Aug. ; unmarried. 

473. Cornelius R., (?) b. 1810, Oct. 14 ; m. Nancy Fol- 

som [b. 1813, Oct. 26]. 

474. Sylvanus Oiven, b. 1812, Aug. 12; m. Marietta 

Bacon ; a lawyer in Buffalo. 

475. Jerusha M., b. 1816, Dec. 12; m. David French. 



158 

(D.) TRIBE OF ZACCHEUS. 
211 

John 5 Gould of Topsfield, son of John 4 , m. 1775, 
Jan. 12, Ruth [b. 1753, Oct. 1, d. 1838, Jan. 
9], dan. of Robert and Hannah Perkins. Chil- 
dren : — 

476. Amos, b. 1775, Dec. 26; m. 1. Mary Herrick ; 2. 

Nelly Hood ; d. 1850, June 2. 

477. Mehitable,b. 1778, Apr. 17; m. 1824, Dec. 26, 

Peter Dodge of Wenham. 

478. Ruth, b. 1780, Apr. 10; d. 1781, Aug. 26. 

479. Ruth, b. 1783, Aug. 3; unmarried; d. 1851, Aug. 

29. 

480. Lydia, b. 1788, June 12 ; m. 1808, Aug. 14, Sam- 

uel C. Todd. 

481. John, b. 1795, Nov. 12 ; m. 1818, Dec. 3, Harriet 6 

(No. 557), dau. of Joseph 5 Gould (No. 240); 
d. 1822, Oct. 7. 

482. Betsey, b. 1799, Jan. 5; m. 1816, Josiah 6 Gould 

(No. 282), son of Samuel 5 (No. 134). 

212 

Benjamin 5 Gould, of Lancaster and Newburyport, 
son of Dea. John 4 , m. 1781, July 19, Grizzel 
Apthorp [b. 1753, May 2; d. 1827, Jan. 19], 
dau. of Gershom and Hannah (Pitson) Flagg. 
He was captain in the war of Independence and 
fought at Bunker Hill. Children : — 

483. JohnFlagg,h. 1782, June 26; m. 1. Mary Tur- 

ner, of Lewiston, Me. ; 2. Jane Louisa, dau. of 
Nathan B. and Jane (Lorimer) Graham; d. 
1828, Apr. 21, in Mexico. 



159 

484. Grizzel Flagg, b. 1784, Feb. 3; m. 1808, Capt. 

Harvey Casey of Pasquotauk Co., N. C ; d. 1808, 
three mouths after marriage. 

485. Esther, b. 1785, Oct. 3; m. 1806, Jan. 7, Henry 

W. Fuller; d. 1866, July 26. 

486. Benjamin Apthorp, b. 1787, June 15; m. 1823, 

Dec. 2, Lucretia D. Goddard ; d. 1859, Oct. 24. 

487. Hannah Flagg, b. 1789, Sept. 3; d. 1865, Sept. 

5 ; unmarried. 

488. Bebecca, Sarah, and Mary, b. 1790 ; d. in infancy. 

489. Elizabeth, b. 1791, July 17; m. 1819, June 19, 

Antonio Kapallo of New York. 

490. Gershom Flagg, b. 1793 ; d. 1840, Jan. 17 ; un- 

I married. 

214 
Esther 5 , dau. of Dea. John Gould of Topsfield, m. 
1784, March 4, Robert Perkins [b. 1760, May 
29], son of Robert [b. 1728, Jan. 16; d. 1801, 
Nov. 10] and Hannah Perkins [d. 1802, July 
22]. Children:— 

491. Benjamin, b. 1786, March 13; d. 1858, April 3; 

m. Rebecca H. Ashby of Salem [d. 1863, Jan. 
27]. Six children, — Benj. F., b. ab. 1811, 
lives in Beverly; Rebecca P., b. 1814; Lucy 
Ann ; Elizabeth ; Augustus, a physician in Bos- 
ton ; Henry of Dan vers . 

492. Amos, b. 1788, April 2; d. 1851, Sept. 8; m. 

1810, April 15, Betsey Brown of Boxford. Ten 
children : — Amos, b. 1811, Jan. 12 ; Samuel B., 

Ib. 1812, Nov. 20; d. 1818, Dec. 30; Betsey, b. 
1815, Jan. 7; Robert S., b. 1817, Feb. 5; Olive 
B., b. 1819, Mar. 4; d. 1862, Mar. 22; Sophia 
C, b. 1821, Mar. 15 ; Samuel B., b. 1823, Aug. 
8; Emily A., b. 1826, Feb. 10; d. 1846, Nov. 



160 

26 ; William P., b. 1828, Mar. 24 ; d. 1859, Nov. 
17 ; Esther J., b. 1832, July 28 ; d. 1854, Aug. 11. 

493. Esther, b. 1790, Jan. 12; d. 1842, Aug. 11, m. 

1807, July 23, John P. Peabody [d. 1846, Nov. 
5]. Eight children: — Hannah, b. 1807, Nov. 
16; Cyrus, b. 1810, March 16; d. 1814, Sept. 
14; Esther, b. 1812, Sept. 12; Harriet N., b. 
1816, April 23; Mary P., b. 1818, Sept. 26; 
Mehitable, b. 1821, Oct. 23; d. 1869, May 24; 
LydiaP., b. 1825, Aug. 24; d. 1852, Dec. 29; 
Sarah B., b. 1829, March 19. 

494. Robert, b. 1792, Feb. 16; d. 1814, Oct. 9. 

495. JSTehemiah, b. 1794, April 1 ; m. 1817, Lydia Brad- 

street [d. 1867, Sept. 12]. Ten children: — 
Lydia B., b. 1817, April 5 ; Nehemiah, b. 1820, 
Nov. 8; Phebe W., b. 1822, Oct. 21 ; Benjamin 
A., b. 1824, June 12; Moses B., b. 1826, June 
17; Ruth L.,b. 1828, Jan. 1; cl. 1830, Sept. 
12; Ruth E. Gr., b. 1831, July 29; Albert Cl 
b. 1833, Dec. 18; Eliza B., b. 1835, June 8; 
John W., b. 1841, Aug. 21. 

496. Betsey, b. 1798, Jan. 8 ;"d. 1814, July 18. 

216 

Eliezer 5 Gould, son of Eliezer 4 , m. 1761, Jan. 6, 
Sarah Bigelow [b. 1741, July 14; d. 1819, Apr. 
5] ; lived in Douglass, Mass. Children : — 

497. Betty, b. 1761, June 25 ; m. 1786, Jan. 19, Simeon 

Chamberliu [b. 1762, March 6]. 

498. Bethmh, b. 1763, Aug. 5; d. 1792, Dec. 24; m. 

1782, Feb. 21, Richard Lee. 

499. Jedediah, b. 1765, May 19; d. 1825, Nov. 6; m. 

1. 1782, Sept. 22, Hannah Stearns; 2. 1815, 
July 23, Ada Barnes. 



lei 

500. Hannah, b. 1767, June 4; d. 1781, June 7. 

501. Ezra, b. 1769, Aug. 17; d. 1770, Feb. 16. 

502. Abigail, b. 1771, May 10; m. 1795, Feb. 19, 

Ebenezer Cook. 

503. Tamazin, b. 1774, Feb. 17; m. 1794, Nov. 23, 

Henry Blackmer; d. 1804, Apr. 8. 

504. Sarah, b. 1776, Apr. 19 ; cl. 1778, Feb. 24. 

505. Miezer,b. 1779, Mar. 13; m. 1. Eunice Smith; 

2. 1804, July 29, Comfort Darling; d. 1844, 
July. 

506. Jason, b. 1782, Nov. 13; m. 1806, Nov. 13, Hul- 

dah Cummings ; d. 1826, Aug. 6. 

507. Daniel, b. 1785, Feb. 15 ; m. 1808, Jan. 13, Han- 

nah Houghton ; d. 1842, Aug. 

219 

Zaccheus 5 Gould of Topsfield, son of Eliezer 4 , m. 
1778, Sept. 29, Anne Brown of Boxford, dau. of 
John Brown and Hobbs [dau. of Hum- 
phrey and Anna Hobbs] . Children : — 

508. Rebecca, b. 1780, Nov. 28; m. 1804, Wm. Hub- 

bard of Topsfield; d. 1818, Mar. 15. 

509. Anna, b. 1783, Feb. 20; m. 1800, Feb. 27, Enos 

Lake; d. 1845, Oct. 1. 

510. Elizabeth, b. 1785, Mar. 17; m. 1. 1804, Mar. 15, 

Daniel Boardman ; 2. 1823, May, Artemas W. 
Perley; d. 1827, Sept. 

511. Huldah, b. 1787, Nov. 6; m. 1833, Feb. 28, Arte- 

mas W. Perley [d. 1862, Jan. 6]. They had no 
children. 

512. Zaccheus, b. 1790, Jan. 19 ; m. 1812, Nov. 2, Anne 

Hood. 

513. Humphrey, bapt. 1792, Oct. 28; d. 1795, May 30. 

514. John, b. 1795, Mar. 27: m. 1820, Polly Curtis. 
11 






162 

515. Humphrey, b. 1797, July 3; m. 1827, June 11, 

Electa Hay nes. 

516. Miezer, b. 1799, Aug. 21 ; m. Abigail Brown. 

517. Eunice, b. 1801, Oct. 26; unmarried; d. 1820, 

Dec. 1. 

220 

John 5 Gould, of Topsfield, son of Eliezer 4 , m. 
1772-3, Dec. 3, Jane Palmer; moved from Doug- 
las, Mass., to Wardsboro, Vermont, about 1794. 
Children : — 

518. Enos, m. Betsey Johnson; d. in Dover, Vt., of 

consumption, and left one child, Betsey, who was 
b. in 1801 ; m. Joseph Howe, and d. 1830, Sept. 

519. Huldah, m. , in Ohio. 

520. John, m. Polly Stearns, went first to Sullivan, Lor- 

raine Co., N. Y., afterwards to Ohio, where he 
died at an advanced age. 

521. Aholiab, m. Jane Sears. 

522. Silas, m. Betsey Johnson, widow of his brother 

Enos (No. 518) ; d. 1845, Oct, 21. 

523. Amos, m. Polly Johnson. 

524. Timothy, m. ; went to Michigan? not living 

in 1860. 

525. Lois, m. Sylvanus Parmelee and went to Ohio. 

227 

Ebenezer 5 Gould, son of Eliezer 4 , m. Anna Cook, 
of Gloucester (now Burrillville), K. I. He died 
in 1809, and she married, 2. Rev. Wm. Batchel- 
ler ; and died in 1844, cet. 83. She was sister of 
Ebenezer Cook, who married Abigail 6 Gould (No. 
502) dau. of Eliezer 5 (No. 217). Children:— 

526. Mary, b. 1785, Dec. 18; d. 1805. 

527. Benjamin, b. 1787, Aug. 11; m. Olive Jepherson ; 

d. 1849. 



163 

528. David, b. 1789, June 5; m. Mary Pidge; d. 1844. 

529. Sally, b. 1791, Nov. 22 ; m. Amos Cragin Aldrich. 

530. Nancy, b. 1794, Apr. 3; m. Richard Robinson. 

531. Batlisheba, b. 1796, July 3; m. Parris Hall. 

532. Comfort, b. 1798, Aug. 22; in. 1821, April 1, 

Charlotte Carpenter. 

533. John, b. 1800, Nov. 29; m. 1. Ann Eliza Whit- 

ing ; 2. Susan Pierce; d. 1844. 

534. Susan, b. 1803, Feb. 16; m. 1. Nath'l Carpenter; 

2. Samuel Williams, Jr. 

535. Amos Cook, b. 1804, Sept. 17 ; m. Polly Read. 

536. Menezer, b. 1807, Sept. 27; m. Ruth H. Bishop, 

1827, Oct. 1. 

537. William, b. 1809, Aug. 17 ; m. 1834, Dec. 4, Mary 

A. Durfee. 

(E.) TRIBE OF JOSEPH. 
231 
Daniel 5 Gould, son of Joseph 4 , m. 1778, Jan. 31, 
Sarah [b. 1755; d. 1831, Dec. 3], clau. of John 
and Elizabeth (Fisk) Bradstreet ; Children: — 

538. Huldah, b. 1778, Sept. 9 ; m. 1799, Nov. 28, Sam- 

uel Peabody. 

539. Sally, b. 1780, Aug. 25: m. Caleb Warner of 

Salem; she was his third wife. 

540. Betsey, b. 1782, May 10; m. 1806, Jan. 21, Ezra 

Smith of Beverly. 

541. Kitty Mehitable, b. 1785, Apr. 15; m. 1832, Rev. 

Abijah Blanchard. 

542. Priscilla, b. 1790; died young. 

543. Asenath, b. 1792 ; m. 1. Israel Perley, who died at 

Harmony Grove; 2.. John Perley,' of Salem; d. 
1854. 



164 

544. Emerson, b. 1794, Nov. 25 ; went to North Caro- 

lina (? about 1820). 

545. Priscilla, b. in Bradford; m. 1823, Nov. 13, 

Joseph G. Sprague, of Salem. 

546. Daniel, b. 1798, July 23 ; m. Lydia Batchelder, of 

Boxford. 

235 

Emerson 5 Gould, son of Joseph 4 , m. Sarah , 

who afterwards married James Covell. They 
had one child. 

547. Sally. 

236 
John 5 Gould, of Topsfield, son of Joseph 4 , m. 1. 
1788, Jan. 8, Sarah Lamson [d. 1791, Jan. 1], 

2. 1795, Betsey Stephens, of Boxford ; 3. 

Clark. He lived in Springfield, Mass., and had 
by his first wife one child : — 

548. David, bapt. 1791, Mar. 27 ; d. 1792, May 4. 

237 
Cornelius 5 Gould, son of Joseph 4 , m. 1. Phebe 
Porter, dau. of Joseph Porter and sister of Kuth, 
wife of his brother Joseph (No. 240) ; 2. Lydia 
Jenkins of Andover, in 1812. Children by his 
first wife, Phebe : — 

549. Clarissa, b. 1791, June 10; m. 1818, Joseph E. 

Holt. 

550. Betsey, b. 1792, Dec. 11 ; m. 1817, May 25, Oli- 

ver Killam. 

551. Phebe, b. 1797, Jan. 23; m. 1819, Apr. 10, Isaac 

M. Tucker of Worcester. 

552. Joseph Porter, b. 1799, Apr. 10; m. 1826, Lucy 

M., dau. of Oliver P. Peabody, of Boxford. 

553. Fanny, b. 1801, Sept. 8; m. Abij ah Flint. 



165 

By his second wife, Lyclia : — 

554. Barzillai, b. 1814, Dec. 14; m. Ruth Avcrill of 

Middleton; d. 1843, Oct. 24. 

555. Henry Augustus, b. 1816, Mar. 4 ; m. Sarah Batch- 

elder, 1837, Mar. 30. 

556. Emerson, b. 1818, J?n, 11 ; m. Harriet Batchelder ; 

(d. 1849?). 

260 

(Joseph 5 Gould, son of Joseph 4 , m. 1794, Apr. 7, 
Ruth, dau. of Jonathan Porter of Danvers. She 
died 1820, Apr. 10 ; and he m. 2. 1825, Jan. 16, 
Catherine B., dau. of Edmund Parker. Chil- 
by his first wife, Ruth ; — 

557. Harriet, b. 1795, June 21; m. 1. 1818, Nov. 4, 

John 6 Gould (No. 481) ; 2. Smith of Byfield. 

558. Betsey, b. 1797, Mar. 15; cl. 1798, Feb. 21. 

559. Betsey, b. 1799, Mar. 5; d. 1799, Mar. 17. 

560. Joseph, b. 1800, Dec. 29 ; d. 1802, Oct. 

561. Ruth, b. 1803, Aug. 20; m. John Merrill of Box- 

ford. 

562. Joseph, b. 1805, Dec. 5; m. 1834, Dec. 24, Olive 

Sanborn. 

563. Elizabeth Maria, b. 1808, Feb. 14; m. Samuel 

Adams of Georgetown. 

564. Lyclia T., b. 1810, Mar. 7; m. 1. E. How; 2. 

Andrews 6 Gould (No. 352). 

565. Emerson P., b, 1812, Mar. 9 ; unmarried in 1860. 

566. Jonathan Porter, b. 1814, Dec. 30 ; m. Mary Emily 

Mundy ; d. 1860. 

567. Angeline H, b. 1818, Mar. 18; cl. 1832, Feb. 11. 

568. Ariel H, b. 1818, Mar. 18; m. Augusta Mundy, 

ab. 1845. 

569. Ruth, bapt. 1823, July 13. 



166 
SIXTH GENERATION. 

(A.) 

245 

Stephen 6 Gould, of Mt. Vernon, N. H., son of 
Stephen 5 , m. Lydia, dau. of Timothy Fuller of 
Middleton. She died about 1810. Children : — 

570. Elijah, b. 1780, May 13; m. 1823, Sept. 18, Han- 

nah Chapman. 

571. Stephen, b. ab. 1782; m. Polly Melody of Am- 

herst, N. H. 

572. Abner, m. Almira Codman. 

573. Timothy, b. 1789, May 2 ; m. 1815, Clarissa Brad- 

ford. 

574. Thaddeus, b. 1793, m. Mary Ann Hichborn ; d. 

1840. 

575. Lydia, m. Aaron Smith. 

576. Jonathan, m. Sabra Booth. 

248 

Jacob 6 Gould, of Hillsboro, N. H., son of Stephen 5 , 
m. 1783, Jan. 13, Susanna 6 Gould (No. 256), 
dau. of Jacob 5 (No. 116). Children:— 

577. Denison, m. Rachel Averill. 

578. Fanny, b. 1784, Sept. 21; unmarried; d. about 

1819. 

257 
Jacob 6 Gould, of Middleton, son of Jacob 5 , m. 
1790, May 25, Ruth [b. 1769, Dec. 14], dau. of 
Bemsley Peabody. Children : — 

579. Mehitable, b. 1791, Mar. 19; m. 1810, Samuel 

Bradstreet ; had a large family of children. 



167 

580. Jacob, b. 1794, Feb. 10; m. 1. 1816, Ruby Swan; 

2. 1841, Sarah T. Seward: d. 1867, Nov. 18. 

581. Samuel Peabody, b. 1797, Dec. 21 ; died in in- 

fancy. 

582. Samuel Peabody, b. 1801, May 22 ; lives near Roch- 

ester, N. Y. 

583. George, b. 1803, Aug. 23 ; lives in Rochester. 

584. Huldah, b. 1806, Aug. 15;. m. 1828, Apr. 1, 

Moses Dorman, Jr. ; cl. 1839, Feb. 3. 

262 

John 6 Gould, of Boxford, son of Jacob 5 , m. 1799, 
June 29, Polly Prince, of Boxford [b. 1774, Jan. 
. 18; d. 1847, Aug. 29], dau. of Asa and Molly 
Prince. Children : — 

585. Mary, b. 1799, Sept. 23; m. Porter Cheever of 

Danvers. 

586. Olive, b. 1801, Nov. 21; unmarried. 

587. Eliza, b. 1804, June 10 ; m. 1840, Nov. 29, Charles 

H. Lane. 

588. Hiram, b. 1807, Apr. 5; had one son, John [b. 

1834, July 12] ; d. 1852, Oct. 25. 

270 
Joshua 6 Gould, of Orleans, son of Nathaniel 5 , m. 
1770, Mrs. Mary Hurd. Children :— 

589. Rebecca, b. 1772; m. 1795, Timothy Bascom. 

590. Josiah, b. 1774; m. 1796, Tamsen Higgins. 

591. Joshua, b. 1776. 592. Jonathan, b. 1779. 

593. Nathaniel, b. 1782; m. 1806, Hannah Knowles ; 

d. 1843 or 1844. 

594. Thomas, b. 1784; m. 1810, Thankful Hurd. 

595. Molly, b. 1787 ; in. 1809, John Young. 

596. Benjamin, b. 17 '90; (no children). 



168 



272 
John 6 Gould, of Orleans, son of John 5 , m. 1766, 
Jan. 23, Apphia Cole. Children : — 

597. John, m. 1797, Feb. 16, Joanna Higgins ; d. 1846. 

598. Sarah, b. 1768, Nov. 3; m. Gould Linnell. 

599. Abigail, b. 1770, Oct. 20; m. Elkanah Linnell. 

600. Apphia, b. 1772, Oct. 29; m. 1795, Joseph At- 

kins. 

601. Patty, b. 1791; m. 1809, Hiram Baker. 

602. Elizabeth, m. 1804, Dec. 28, David Harding. 

273 

Thomas 6 Gould, of Eastham, son of John 5 , m. 1762, 
Nov. 11, Phebe Cole; he was lost at sea, and 
she married 2. 1791, James Young. Children : — 

603. Mary, b. 1764. 604. Thomas, b.^1765. 

605. Ruth, b. 1767; m. 1784, Warren A. Kenrick. 

606. Paine, b. 1770; m. 1789, Cynthia Kenrick of 

Eastham. 

607. Nathaniel, b. 1773; m. 1. ; 2. Ruth, wicl. of 

Smith; d. 1855, Dec. 5. 

608. James, b. 1774; in. 1793, Mar. 10th, Rebecca 

Crosby. 

609. Phebe, b. 1776; m. Benjamin Hurd. 

610. Solomon, b. 1778 ; died a minor. 

611. David, b. 1780. 

274 
Richard 6 Gould, of Chatham, son of John 5 , m. 
1765, Sept. 12, Martha Bearse of Chatham. | 
Children : — 

612. Josiah, b. 1766, July 26; m. 1. Azubah ; 2. I 

Sally . 



169 

613. Jane, b. 1768, July 27 ; m. Ebenczcr Bangs. 

614. Martha, b. 1770, Oct. 26; m. Nathaniel Smith. 

615. Ruth, b. 1773, Feb. 4; m. 1. Wm. Patterson; 2. 

Henry Mallow. 

616. Mary, b. 1775, May 16; m. Paul Hamilton. 

617. Richard, b. 1777, April 18 ; m. Patty Elclridge. 

618. David, b. 1779, April 19; m. Hannah . 

619. Abigail, b. 1781, July 4 ; m. Edward Boardman of 

Nantucket. 

620. Hannah, b. 1784, June 12; m. Benjamin Hencl- 

renk. 

280 

Samuel 6 Lamson Gould, son of Samuel 5 , m. 1807, 
Mar. 19, Mary Long. Children : — 

621. Samuel Long, b. 1809, Mar. 26 ; m. Ann Poor of 

An clover. 

622. Ansel, b. 1811, Feb. 7; m. Matilda Raclcliffe of 

Andover, who d. 1859, July 3. 

623. Charles, b. 1815, Apr. 15; m. Elizabeth 7 A. 

Gould (No. 650), dau. of John 6 (No. 313). 

282 
Josiah 6 Gould, son of Samuel 5 , m. 1816, Betsey 6 
Gould (No. 482) [b. 1799, Jan. 5], dau. of Dea. 
John 5 (No. 212) and Ruth (Perkins) Gould. 
Children : — 

624. Josiah Lamson, b. 1817, Oct. 20; m. 1849, Apr. 

5, Mary Ann Small. 

625. Daniel, b. 1820, June 12 ; m. 1. 1844, Nov. 20-24, 

Mary Ann Sears; 2. 1852, Apr. 30, Hannah G. 
Dodge; 3. Lydia Ridley. 
Q26. Abigail Lamson, b. 1822, Nov. 30; m. 1844, Oct. 
29, Charles A. Elliot. 






170 

627. Mary Jane, b. 1824, Dec. 30; m. 1841, April 18, 

Elisha A. Hood. 

628. John, b. 1826, Dec. 5 ; m. Mary A. Hutchinson. 

629. Elizabeth, b. 1828, Nov. 12; m. Henry Long. 

630. Lucy Ann, b. 1831, March 16. 

631. Ellen Mehitable,h. 1833, June 9; m. 1853, May 

19, Elijah Braclstreet. 

632. Esther Maria, b. 1837, Jan. 30. 

289 

Moses 6 Gould, son of Moses 5 , m. Lydia Abbot 
Russell. Children : — 

633. Melpomene. 634. Lydia Anna Faulkner. 

635. Marion. 

307 

Nathaniel 6 Gould of Middleton, son of Solomon 5 
m. 1. Lydia Porter, sister of Ruth, who m. 
Joseph 5 Gould (No. 240), and of Phebe, who m. 
Cornelius 5 Gould (No. 237); 2. Betsey Porter, 
sister of foregoing; 3. 1806, Apr. 23, widow 
Salome Foster [d. 1852, July 20]. Children :- 

636. Betsey Porter, b. 1796, Mar. 6 ; m. 1819, Mar. 27, 

Amos Batehelder; d. 1851, Mar. 28. 

637. Henry Laurence, b. 1798, Sept. 29 ; m. 1822, Apr. 

11, Lyclia How; d. 1865, Feb. 19. 

638. Nathaniel, b. 1801, Feb. 1; cl. 1805. 

308 
Solomon 6 Gould of Salem, son of Solomon 5 , m. 
Betsey Proctor of Marblehead ; was Capt. of the j 
Salem Artillery Company. Children : — 

639. William P., went South, and died in Alabama 

about 1861. 

640. d. young. 641. d. young. 

642. d. young. 



171 

643. Solomon, m. Catherine Becket ; lives in Charles- 

town, Mass., and has one son, William C. Gould. 

644. Eliza, m. F. F. Tilden of Charlestown. 

645. Martha, m. Hinchman. 

646. John JVorris, went South and died near Baton 

Rouge, La., many years ago. 

325 

John 6 Gould, son of John 5 , m. 1809, Nov. 30, Mary 
Averill, dau. of Elijah Averill. Children : — 

647. Mary Averill, b. 1810, Sept. 9 ; m. Joshua Wal- 

lace of Beverly; d. 1843, March 7, at Wenham. 

648. Lucy Peabocly, b. 1811, Nov. 1 ; m. Oren J. Stone 

of S. Boston and Bangor; d. 1842, Feb. 11. 
Five children ; two living. 

649. Sarah Friend, b. 1813, Aug. 7 ; unmarried. 

650. Elizabeth Averill, b. 1816, Dec. 6; m. 1837, Dec. 

17, Charles 7 (No. 623), son of Samuel L. Gould 
(No. 280). 

651. John Averill, b. 1819, Mar. 6; m. Elizabeth C. 

Leach of Manchester; does business in Boston, 
lives in Chelsea and has five daughters and one 
son. 

652. Adeline Wallace, b. 1832, Apr. 1 ; in. Samuel Pit- 

man of Salem. 

331 
' Jacob 6 Wood Gould, son of Amos 5 , m. 1818, Feb. 
12, Maria Rew [b. 1795, June 14 and d. 1866, 
Mar. 19] ; lived in Massena, N. Y. Children : — 

653. Celestia, b. 1819, Dec. 17 ; d. 1840, Jan. 3. 

654. William B.,h. 1822, June 24; m. 1863, Apr., 

Adelaide Barnhart ; living in Massena, N. Y., in 
1869. 

655. Lydia M., b. 1824, Aug. 8 ; a teacher in Chicago. 



172 

656. John 8., b. 1827, Aug. 6. m. 1854, Feb., Euiiic 

M. Caswell; living in Massena, N. Y., in 1869 

657. Elsie Hannah, b. 1831, Jan. 21; teacher in Chi 

cago. 

332 

Bennett 6 Gould, son of Amos 5 , m. 1833, Saral 
Marsh [cl. 1865, Feb. 28, set. 60] ; lived ii 
Peacham, Vt. Children : — 

658. Emily, b. 1834, June 12; d. 1854, Apr. 3, a 

Charleston, Kanawha, Va. 

659. Leonard, b. 1836, Sept. 3 ; lives in Chicago. 

660. Charles, b. 1838, June 19; lives in Colfax, Cali 

fornia. 

661. Mary, b. 1840, Apr. 27. 

662. Frank, b. 1841, Aug. 1; m. 1869, Jan. 14, Al 

mira Miller. 

663. Albert, b. 1843, Nov. 23; cl. 1861, Dec. 2, in tl 

army at Camp Vermont. 

(B.) TRIBE OF THOMAS. 
335 

Benjamin 6 Gould, son of Thomas 5 , m. 1785, Apr 
17, Eusebia Abbot [d. 1853] ; lived in Deering 
and Hillsboro', N. H. Children :— 

664. Samuel, b. 1786, Jan. 3; m. 1807, Polly, dau. off 

Bemsley Peabody. 

665. Thomas, b. 1787, Dec. 10; unmarried; cl. at Mil- 

ford, N. H., about 1844. 
GQQ. Abbot, bapt. 1790, July 25; unmarried; lived at| 
Topsneld with Elijah Gould. 

667. Eusebia, bapt. 1792, July 29; m. Culver, a 

Methodist clergyman. 

668. Ward, bapt. 1797, June 11. 



173 

369. Benjamin, m. Nancy Grimes, and had a large fam- 

fly- 

370. Dusiin, married and lived in Palmyra, Me. 

371. Ezra, died in early manhood. 

372. Ebenezer, d. oet. 19. 

373. Nancy, in. Ellenwood ; living, 1860, in Deer- 

ing, N. H. 

374. Sumner, m. 1824, Jan., Sarah Johonnot ; d. about 

1848 ; they had three children. Thomas and 
James live in Beverly, and one daughter died. 

338 

Thomas 6 Gould, son of Thomas, b. 1769, in Box- 
ford ; married in Salem ; d. at Southfield, Mass., 
about 1794. Children :— 

(375. George. 676. Mary. 

1342 
Andrew 6 Gould, son of Thomas 5 , m. 1799, Aug. 
18, Pamelia Kinney of Middleton [b. 1781, July 
1, and d. 1865, Mar. 8, at Topsfield]. Chil- 
dren : — 
(377. Anna Perkins, b. 1800, Oct. 18 ; m. Samuel Clark. 
878. Hannah Averill, b. 1802, May 10; d. 1804, Nov. 

21. 
579. Abigail Johnson, b. 1803, Sept. 17 ; m. Henry 
Thompson. 

680. Andrew, b. 1806, Dec. 11; m. 1829, Feb. 24, 

Mary P. Lake. 

681. Lucy Putnam, b. 1808, Dec. 6; m. 1830, Nov. 

24, David Lake; d. 1831, Sept. 9; one son in 
Peabody, David G. Lake. 

682. Hannah Averill, b. 1810, Oct. 9; m. 1832, Dec. 

20, Eliezer Lake, Jr. 



I 
174 

683. Betsey Kenney, b. 1813, Oct. 20; m. Isaiah m| 

Small ; three children in Lynn. 

346 
Allen 6 Gould, son of Nathaniel 5 , m. 1. 1807, Dec 
25, Elsey 6 Gould (No. 327) ; 2. Martha Draw J 
of Hamilton; 3. Mary Ann Potter of Danver 
[b. in 1806]. Children by his first wife, El 
sey : — 

684. Allen, b. 1811, June 8; d. 1812, Feb. 22. 

685. Allen, b. 1813, Sept. 24; d. 1813, Dec. 8. 

686. Allen, b. 1822, Nov. 14; m. Juliana Goodell [b j 

1836, and d. 1860, Jan. 1]. 
By his second and third wives :- — 

687. Charles II., b. 1825, Jan. 18; d. 1851, Aug. 22. 

688. Nathaniel, b. 1831, Apr. 22; m. 1852, Rachel H.j 

Peabody of Boxford [b. in 1831]. 

689. Wm. Cleveland, b. 1833, May 12; m. 1854, Susan 

M. Goodale [b. 1837]. 

690. Catharine, b. 1836, Dec. 5. 

691. Alanson, b. 1838, Oct. 3. 

692. Mary Ann, b. 1841, Jan. 24. 

693. William II., b. 1843, May 8. 

347 
Andrew 6 Gould, of Danvers, son of Nathaniel 5 , m, 
1816, Nov. 15, Emily Webb [b. 1795, Jan. 51 
Children : — 

694. Emily Augusta, b. 1817, Oct. 15. 

695. George Webb, b. 1823, Jan. 28. 

696. Sarah Ann Brown, b. 1830, Jan 18; d. 1835, 

Mar. 15. 



17, 



352 

Andrews 6 Gould, son of Nathaniel 5 , m. 1. 1821, 
Sept. 21, Kebecca [d. 1854, Jan. 1], sister of 
Nathaniel Putnam, of Danvers ; 2. 1855, Mar. 
19, Lyclia T 6 , (No. 564) dan. of Joseph Gould 
(No. 240) and wid. of E. How. Children by 
first wife, Rebecca : — 
097. Rebecca Ophelia, b. 1822, Feb. 3; m. Dalton. 

698. Mary Elizabeth, b. 1823, Nov. 21; m. 1840, Dec. 

24, Dan'l H. Townsend. Neither was living in 
1860. 

699. Nathaniel Andrews, b. 1826, Dec. ; cl. 1827, Oct. 

353 

Francis 6 Gould, of Boxford and Topsfield, son of 
Nathaniel 5 , m. 1. Irene Perley [d. 1837, July 
28] ; 2. 1840, June 30, Catherine B. [cl. 1848, 
Nov. 12], dan. of Edmund Parker and wid. of 
Joseph 5 Gould (No. 240) ; 3. Eliza, wid. of Cyrus 
Dudley. Children by his first wife, Irene : — 

700. Nathaniel Franklin, married and lived in Danvers ; 

d. 1857. 

701. Irene, m. 1850, June 12, Allen G. Hood of Box- 

ford. 

702. Jesse P., unmarried. 703. Catherine. 
By his third wife, Eliza : — 

704. Thomas. 705. Esther. 706. (son). 

358 
Lemuel 6 Holt Gould, son of Nathaniel 5 , m. 1839^ 
Jan. 23, Sally M. Munday. Children : — 

707. Mary Ann, b. 1839, Dec. 8. 

708. Ellen Edna, b. 1842, Nov. 5; d. 1845, Mar. 6. 



176 



375 

Samson 6 Gould, son of Elijah 5 , m. 1795, Nov. 22, his 
cousin Betsey [Elizabeth 6 ] Gould (No. 384) [b. 
1772, and d. 1846, in Boston], dau. of Thomas 
and Elizabeth (Willard) Gould. Children :— 

709. Christiana, b. 1796, Feb. 19; m. 1815, Apr. 9, 

Ephraim Bailey, living in Medford in 1869 ; had 
ten children. 

710. Henrietta, b. 1797, Sept. 4; m. Cassius Clapp of 

Charlestown ; d. in Charlestown, in 1837. 

711. Lucinda, b. 1799, July 17; m. 1819, June 20, 

Joseph Harley, of Charlestown [b. 1794, Dec. 
21, at Boston] ; had six children and sixteen 
grandchildren. 

712. James Austin, b. 1802, June 1; m. 1. 1823, Dec. 

11, Mrs. Sarah Barry [d. 1826, Mar. 5] ; 2. 
Lucinda A. Messenger; d. 1837, Aug., in 
Charlestown. 

713. Thomas, b. 1804, Feb. 10 ; unmarried; lives at 

Lunenburg, Mass. 

714. Eliza Ann, b. 1806, Aug. 20; m. Kobert Kimball 

of Shirley ; no children. 

715. Sophronia, b. 1809, June 20; m. Steams Danforth 

of Woburn ; had three sons ; d. 1843, at Woburn. 

716. Eusebia, b. 1812, Sept. 28; m. 1865, June 28, 

Arad H. Wood of Pepperell [b. at N. Bridge- 
water, in 1806], son of Ziba and Abigail (Shaw) 
Wood. 

378 

Eunice 6 , dau. of Elijah 5 Gould, m. 1793, March 19, 
Elisha Parker, Jr. [b. at Lunenburg, 1773, April 
30; d. 1813, Feb. 12] son of Elisha and Mehit- 
able (Hartshorn) Parker. Children : — 



177 

717. Betty, b. 1793, Aug. 31; m. 1815, Nov. 16, Joel 

Stearns of Lexington; d. 18G3, Dec. 11. 

718. John,b. 1795, March 13; m. Mary Mann; d. in 

Philadelphia, 1835. 

719. Elisha, b. 1797, March 21 ; d. 1850, June 3 ; unm. 

720. Simeon, b. 1799, March 28; d. in Lexington, 

Mass. ; unmarried. 

721. Levi, b. 1801, June 9; m. and d. in New York 

City. 

722. Luther, b. 1803, March 23 ; m. Harriet Goodrich 

of Fitchburg; d. 1863, Dec. 9. 

723. Susan, b. 1805, March 27; m. Seth Bennett of 

Cambridge. 

724. Harriet, b. 1807, Apr. 12; m. Lemuel R. Hodg- 

kins of Waltham; d. 1857. 

725. Jonas, b. 1810, June 25 ; m. Delia Wentworth of 

Great Falls, N. H. 

726. Abigail, b. 1812, May 31 ; m. 1844, Varnum Whit- 

ney of Shirley. 

391 

Moses 6 Gould of Danvers, son of Simon 5 , m. 1818, 
Feb. 23, Mehitable Upton of Danvers [b. 1794, 
Mar. 12, at Reading; d. 1839, Apr. 8]. Chil- 
dren : — 

727. Mary Ann, b. 1818, Sept. 10. 

728. Charles Henry, b. 1820, Nov. 9 ; m. Caroline Tap- 

ley. 

729. Caroline Elizabeth, b. 1823, Mar. 15. 

730. Augustus White, b. 1829, July 1 ; d. 1844. 

413 
Isaac 6 Gould, son of Samuel 5 , m. 1780, Olive 
Thayer; he was Captain in the Revolutionary 

12 



178 



War, moved in 1816 from Heath to Otsego, N. 
Y., and died in Eden, N. Y., near Buffalo, in 
1844. Children :— 

731. Beulak, b. 1782, Apr. 7; m. Wm. Elderkin ofj 

Otsego. 

732. Betsey, b. 1784, Jan. 12; m. 1806, Apr. 10, Abel I 

Knight of Brookfield. 

733. Electa, b. 1786, Jan. 2; m. Harris Dieterich; liv-l 

ing at Cold Water, Mich., in 1869. 

734. Lucius, b. 1787, Dec. 12; m. 1820, Jan. 6, Mary! 

Ann Dow; d. 1832, Aug. 4. 

735. Belinda, b. 1791, Feb. 22; m. 1. Elisha Tarboxj 

and had one child, Lorenzo D. Gould; 2. 1816,1 
Wm. Clark of Buffalo. 

736. Olive, b. 1793, Apr. 28; m. Barnard Newell of 

Springfield, Penn. 

737. Harriet, b. 1795, July 22 ; m. David Wentworth 

of Kichfield, N. Y. ; d. 1862, Feb. 22. 

738. Amelia, b. 1795, July 22; d. 1816. 

739. Isaac, b. 1797, Sept. 11; m. Betsey Chapin of 

Buffalo, drowned in Canal at Buffalo, 1832, Oct. | 
No children. 

740. Buel,h. 1802, Dec. 15; m. 1. Levira Peak; 2 

ElmiraPeak; d. 1855. 

416 

Eli 6 Gould, of Heath, son of Samuel 5 , m. 1790, ! 
Mar. 3, Bernice Johnson [b. at Westford, 1768, 
Aug. 27] . They resided mostly at North Adams ; 
he was, when very young, a revolutionary sol- 
dier. Children : — 

741. Samuel, b. 1790, Oct. 5; m. 1. Patience Wilbur ;| 

2. Lavinia (Sanford) wid. of Cheney; d. I 

1859, June 13. 



179 

742. Willard, b. 1792, Aug. 20; m. 1. Hannah Pike; 

2. Louisa Boy den. 

743. Arethusa, b. 1794, Oct. 11 ; m. 1822, John Taft. 

744. David, b. 1797, Feb. 20 ; m. Sally Green. 

745. Daniel, b. 1800, Aug. 18 ; m. Patience McKnight ; 

d. 1843, Mar. 8. 

746. Sally, b. 1802, Aug. 29; m. 1829, John Upton; 

d. 1833, in Michigan. 

747. Nancy, b. 1802, Aug. 29; m. 1831, Apr. 28, Levi 

Gates. 

748. Stillman, b. 1804, Sept. 1 ; m. 1834, Nov. 6, Maria 

Smith; d. 1845, Jan. 5. 

749. Mi, b. 1807, Nov. 8; m. Tirza Smith. 

750. Elizabeth, b. 1809, July 8; m. Leander Legg ; no 

children : d. at Heath. 

751. Almira, b. 1812, Aug. 11; unmarried; d. 1836, 

May 25. 

418 

i Aaron 6 Gould, son of Jeremiah 5 , m. 1781, May 29, 
Lydia Gray; moved to Virginia in 1808, with 
part of his family, the rest following soon after ; 
was a ruling elder in the Presbyterian church of 
French Creek, Upshur Co., W. Ya. Children : — 

752. Samuel, b. 1782, Mar. 6; m. Esther Parker; d. 

1827, Apr. 11. 

753. James, b. 1783, Nov. 16; m. Rhoda Thayer; d. in 

Ohio. 

754. Hannah, b. 1785, Dec. 18; m. in Virginia, Joshua 

Morgan, who came from Connecticut; d. 1866, 
June 5. 

755. Daniel, b. 1788, Jan. 4; m. Peggy Strange; d.' 

1825, July 25. 

756. Ebenezer, b. 1789, Nov. 4; m. Elizabeth Weeks; 

d. 1845, Nov. 21. * 






180 

757. Aaron, b. 1792, Feb. 25; d. 1864, May 5 ; m. 1. 

Nice Vincent; 2. Esther Gould (No. 770); 3. 
Calista Bartlett. 

758. Lydia, b. 1794, Feb. 13 ; m. Wm. Davis of French 

Creek; moved to Illinois; d. 1859, Jan. 4. 

759. Isabella, b. 1796, Jan. 2; m. George Bush of 

French Creek; moved to Illinois; d. 1842, Oct 
24. 

760. David, b. 1798, Apr. 4; d. in infancy. 

761. Mehitable, b. 1799, Sept. 28; m. 1817, Aug. 24, 

Wm. Phillips, and had six sons in the Union 
Army, — one killed, one missing, one severely 
wounded ; living in 1870. 

762. Sally, b. 1802, Apr. 24; m. Ezra Ward; d. 1849, 

Aug. 5, in Illinois. 

763. Nancy, b. 1804, June 10; m. Oliver Howes; liv- 

ing near Clayton, Adams Co., Illinois, in 1869. 

764. David, b. 1807, Nov. 29; d. 1808, Oct. 

425 

Benjamin 6 Gould, son of Nathan 5 , m. Lydia Alden 
[b. 1766, Feb. 15, and d. 1829, Feb. 11]. He 
moved, in 1808, to Ohio. Children: — 

765. William, b. 1792, Apr. ; d. 1792, Apr. 9. 

766. Matilda, bapt. 1793, June 10; d. 1806, Apr. 22. 

767. Mary A., m. Phineas C. Keyes, of Morgan Co., j 

Ohio; d. 1856, May 2. 

768. Philomela, bapt. 1796, July 24; d. 1851, Aug. 

769. Jonathan, bapt. 1798, Jan. 28; d. 1802, Nov. 17. | 

770. Esther, b. ab. 1800; d. 1839, June; m. Aaron 7 I 

Gould (No. 757). 

771. Delia, b. ab. 1802; d. 1829, Sept. 18. 

772. Joseph Dennis, b. 1804, Jan. 9 ; graduated at Lane j 

Seminary, Cincinnati; d. 1831, Apr. 29. 



181 

773. Ephraim, b. 1805, Dec. 2 ; m. 1830, Mar. 30, Lois 

Porter. 

774. Daniel, b. 1807, Oct. 25; m. 1. 1831, Apr. 5, 

Annie L. Sharp; 2. 1851, Mrs. Jane Hartford; 
d. 1851, Aug. 11. 

775. Elizabeth G., b. 1810, Mar. 10; m. Timothy East- 

man, of Marion, Linn. Co., Iowa. 

427 

Lydia 6 dau. of Nathan 5 Gould, m. Robert Young 
[b. 1769, Jan. 3]. They went to Virginia in 
1811. Children :— 

776. Pascal Paoli, b. 1794, Oct. 18 ; m. Cynthia Phil- 

lips, 1817 ; d. 1852, January 19. 

777. Anne, b. 1796, June 3 ; m. Augustus W. Sexton, 

1820, Mar. 23. They lived together fifty years. 
He died fifteen days after their golden wedding. 

778. Anson, b. 1798, July 6; m. 1. Ruhawah Barrett, 

1822, Mar. 14 ; 2. Mrs. Anna Brahe, 1832, Oct. 14. 

779. Gilbert, b. 1800, Aug. 12; m. Amaryllis Barrett, 

1825, Apr. 21. 

780. Festus, b. 1803, Mar. 28; m. 1. Lovina Phillips, 

1826, July 20 ; 2. Rachel Graham, 1837, Feb. 21 ; 
3. Mrs. Nancy Reed, 1867, Jan. 9. 

781. Loyal, b. 1806, July 1 ; m. Margaret Porter John- 

ston, 1832, Oct. 25. He was doctor of divinity 
and minister of the Presbyterian church in French 
Creek, Upshur Co., W, V. 

782. Louisa, b. 1810, Mar. 26; m. James McAvoy, 

1831, July 21. 

783. Mehitable Sophronia, b. 1812, Nov. 17 ; m. Edwin 

Phillips, 1830, Apr. 22. 

784. Freeman Fairfield, b. 1815, Feb. 28; d. 1827, 

Aug. 26. 



182 



428 
Nathan 6 Gould, son of Nathan 5 , m. 1. Esther | 
Alden [d. 1826], a sister of Barnabas Aldent 
(No. 424); 2. Cemantha (Phillips), wid. of! 
Martin Burr of W. Va. He went to Virginia in 
1816 with his father, — his brothers having pre- j 
ceded him; thence to Albion, 111. Children by 
his first wife, Esther : — 
785.. Martha, b. 1802, July 24; m. 1824, Jan. 27, j 
Cyrus Rice. 

786. Elizabeth b. 1804, Dec. 10 ; m. Eev. Butler I 

and moved to Minnesota. 

787. Joel, b. 1806, Nov. 17 ; moved to Minnesota. 

788. Julia, b. 1808, Dec. 31. 

789. Freeman, b. 1810, Apr. 4 ; m. Dorcas Ward. 

790. Nathan, b. 1813, Aug. 24; m. Taylor, of 

Hawley; d. 1868, Aug. 17. 

791. Gilbert, b. 1815, Oct. 20; d. set. 5 yrs. 

429 
Gilbert 6 Gould, son of Nathan 5 , m. 1803, Mehit- I 
able Taylor [b. 1780, June 1, and d. 1858, Mar. 
16]. He was living, in 1872, at French Creek, 
Upshur Co., W. Va., having moved from Charle- I 
mont in 1811. The whole family were loyal to 
their country throughout the rebellion, though j 
bitterly persecuted. None ever owned a slave. 
Children : — 

792. Eliza, b. 1803, Oct. 31 ; d. 1840, July 31. 

793. Chandler, b. 1805, July 25; d. 1829, Sept. 20. 

794. Laura, b. 1807, June 16 ; m. Dr. Brooks of Hali- | 

fax; d. 1855, Aug. 21. 

795. Dwight J., b. 1810, Nov. 28 ; d. 1811, Aug. 17. 



183 

796. Harriet, b. 1812, May 29. 

797. Gilbert Taylor, b. 1814, July 15 ; m. dau. of 

John Loomis. 

798. Dwight B., b. 1817, Sept. 23. 

799. Mandana, b. 1820, Mar. 12. 

800. Benjamin, b. 1822, Mar. 10. 

801. Ashley, b. 1824, Apr. 13. 

802. A daughter who lived but a few hours. 

430 

Samuel 6 Gould, son of Eli 5 , m. Gates. Chil- 
dren : — 

803. Daniel. 804. Ernest. 805. Betsey. 
806. Samuel. 807. Sally. 808. Stillman. 
809. Daniel. 810. Mi. 811. Mary. 

466 

tJoHN 6 Derth Gould, son of Asa 5 , m. in Colden, 
Erie Co., N. Y., 1820, May 7, Hannah Buffum 
[b. 1800, July 24, and d. 1856, May 18]. Chil- 
dren : — 

812. Asahel Lewis, b. 1821, Jan. 30; m. 1860, Nov., 

Susan A. Wall. 

813. Amos Wheeler, b. 1822, Nov. 26 ; m. 1852, Apr. 

22, Caroline A. Cornell. 

814. Sylvester Erwin Wesley, b. 1825, May 10; unm. ; 

d. 1846, Dec, 20. 

815. Joseph Cornelius, b. 1827, Nov. 11 ; m. 1853, Apr. 

10, Angelina Dalby. 

816. Lois Catherine, b. 1830, Nov. 15; m. 1856, Oct., 

Rufus Greene. 

817. A son,b. 1832, Jan. 30; d. 1832, March 2. 

818. Mary Cornelia, b. 1834, Dec. 28 ; m. 1858, Dec. 

28, Henry L. Baker, Colden, N. Y. 



184 

819. Oliver Perry, b. 1837, Nov. 17; m. 1867, Jan. 1, 

Augusta Calkins. 

820. Linus Murray, b. 1840, Mar. 6 ; d. 1841, Mar. 11. 

821. Emily Versalia, b. 1842, Apr. 13 ; m. 1865, Aug. 

26, Aaron Cook of Metaniora, Mich. [d. 1866, 
May 18]. 

822. Albert Byron, b. 1845. Jan 3. 

470 
Asa 6 Gould, son of Asa 5 , m. 1. Mar., 1824, Sally 
Smith [d. 1857, July 21] ; 2. 1858, June 17, 
Phebe Wood [born 1821, Mar. 2]. Children:— 

823. Percy, b. 1825, Mar. 5; d. an infant. 

824. Elias R., b. 1828, Nov. 8; m. 1854, Jan. II 

Amanda E. Scott. 

825. Sylvanus, b. 1832, Jan. 1 ; d. 1834, Aug. 7. 

826. Smith A., b. ISM, May 28; m. 1. Irene King, 

1854, Mar. 18 ; 2. Lucy B. King, 1859, Jan. 20. 

827. Joseph K., b. 1837, Nov. 16; unm. 1869; lives 

in Crow Wing, Minn. 

828. Sophia B., b. 1843, Sept. 23; d. 1846, Apr. 1. 

473 

Cornelius 6 R. Gould, son of Asa 5 , m. Nancy M. 
Folsom [b. 1813, Oct, 26]. Children:— 

829. Lucinda A., b. Colden, N. Y., 1835, Jan. 16; m. 

1858, Mar. 25, B. B. Hamilton, Wayne, Wis. 

830. Wesley, b. Colden, N. Y., 1836, Sept. 7 ; d. 1857, 

May 7. 

831. Maria L., b. Colden, N. Y., 1838, Dec. 6; m. 

1858, Oct. 31, Edmund P. Spokesfield, Wayne, 
Wis. 

832. Ellen E., b. Colden, N. Y., 1841, June 2. 

833. John F., b. Boston, N. Y., 1845, April 13. 



185 

834. Oretta A., b. 1848, July 23; d. 1850, May 17, at 

Waterloo, Wis. 

474 

Sylvanus 6 Owen Gould, son of Asa 5 , m. 1841, Oct. 
5, Mariette Bacon [b. May 7, 1820] ; is a lawyer 
in Buffalo. Children : — 

835. Emma Mariette, b. 1844, Dec. 7 ; m. 1866, Aug. 

23, George D. Kellogg. 

836. Sylvester Onslow, b. 1850, June. 27. 

(D.) TEIBE OF ZACCHEUS. 
476 

Amos 6 Gould, of Ipswich, son of John 5 , m. 1. 1797, 
Apr. 6, Mary Herrick [d. 1825, July] ; 2. 1826, 
Dec. 25, Nelly Hood. His first wife was dau. of 
Samuel Herrick of Danvers [b. 1745, Feb. 14, 
and m. 1767, Nov. 19, Elizabeth Flint of Bead- 
ing. Children by his first wife, Mary : — 

837. Amos, b. 1800, Aug. 6 ; m. 1. 1822, Lavinia Dodge 

of Hamilton; 2. Angeline Porter. 

838. Betsey, b. 1802, Oct. 16; m. Capt. Daniel Patch; 

wid. in 1851. 

839. Mary, b. 1804, Sept. 12; m. Willard Smith of 

Topsfield ; had three children, one of whom is 
dead. 

840. Cynthia, m. Henry Hubbard and lives in Clare- 

mont, N. H. 

841. Asahel Huntington, b. 1813, May 26; d. 1825, 

June 16. 

842. Samuel H., b. 1814, Dec. 19; m. 1840, Nov. 26, 

Abigail S. Foster. 

843. John J., b. 1817, Jan. 27 ; m. Laura French. 



186 

844. Caroline A., b. 1818, Aug. 14; m. Abraham Rog- 

ers of Claremout. 

845. Charlotte A., b. 1820, Aug. 21 ; d. 1821, Oct. 30. 
No children by second marriage. 

480 
Lydia 6 , d. of John 5 Gould, m. 1808, Aug. 14, Sam- 
uel C. Todd [b. 1783, Apr. 23, at Peterboro, N. 
H.], son of Solomon and Elizabeth (Wallace) 
Todd. Children :— 

846. Elizabeth, b. 1810, Feb. 4; m. 1840, Theodore 

D. Billings. 

847. Lydia, b. 1811, Apr. 15; m. 1847, Oct. 24, John 

Sewall Annable. 

848. Samuel, b. 1812, Oct. 15 ; m. 1838, Oct. 3, Har- 

riet Lucinda Chase. 

849. Alathea Huntington, b. 1814, July 15 ; m. 1836, 

Nov. 26, Henry M. Bubier of Lynn. 

850. John, b. 1817, Apr. 4; m. 1849, Dec. 11, Lucinda 

Wilder. 

851. Esther P., b. 1818, Dec. 7; m. 1849, Sept. 15, 

Ebenezer F. Gay of Dedham. 

852. Mary W., b. 1821, Nov. 17; m. 1844, Oct. 31, 

Samuel M. Bubier of Lynn. 

853. Ruth G.,b. 1823, May 19; m. 1843, June 29, 

Allison H. Palmer. 

854. Benjamin, b. 1824, Oct. 8 ; m. 1845, Nov., Cyrene 

Byron. 

855. Mehitable, b. 1828, Feb. 17. 

856. Asahel H., b. 1830, Oct. 13. 

481 
John 6 Gould, son of Dea. John 5 , m. 1818, Nov. 4, 
Harriet 6 (No. 557), dau. of Joseph and Ruth 



»187 
Gould, and wid. of Smith of Byficld. Chil- 
dren : — 

857. John Addison Brown, b. 1819, May 16; d. 1819, 

Dec. 24. 

858. John Addison Porter, b. 1820, Nov. 16. 

859. Harriet Augusta, b. 1822, Dec. 21 ; m. 1840, 

Mar., in Newbury, William F. Sumner of Dan- 
vers. 






483 

John 6 Flagg Gould, son of Benjamin 5 , m. 1. in 
Portland, 1803, Dec. 15, Mary Turner of Lewis- 
ton [b. 1786, d. at Newburyport, 1813, Apr. 7] ; 
2. 1818, Feb. 13, Jane Louisa, dau. of Nathan 
Burr and Jane Lorimer Graham. Children by 
his first wife, Mary : — 

860. Benjamin, b. 1804, Dec. 4; d. 1805, Sept. 7. 

861. Mary Elizabeth, b. 1806, Sept. 24, at Topsfield; 

unmarried. 

862. Sally, b. 1808, June 23, at Newburyport; d. 1810, 

Oct. 12. 
By his second wife, Jane : — 

863. John Flagg, b. 18.19, June 1, in New 'York City; 

d. 1820, Aug. 10. 

864. Elizabeth Boyd, b. 1820, Dec. 30, in New York 

City ; m. Alex Kelsey. 

865. Jane Louisa Graham, b. 1823, Feb. 9, in New 

York City; cl. 1827, May 30. 

485 
Esthek 6 , dau. of Benjamin 5 Gould, m. 1806, Jan. 7, 
Henry Weld Fuller, of Augusta, Me. [b. 1784, 
Jan. 1; d. 1841, Jan 29], Judge of Probate for 
Kennebec Co. Children : — 



188 

866. Frederic Augustus, b. 1806, Oct. 5; d. 1849, Jan. 

29; m. 1. Catharine M., dau. of Hon. Nathan 
Weston of Augusta; 2. 1839, Margaret C. God- 
frey of Orono. 

867. Louisa Sophia, b. 1808, March 12 ; m. 1832, Sept. 

2, Samuel E. Smith of Wiscasset, Governor of 
Maine. 

868. Henry Weld, b. 1810, Jan. 12; m. 1835, Nov. 10, 

Mary S., dau. of Nathaniel Goddard, of Boston. 

869. Martha Elizabeth, b. 1812, June 12; m. 1834, 

Sept. 21, Joseph G. Moody of Augusta and Bos- 
ton. 

870. Caroline Weld, b. 1815, Jan. 3; m. 1835, June 5, 

Isaac Farrar of Bangor. 

871. Benjamin Apthorp Gould, b. 1818, May 23 ; mi 

1843, Apr. 27, Harriet S., dau. of Hon. Daniel 
Williams of Augusta, Me. 

872. Lucretia Goddard, b. 1824, Aug. 9 ; m. 1849, 

Dec. 27, Joseph K. Clark of Wiscasset. 

486 
Benjamin 6 Apthorp Gould, son of Capt. Benja- 
min 5 , m. 1823, Dec. 2, Lucretia D., [b. 1798, 
Apr. 17], dau. of Nath'l and Lucretia D. God- 
dard. He graduated from Harvard College in 
1814, was Principal of the Boston Latin School 
till 1824, and afterwards engaged in commerce. 
Children : — 

873. Benjamin Apthorp, b. 1824, Sept. 27 ; m. 1861, 

Oct. 29, Mary A., dau. of Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr. 

874. Nathaniel Goddard, b. 1827, Apr. 4. 

875. Lucretia Goddard, b. 1831, June 14; m. 1859, 

Oct. 22, Rev. George E. Ellis, D. D., of Charles- 
town ; d. 1869, July 6. 






189 



876. Louisa Goddard, b. 1834, Jan. 13 ; m. 1866, Dec. 

6, Horace McMurtrie of Boston. 

489 

Elizabeth 6 , clau. of Benjamin 5 Gould, m. 1819, 
June 19, Antonio Kapallo. Children : — 

877. Jane Louisa, b. 1820, July 21 ; m. John C. Hen- 

derson of N. Y. 

878. Charles Antonio, b. 1823, Sept. 15 ; m. Helen, 

dau. of Bradford Sumner, of Boston. 

499 

Jedediah 6 Gould, son of Eliezer 5 , m. 1. 1785, 
Sept. 22, Hannah Stearns ; 2. 1815, July 23, Ada 
Barnes. Children by his first wife Hannah : — 

879. Polly, 

880. Rufus, m. 1. Lucina P. Martin; 2. Widow Milly 

Taft. 

881. Abigail, m. 1825, George Wade. 
By his second wife, Ada :— 

882. Marvel Follett, lives at Blackstone, Mass. 

883. Sally, d. before 1827. 

505 

Eliezer 6 Gould, son of Eliezer 5 , m. 1. Eunice 
Smith; 2. 1804, July 29, Comfort Darling/ 
Children : — 

884. Ezra, b. 1800; d. at Millbury. 885. Arvila. 

886. Sally, b. 1804, Nov. 24; m. Read of Lud- 
low, Yt. 

887. Lewis, b. 1806, May 30 ; lives in Wisconsin. 

888. William, b. 1808, Apr. 9. 

889. Rachel, b. 1810, Apr. 7. 

890. Hannah, b. 1812, Apr. 27. 



190 

891. Jedediah Bigelow, b. 1814, Mar. 11. 

506 

Jason 6 Gould, sou of Eliezer 5 m. 1806, Nov. 13, 
Huldah Cummings. Children : — 

892. Parley, b. 1807, Sept. 17; m. 1832, Oct. 29, 

Betsey T. Chapin. 

893. Sylvester, b. 1810, Sept. 22; m. 1835, June 1, 

Julia A. Aldrich. 

507 
Daniel 6 Gould, son of Eliezer 5 , m. 1808, Jan. 13, 
Hannah Houghton. Children : — 

894. Betsey. 895. Phebe. 896. George. 897. Eliezer. 
898. Louisa. 899. Erastus. 900. Tryphena. 

510 

Elizabeth 6 , dau. of Zaccheus 5 Gould, m. 1. 1804, 
Mar. 15, Daniel Boardman ; 2. 1823, May, Arte- 
mas W. Perley ; died 1827, Sept. Her husband 
married, 1833, Feb. 28, Huldah 6 Gould (No. 
511), and died 1862, Jan. 6. Children by first 
marriage : — 

901. Elizabeth, m. Samuel Janes of Topsfield. 

902. Nancy, m. Samuel Goodale of Boxford. 
r 903. Daniel, m. Mehitable Nelson of Georgetown. 

By second marriage : — 

904. Huldah, b. 1825, Mar. 20 ; d. 1844, Dec. 7. 

905. Charles Greenleaf, b. 1827, June 14; d. 1832, 

Nov. 7. 

512 

Zaccheus 6 Gould of Topsfield, son of Zaccheus 6 , 
m. 1812, Nov. 2, Anne [b. 1795, July 29], dau. 
of John and Ruth 5 (No. 136) (Gould) Hood, 



191 

and granddaughter of Daniel 4 Gould (No. 47). 
Children : — 

906. Anna, b. 1813, June 24; m. 1845, Apr. 14, John 

B. Lake; had one child; died 1846, June 9. 

907. Zaccheus, b. 1815, Apr. 3; m. 1837, July 31, 

Elizabeth Thomas. 

908. Adeline B., b. 1817, Feb. 28; m. 1835, June 18, 

Timothy M. Phillips. 

909. Rebecca, b. 1819, Apr. 28; m. 1840, Feb. 29, 

John Brown Lake ; d. 1843, Aug. 12. 

910. Emily, b. 1821, Apr. 5 ; m. 1844, Feb. 14, Moses 

B. Home. 

911. John Hood, b. 1824, Jan. 30; m. 1854, June 29, 

Mary F. Revere. 

912. Elizabeth, b. 1826, June 28; d. 1827, Nov. 13. 

913. Humphrey, b. 1829, Oct. 13 ; m. Sarah A. Pea- 

body, 1854, Sept. 24; d. 1856, Nov. 12. 
514. Elizabeth, b. 1832, Jan. 8; m. 1853, Nov. 29, 
Charles Winslow. 

915. Wm. H. Harrison, b. 1837, June 25 ; m. Sarah 

Stone, 1862, Aug. 21. 

514 

John 6 Gould, son of Zaccheus 5 , m. 1820, May 4, 
' Polly Curtis ; they lived in Cavendish, Vt. Chil- 
dren : — 

916. John, b. 1821, May 4 ; d. 1822, June 18. 

917. Rodney Dennis, b. 1822, Oct. 26 ; m. 1845, May 

8, Miriam Dinsmore ; d. 1857, May 13. 

918. Mary Ann, b. 1825, Aug. 10; d. 1827, Apr. 2. 

919. John, b. 1827, July 28 ; m. Orpha Buck. 

920. Francis, b. 1829, Jan. 3 ; m. Laura 

921. Alfred, b. 1830, Aug. 26 ; d. 1834, Aug. 24. 

922. Mary Eliza, b. 1831, Oct. 31; d. 1834, Aug. 25. 



192 



923. Humphrey, b. 1833, Apr. 16 ; m. Catherine Cram. 

924. Helen Augusta, b. 1836, Jan. 8; d. 1850, Sept. 7. 

925. Stella, b. 1837, Feb. 11 ; m. 1862, June 19, Charles | 

Demmons, of Rowe, Mass. 

926. Harriet Elizabeth, b. 1840, Aug. 10; m. Hiland 

Hicks and lives in Perkins ville. 

515 

Humphrey 6 Gould, son of Zaccheus 5 , m. 1827, | 
June 11, Electa Haynes [b. 1800, June 5] ; a ! 
physician in Rowe, Mass. Children: — 

927. Electa Haynes, b. 1828, Aug. 15 ; m. 1854, Aug. 

15, Win. A. Hicks. 

928. Hannah, b. 1836, Dec. 18; m. 1866, March 19, j 

Edward Wright, of Rowe. 

516 

Eliezer 6 Gould, son of Zaccheus 5 , m. 1821, Sept. 

16, Abigail Brown of Danvers [b. 1797, July I 
1]. Children :-r- 

929. Albert Augustus, b. 1823, Sept. 18, at Haverhill; | 

m. 1. 1851, Jan. 14, Abigail Derby; 2. ; \ 

lives in Portland. 

930. Leverett Franklin, b. 1827, Nov. 24; m. 1859, ' 

Nov. 17, Martha Aldrich. 

931. Mary Eliza, b. 1831, Feb. 2 ; d. 1832, July 9. 

932. Eliza Mary, b. 1833, July 14 ; m. Charles Foss. 

933. Harriet Augusta, b. 1836, Oct. 5 ; d. 1841, Mar. 10. j 

934. Warren Austin, b. 1840, July 2 ; d. 1841, May. 

521 

Aholiab 6 Gould, son of John 5 , m. Jane Sears. I 
Children :— 

935. Otis, had William and other sons. 



193 

936. Jane, m. Boyd. 

522 

Silas 6 Gould, son of John 5 , m. Betsey, dau. of 

Johnson, and widow of his brother Enos 6 

Gould (No. 518). Lived in Dover, Vt. Chil- 
dren : — 

937. Alvin, b. 1804, July 17; in. Hannah Perry; d. 

1849, Apr. 9. 

938. John P., b. 1806, Sept. 27 ; m. Harriet A. Lazelle. 

939. Sally, b. 1808, Dec. 9 ; m. Gershom Rice of Dover, 

Vt. ; d. 1863, Aug. 19. 

940. Lucy, b. 1811, Oct. 5 ; m. John Howard of Dover, 

Vt. ; d. 1841, Feb. 3. 

941. Olive, b. 1814, Feb. 17 ; m. Jonas Haven of Hali- 

fax, Vt. ; living 1869. 

942. Lois, b. 1817, May 3; m. Wm. Bailey, of New- 

fane, Vt. ; d. 1846, Oct. 29. 

943. Esther A., b. 1823, Nov. 20; d. 1840, May 18. 

527 

Benjamin 6 Gould, son of Ebenezer 5 , m. Olive Jeph- 
erson. Children: — 

944. Willard. 945. Chester. 

946. Judson, lives in Douglas. 

947. Emma Ann. 948. Aaron. 

1528 
David 6 Gould, son of Ebenezer 5 , m. 1813, Mar. 20, 
Mary T. Pidge of Providence [d. 1856, Mar. 9] ; 
moved to New York City in 1831. Children : — 

949. Amie Ann, b. 1814, Mar. 20; d. 1837, May 25. 

950. Emetine, b. 1815, Nov. 15; m. 1835, Dec. 30, 

David Pearsall; d. 1860, Oct 12. 

13 



194 

951. David Henry, b. 1817, Aug. 12; m. 1844, July 1, 

Mary Valentine. 

952. Mary, b. 1819, Dec. 15 ; d. 1821, July 2. 

532 

Comfort 6 Gould, son of Ebenezer 5 , m. in Douglas, 
1821, Apr. 1, Charlotte Carpenter [b. 1798, 
Dec. 7]. Children:— 

953. Sheldon B., b. 1821, Nov. 18; m. 1842, June 9, 

Lucy D. Peasley. 

954. Elizabeth (7., b. 1824, July 31, in Douglas; m. 

1841, Oct. 3, at Northbridge, Warren F. Keel- 
field, of Claremont, "N. H. ; lives at Dedham. 

955. Ebenezer, b. 1826, Aug. 9, at Northbridge; m. 1. 

1846, Apr. 14, Abby S. Stevens ; 2. 1850, Sept. 
19, Eliza J. Stevens ; lives at Dedham. 

956. Abigail Aim, b. 1829, Feb. 23, m. 1848, Nov. 27, 

at Woousocket, Win. H. Blakeley of N. Adams, 
Mass. ; lives in Worcester. 

957. Charlotte C, b. 1831, Aug. 12, at Willington, 

Conn. ; m. 1849, April 16, at Woousocket, 
Charles A. Sibley. 

958. Philetus Woodruff, b. 1834, May 21; m. 1857, 

Clarinda Adams. 

959. Mary A., b. 1836, Aug. 14, at Northbridge; m. 

1858, June 21, at Hopedale, Mass., Anson A. 
Wheelock of Mendon ; they lived in Woonsocket. 

960. Charles T., b. 1839, Apr. i; d. 1841, Mar 24. 

961. Charles, b. 1841, July 12 ; d. 1845, Apr. 4. 

962. Thomas (7., b. 1844, Feb. 28, at Northbridge; d. 

1848, Mar. 9, at Woonsocket. 

533. 

Joiin 6 Gould, son of Ebenezer, 5 m. 1. Ann Eliza 



195 

Whiting, 1823, Oct. 6 [d. 1828, May 12] ; m. 
2. Susan Pierce, 1829, Apr. 12. 

963. John, b. 1824, Aug. 17 ; d. 1824, Aug. 30. 

964. John, b- 1826, March 15. 

965. Ann Eliza, b. 1827, May 29; m. W. R. Arnold, 

1846, Apr. 30 ; [he d. 1850, Oct. 5] ; one child, 
Eliza Jane, b. 1847, Feb. 22. 

966. George, b. 1832, June 22; d. 1832, Oct. 11. 

967. George Washington, b. 1837, May 29;* d. 1841, 

Aug. 24. 

968. Mary Arnold, b. 1836, Nov. 27 ; m. Lewis Vaughan, 

1857, Jan. 8. One child, Jno. Lewis, b. 1858, 
Nov. 15. 

969. Susan, b. 1842, June 5 ; m. Wm. Harris, 1870, 

Oct. 18. 

535 

Amos 6 Gould, son of Ebenezer 5 , m. Polly Read. 
Children : — 

970. Andrew Jackson. 971. Ebenezer. 

972. Anna Cook. 973. Charles. 974. Amos. 

536 
Ebenezer 6 Gould of Providence, son of Ebenezer 5 , 
m. 1827, Oct. 1, Ruth H. Bishop of Providence 
[b. 1807, Dec. 23]. They went to New York 
City in 1836, and returned in 1844. Children : — 
975. Freder-ic Lockwood, b. 1828, July 8; m. 1855, 
June 11, Lydia M. Luther of Warren, R. I. 
! 976. Amelia C, b. 1830, Feb. 26; d. 1834. 
I 977. Edward JSTelson, b. 1833, Dec. 25 ; d. 1835. 
I 978. Edward JSTelson, b. 1836, Dec. 26 ; m. Marcena 
Le valley. 
979. Amelia Augusta, b. 1839, Apr. 5 ; m. Miles B. 
Lawson, 1861. 



196 

980. Wm. Henry, b. 1846, Aug. 26; d. 1850. 

981. Emma H, b. 1849, Nov. 18 ; d. 1850. 

537 
William 6 Gould, sou of Ebenezer 5 , m. 1834, Dec. 
4, Mary A. Durfee, of Providence ; moved to Tol- 
land, Conn, in 1856, and, in 1864, to Auburn, 
Mass. Children : — 

982. b. 1837, Feb 14; d. same day. 

983. William C, b. 1838, Dec. 23; cl. 1839, Jan. 27. 

984. Hannah Anne, b. 1840, Aug. 5 ; m. 1865, Dec. 28, 

Wm. H. Skinner. 

985. Mary Jane, b. 1843, May 22 ; d. 1845, Aug. 5. 

986. William Edwin, b. 1845, May 22 ; d. 1847, Sept. 6. 

987. Elisha A., b. 1847, July 29. 

988. Emma Jane, b. 1850, July 8. 

989. Henry, b. 1853, June 17. 






(E.) TRIBE OF JOSEPH. 

546 

Daniel 6 Gould, of Boxford, son of Daniel 5 , m. 
Lydia Batchelder. Children : — 

990. Sarah Bradstreet, b. 1833, June 28. 

991. Alary Ann, b. 1835, Mar. 19. 

992. Daniel Emerson, b. 1837, Apr. ; d. 1838, Feb. 27. 

993. Martha Jane, b. i840, June 5. 

994. Lydia Helen, b. 1843, June 16. 

552 

Joseph 6 Porter Gould, of Middletown, sou of Cor- 
nelius 5 m. 1826, Apr. 23, Lucy M. [b. 1806, 
May 29], dau. of Oliver P. Peabody. Chil- 
dren : — 



197 

995. Clarissa Holt, b. 1827, Feb. 23 ; d. 1848, Sept. 16. 

996. Augustus Peabody, b. 1828, Oct. 21; d. 1848, 

Sept. 27. 

997. Porter Irwin, b. 1830, Aug. 1 ; m. 1859, Sept. 21, 

Mary E. Peabody. 

998. George Waldo, b. 1832, March 21; d. 1848, Sept. 

18. 

999. Lucy Maria, b. 1835, Oct. 7; m. 1854, Nov. 16, 

Andrew Frame. 

1000. Sarah Isabella, b. 1842, Nov. 30. 

554 
Barzillai 6 Gould, son of Cornelius 5 , m. Buth Ave- 
rill of Middleton. He died 1848, Oct. 24, and 
his wid. married, 2. John Gillingham, of Brad- 
ford, N. H. Children :— 

1001. Mary Elizabeth, b. 1836, May 7; m. 1853, Dec. 
. 4, W. Morrill Peabody. 

1002. Charles Merrill, b. 1838, Apr. 8 ; d. 1862, Dec. 8. 

555 

Henry 6 Augustus Gould, son of Cornelius 5 , m. 
1837, Mar. 30, Sarah Batchelder of N. Beading 
[b. 1815, Sept. 21]. Children:— 

1003. Henry E., b. 1838, Feb. 27; m. 1861, Jan. 1, 

Sarah C. Mason. 

1004. Sarah A. J., b. 1839, Aug. 18 ; m. 1858, Apr. 3, 

Benj. A. Eaton [b. 1835, Sept. 23; d. 1864, 
May 4] ; one child, Ella A. was b. 1864, May 30. 

1005. Augustus, b. 1842, Oct. 26; d. 1842, Oct. 31. 

1006. Theodore F., b. 1846, Mar. 20; m. 1867, Oct. 9, 

Jennie H. Metcalf, of Highgate, Yt. [b. 1847, 
Apr. 6]. 

1007. MarJc F., b. 1849, Apr. 3. 



198 

1008. Ella H., b. 1853, Oct. 23 ; d. 1856, Aug. 2. 

1009. Ira P., b. 1856, Mar. 16; d. 1856, Mar. 20. 

1010. Ida P., b. 1856, Mar. 16. 

1011. Milo H., b. 1858, Feb. 22. 

1012. Asa T., b. 1860, Aug. 26. 

556 

Emerson 6 Gould, son of Cornelius 5 , m. 1839, May 

30, Harriet Batchelder [b. 1820, Dec. 29]. He 
lived in Keading, as do his children. Children : — 

1013. Harriet Maria, b. 1841, June 16; m. 1859, Nov. 

17, James A. Bancroft [b. 1834, June 23] ; two 
children, Harvey Ames, b. 1864, Nov. 4, and 
• Addie Maria, b. 1867, Oct. 14. 

1014. Annis Amelia, b. 1843, June 2 ; m. 1860, Dec. 

19, Parker Nichols [b. 1839, April 7]. A son, 
Albion Gould Nichols [b. 1861, Aug. 9]. 

1015. Mary Susan, b. 1846, Aug. 14; m. 1868, June 

25, Daniel Putnam [b. 1812, Apr. 14]. 

1016. George Emerson, b. 1848, Sept. 6. 

566 

Jonathan 6 Porter Gould, son of Joseph 5 ,* m. 1840, 
Nov. 26, Mary Emily Munday [b. 1821]. Chil- 
dren : — 

1017. Wm. Porter, b. 1842, Aug. 22; d. 1844, Feb. 3. 

1018. Mary Emily, b. 1845, Sept. 24. 

1019. Wm. Porter, b. 1850, Oct. 16. 

1020. Susan Ohoate, b. 1857, Feb. 7. 

1021. Elizabeth Porter, b. 1860, June 27 ; d. 1867, Sept. 

10. 

568 

Ariel 6 H. Gould, son of Joseph 5 , m. 1843, Jan. 

31, Augusta Munday. Children : — 



199 

1022. William M., b. 1845, Mar. 1 ; d. 1853, Feb. 16. 

1023. Harriet Augusta, b. 1854, Apr. 11. 

1024. Nellie Adeline, b. I860,' Aug. 7. 



SEVENTH GENERATION. 

(A.) TEIBE OF JOHN. 

570 

Elijah 7 Gould of Hillsboro, N. H., son of Stephen 6 , 

m. 1. ; 2. 1823, Sept. 18, Hannah Chapman 

of Windsor. Children by first wife : — 

1025. Franklin, b. 1805, Oct. 29 ; unmarried. 

1026. David, b. 1807, Sept. 3 ; m. Hannah Chandler, 

lives in Hillsboro. 

1027. Nancy, b. 1810, Mar. 30; m. 1835, May 25, 

Luke McClintock. 
By second wife, Hannah : — 

1028. Hannah L., b. 1825, Nov. 27 ; m. 1849, Oct. 18, 

Reuben N. Colburn, of Antrim; one daughter, 
Emily E. Gould, b. 1850, Sept. 28. 

1029. Louisa, b. 1827, Mar. 20; d. 1828, Jan. 1. 

1030. Elijah Fuller, b. 1828, Oct. 17 ; m. 1854, Nov. 

28, Elizabeth J. Duncklee [b. 1831, Oct. 17, at 
Danversport] . 

1031. Leonard Page, b. 1829, Apr. ; m. Sarah E Cool- 

idge. 

1032. Emily L., b. 1835, July 21. 

1033. Luther Adelbert, b. 1832, Apr. 16. 

572 
Abner 7 Gould, of Hillsboro, son of Stephen 6 m. 
Almira Codman. They had one child : — 



200 

1034. Elizabeth, m. Marshall Miller, and lives in Ver- 

mont. 

573 

Timothy 7 Gould, of Hillsboro, N. H., son of 
Stephen 6 , m. 1815, Clarissa Bradford. Chil- 
ren : — 

1035. Leonora Bradford, b. 1816, June 17 ; m. 1837, 

June, Walter McKean, of Nashua. 

1036. Henry Chandler, b. 1818, June 19; m. Elvira 

Way of Bradford. 

1037. John Milton, b. 1821, June 5; m. Catherine Fly 

of Rockland, Maine. 

1038. Thaddeus Fuller, b. 1824, June 5 ; d. 1826, Sept. 
• 11. 

1039. Frederic William, b. 1827, Sept. 11; m. Eliza, 

dan. of Ainmi Smith. 

574 

Thaddeus 7 Gould, son of Stephen 6 , in. 1821, June 
24, Mary Ann, dau. of Sam'l Hichborn. Came 
to Boston in 1812. Children : — 

1040. Mary Ann, b. 1822; m. 1852, Emery, and 

lives in Washington, D. C. 

1041. Thaddeus, b. 1824, Mar. 21; m. 1847, Martha 
*M., dau. of Josiah Ober ; has three children. 

1042. Eliza Cook, b. 1826. 

1043. Edward, b. 1828 ; d. 1839. 

1044. George H., b. 1830, Aug; m. 1855, Apr. 26, 

Harriet, dau. of Abner Knight, of E. Boston. 

1045. Clarissa Bradford, b. 1834. 1046. Emily. 

576 
Jonathan 7 Gould of Henniker, N. EL, son of Ste- 
phen 6 , m. Sabra Booth. Children: — 



201 

1047. Judson, m. Persis Hartshorn. 

1048. Wm. Booth. 1049. Edward Bruce. 

580 

I Jacob 7 Gould, son of Jacob 6 , m. 1. 1815, Aug. 15, 
Ruby Swan, [b. 1793, Mar. 24; d. 1840, Nov. 
30] ; 2. 1841, Sept. 21, Sarah T. Seward [b. 1804, 
June 4. He moved to Rochester, N. Y., about 
1820; was Mayor of the city and Major General 
of the militia. Children : — 

1050. Susan, b. 1817, Dec. 4; d. 1821, Feb. 

1051. Caroline, b. 1819, May 4; m. Henry Benton, 

1843, June 6. 

1052. Susan, b. 1821, Sept. 10; m. Henry A. Tilden, 

1844, June 27. 

1053. Rhoda S., b. 1823, Nov. 1 ; d. 1827, Feb. 

1054. Jacob, b. 1825, June 1 ; d. 1825, July. 

1055. Jacob S., b. 1826, Sept. 6 ; m. Elizabeth Johnson, 

1849, Jan. 31. 

1056. George Clinton, b. 1829, Jan. 15 ; d. 1829, June 28. 

1057. Ruby, b. 1830, May 5 ; d. 1830, July 17. 

1058. Sarah Ruby, b. 1842, July 6; m. Dr. Chas. E. 

Simmons, 1865, June 29. 

1059. Seward F., b. 1844, Oct. 4; m. Alice E. Hart, 

1868, Jan. 9. 

1060. Anna J., b. 1846, Nov. 10. 

590 

Josiah 7 Gould, son of Joshua 6 , m. 1796, Dec. 1, 
Tamsen Higgins. Children : — 

1061. Joshua, bapt. Eastham, 1800. 

1062. Josiah, bapt. Eastham, 1800. 



202 



593 

Nathaniel 7 Gould, son of Joshua 6 , m. 1. 1806, 

Hannah Knowles of Eastham ; 2. Mary . 

Children : — 

1063. Jonathan, b. 1807, Mar. 6; m. 1831, Dec. 31, 

Sally Crosby of Orleans; d. 1849, Sept. 23. 

1064. Mary, b. 1809, Nov. 28. 

1065. Nathaniel, b. 1811, Nov. 23; m. 1835, Dec. 24, 

Hannah K. Crosby; d. 1856. 

1066. Joseph K., b. 1813, Feb. 2; m. 1. 1837, Dec. 28, 

Susan N. Jarvis ; 2. 1840, Nov. 12, Terapa B. 
(Young), wid. of Freeman Knowles. 

1067. Franklin, b. 1816, July 16; in. 1. 1837, Sept. 

13, Eliz. N. Linnell ; 2. 1844, Mar. 21, Jerusha 
Knowles. 

1068. Joshua, b. 1818, Aug. 12; d. 1838, Nov. 20. 

1069. Hannah Knowles, b. 1820, Aug. 3; m. 1843, 

Jan. 8, Joseph Paine of Brewster. 

1070. Sally W., b. 1822, Sept. 8; m. 1843, May 4, 

Willard Rogers ; d. 1850. 

1071. Benjamin, b. 1824, Jan. 22; m. 1848, Tamsen 

Knowles. 

1072. Nancy, b. 1828, Nov. 8; m. Bangs Nickerson of 

Boston. 

594 

Thomas 7 Gould, son of Joshua 6 , m. Thankful Hurcl. 
Children : — 

1073. Clement, b. 1811, Sept. 13; m. 1837, Fanny 

Snow; d. 1855. 

1074. Rebecca, b. 1817, Dec. 3; m. 1840, Oct. 27, 

Davis Hurd. 

1075. Thankful, b. 1§22, Apr. 3. 



203 

1076. Eliza C, b. 1826; m. 1850, Oct. 14, Simeon 

Mayo. 

1077. Thomas, b. 1828; m. 1853, Hannah Smith. 

597 
John 7 Gould, son of John 6 , m. 1797, Feb. 16, 
Joanna [b. 1773; d. 1855, Nov. 26], dau. of 
Sam'l Higgins. Children : — 

1078. Polly, b. 1797, Apr. 23; m. 1. 1820, Feb. 3, 

Amasa Taylor ; 2. Hatsell Freeman. 

1079. Joanna, b. 1798, Sept. 17; m. 1821, Aug. 9, 

Joshua Higgins. 

1080. Thomas, b. 1801, May 8. 

1081. Joseph, b. 1803, July 20; iram. 1860. 

1082. Sally, b. 1807, Aug. 27; m. 1830, Nov. 20, 

Waters Taylor. 

1083. Eliza, b. 1809, July 27 ; m. 1829, Apr. 16, Alvan 

Smith. 

1084. Phebe, b. 1810, June 15 ; m. 1834, Seneca Hig- 

gins. 

1085. John, b. 1814, Jan. 22; unm. 1860. 

1086. Patty, b. 1815, Apr. 22; m. 1837, Sept. 14, 

Isaiah Linnell. 

608 
Paine 7 Gould, son of Thomas 6 , m. 1789, Cynthia 
Kenrick, who married 2. David Twining, in 
1797. Children:— 

1087. Paine. 

1088. Polly, m. 1809, Feb. 25, Benjamin Atwood. 

607 

Nathaniel 7 Gould, son of Thomas 6 , m. 1. ; 2. 

Ruth, wid. of — — Smith. Children : — 



204 

1080. Jerome B. JSF., m. ; lived in Abington and 

Boston. His son in. in Hopkintou, 1859, Aug. 
8, Angenette L. Whiting of Mt. Vernon, Me. 

1090. Son. 1091. Daughter, b. in Maine. 

608 

James 7 Gould, of Orleans, son of Thomas 6 , m. 
1793, Mar. 10, Rebecca Crosby. Children :— 

1092. Thomas, b. 1793, Aug. 4. 

1093. James, b. 1795, June 6; m. 1819, Nov. 18, Ruth 

Paine. 

612 
Josiah 7 Gould of Chatham, son of Richard 6 , m. 1. 

Azubah ; 2. Sally . Children by first 

wife, Azubah : — 

1094. Richard, b. 1788, Apr. 25; m. 1808, Jan. 8, 

Sarah Nickerson of Harwich [b. 1790, Feb. 8] ; 
d. 1835, Dec. 25. 

1095. Josiah, b. 1790, Aug. 5. 

1096. Azubah, b. 1792, Oct. 29. 

1097. Stephen, b. 1795, Jan. 19. 

1098. Sally, b. 1797, June 1 ; m. Luther Hammond and 

had eight children. 

1099. Else, h. 1801, Feb. 10; m. George Spencer and 

had five children. 

1100. John, b. 1803, Nov. 5 ; m. 1810, Sept. 16, Phebe 

H. Gorham and had five sons and three daugh- 
ters. 

1101. Betsey, b. 1806, May 19; m. 1. Davis Hall; 2. 

Joseph Patterson, and had seven children ; living, 
1860, in Nantasket. 
By second wife, Sally : — 

1102. Nancy P., b. 1810, June 21; m. David Patter- 

son ; lives at Nantucket. 



205 

1103. Martha, b. 1811, Oct. 8. 

1104. Olive S.,h. 1818, Mar. 1; m. Win. Patterson; 

had seven children. 

1105. Barnard C. 

617 

Richard 7 Gould, son of Richard 6 , m. Patty Eldridge. 
Children : — 

1106. Richard, b. 1798, Oct. 28; m. Betsy Hinckley ; 

d. of consumption, leaving one child, Laura A. 

1107. Polly, m. Win. Hitchings ; had four children. 

1108. Patty, b. 1801, Sept. 7; m. Dr. Francis Morris ; 

no children. 

1109. Thomas, b. 1803, Oct. 28 ; lost at sea. 

1110. Joseph, b. 1«05, Aug. 18; m. Fanny Wheeler; 

lost overboard in Long Island Sound. 

1111. Eldridge, b. 1808, Mar. 8. 

1112. Benedict, b. 1812, Jan. 15. 

1113. "Merita", b. 1815, July 19; m. Joshua Rogers. 

1114. Ethan, b. 1818, July 23; lost at sea. 

1115. Freeman, b. 1822, Jan. 23; m. Jane H. , 

in Truro 1852, Mar. 4. 






618 
David 7 Gould, son of Richard 6 , m. Hannah 
Children : — 



1116. Sabra, b. 1799, Apr. 26; m. 1. John Weeks, 2. 

1822, Aug. 6, Thomas Holvvay. 

1117. Abigail, b. 1801, Jan. 4; m. 1820, Dec, 8, Josiah 

Nickerson. 

1118. Hannah, b. 1803, Aug. 1; m. 1. 1821 Benj. 

Patterson [d. 1824, May 20] ; two children, 
Benj. and Hannah; 2. 1830, Nath'l Small [cl. 
1855, Nov. 6], by whom she had seven children. 






206 

1119. David, b. 1806, Nov. 25; m. 1827, Mehitable A. 

Phillips [b. 1808, Apr. 23]. 

1120. James, b. 1808, Jan. 1 ; m. 1828, Sally Nickerson. 

1121. Azubah, b. 1809, Feb. 14; m. 1832, Nov. 29, 

Joseph D. Jones. 

1122. Joseph D., b. 1812, Mar 28; m. Susan H. 

Harding [b. 1816, Apr. 14]. 

1123. Collins, b. 1813, Dee. 19. 

1124. Jane, b. 1816, Jan. 18 ; m. Silas Nickerson, 

had one child, Curtis, not now living. 

1125. Lavina, b. 1818, May 3; m. 1839, Mar. 21, 

Philip J. Smith. 

1126. Levisa, b. 1820, July 10; m. 1838, Sept. 28, 

Stephen F. Bearse ; had six children. 

621 

Samuel 7 Long Gould, son of Samuel 6 Lamson, m. 
Ann Poor of Andover [d. 1868]. Is Doctor of 
Divinity ; lives in Bethel ; has lived in Boothbay, 
Orrington, and Albany (Maine). Children : — 

1127. Samuel Lamson; d. infant. 

1128. Mary Greenleaf; m. George Morrell ; lives in 

Minnesota. 

1129. Samuel Lamson, Surgeon U. S. N. ; d. Key West, 

Fla. 

1130. Clara Atwood, m. Geo. Holt; lives in Wisconsin. 

1131. Willie Poor; killed at Petersburg. 

1132. Sarah Kimball. 

1133. Ella Talbot; teacher in Boston. 

1134. Annie Poor. 1135. Alice. 1136. Isabella. 

623 

Charles 7 Gould, of Topsfield, son of Samuel 6 Lam- 
son Gould, m. 1837, Dec. 17, Elizabeth 7 Averill 



207 

Gould (No. 650) [b. 1816, Dec. 6], dan. of 
John 6 (No. 325) and Mary (Averell) Gould. 
Children : — 

1137. May Elizabeth, b. 1839, July 23. 

1138. Sarah Jane, b. 1841, Feb. 28; m. 1866, June 

17, John Bailey of Topsfield. 

1139. Charles Wallace, b. 1848, Feb. 14. 

1140. George Ansel, b. 1849, Apr. 10. 

1141. Wm. Pitman, b. 1855, Jan. 9. 

625 

Daniel 7 Gould, son of Josiah 6 , m. 1. 1844, Nov. 
20, Mary Ann Sears [d. 1847, July 10 in Box- 
ford] ; 2. 1851, Apr. 30, Hannah G. Dodge [b. 
1820, Mar. 12, in Wenham] , and 3. Lydia Ridley. 
Children by first wife, Mary Ann. 

1142. Daniel Herbert, b. 1845, Oct. 5, at Topsfield, and 

was starved to death, in Salisbury prison. 

1143. John Henry, b. 1847, June 5, at Boxford ; d. 

1847, Oct. 20. 
By second wife Hannah : — 

1144. Benjamin Dodge, b. 1852, Jan. 3 ; d. 1852, Sept. 

13. 

1145. Lydia E., b. 1858, Mar. 17. 

1146. Hannah M., b. 1859, Nov. 11. 

637 
Henry 7 Lawrence Gould, of Middleton, son of 
Nathaniel 6 , m. 1822, April 11, Lydia How. Chil- 
dren : — 

1147. Julia Ann, b. 1823, Feb. 21 ; m. 1845, Sept. 25, 

James W. Wilkins of Peabody. 

1148. Caroline Elizabeth, b. 1825, Sept. 3; m. 1847, 

May 12, Cyrus E. Wilkins of Middleton. 



208 

1149. Lydia Lovett, b. 1827, Dec. 17 ; m. 1859, May 8, 

Henry E. Perley of Georgetown. 

1150. William Henry, b. 1829, Nov. 24; cl. 1830, 
March 9. 

1151. Martha Tllchbom, b. 1832, Jan. 27. 

1152. Eliza Lawrence, b. 1835, Dec. 1 ; d. 1836, Jan. 

23. 

643 

Lucy 7 Peabody Gould, clan, of John 6 of Topsfielcl, 
m. Oren J. Stoxe of South Boston and Bangor; 
and d. 1842, Feb. 11. Children :— 

1153. 

1154. Lucy C, b. 1835, Feb. 5 ; m. Dexter W, Rollins. 

1155. Augustus W., b. 1836, Apr. 15; m. Cynthia 

Newton. 

1156. . 1157. . 



651 

John 7 Averell Gould, of Woburn and Chelsea, 
son of John 6 , m. 1845, Oct. 5, Elizabeth C. 
Leach of Manchester. Does business in Boston. 
Children: — 

1158. John Leach, b. 1847, Jan. 7 ; d. 1848, Sept. 2. 

1159. Elizabeth Porter, b. 1848, June 8. 

1160. Susan Cheever, b. 1849, June 27. 

1161. George Lambert, b. 1852, Feb. 6. 

1162. Ada Pitman, b. 1854, Jan. 15. 

1163. Ilattle Florence, b. 1858, March 15. 

1164. Annie Leach, b. 1859, Oct. 2. 

1165. Mary Averell, b. 1861, July 17. 



209 



652 

Adeline 7 Wallace Gould, m. Samuel Pitman Jr. 
of Salem. Children : — 

1166. Frederica Lambert, b. 1853, Oct. 23. 

1167. Clara Livingston, b. 1856, Oct. 13. 

1168. Addie Palfrey, b. 1858, Jan. 1. 

1169. Walter Carbich, b. 1861, June 10; d. 1861, June 

23. 

654 

William 7 R. Gould, son of Jacob 6 Wood, m. 1863, 
Apr.; Adelaide Barnhart. Children: — 
1 1170. Clarence Barnhart, b. 1864, June 27. 
1171. Elsie M., b. 1867. 

656 

John 7 J. Gould, son of Jacob 6 Wood, m. 1854, 
Feb., Eunice M. Caswell. Child :— 
i 1172. Walter Caswell, b. 1855, March; d. 1860, Sept. 
15. 






(B.) TRIBE OF THOMAS, 
664 



Samuel 7 Gould, son of Benjamin 6 , m. 1807, Polly, 
dau. of Bemsley Peabody. Children : — 

1173. Betsey. 

1174. Moses, m. Huldah Gilford; had son, Ebenezer, 
living in Boxford in 1869, who m. Lucy Hutch- 
inson. 

680 

Andrew 7 Gould, son of Andrew 6 , m. 1829, Feb. 
24, Mary Prudence Lake [b. 1809, May 6]. 
Children : — 
14 



210 

1175. Andrew D., b. 1830, Jan. 11; d. 1830, Jan. 27. 

1176. Mary L., b. 1831, May 24; m. 1857, Mar. 10, 

L. W. Nichols; one child, Martha L., b. 1857, 
Aug. 16. 

1177. Lucy P., b. 1833, Apr. 20; d. 1834, Sept. 27, at 

Boxford. 

1178. Andrew Amos, b. 1835, Apr. 11 ; d. unm. 1862, 

Oct. 23, at Topsfield. 

1179. Harriet L., b. 1837, May 17; ra. 1857, Dec. 16, 

Thomas W. Perley ; one child, Charles, b. 1857, 
Aug. 30; cl. 1866, Dec. 23. 

1180. Sarah JR., b. 1839, June 27 ; m. 1. 1861, Dec. — , 

John P. Towne [d. in 1862, Mar. 16] : 2. 1866, 
June 26, Henry VV. Phillips; one son, Leon P., 
b. 1868, July 23. 

1181. Edw. Otis, b. 1841, Feb. 11; m. 1866, Oct. 14, 

Rosettha Foster. 

1182. Almira A., b. 1846, Apr. 8; m. 1863, Sept. 19, 

Job H. Frame ; one child, Arthur, b. 1863, Dec. 
1; d. 1867, Sept. 2. 

1183. Alplieus A., b. 1846, Apr. 8. 

1184. Herbert Walter, b. 1848, July 4; m. 1871, Dec. 

17, Laura A. Con ley. 

1185. Horace, b. 1848, July 4; d. 1848, Sept. 17. 

1186. Emeretta Helen, b. 1850, Apr. 6; d. 1851, Aug. 

28. 

712 

James 7 Austin Gould, son of Samson 6 , m. 1. 1823, 
Dec. 11, Sarah [b. 1800; cl. 1826, March 5], 
widow of — : — Barry ; 2. Lucincla A. [b. Barre, 
1789, Oct. 11 ; d. Lunenburg, 1861, Dec. 1] dau. 
of John and Mary Messenger of Barre. He died 
at Charlestown, 1837, Aug. Children: — 



211 

1187. Theodore [Davenport], b. 1825, June 8; m. 

1844, Oct. 24, Mary Ann Brown of Newbury- 
port; d. in 1870. Changed his middle name 
from Davenport to Parker, at the request of his 
great aunt, Eunice 6 Parker, dan. of Elijah 5 Gould 
(No. 171). 

1188. Child, b. 1826, Mar. 5 ; died on the same day. 

1189. . 



1190. James Austin, b. in Boston, 1832, Jan. 20; m. 

1855, Feb. 2, Mary M. Thayer of Lisbon, N. H. ; 
lives at Lunenburg, Mass. 

1191. Mary, b. Boston, 1833, Oct. ; d. 1836. 

(C.) TRIBE OF SAMUEL. 

734 

Lucius 7 Gould, of Buffalo, son of Isaac 6 , m. 1820, 
Jan. 6, Mary Ann Dow of Richfield, N. Y. 
Children : — 

1192. Nancy Amelia, b. 1821, Mar. 30; d. 1822, Aug. 

25. 

1193. Lucius Dow, b. 1829, July 14. 

1194. Mary A., b. 1832, July 29 ; m. 1867, June 12, 

LaFayette Blue. 

741 

Samuel 7 Gould, of N. Adams, son of Eli 6 , m. 1. 
1814, June 12, Patience Wilbur, who died at N. 

Adams ; 2. Lovina, wicl. of Cheney, and 

dau. of Sanford. Children by first wife, 

Patience : — 

1195. Julia Ann, b. 1815, Apr. 2 ; m. Benjamin Morgan. 

1196. Win. Munroe, b. 1817, Feb. 6; m. 1. Jeannette 



, 



212 

Morgan; 2. Jane, wicl. of his brother, Jerome S. 
Gould (No. 1198). 

1197. Delia, b. 1819, May 17; d. 1842, July 25. 

1198. Jerome Smith, b. 1821, July 28 ; m. 1843, Aug. 

5, Jane Mclntire ; d. 1850, Oct. 11. 

1199. Arethusa, b. 1824, Sept. 21; m. 1850, Dec. 7, 

John B. Newcomb. 

1200. Mar ij Adeline, b. 1826, Feb. 28; m. 1853, July 

22, Jacob H. Woodward. 

1201. Charles Wilbur, b. 1828, Jan. 23; m. Sarah J. 

Barrett. 

1202. Eliza Emeline, b. 1830, May 11 ; d. 1842, Apr. 24. 

1203. Almira, b. 1832, Mar. 14; m. 1853, Dec. 8, 

Robert Rogers. 
By his second wife, Lovina : — 

1204. Patience, b. 1836, Aug. 20; m. 1857, Dec. 31, 

Walter R. Carr. 

1205. Frances Amelia, b. 1844, June 12. 

742 
Will ard 7 Gould, of Clarksburg, Mass., son of Eli 6 , 
in. 1. 1818, Dec. 3, Hannah Pike [d. 1847, 
Aug. 14] ; 2. 1848, Aug. 23, Louisa Boyden. 
Children by his first wife, Hannah : — 

1206. Tabitha, b. 1819, Aug. 29 ; m. 1840, Sept. 10, 

John N. Chase; d. 1853, Feb. 1. 

1207. Maria, b. 1820, Aug. 10; num.: d. of typhoid 

fever, 1844, Oct. 24. 

1208. George, b. 1822, Oct. 15 ; killed on a water-wheel, 

at N. Adams, 1832, Sept. 1. 

1209. Emeline, b. 1827, Oct. 17; m. 1846, May 30, 

George Marsh. 

1210. Jane, b. 1830, Dec. 7 ; m. 1848, Apr. 24, Reu- 

ben Hay den. 



213 



743 

Arethusa 7 , clan, of Eli 6 Gould, m. John Tait. 
Children : — 

1211. Jane, m. James Snow. 

1212. William, m. Phebe Bobbins. 

1213. Charlotte, 1214. Eunice, 

744 
David 7 Gould, son of Eli 6 ; m. 1820, Nov. 26, Sally 
Green. He died 1869, Aug. 13, at Heath. Chil- 
dren : — 

1215. Caroline, b. 1821, Nov. 26; m. 1842, Stephen G. 

Davenport. 

1216. Henry David, b. 1825, Nov. 28 ; m. Martha Tem- 

ple. They had two sons. 

1217. Sarah Angeline, b. 1826, Oct. 17 ; m. 1851, John 

Hunt of Hadley. 

1218. George Gilbert, b. 1827, Apr. 18; m. 1856, Oct. 

4, Jane C. Merrifield. 

1219. Bernice Johnson, b. 1829, July 26; m. 1857, 

Dec. 2, Joseph Chapin of Heath [b. 1806]. 

1220. Hannah Jane, b. 1833, Feb. 20; m. 1860, Oct. 

6, Horace C. Cimimings of Pittsfield [b. 1829]. 

1221. Frances Almira, b. 1834, Mar. 4 ; m. John Merri- 

field. 

1222. Lyman Green, b. 1835, June 12 ; m. wid. Rox- 

ana (Reed) Kingsbury. 

1223. Louisa Emetine, b. 1837, Mar. 18; in. 1859, 

Mar. 1, Hugh Maxwell [b. 1836]. 

1224. Willard Edgar, b. 1839, Feb. 15 ; unm. 1869. 

1225. Ann Eliza, b. 1840, July 23 ; m. Amos Temple 

of Shelburne. 



214 



745 
Daniel 7 Gould, of Adams, son of Eli 6 , m. 1821, 
Nov. 28, Patience McKnight. Children : — 

1226. Samuel J., b. 1828, 25 ; m. 1851, June 10, 

Rosetta Russ. 

1227. Cynthia L., b. 1830, Jan. 3; m. 1849, July 3, 

Almond H. Potter. 

1228. Harriet Ann, b. 1833, Jan. 6; m. 1854, Apr. 13, 

Edwin J. Decker. . 

1229. Sarah, b. 1835, Aug. 12; d. 1839, Feb. 26. 

1230. George W., b. 1838^ Nov. 25. 

746 
Sally 7 , dan. of Eli 6 , m. in 1829, John Upton. 
Children : — ■ 

1231. Oliver. 

1232. Elizabeth was adopted by Oliver Arnold of North 

Adams, and married Nathan Day. 

1233. Henry. 

Nancy 7 , dau. of Eli 6 , m. 1831, Ap/. 28, Levi Gates, 
who cl. 1858, Nov. 17. Children :— 

1234. Susan A., b. 1832, Apr. 3; m. 1858, Dec. 26, 

Henry J. Had lock. 

1235. Stillman J., b. 1834, May 25 ; m. Sally Jarnegan. 

1236. Robert W., b. 1835, Oct. 15; m. 1865, Aug. 23, 

Laura A. Landon. 

1237. Sarah E., b. 1837, Jan. 18; m. John Morrison. 

1238. Helen L.,b. 1839, Jan. 3; m. 1858, July 13, 

Melvin J. Davis. 

1239. Charles W., b. 1842, Aug. 20. 

1240. Nancy C, b. 1«44, Aug.^20 ; m. 1865, Dec. 20, 

John W. Hagett. • 



215 



748 
Stillman 7 Gould, son of Eli , m. 1834, Nov. 6, 
Maria Smith, sister of Tirza, who married his 
brother Eli 7 (No. 749). He was a mechanic in 
North Adams; d. 1845, Jan. 6, of typhoid fever, 
at Adams. Children : — 

1241. Mary, ; m. Bixby. 

1242. Adeline, ; m. Towne. 

1243. Gilbert. 

1244. Edward, b. 1844, July 25 ; died from wound 

received in war. 

749 

Eli 7 Gould, son of Eli 6 , m. 1832, Sept. 20, Tirza 
Smith. Children : — 

1245. Augustus George, b. 1833, Nov. 24; m. 1865, 

Jan. 12, Jennie Hibberd. 

1246. Lestina M., b. 1835, June 29; m. 1866, May 27, 

Porter Green. 

1247. Erwin Smith, b. 1837, June 28; m. 1861, Sept. 

19, Susan E., dau. of Benj. Morgan, and grand- 
daughter of Samuel 7 Gould (No. 806). 

1248. Leander Johnson, b. 1842, Jan. 9 ; m. Delia Jane 

Morgan, dau. of Benj. Morgan, granddaughter 
of Samuel 7 Gould (No. 806). 

1249. Adeline F., b. 1851, Dec. 27. 

773 

Epheaim 7 Gould, son of Benjamin 6 , m. 1830, Mar. 
30, Lois Porter, of Washington Co., Ohio [b. 
1808, Jan. 5; cl. 1859, Oct. 25]. Children:— 

1250. Joseph Dennis, b. 1831, Jan. 20 ; d. 1847, Mar. 16. 

1251. Lydia, b. 1832, Sept. 17 ; d. 1832, Oct. 5. 



216 

1252. Jasper Porter, b. 1833, Aug. 24; m. 1857, Nov. 

29, Mary J. Taylor, of Lee, Mass. ; he is a Meth- 
odist clergyman of the Pittsburg Conference, 
and a graduate of Meadville College. 

1253. Melissa Ann, b. 1835, Feb. 2 ; d. 1836, Feb 3. 

1254. Mary M., b. 1837, Feb. 22; m. 1857, Apr. 9, 

Rev. John Irwin Brady. 

1255. Daniel Webster, b. 1839, Feb. 17; m. 1865, Aug. 

22, Sarah M. Hall, of Gallipolis, Ohio; d. 1870, 
Jan. 22. 

1256. Anna M., b. 1840, June 22. 

1257. Simon Gilbert, b. 1842, Mar. 3 ; m. 1864, Dec. 

3, Anna A. Robinson, of Noble Co., Ohio. 

1258. Uphraim Quincy, b. 1843, Apr. 9; d. 1850, 

May 5. 

1259. Benjamin, b. 1845, July 18; d. 1845, Oct. 20. 

1260. Lydia C, b. 1846, Sept. 24; m. 1868, Elisha F. 

Morrison, of Chillicothe, Ohio. 

774 
Daniel 7 Gould, son of Benjamin 6 , m. 1. 1831, 
Apr. 5, Annie L. [d. 1848, Oct. 20], dau. of 
Judge John Sharp, of Marietta, Ohio; 2. 1851, 
June, Mrs. Jane Hartford. He resided in Salem, 
Washington Co., Ohio, where he was, for a num- 
ber of years before his death, a ruling elder in 
the Presbyterian Church. Children by his first 
wife, Annie : — 

1261. Mary Elizabeth, b. 1832, Apr. 27 ; m. 1853, Mar. 

15, Philander Alden. 

1262. Jerusha Louisa, b. 1833, Sept. 5 ; d. 1851, Sept. 5. 

1263. Jonas Moore, b. 1836, Jan. 22. 

1264. Julia Lucretia, b. 1836, Jan. 22; m. 1857, Mar. 

15, Henry G. Parker. 



217 

1265. Esther Anna, b. 1837, July 8. 

1266. Edwin Chipman, b. 1838, July 25; d. 1843, 

Oct. 7. 

1267. James Willis, b. 1840, June 10 ; d. 1843, Oct. 11. 

1268. Eliza Arvilla, b. 1842, Feb. 2; m. 1863, Jan. 1, 

James Ritebey. 

1269. William Luther, b. 1844, June 23 ; d. while serv- 

ing in the army, at Summersville, Va., in 1862. 

1270. Margaret Sophie, b. 1846, Sept. 3 ; d. in infancy. 

824 

KElias 7 R. Gould, son of Asa 6 , in. 1854, Jan. 1, 
Amanda E. Scott [b. 1835, Oct. 20]. Chil- 
dren : — 

1271. Sadie L., b. 1856, Dec. 14. 

1272. Lizzie E., b. 1858, Dec. 28. 

1273. Ella M., b. 1861, May 6. 

1274. Howard E., b. 1863, Nov. 8. 

826 

Smith 7 A. Gould, son of Asa 6 , m. 1. 1854, Mar. 
18, Irene King [b. 1838, Nov. 3, d. 1856, June 
7] ; 2. 1859, Jan. 20, Lucy B. King [b. 1818, 
Sept. 22], the mother of his first wife. Died in 
Iowa, 1870. Children by his second wife, 
Lucy : — 

1275. Erwin S., b. 1860, May 26. 
1576. Eugene B., b. 1861, Sept. 9. 

(D.) TRIBE OF ZACCHEUS. 

837 
Amos 7 Gould, son of Amos 6 , m. 1. 1822, Lavina 
Dodge, of Hamilton; 2. Angeline, dau. of Col- 



218 

onel Paul Porter. Children by his first wife, 
Liivina : — 

1277. Nathaniel, m. Sophronia Meldram. 

1278. Mary Ann, m. Henry L. Eaton, in Maiden ; lives 

in Wenham. 

842 
Samuel 7 H. Gould, son of Amos 6 , m. 1840, Nov. 
26, Abigail S. Foster, of Wenham [b. 1820] ; 
is a physician in Brewster. Children : — 

1279. John Edward, b. 1842, Oct. 2 ; d. 1847, Jan. 25. 

1280. Charles E., b. 1849, July 9. 

1281. George A., b. 1854, Feb. 25. 

843 

John 7 J. Gould, son of Amos 6 , m. Laura French of 
Wenham, where he resides. Child : — 

1282. Amos, b. 1849, Sept; d. 1853, Aug. 11. 

873 

Benjamin 7 Apthorp Gould, son of Benjamin 6 Ap- 
thorp, m. 1861, Oct. 29, Mary Apthorp Quincy, 
dau. of Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr., of Boston, and 
Mary Jane (Miller). Children : — 

1283. Susan Morton Quincy, b. 1862, Aug. 26. 

1284. Lucretia Goddard, b. 1864, Nov. 20. 

1285. Alexandra Bache, b. 1868, Jan. 5. 

1286. Benjamin Apthorp, b. 1870, Feb. 8. 

880 
Rufus 7 Gould, son of Jedediah 6 , m. 1. Lucina P. 
Martin; no issue; 2. wid. Milly Taft, by whom 
he had two children, viz. : — 

1287. Adolphus, d. 1869. 



219 

1288. Lucina Putnam, m. Samuel Sibley, who was killed 

at Ball's Bluff. 

913 
Humphrey 7 Gould, son of Zaecheus 6 , m. 1854, 
Sept. 24, S. Augusta Peabody of Boxford, dau. 
of Dea. Oliver T. Peabody ; lived in Verden, III., 
where he died, 1856, Nov. 12. Child :— ■ 

1289. Anna Lavina, b. 1855, Aug. 4 ; d. 1856, Mar. 26. 

950 

Emeline 7 , dan. of David 6 Gould, m. 1835, Dec. 30, 
David Pearsall [d. 1864, Jan. 5]. Children : — 

1290. Cordelia F., b. 1838, Jan. 5. 

1391. Emeline A., b. 1842, Feb. 6; m. 1862, May 21, 
. Fletcher H. Marsh. 

1292. David L., b. 1844, June 11 ; d. 1855, May 7. 

1293. Mary G., b. 1846, Nov. 25; d. 1861, Dec. 13. 

1294. Charles J., b. 1849, Feb. 1. 

1295. Ida F., b. 1856, Apr. 3. 

»953 
Sheldon 7 B. Gould, son of Comfort 6 , m. 1842, 
June 9, in Northbridge, Mass., Lucy D. [b. 
1822, Feb. 13] ; second dau. of Samuel Peasley 
of Stanstead, Canada East ; has lived in Woon- 
socket, R. L, Worcester, and Blackstone ; now 
lives in Rockville, Ct. Children : — 

1296. Samuel, b. 1843, July 5 ; d. 1848, Mar. 2. 

1297. Daughter, b. 1846, Nov. 3 ; d. the same day. 

1298. Mary Frances, b. 1848, Nov. 4; m. 1867, Nov. 

27, in Worcester, Moses H. Mentzer of Stowe 
(Rockbottom), Mass. 

1299. Emma L., b. 1850, June 18; d. 1857, Aug. 5. 



220 

1300. William S. 9 b. 1856, Sept. 6. 

1301. Ella E., b. 1858, June 24. 

1302. MarthaW., b. 1861, Feb. 23. 

1303. Cora T., b. 1863, Oct. 1. 

955 

IJbenezer 7 Gould, of Northbridge, son of Comfort 6 , 
m. 1. 1846, Apr. 14, in Woonsocket, Abigail 
Stratton [d. 1850, Mar. 27], dan. of Abel and 
Clarissa Stevens, of Gardner, Mass. ; 2. 1850, 
Sept. 19, her sister, Eliza Jane Stevens ; lives in 
Kockville, Ct. Child by first wife, Abigail S. : — 

1304. Charles E., b. 1847, June 21. 
By his second wife, Eliza Jane : — 

1305. Abby Jane, b. 1851, June 10. 

1306. Wm. Henry, b. 1852, Dec. 4. 

958 

Philetus 7 Woodruff Gould, son of Comfort 6 , m. 
1857, Clarinda Adams, of Worcester; lives at 
Rockville, Conn. Children; — 

1307. Emma J., b. ab. 1858. 

1308. Frank, b. ab. 1859. 

1309. Estelle, b. ab. 1860. 

975 
Frederick 7 Lockwood Gould, . son of Ebenezer 6 , 
m. 1855, June 11, Lydia M. Luther, of Warren, 
R. I. Children :— " 

1310. Charles Frederic, b. 1858, Sept. 20; d. 1868, 

Dec. 20. 

1311. Florine Estelle, b. 1865, Sept. 3. 

1312. Wm. Henry, b. 1869, July 4. 



221 



1977 
Edward 7 Nelson Gould, son of Ebenezer 6 , m. Mar- 
ceua Levalley, in Providence. Children : — 

1313. Jennie T., b. 1859, Oet. 14; d. 1868. 

1314. Emma H., b. 1861, Jan. 18. 

1315. Anna A., b. 1863, Feb. 22; d. 1865. 

1316. Edward JST., b. 1865, Nov. 7. 

(E.) TRIBE OF JOSEPH. 
997 

Porter 7 Irwin Gould, of Middleton, son of Joseph 6 , 
m. 1859, Sept. 21, Mary Eliza Peabody. Chil- 
dren : — 

1317. Willie Eugene, b. 1861, Nov. 3. 

1318. Florence Etta, b. 1866, Jan. 15. 

1003 
Henry 7 E. Gould, son of Henry 6 , m. 1861, Jan. 1, 
Sarah C. Mason [b. 1838, Aug. 11]. Chil- 
dren : — 

1319. Frederic, b. 1864, Jan. 13; d. 1864, Jan. 15. 

1320. Emma E., b. 1865, Nov. 7. 

1013 

Harriet 7 Maria, dau. of Emerson 6 Gould, m. 1859, 
Nov. 17, James A. Bancroft [b. 1834, June 
23]. Children:— 

1321. Harvey Ames, b. 1864, Nov. 4. 

1322. Addle Maria, b. 1867, Oct. 14. 






PERKINS FAMILY OF IPSWICH. 

COMMUNICATED BY GEORGE A. PERKINS. 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Regis-! 
ter, Vol. X, for July, 1856, contains a notice of the early j 
members of the several Perkins families of New England, j 
and remarks upon the imperfect nature of the sketch, 
desiring any additional facts or corrections ; and it is to j 
supply what is known from the most reliable sources (the j 
oldest records), that the following list of births, baptisms, j 
publishments, marriages and deaths in Ipswich is offered 
for publication. 

It is much to be regretted that the very first records I 
(from 1633 to the commencement of this list) have, by! 
some accident, been destroyed. Another hiatus also exists j 
in the chain, from 1709 to 1732. These defects and 
others which may exist in the following pages, it is to be 
hoped will be supplied by future research. 

Part of the records from which this list has been tran-j 
scribed are to be found in the office of the Clerk of the 
Courts of Essex County, but by far the largest portion is 
from the town records of Ipswich ; the latter contain the 
births with the names of both parents, while the former 
give only that of the father. 

The list, from both sources, was copied by the late 
Alfred Kimball, Esq., who was at that time Town Clerk 
of Ipswich and also employed in the Clerk of Courts' 
Office. His attestation is a sufficient guarantee for its 
accuracy. 
(222) 



223 



Extracts from the records of Births, Baptisms, Pub- 

Mshments, Marriages and Deaths in the Town of 

Ipsivich, Mass., of the name of Perl' ins. 

BIRTHS. 

Mary, daughter of Jacob Perkins, borne May 14th, 1G58. . 
Jacob, sonn of Jacob Perkins, borne February, 1GG2. 
Hannah, daughter of Abraham Perkins, borne March 7th, 1G62. 
Mathew, sonn of Jacob Perkins, borne June 23d, 1665. 
Abraham, sonn of Abraham Perkins, borne August 15, 1665. 
John, sonn of Abraham Perkins, borne February 25th, 1667. 
John, sonn of Jacob Perkins, jr., was borne Jan'ry 31st, 1668. 
Phillip, daughter of Jacob, was borne January, 1669. 
Phillip, daughter of Jacob, jun'r, borne Nov. 28th, 1670. 
Hannah, daughter of Jacob Perkins, borne November 11th, 1670. 
John, sonn of Isaack Perkins was borne July 1st, 1670. 
Abraham, sonn of Isaack, was borne Sept. 15th, 1671. 
Francis, sonn of Jacob Perkins, borne Dec'r 18th, 1672. 
Beamsley, sonn of Abraham Perkins, borne Aprill 7th, 1673. 
Hannah, daughter of Isaack Perkins, borne Jan'y 31, 1673. 
Wesley, sonn of Jacob, jun'r, was borne March 13th , 1674. 
Joseph, sonn of Sarg't Jacob Perkins, borne June 21st, 1674. 
Isaack, sonn of Isaac Perkins was borne May 23d, 1676. 
John, sonn of Abraham & Hannah Perkins, borne Aug't 28th, 1676. 

Recorded by order of Mrs. Hannah Perkins. 
Sarah, daughter of Jacob Perkins, jr., borne May 18th, 1677. 
Javis, sonn of Sarg't Jacob Perkins, borne May 15th, 1677. 
Jacob, sonn of Isaack Perkins, was borne Novembar 9th, 1678. 
Samuel, sonn of Samuel Perkins, borne Novembar 26th, 16 — . 
Elisabeth, daughter of Isaack Perkins, borne May 29th, 1681. 
Mehitable, daughter of Jacob, jun'r, borne July 12th, 1681. 
Ebenezer, sonn of Samuel Perkins, borne February 3d, 1681. 
Stephen, son of Mr. Abraham and Hannah Perkins, borne June 1683. 
Sarah, daughter to Isaack and Hahah Perkins, borne March 28, 1685. 
Nathaniel, son to Nathaniel and Judith Perkins, borne March 31, 1685. 
Elisabeth, daughter to Samuell and Hannah Perkins, borne June 

13, 1685. 
Abraham, son Abraham and Hannah Perkins, borne Dec'r 22, 1685. 
Jacob, son to Jacob and Elisabeth Perkins, borne Feb'r. 15, 1685. 
Mary, daughter to Jacob and Sarah Perkins, was born Aug't 2d, 1685. 



224 

John, son to Jacob and Elizabeth Perkins, borne Sept. ye 2 (torn off) 

[1687]. 
Mary, daughter to Isaac Perkins of Chebacco, borne March 27, 1687. 
Elizabeth, daughter to Jacob and Sarah Perkins, was borne May the 

8th, 1687. 
Ester, daughter to Mathew and Esther Perkins, born July 17, 1690. 
Jacob, the son of Jacob and Sarah Perkins, born Jan. 3d, 1690. 
Eunice, daughter of Jacob and Sarah Perkins, was born March 14th, 

1691. 
Elizabeth, daughter to Jacob and Elizabeth Perkins, borne March 18th, 

1690. [1690-1]. 
John, son to Sam'll and Haiiah Perkins, born May 12, 1692. 
John, son to Luke and Sarah Perkins, born May ye 14th, 1693. 
John, the son of Jacob and Sarah Perkins, was born Oct. 17th, 1693. 
Sarah, daughter to Luke and Sarah Perkins, was born ye twenty- 
second day of January, auo Domi 1694-5. 
Joseph, son to Mathew and Esther Perkins, was borne June 15th, 1695. 
Jemima Perkins, daug. of Nathan'll Perkins, born June 29th, 1686. 
Mary, daughter to Matthew and Ester Perkins, born Decemb'r 3, 1696. 
Sarah, daughter to Jacob and Sarah Perkins, Taylor, born Dec'r 26, '96. 
Mary, daug'r to Jacob and Sarah Perkins, born Nov. 26, '98. 
Hannah, daug'r to Jacob and Sarah Perkins, born July 24, 1701. 
Hannah, daug'r to Mr. John and Mary Perkins, born June 9, 1699. 
John, son to Mr. Jno. and Mary Perkins, born Jan'r. 23, 1700. 
Sons born to Corp'l Jacob Perkins, seni. and Sarah, his wife :— 
•Robert Perkins, born Octob'r 21, 1695. 

Westly Perkins, born Decem'r 3d, 1697. 

Joseph Perkins, born Octob'r 9, 1699. 

Jeremiah Perkins, born Decem'r 1, 1701. 
William, son to Mr. John and Mary Perkins, born June 25, 1702. 
Eliza, daugh. to Ltt. Matthew and Esther Perkins, born 27, 8, 1702. 
Hannah, Da. of Cpt. Beamsley and Hannah Perkins, born 22, 2, 1707. 
Martha, Da. of Beamsley and Hannah Perkins, born 3, 1, 1709. 
Erancis, son of Jacob and Susanna Perkins, born May 5th, 1732. 
James,' son of James and Margaret Perkins, born Feb'ry It, 1733. 
Lucy, daug'r of James & Margaret Perkins, of Cheba., born Dec. 27, 

1735. 
Anna, daugh'r of Nath'l & Anne Perkins, born July 10, 1738. 
Sarah, daugt. of Jeremy Perkins, born Aprill 28, 1750. 



225 



BAPTISMS. 



Sarah, da. to Beamsley and Hana. Perkins, bap'd Aug. 12, 1705. 

Judith, da. to Jacob and Sarah Perkins, bapt'd. Nov. 4, 1705. 

Stephen, son of Stephen and Mary Perkins, 27, 3, 1711. 

Hannah, Da. of Capt. Nath'll and Esther Perkins, 26, 6, 1711. 

John, son of Matthew and Martha Perkins, 23 March, 1712. 

Joseph, son of Abram and Esther Perkins, 17, 6, 1712. 

Lucy, daug'r of Capt. Beamsley and Hannah Perkins, 9, 9, 1712. 

Elizabeth, Da. of Stephen and Mary Perkins, 18,8, 1713. 

Hannah, Da. of Matthew and Martha Perkins, 20, 10, 1713. 

Nathan'll, son of Abram and Ester Perkins, 3, 11, 1713. 

Jacob, son of Jacob and Eliza. Perkins, May 8, 1715. 

Jona. son of Matthew and Martha Perkins, Sept. 11, 1715. 

Francis, son of Steph. and Mary Perkins, Jan. 8, 1715. 

Abram, son of Abram and Ester Perkins, 15, 5, 1716. 

Sarah, Da. of Matthew and Martha Perkins, 3, 12, 1716. 

Francis, son of Jacob and Eliza. Perkins, July 28, 1717. 

Eliza., Da. to Jacob and Eliza. Perkins, Oct. 26, 1718. 

Sarah, Da. to Jno. and Eliza. Perkins, 8, 12, 1718. 

Jeremiah, son of Robert and Eliza. Perkins, 20, 7, 1719. 

Lucy, daughter of Jacob and Eliza. Perkins, baptized ye 16th of Octob'r, 

1720. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Robert and Eliza. Perkins, baptiz'd ye 27 Nov'r, 

1720. 
Elizabeth, daughter of John and Elizabeth Perkins, baptiz'd ye 11th 

June, 1721. 
Esther, daughter of Matthew and Mary Perkins, baptz'd 21th of Xbr., 

1721. 
Mary, daughter of Robert and Eliza. Perkins, baptzd ye 10th of March, 

1722-3. 
Ruth, daughter of Matthew and Mary Perkins, baptized Aug't 31, 1723. 
John, son of John and Elizabeth Perkins, baptzd 13th Oct., 1723. 
Francis, son of Jacob and Elizabeth Perkins, baptzd June 28, 1724. 
Matthew, son of Matthew Perkins, junr. and Mary, baptzd May 30, 

1725. 
Eunice, daughter of John and Eliza. Perkins, bapt'd April 10th, 1726. 
Hannah, dau. of Dr. William and Hannah Perkins, bapt'd July 10, 1726. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Perkins, baptzd Aug. 14th, 

1726. 
Elisha, son of Elisha and Abigail Perkins, bapd. May 2Sth, 1727. 
Lucy, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Perkins, bapd. Augt. 12th, 1727. 
John, son of Matthew Perkins, junr. and Mary, bapd. Novr. 19th, 1727. 
15 



226 

Abigail, daughter of Westly and Abigail Perkins, bapd. Novr. 19th, 1727 
Mrs. Margaret Perkins was baptized July the 21st, 1728. 
William, son of Dr. William and Hannah Perkins, bapd. Aug. 4, 1728 
Lucy, daughter of Jacob and Eliza. Perkins, baptized Aug't. 25th, 1728 
Robert, son of John and Elizabeth Perkins, baptized Aug't. 25th, 1728 
Hannah, daugh'rof John and Elizabeth Perkins, bap'd April 12th, 1730 
Eliza., daugh'rof Joseph and Elizabeth Perkins, bap'd June 7th, 1730 
Brewer, son of Matthew Perkins, jun'r and Mary, bapd. June 7th, 1730 
Joseph, son of Joseph and Elizabeth Perkins, baptzcl Sept. 5th, 1731 j 
Daniel, sou of Jacob and Eliza. Perkins, baptzd. Sept'r 19th, 1731. 
[Torn off], tephen, son of Matthew Perkins, jun'r and Mary, bap'cj 

Jau'ry 23d, 1731. 
Zerobbabel, son of John and Elizabeth Perkins, bap'd Eeb'ry 13th 

1731. 
Jeremiah, son of Jerem. and Joanna Perkins, bap'd Apr'l It, 1733. 
Jonathan, son of Joseph and Eliza. Perkins, bap'd Oct. 28, 1733. 
Anna, daugh. of John and Eliza. Perkins, bap'd Feb'ry 10th, 1733. 
Mary, daug'r of Mr. Jacob and Mary Perkins, bap'd Dec. 29th, 1734. 
Abraham, son of Matthew Perkins, jun'r & Mary, bap'd Apr'] G, 1735. 
Nathanael, son of Nathan & Eliza. Perkins, bap'd April 6, 1735. 
Daniel, son of Jeremiah and Joanna Perkins, bap'd Aug. 24, 1735. 
Mary, daug'r of John & Eliza. Perkins, baptzd Oct. 26, 1735. 
Beamsly, son of Nathan & Eliza. Perkins, bap'd Xbr. 5, 1736. 
Stephen, son of Matthew Perkins & Mary, bap'd Xbr. 5, 1736. 
Abigail, daugh'r of Elisha and Abigail Perkins, bapt'd Feb'ry 8th 

1735. 
Mehitabel, daugh'r of Mr. Jacob Perkins and Mary, bap'd Feb'ry 20th 

1735. 
James, son of Joseph and Eliza. Perkins, bapt'd May 23d, 1736. 
Isaac, son of Joseph and Eliza. Perkins, bapt'd Oct. 29th, 1738. 
Daniel, son of Jeremiah and Joanna Perkins, bap'd Jan'ry 14, 1738. 
Eunice, daugh'r of Mr. Jacob Perkins & Mary, bapt'd Apl. 22, 1739. 
Eunice, daug'r of John Perkins, bap'd Oct. 14th, 1739. 
Eliza., daug'r of Nath'll & Anna Perkins, bap'd Dec'r 2d, 1739. 
Wm., son of Jacob Perkins, jun'r & Mary, his wife, bap'd Decb. 28th 

1740. 
John, son of Joseph Perkins, bap'd May 10th, 1741. 
Joanna, daug'r of Jeremy Perkins, bap'd Jan. 22d,— born 20th, 1741. 
Mary, daug'r of Nath'll & Ann Perkins, bap't March 14th, 1741. 
Sarah, daug'r of Jacob Perkins, yt mard. Dresser, bap'd Sept. 5th, | 

1742. 
Susanna, daug'r of Joseph & Eliza. Perkins, bap'd Sept. 11th, 1743. 
Nath'll, son of Nath'll & Ann Perkins, bap'd Ap'l 15th, 1744. 
Ester, daugt. of Nath'll & Ann Perkins, bap'd Aug't 4th, 1745. 



227 

Ephraim, son of Joseph & Elizabeth Perkins, bap'd Nov. 19th, 1746. 
Martha, daught. of Jeremy & Perkins, bap'd Feb'y 1st, 17!ii. 

Abra., son of Nath'll & Ann Perkins, bap'd June 14th, 1747. 
Samuel, son of Jacob Perkins, bap'd May 7th, 1748. 
Francis, son of Francis & Martha Perkins, bap'd Sept. 4th, 1748. 
Abigail, daugt. of Nath'l & Ann Perkins, bap'd Jan'ry 15th, 174<s. 
Abigail, daugt. of Nath'll & Ann Perkins, bap'd March 18th, 1749. 
William, son of Will'm & Eliza. Perkins, bap'd Sept. 9th, 1750. 
Sarah, daugt. of Nathl. & Anne Perkins, bapd. Decb. 1st, 1751. 
Nathl., son of William & Eliza. Perkins, bapd. Augt. 2d, 1752. 
Jeremiah, son of Jeremiah Perkins, bapd. January 7th, 1753. 
John, son of Robert & Elizabeth Perkins, bapd. Aprill 7th, 1754. 
Elizabeth, daugt. of William & Elizabeth Perkins, bapd. June 2d, 1754. 
Lucy, daugt. of Nathaniel Perkins, bapd. May 25th, 1755. 
Elizabeth, daugt. of Robert & Eliza. Perkins, bapt. June 1st, 1755. 
Hannah, daugt. of William &, Eliza. Perkins, bapd. Augt. 24th, 1755. 
Nathaniel, son of William & Eliza. Perkins, bapd. Jan'y 30th, 1757. 
Joseph, son of Nathl. & Ann Perkins, bapd. July 24th, 1757. 
Mary, daugt. of Nathl. Perkins, jur. & Mary, bapd. March 26th, 175S. 
Hannah, claugt. of William & Elizabeth Perkins, bapd. Augt. 27, 175S. 
Martha, daugt. of Francis & Martha Perkins, bapd. Oct. 22d, 1758. 
Sarah, daugt. of Robert & Lucy Perkins, bapd. Apl. 27th, 1760. 
Stephen, son of Nathl. Perkins, bapcl. March 1st, 1761. 

PUBLISHMENTS. 

Mr. Olivar Appleton, published to Sarah Perkins, of Topsfield, Novem'r 

16, 1701. 
Steph. Perkins, pubh'cl to Mary Eveleth, July 13, 1706. 
Abraham Perkins pub'd to Esther Perkins of Ips., Jan'y 10th, 1707-S. 
Will'm Leatherland, pub'd. to Eliza Perkins, Ips., Oct. 23, 1708. 
Matthew Perkins pub'd to Martha Rogers, May 14, 1709. 
Robert Quarles, p'd. Ips., to Mary Perkins, Wenh., July 9, 1709. 
Jona. Burnam p'd. to Mary Perkins, Ip., Mar. 17, 1710. 
David Burnam pub'd to Eliza. Perkins, 28, 2, 1711. 
John Perkins pub'd to Annar Perkins, Wenh., 12, 11, 1711. 
Jacob Perkins to Eliza Kinsman, March 6, 1713. 
Ebenez'r Smith pub. to Mary Perkins, Octo'r 19, 1714. 
John Leighton and Sarah Perkins, 4, 10, 1714. 
Robert Choate to Unice Perkins, Jan. 7, 1715. 
Joseph Burnam to Judith Perkins, 5, 3, 1716. 
Benja. Gilbert to Esther Perkins, Wenha., 26, 5, 1716. 
John Marshall to Sarah Perkins, Sep'r 18, 1716. 

(to be continued.) 






NOTICES OF THE ANCESTRY OF MRS 
SUSANNAH INGERSOLL. 



These notices of the ancestry of Mrs. Susannah Inger- 
soll were taken from a sermon delivered by Rev. William 
Bentley, of the East Church, Salem, on the occasion of 
her death in 1811. 

This sermon (in manuscript), was presented to the In- 
stitute by John Chapman, Esq., of Salem. 

Mrs. Susannah Ingersoll died at Salem, Friday evening, 
December 6, 1811, aged 65. Her father, John Hathorne, 
was a lineal descendant of Major William Hathorne,. a 
man of note in the colonial period. Her mother was 
Susanna Touzell, a granddaughter of Philip English and 
a descendant of Richard Hollingsworth. Her husband, 
Capt. Samuel Ingersoll, died July 18, 1804, aged 60. 
See vol. I, page 156, of Historical Collections of Essex 
Institute for a notice of the Ingersoll Family. 

Text. Lam. of Jeremiah, ii, 13. "What thing shall I take toi 
witness for thee? What thing shall I liken to thee, daughter of 
Jerusalem ? What shall I equal to thee, that I may comfort thee, 
virgin daughter of Zion? for thy breach is great like the sea, who can 
lieal thee ? 

"Susanna Ingersoll, lately deceased, is descended fromi 
one of the first families of the settlement in Salem, and; 
died possessed of a greater portion of the primitive pos- 
sessions than ever had fallen to the portion of any person 

(228) 



229 

belonging to the present generation. We cannot refuse, 
then, so just an opportunity to look back upon our settle- 
ment, as our Prophet would upon his ancient city, and 
see the progress of its greatness, while we lament the 
changes which time must ever bring upon all human 
affairs." 

"When Salem was first settled, among the first inhabi- 
tants was reckoned Richard Hollings worth, who married 
Sarah Woodberry. They had a son William with them, 
•who married Eleanor Story. From some fond engage- 
ment she followed her lover into America, as she could 
not consummate her marriage vow with the consent of an 
aunt to whom her education had been entrusted. Upon 
her arrival some ceremonies were forgotten which she 
conceived due from her friend, and recollecting the wishes 
of her aunt, she gave herself to William, Avho was soon 
attracted by her person, her accomplishments and her 
character, adapted to the ambition of his own mind. We 
soon find them distinguished by the activity of his mind, 
and by the generous concurrence of her virtues, and 
her wealth ; while he had all the diligence of the mer- 
chant, she had all the manners of her education and never 
suffered herself to appear abroad without her servants. 
This was something beyond the manners of the second 
generation, but not beyond those of the first, who could 
retain their servants in their duty, when they could pro- 
vide for themselve*s. The posterity, however, remem- 
bered that the aunt received from Charles II or the Isle 
of Jersey, a medallion, which was transmitted as a testi- 
mony of returning affection and respect, and w T as long- 
kept in the family in memory of these events and as a 
pledge of affection. The daughter Susanna lost her hus- 
band while in pursuit of his lands in Virginia by the 
Indians, and Richard, after being wounded in a duel, 



230 

returned and died at home, and his gravestones are still 
standing. As early as 1635, Mr. Hollingsworth had an 
exchange of lands with the settlers ; and he had claims upon I 
Winter Island, and that portion of the neck upon which ■ 
Col. Hathorne, one of his descendants, now dwells. He I 
was the first who had a convenient landing place in Sum- | 
mer Harbour, now the harbour of Salem, and it is thus 
described to us. Beyond the projecting rock at the west- I 
ern part of the' point of rocks was a stone causeway | 
twenty feet from the bald rock, which was then connected 
with the upland, though the earth be now gone from the 
bank beyond it. Above it was the largest store in Salem 
and the house of entertainment below upon the causeway 
of Winter Island, was continued under his influence with 
the ferries. * * * The roads were direct from this 
ferry to Hollingsworth and to the inn upon Winter Island. 
In this time the settlement at Point of Rocks had attracted 
many persons who built at that place, and the families of 
Herbert, Striker, Punchard, Waters and others remained 
at this place, then called Waters' farm, since the memory 
of persons with whom I have had conversation upon the 
subject. The Father Hollingsworth deceased in 1656 and 
the son succeeded to his business and possessions, and it 
will not be deemed impertinent by any reasonable persons 
to exhibit a list of the possessions which came by inher- 
itance to Mr. Philip English, who married Mary, the 
daughter of William, and the only heir to the family estate. 
She was born in the house belonging to William Hollings- 
worth, where the Crowninshield Wharf buildings are ; 
he removed from Point of Rocks, now so called, and here 
her father lived. This house was known afterwards by 
the name of the Blue Anchor, having been appropriated 
for an Innholder in 1681, and four years before the 
English house was built, which is now standing at the 



231 

northern entrance of the neck. It was found incon- 
venient as business and the settlements continued to more 
westward to confine the Innkeeper to Winter Island, and 
two houses were opened besides three victualling houses. 
But the old Inn upon the neck continued till the dispute 
between the Cottagers and Commoners was settled, and 
Mr. Crew was the last Innholder before the house was 
taken down. William Rollings worth when he died in 
1686 had his large Mansion House on the land between 
the Common and Essex Street, then called the Great 
Street to the neck, and opposite to Turner and Beeket 
lanes, as they were then called, though since enriched by 
valuable settlements. It was here he received the visit 
of Gov. Endicott just before that patriarch left our hum- 
ble world. Madam Eleanor Hollingsworth died here in 
the year 1690, and was cried out upon in 1692, when it 
was observed in Court she had been dead two years. The 
following houses were in the possession of Mr. English 
when he died. Two houses upon the point of rocks 
belonging to the family of Hollingsworth, with a great 
store on the southwest corner, taken down soon after his 
decease; the large house called the Blue Anchor belong- 
ing to Hollingsworth; the house adjoining the Blue 
Anchor called Deyse's ; a house opposite to the Blue 
Anchor called Allen's ; the Mansion House which he built 
in 1685 -now standing, though deprived of its 'ornaments, 
which were rich and numerous and in the highly Gothic 
style ; Hollingsworth's land and house and store oppo- 
site to Turner's street ; a house bounding on the above, 
called Gale's ; two houses on the corner going to the 
bridge on the left ; a house opposite to the eastern end of 
Daniels' lane, now street, going eastward ; a house where 
the Church of England now stands, taken down when Mr. ' 
English gave the land upon which the church is now 



232 

erected, for that purpose ; the house where the Hathornes 
now live, called Minzey's, not far from the New South 
Meeting House. Besides these he had three stores on his 
wharf, which with the wharf have entirely decayed, but 
have given place to the best wharf we have in Salem, 
by a family who have succeeded to the enterprise raised 
and reputation of this ancient family."* 

"Mr. English entered into mercantile employments upon 
his first coming to Salem in 16G6. He had twenty sail of 
vessels in his service at one time, such as were employed 
at that time in the fishery, coasting trades and foreign 
voyages, and such were the talents of his wife that 
when absent he could leave all his business in her hands, 
fully persuaded that she was fully adequate to the sole 
trust. How unhappy was it that her superior talents 
should, in an ignorant a«*e and from her deluded nei^h- 
bors, have obtained her an imputation which humbled her 
spirits, exposed her to the worst treatment, subjected 
her to long confinement in prison, obliged her to flee 
for protection to Boston, and then to New York. It 
is true the ignorant and stupid fanatics soon saw their 
delusion. In their oppressive wants of the next winter, 
they were fed by her charity, and solicited in the most 
earnest manner her return. It is true they did confess 
their delusion, and the part they had taken in it. But to 
return, and find her house plundered, and the lowest 
indignities offered to her property of every name ; her 
enclosures destroyed and a wanton waste made of her 
dearest concerns, this was too much for her innocence, and 



* See Vol. viii, page IS, of the Historical Collections of the 
Essex Institute — The Petition of Philip English to the General 
Court of Massachusetts for the removal of the attainder and compen- 
sation of damages sustained for prosecution during the witchcraft 
excitement in 1GD2. 



233 

she might well be willing to resign a life which could be 
exposed to so much fanaticism, and what always accom- 
panies such horrid wickedness." 

"Mr. English was punished more from his warm defence 
of his wife than from any charges which vile fanaticism 
could make against him. Because he would not impeach 
the wife of his bosom whom he knew to be innocent, 
because he would not abandon one whom of all women 
he ought to love, because he would not leave a tender 
wife to all the cruelties of a prison, crowded in with the 
worst of our race, without daily and earnest visits, he was 
clamored against as a man not fit to live. And because 
no law could reprehend him for what he had done, at once 
the vile fanaticism invented the delusive plea that he was 
employed by the Devil, and ought not to be suffered to 
live. He was then conveyed to prison. In one clay 
these monsters of iniquity, but the same as fanatics of 
every age, plundered his houses, his vessels, his fields, 
and destined what they could not turn to their own profit 
and use. Such is the havoc fanaticism ever has made and 
ever will make in our world, and the denunciations of the 
same spirit show that our own age is not free from the same 
Devil, were he not bound hand and foot by the chains of 
the law, and held down by the powerful voice of our 
more enlightened citizens, but he is the same Devil still. 
Chains hold but do not convert him." 

"The only charge we can trace against Madam English 
must have arisen from her great ability in mercantile tran- 
sactions, a thing then unknown, because seldom trusted 
to female character, but alleged by her active mind, the 
confidence of her husband, and his necessary absence by 
his affairs in Virginia, ^laving been educated by her 
mother in the highest seiise of European distinction, and 
having never had occasion by the wants of life to mingle 






234 

with the world, she had a more reserved deportment than 
agreed with the wishes of gossiping people. But to the 
honour of all who knew her, they were not found among 
her accusers ; no person inhabiting this part of Salem, 
now called the town could be enticed to act so ungenerous 
a part, whatever they might do when the outcry was made. 
We are happy in this recollection. The outcry was from 
those ignorant people who visited the town from the farms 
and were astonished to find one of their sex, powerful in 
numbers, capable of all the letters, and transactions of 
business, and with a ready remembrance of all the persons 
with whom she had dealings, and in all their arts and 
shifts by which they could gain advantages over each 
other, while they could never escape her penetration, or 
pass any delusions upon her in the absence of her hus- 
band. It was from these persons she received these 
wounds which the virtuous in all ages have received from 
the weak, the wicked, and the superstitious. It wis from 
this virtuous but injured woman our friend was descended. 
It was from such able merchants she had received those 
claims of respect for her family — men who first began 
the commerce of Salem, men who erected the proudest 
buildings for your store-houses, men who first planted the 
wharves at which your vessels could lay with safety, and 
the first in this part of America." 

"Nor is she less honorable in her female ancestors. M. 
Story saw a king in the house in which she was educated. 
But she possessed more than the favour of kings, the best 
gifts which God has designed for woman, to be the orna- 
ment of her family, the honour of her husband, and the 
best example to her children. To find wealth allied to 
virtue, and to live blessed among the good, and by 
heaven preserved from the hands of the wicked." 



GLEANINGS FROM THE FILES OF THE COURT OF 

GENERAL SESSIONS OF THE PEACE. 

COMMUNICATED BY JAMES KIMBALL. 



No. 



1697.— William Baker, Glover. 

vs. 
Charles Attwood, his apprentice. 

Concluded from page SO. 

I Thomas Louell Ju r : aged about : -48 : years do testify. 
That I having lately seen that writen Indenture 
made between William Baker the Master, and Charles 
Attwood the Apprentice, with the consent of his Father 
Thomas Attwood, late of Ipswich, Deceased, which beareth 
Date the Eleventh Day of April : 1687, wherein the Term 
of time is thus Expressed, viz, For the Term of Time 
begin ing from y e Day aboue writen Untill the fift Day of 
March, which will be in the Year of our Lord: 1690, 
thirteen years by Computation, wanting onely the time 
from the fift Day of March last past till the day aboue 
writen. then to be Compleated, Expired, and fully ended. 
Which Indenture is said to be writen by me ; I say, it 
being now full ten years since, it cannot be Expected that 
I can now give so full & clear an account of all Circum- 
stances relating therevnto, as I could at y e time when y e 
said Indentures were writen ; But what I can remember 
relating thereunto, is as followeth, viz, I doe certainly 
remember, y l the aforesaid Athvood did speak to me 
to write Indentures, conserning his son Charles, being 
bound to William Baker to learne y e trades of a Glover, 
and White-Leather-Dresser ; and conserning the Term of 
Time, y e said Thorn: Attwood then gave me this account 
to be writen in y e said Indentures, viz, Thirteen full 
Years, which then was Calculated to end & be expired in 
the year of our Lord : 1699, for that y e said Tho : Att- 
wood did then. say, that his son Charles having lived with 
| e said Anil : Baker vpon liking from y e lift day of 

(235) 



236 

March y l then was last past (nothing then was accounted in 
y e year 1686) till y e time he spake to me to write the 
said Indentures (which appeared to be written y e eleventh 
day of April : 1687), which time, said He, is a part of y e 
said thirteen years, which compleated y e wmole term in 
1699. And I am sure, that my Intent then was to write 
in y e Indentures according to y e acount said Tho : Att- 
wood then gave to write by, however it came to pass that 
y e word [Nine] was omitted, without wch : [Nine] the 
Term would be Contradictory to it self as it plainly ap- 
pears in y e written Indenture, vnless y e reading y e term 
thus — viz, For the term of time begining from y e Day 
above written vntill thirteen years by Computation ; want- 
ing onely the time since y e fift day of March last past till 
y e day aboue written, then to be Compleated, expired & 
fully ended (leaving the rest) be of itself a Sentence cora- 
pleat ; But I am sure, y* y e word [Nine] through my for- 
getfullness was Omitted when y e Indenture was written 
contrary to my intent, its likely it might be written by 
Candle-Light in y e evening Hastily, & I had the occasion 
never since till now y e contest about it, to have perused 
it, to have espied y e said omission that seasonably & in 
good time to have entered ye said omitted [Nine] for I 
delivered the Indenture to neither Tho : Attwood or Wil- 
liam Baker aforesaid; But (as I was informed) they 
came to y e house of my vsual aboad at a time when I was 
there absent, receiving y e said Indentures from thence 
where they were Signed & Sealed in my absence vnbe- 
known to me, as it appears by y e word Charles in y e said 
written Indenture by an other Hand therin written and 
the word [Nine] it seems then was not minded alsoe ; & 
soe y e omission remained. 

And thus I have written my Testimony, myself that I 
know and was Informed of relating to y e said Indentures. 

Further I the said Thomas Louell Ju r : do Testify, 
That some time this Year 1697 the Widdow, of the 
other side said Thomas Attwood being at y e house of my 
aboad, had discourse together consernins: the other side 
said Indentures, she telling me then words in this sense, 
That when her husband had brought home the Indentures, 



237 

she saw the [Nine] omitted, and told her husband of it, 
who told her, But y e boy 8 time is to be Thirteen years 
•and so he shall serve, if his Master do well by him, and 
y e boy will stay with him. I then replyed words to her 
in this sense, Then you know in your Conscience 
that the nine was forgettfully omitted and that Charles 
time is not out till the year 1099, she answered with 
words in this sense, whatever Avas the Intent, that which 
is writ must stand, and she had discoursed several vnder- 
standing men about it, that said what was wittcn must 
stand for all my evidence to the contrary. But the Nine 
is not contradictory, said I, but explanatory, which with- 
out, is but Contradictory and Confusion. But the nine 
makes the Indentures palpable and Intire in sense and 
Reason. 

The Records of the Court dispose of this case as fol- 
lows : 

ESSEX, SS. 

This Court having viewed and considered said Inden- 
tures, their Judgement is that the said apprentice is not 
obliged to serve any longer by said Indenture. 

The Compktinant appeals 
W. Baker as Principle ^ 

Robert Lord & Nath Rust Jr > Recognised in 

Sureties , j 10 £ to y e Party concerned. 

The condition is that the said Baker shall prosecute 
this complaint with effect at y e next assize and Generall 
Gaol Delivery to be holden in this County. 

It seems from the subjoined Papers in the further hear- 
ing of this case that Baker intended to imprison Charles 
Attwood and to keep him in Prison untill his appeal was 
heard, for we find that he was rescued from the hands of 
the Deputy Jailer, although there appears not to have 
been any warrant against him unless he was committed by 
order of his Master for safe keeping. 

Att A Generall Session of the Peace holden at Ipswich, 
March 29, 1698. 

Thomas Attwood being complained of for rescuing his 






238 

brother Charles Attwood out of the hands of the Deputy 
Jailer, was sett for trial. 

The Jury find a special verdict, to wit, That if the' 
Deputy was legally qualified a deputy to serve the writ 
committed to him upon Charles Attwood, Then Thomas 
Attwood is Guilty, but if said Deputy was not so quali- 
fied then they find him not Guilty. 

Sureties recognize in 40 £ to appear at the next Ses- 
sions at Salem. 

At the June Term of the Court holden at Salem, June 
28th, 1698. 

The Court render their Judgment in the matter of 
Thomas Perrin, Deputy to John Harris, under Sheriffe, 
against Thomas Attwood ; to wit. 

"Judgement wheron was left for consideration till this 
Court, which being considered by their judgement is that 
said Perrin was not lawfully qualified and that said Thomas 
Attwood be dissmist and the said Perrin pay costs of Court." 

Baker recognizes at the March term of the court in 
1698, recognizes in £40 to prosecute his complaint against 
Thomas Attwood at the next sessions, but as there is no 
further record, the case was probably withdrawn by Baker 
paying the costs. 



COURT OF GENERAL SESSIONS. 

Salem, June 10th, 1701. 

To Constable Sam'l Wakefield: 

In his Majestie's name you are hereby required to take 

Espetial Care to Informe Thomas Marston, Commander of 

the Brigantine called the Yeorke, that the Authority heere 

have provided the Howse y t was formerly ffrancis Muses 

ncere Skerrys for himselfe & company to Repair unto, for 

preventing the spreading of the Small pox where they 

are to remaine till further ordered, hereof faile not. 

Jos. Wolcott, "") 

Jeremiah Neale, I D , , e , 

-rv r , > Selectmen ot Salem. 

Peter Osgood, [ 

Edward fflint, J 



239 

Endorsed 

capias and execution. 
vs. 

TIIOS. MARSTON DOG, CHARGED WITH SMALL POX. 

To Constable Samuel Wakefield: 

We being informed that Thomas Mar.ston'.s doge, is 
come ashore whereby the people are Indangred of getting 
the Small pox for preventing wherof you are hereby 
required in his Majestie's name Forthwith to kill, or cause 
to be killed the said Doge & Secured under Ground or 
otherwise, so as that the Danger may be prevented. 
Hereof fail you not. 

dated at Salem 10 June 1701. 

John Hathorne, ) T ,. « ,, _> 
John Higginson, \ Justlces of thc Peiloe - 



COPPY OF NOTE SENT TO MRS. MERCY MARSTON ABOUT HER 

SETTING IN MRS. OSGOOD'S SEAT IN YE 2d PEW. 

1714. 

I am to Informe you y x the Wid°. M rs . Mary Gedney, 
Cap*. Osgood's wife, M r . Keysor's wife, Cap 1 . Willard's 
wife, M r . Jn°. Pickering's wife, M r . Tho. Flint's wife, are 
Placed in the Second Pew, in the meeting House w th in 
The first Parrish in Salem & whereas you have Remoued 
M rs . Osgood's Chair & Seated yo-Self in her Place (you 
your Self having never been placed In S d pew) you are 
desired to refrain taking The Same place or any of the 
places of the psons Aboue mentioned for the future, it 
being 111 resented by all that observe the same & all psons 
ought to observe order in all things & places, Especially 
in the Church at the Publiek Worship, w ch wee desire you 
will take notice of & Conform your Self accordingly. 
Per order of the Selectmen.' 

Walter Price, Town Cler. 
To Mrs. Mercy Marston, Jun'r. 
Salem, A prill 10th, 1714. 






240 



The following memorandum referring to the evacuation 
of the town of Boston by the British Troops under Gene- 
ral Howe, March 17th, 1776, was found upon the inside 
cover of an account book kept by a resident of Boston, 
and an active participator in the stirring events of that 
period. 

"Boston, June 14th, 1774. The 4th Regiment of Foot 
landed. 

June 15th. The 43d Regiment landed and encamped 
on the common. 

May 19th, 1775. I and my family left Boston for 
Cambridge. 

March 17th, 1776. George's Butchers left the Town 
of Boston, and went on board the Transports, after plun- 
dering the Town. The same day they sailed below the 
Castle. 

March 18th. I entered the Town. 

19th. I came out again." 

The writer of the above was a Prisoner of War in Mill 
Prison, England, Oct. 13th, 1781, as entered upon the 
covers of a Hymn Book given to him whilst in Prison. 



(From the original bill in a scrap book.) 

Camp Winter Hill, Aug. y e 5th, 1778. 
The United States to Theoph 8 Bacheller Dr. 

To y e ferriyes of eight men as a Guard to 9 Britis*^ 
Prisonirs over Charlestown ferry and the Guard back. 

£. s. d. 
0. 9. 4. 
Errors Ex. 

i rectd. 
To Maj. Hopkins, 

Tiieophilus Bacheller, Serg 1 . 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



OF THE 



ESSEX INSTITUTE. 

Vol. XI. January, 1872. No. 4. 

THE CLOSING HISTORY OF THE BRANCH OR 
HOWARD STREET CHURCH IN SALEM. 



BY C. C. BEAMAN. 



The Howard Street Church has passed away ; its large 
meeting-house and conspicuous steeple have been taken 
down, and a city school-house has been erected on its 
foundations, while the members who once belonged to the 
church, and who still survive, have connected themselves 
with other churches. 

The removal of an old landmark, the termination of 
the life of a Christian church, so long identified with the 
history of so large and influential a city as Salem, may 
well claim a brief record on the historic page. Having 
read before the Institute some ten years ago a history of 
this church from the commencement up to that time, I 
propose to add a brief statement of what subsequently 
occurred, down to the last days of its existence. 

The last minister of this church, Rev. Charles C. Bea- 
man, a native of Boston, and a graduate of Andover 

16 



242 

Theological Seminary in the class of 1837, immediately 
followed the Rev. Ephraim W. Allen, commencing his 
ministry April 5th, 1857. He married Miss Mary Ann 
Stacy of Wiscasset, Maine, July 10, 1839. At the time 
of his coming to Salem, the church was in a very discour- 
aged condition, and entertained serious thoughts of making 
no further exertions to continue, some leaving to join 
other churches in the city. Those who remained resolved 
to make further trial. 

A new impulse was soon after given to the cause of j 
temperance in Salem, by the addresses of Peter Sinclair, 
Esq., of Scotland, at Mechanic Hall and Howard Street 
Church, resulting in the formation of Bands of Hope 
throughout the city, connected with the Sunday Schools 
of all the Protestant churches. His labors were not con- 
fined to the young, and very soon an adult temperance 
society was organized, indirectly through the awakening 
he had created, though other agents were directly em- 
ployed. 

On Monday evening, July 27, 1857, a large and highly 
respectable meeting of some two hundred and fifty or 
three hundred ladies and gentlemen was held at the 
Howard Street chapel, on a call to consider the question 
of forming a temperance society. After prayer by Rev. 
Mr. Hoppin of Crombie Street Church, the meeting was 
addressed by Mr. Samuel C. Knight, a reformed rum- 
seller; Mr. John Hawkins, the veteran Washingtonian 
lecturer; Mr. Ball, city missionary, and several other 
persons. At an adjourned meeting in the same place, 
August 3, a society was formed, a constitution adopted, 
and officers chosen. Several names were added to the 
list of members, who had formerly been intemperate. 
Meetings were henceforth held every week at the Howard 
Street chapel for nearly two years, reformed men and 



243 

others taking part in the exercises. During this tin it- 
three hundred and two males and three hundred females 
had signed the pledge of total abstinence. Many very 
striking cases of reform took place, and in the meantime 
the congregation worshipping in Howard Street Church 
increased from the ranks of temperance, and the hopes 
of permanent prosperity grew brighter. • 

To crown this success, a religious reformation joined in 
with the temperance awakening, and spreading over the 
city, refreshed many of the churches. Its beginning was 
in the Howard Street chapel, in a week of prayer, 
appointed by the church at a meeting convened for a pre- 
paratory lecture, March 5, 1858. The temperance meet- 
ings had been characterized by a fervent interest similar 
to that witnessed in religious revivals ; and as a move- 
ment to test the degree and character of this pervading 
feeling in the city, the Howard Street Church resolved to 
appoint a prayer meeting in their chapel every evening of 
the following week, commencing on Monday evening, 
March 8, to which the members of all other churches, 
and all persons, were invited. The response to this call 
was unexpectedly large, and developed great depth of 
religious emotion. At the first meeting it was estimated 
that two hundred persons were present, and an increase 
followed on each successive assembling. Christians of 
all denominations met, and there was a freedom and 
union of spirit, a love and earnestness, in striking con- 
trast with the constraint and separation, indifference and 
formality, of preexisting manifestations. Proposals for 
union were made by other churches, and the meetings on 
the following week were held at the vestry of the Taber- 
nacle Church, and from thence transferred successively to 
the South and Crombie Street Churches. Many were 
converted in all the societies, and additions made to 



244 

churches. During that year thirty hopeful conversions 
took place in the Howard Street Church, nineteen of 
whom united themselves with the church, and great hopes 
were entertained of future prosperity. 

The Howard Street Church and its pastor turned their 
attention to the poor and neglected classes of the city ; 
and having a very spacious church only partially occupied, 
offered free sitting and even whole pews to such as would 
occupy them, and succeeded in drawing many to the 
sanctuary who would otherwise have absented themselves. 
In the pursuance of this plan the society consented to 
unite with the Seamen's Bethel in Herbert street, and for 
some months Mr. Knight, the minister of that church, 
and his people, worshipped in the Howard Street Church. 
But the union was of little benefit to either society, and 
was soon abandoned. 

About this time the prospects of the Howard Street 
Church grew less favorable. The civil war operated to 
depress hopes and diminish resources — some became dis- 
couraged and left, and the income from the rent of pews 
was very small, and the aid of sister churches in pecuni- 
ary donations was almost wholly withdrawn. No mem- 
bers of the other Congregational churches in the city were 
willing to join themselves to the feeble church in order 
to save it from extinction, and the members were dimin- 
ishing from death and removals. To the praise of those 
who remained, none of whom were wealthy, be it said 
that their exertions were untiring to sustain and perpetu- 
ate the organization, and especially the sisters of the 
church, already burdened with family cares and labors 
and some of them with the addition of ill health. By 
"fairs" and " sewing circles " they labored to raise money 
to support the Gospel preaching among them ; and very 
generously and nobly did the citizens of Salem of every 



245 

name come to their assistance, but they could not always 
hold out to labor. 

Under these circumstances the pastor, from personal 
and other considerations, felt it to be his duty to resign 
and leave his people, though to do so seemed to imperil 
the existence of the church. To show the love and har- 
mony and good understanding existing between the pastor 
and the people, it may not be improper to give a few 
extracts from his letter of resignation, read to his people 
from the pulpit on Sabbath afternoon, October 2d, 1864, 
at the time he preached his farewell discourse in the close 
of his ministry among them of seven and one-half years. 
He says : — 

"The time has arrived when the indications of Provi- 
dence seem to point out my duty to close my pastoral 
labors among you. I have for some time been thinking 
that such a time was approaching. It is a great satisfac- 
tion to me, and I doubt not to you, also, that the sacred 
and endeared relation between us has been uniformly 
pleasant and harmonious, and that no diminution of affec- 
tion and confidence occasions our separation. The seven 
and a half years that I have been with you have been 
among the happiest of my life, and not without some 
precious results in the conversion of souls and the growth 
of Christian graces. 

We have thought at times that our church was about to 
be raised to a prosperous condition as regards numbers, 
pecuniary independence and spirituality ; but we have 
encountered many disappointments, and it seems to have 
been God's purpose to keep us humble and make us feel 
our dependence. The withdrawals of church members to 
other communions in the city, the removals to other 
places, and the departures by death, with the continuance 
of the civil war to weaken us, have gradually brought us 
lower and lower, and we have not been receiving members 
by letter or profession to counterbalance our losses. 

It is with emotions of tender interest that I relinquish 



246 

my position as your under shepherd, and take my leave of 
you ; and be assured that I shall ever cherish the memory 
of our intercourse, the remembrance of your kindnesses, 
and invariable support. My warm Avelcomes at your 
homes and your visits to my family, and your constant 
attendance on the appointed religious meetings under so 
many discouragements, the support of your prayers, and 
your self-denying labors in the fairs which have been held 
by our society, are indelibly impressed upon my heart, 
and I shall never cease to pray for God's blessing to rest 
upon you and upon yours." 

The church and society accepted the resignation and 
passed votes of thanks and commendation. No serious 
attempt was made to continue the operations of the soci- 
ety. The meeting-house was leased for a year or two to 
the New Jerusalem or Swedenborg Church, but in the 
early part of the year 1867 a bill on request of some of 
the pew holders was passed by the legislature of the State 
to authorize James Kimball, Allen W. Dodge and Benja- 
min C. Perkins to dispose of the meeting-house and ves- 
try, and apply the proceeds to the payment of the debts 
of the society, and of the necessary expenses incurred, 
and if any portion remained, to be distributed among the 
pew owners in proportion to the appraised value of the 
pews. This bill passed the Senate, April 29th, 1867, 
the House of representatives May 3, 1867, and the gov- 
ernor approved it May 9, 1867. 

The house and vestry were sold at auction soon after, 
and the debts were paid. The church appointed a com- 
mittee to give letters of dismissal to other churches, and 
thus terminated the life of the church. 

The history of the Branch, or Howard Street Church 
thus concludes. It passed through many changes since 
its organization, December 19, 1803, and the dedication 
of their meeting-house, February 6, 1805. Besides 



247 

those who have regularly ministered to this church, a 
large number of highly influential and able ministers have 
occasionally occupied the pulpit. Judge Story delivered 
his eulogy on Lawrence and Ludlow to a crowded house, 
assembled Aug. 23, 1813. The voice of prayer and the 
hymns of praise have here ascended unto God. Baptism 
and the Lord's Supper have been administered. The 
cloud symbolical of the divine presence has often filled 
the place. 

At the dedication of the house, Mr. Spaulding checked 
the exultation by solemnly calling upon them, — "Arise 
ye, this is not your rest ;" and how many who heard him 
have arisen to the mansions above ! 

Oh, how many sacred memories gather about a church 
edifice which for threescore years has been a place for 
Christian worship ! Who can tell all the rich experiences 
of faith ; all the sorrows of penitence ; all the delights 
of love ; all the comforts of Christian fellowship ; all the 
joys of Divine communion, and the anticipated bliss of 
heaven ? It is written above in reference to such places ; 
"This and that man were born there into a hope of ever- 
lasting life." 

APPENDIX. 



The following brief history of the proceedings attend- 
ing the dissolution of the Howard Street Church Corpo- 
ration and the final settlement of its affairs will not be 
inappropriate to be inserted at the close of the preceding- 
article by Mr. Beaman. — J. K. 

On the petition of Benjamin A. Gray, et al., proprie- 
tors of the Howard Street Corporation to the General 
Court of Massachusetts, an act was passed in 1867, 
Chap. 54, appointing Benjamin C. Perkins of Peabody, 



248 

Allen W. Dodge of Hamilton and James Kimball, of 
Salem, as Commissioners, with authority to sell and con- 
vey the real and personal estate belonging to the propri- 
etors, to pay all existing demands, and divide the balance 
according to law. 

The commissioners gave public notice of their appoint- 
ment, with a request that all persons should present their 
claims for adjustment. 

The property having been duly advertised was sold at 
public auction on June the 28th, 1867, by William Archer, 
auctioneer, of ..Salem. 

The meeting-house, organ, gas fixtures, clock and vari- 
ous other articles were purchased by James F. Almy, 
Esq., of Salem. The meeting-house was taken down, 
and such of its materials as were available were used in 
the construction of the First Methodist Meeting-house in 
Beverly. The interest of the proprietors in the chapel 
and land on which it stood was purchased by Amos Smith, 
who had a claim on the same. This has since been resold 
to Stephen B. Ives, and removed by him to his own land 
in the rear and converted into a dwelling-house. The lot 
of land belonging to the meeting-house, with the cellar, 
was purchased by Amos Smith and others, and has been 
resold to the city of Salem, and is now occupied by the 
"Howard Street Primary" school-house. The "Howard 
Street bell," as it was called, which was the finest in the 
city, was purchased by subscription, and given in trust 
to the mayor of the city as an alarm-bell, and was re- 
moved by the city authorities to the belfry of the Central 
Baptist Meeting-house in St. Peter's street. 

The total sales amounted to $3,825.34. After the pay- 
ment of preferred claims and expenses, the remaining 
creditors received on principal and interest .9303 per 
cent, on the dollar. Nothing was left for the proprietors. 

A meeting of the proprietors was called by public 
notice in the papers, and a formal dissolution of the soci- 
ety took place. 

The silver communion service belonging to the Church 
was sold, and the proceeds divided amongst those of its 
members who remained in its fellowship at the time of sale. 



PERKINS FAMILY OF IPSWICH. 






COMMUNICATED BY GEORGE A. PERKINS. 



(Continued from page 227.) 



Jacob Perkins to Mary Cogswell, Sep'r 8, 1716. 

Nath'll Perkins to Eliza. Decker, Rowley, 9, 4, 1717. 

John Perkins to Eliza. Eudicott, Box., 15, 1, 1718. 

Robert Perkins pub'd Eliza. Douton, Oct. 25, 1718. 

Stephen Perkins to Marg'tt Bligh, Sep'r 26, 1719. 

Stephen Glazier and Elizabeth Perkins, both of Ipswich, the twenty- 
fourth day of December, 1720, were published. 

Matthew Perkins, jun'r and the widdow Mary Smith, both of Ipswich* 
were published the {fourteenth of January, 1720-1. 

Edmund Potter, of Boston, and the widdow Esther Perkins, of Ipswich, 
were published ye twenty second day of April, 1721. 

Mark Perkins and Dorothy Whipple, both of Ipswich, were published 
the fourth day of June, 1721. 

Elisha Perkins and Abigail Newmarch, both of Ipswich, were pub- 
lished the fourth clay of August, 1722. 

Mark How, of Ipswich and Hephzibah Perkins, of Topsfleld were 
published the sixth day of October, 1722. 

Joseph Emerson and Abigail Perkins, both of Ipswich, were published 
the fifteenth day of December, 1722. 

Benjamin Grant and Elizabeth Perkins, both of Ipswich, were pub- 
lished the twenty third day of January, 1722-3. 

Benjamin Grant and Anne Perkins, both of Ipswich, were published 
the second day of February, 1722-3. 

Benjamin Newman, jun'r and Hannah Perkins, both of Ipswich, were 

published the fifth of October, 1723. 
i Mr. William Perkins and Mrs. Hannah Crumpton, both of Ipswich, 
were published the first day of February, 1723. 

Westley Perkins and Abigail Rindge, both of Ipswich, were published 

ye 27th day of Novem'r, anno 1725. 
[John Holland and Mary Perkins, both of Ipswich, were published ye 
4th day of December, anno 1725. 

(249) 



250 

Thomas Treadwell, tertius, and Sarah Perkins, both of Ipswich, were 
published the 29th of October, 1726. 

Barnabas Dodge and Martha Perkins, both of Ipswich, were published 
the twenty fourth of August, 1728. 

Joseph Perkins and Elizabeth Eellows, both of Ipswich, were pub- 
lished the second of Nov'r, 1728. 

Mr. Jacob Perkins and Mrs. Susanna Butler, widdo., both of Ipswich, 
were published the seventh of Dec, 1728. 

Mr. Thomas Norton, jun'r, and Mrs. Mary Perkins, both of Ipswich, 
were published the fourth January, 1728. 

John Butler and Hannah Perkins, of Chebacco in Ipswich, were pub- 
lished the 27th of Decem'r, 1729. 

John Bennet, of Rowley, and the widdow Eliza Perkins, of Ipswich, 
were published March 21st, 1729. 

Thomas Nason and Sarah Perkins, both of Ipswich, were published 
the nineteenth day of Septemb'r, 1730. 

Jeremiah Perkins and Joanna Smith, both of Ipswich, were published 
the seventh of November, 1730. 

John Greaves and Hannah Perkins, both of Ipswich, were published 
the seventh of November, 1730. 

Nathaniel Hart, jun'r and Elisabeth Perkins entred their intention of 
marriage the 29th of March, 1731. 

Capt. Elias Lowater, of Salem, and Mrs. Eliza Perkins, of Ipswich, 
were published the sixteenth of October, 1731. 

Jonathan Low, jun'r, and Sarah Perkins, both of Ipswich (Chebacco) 
were published Octo. 16th, 1731. 

Nathan Perkins and Elizabeth Manning, both of Ipswich, were pub- 
lished October ye 23d, A. D., 1731. 

James Perkins and Margaret Andrews, both of Chebacco in Ipswich, 
were publisht. Novr. 5th, 1732. 

Charles Adams, of Ipswich, and Mary Perkins of Wen ham, were pub- 
lisht. Octo. 13th, 1733. 

Jacob Perkins, at the Hill, and Mary Dresser, both of Ipswich, were 
publisht. Octo. 27th, 1733. 

William Greely and Judith Perkins, both of Ipswich, were publisht. 
Novr. 3d, 1733. 

Nathanael Puller and the widdo. Eliza. Perkins, both of Ipswich, 
entred their intento. of marra. Dec. 7th, 1733. 

Nathanael Perkins & Hannah Holland, both of Ipswich, entred their 
intento. of marra. November 8, 1735. 

John Perkins and the widdo. Abigail Dike, both of Ipswich, entred 
their intento. of marra. Feb'ry 4th, 1735. 

Isaac Perkins and Elizabeth Butler, both of Chebacco parish, entred 
their intento. of marra. March 4th, 1736. 



251 

lathanael Perkins and Anna Harris, both of Ipswich, entred their 

intcnto. of marriage July 30th, 1787. 

William Ely, juur. of Lyme in Connect., Colo., and Eliza. Perkins, of 
Chebacco parish, entred yr intento. of marra. 7br. 16th, 1787. 

Samuel Hovey and Eliza. Perkins, both of Ipswich, entred their in- 
tento. of marra. Septemr. 25th, A. D. 1737. 

Jacob Perkins, junr., and Mary Fuller, both of Ipswich, entred their 
intention of marriage, Feb. 9, 1739. 

James Gerrish, of Berwick, and wido. Mary Perkins of Ipswich, entd. 
yr. intento. of marriage Decb. 12th, 1740. 

Benjamin Kinsman & Eliza. Perkins, both of Ipswich, entred yr. inten- 
tion of marriage Decb. 27th, 1740. 

Daniel Kinsman & Mary Perkins, of Ipswich, entred their intento. of 
marriage Jan. 10th, 1740. 

Joseph Fowler, of Wenham, & Eliza. Perkins, of Ipswich, entred yr 
intention of marriage Oct. 3d, 1741. 

Jacob Perkins, junr. & Eliza. Storey, both of Ipswich, entred yr inten- 
tion of marriage, July 28th, 1743. 

Joseph Perkins, junr. & Elizabeth Choate, both of Ipswich, entred yr 
intento. of marriage January 7th, 1743. 

Samuel Dike and Mary Perkins, both of Ipswich, entred yr. intention 
of marriage Augt. 15th, 1747. 

Francis Perkins & Martha Quarles, both of Ipswich, entred their in- 
tento. marriage Oct. 17th, 1747. 

Jeremiah Foster, junr., & Abigail Perkins, both of Ipswich, entred 
their intention of marriage, Novb. 5th, 1748. 

William Perkins and Eliza. Maybey, both of Ipswich, entred yr intento. 
of marriage May 11th, 1749. 

Eobert Perkins, of Topsfleld, & Hannah Cummins, of Ipswich, entred 
yr intention of marriage Sept. 27th, 1750. 

Mr. John Rust & Mrs. Hannah Perkins, both of Ipswich, entred yr 
intention of marriage, Novb. 17th, 1750. 

Mr. Thomas Perkins, of Topsfleld, and Mrs. Martha Williams, of 
Ipswich, entred yr inteno. of marr. Novb. 22d, 1751. 

Mr. Jonathan Foster, of Ipswich, and Mrs. Dorcas Perkins, of Tops- 
fleld, entred yr. intention of marriage Novb. 22d, 1751. 

Mr. Abraham Lakeman and Mrs. Elizabeth Perkins, of Ipswich, entred 
yr. intento. of marr. Decb. 2d, 1752. 

Robert Perkins & Elizabeth Brown, both of Ipswich, entred yr. inten- 
tion of marriage Aprill 6th, 1758. 

Mr. John Kinsman & Mrs. Eliza. Perkins, wido., both of Ipswich, en- 
tred yr intention of marr. Decb. 9th, 1753. 

Mr. Isaac Andrews & Mrs. Lucy Perkins, both of Ipswich, entred their 
intention of marr. Augt. 10th, 1754. 



252 

Mr. Francis Perkins & Mrs. Hannah Cogswell, both of Ipswich, 

entrecl their intento. of marr. Feby. 8th, 1755. 
Mr. Elisha Goold & Mrs. Abigail Perkins, both of Ipswich, entrecl yr 

intention of marriage July 26th, 1755. 
Mr. Nathl. Perkins, jur., & Mrs. Mary Lowater, both of Ipswich, 

entrecl yr intento. of marr. Feby. 26th, 1757. 
Mr. Jacob Perkins, of Boxford, & Mrs. Mercy Fowler, of Ipsh., entrecl 

their intento. of marr. Oct. 27th, 1759. 
Mr. Joseph Cummings, jur., of Ipswich, & Mrs. Judith Perkins, of 

Topsfield, entred their intento. of marr. March 3d, 175 [worn off 

1758]. 
Mr. John Storey & Mrs. Hannah Perkins, both of Ipswich, entred yr 

intention of marr. Apll. 4th, 1760. 



MARRIAGES. 

Abraham Perkins to Hannah Beamsley, October 16th, 1661. 

Katherine Perkins to John Baker, May 13th, 1667. 

Jacob Perkins to Sarah Wainwright, 1667. 

Elizabeth Perkins to Thomas Borman, January 1st, 1667. 

Martha Perkins to John Lamson, December 17, 1669. 

Mary Perkins to Thomas Wells, January 10th, 1669. 

Judith Perkins to Nathl. Browne, December 16th, 1673. 

Samuel Perkins to Hannah West, 1677. 

Luke Perkins to Elizabeth Jago, April 26th, 1677. 

Jacob Perkins to Elizabeth Sparks, December 27th, 1681. 

Luke Perkins to Martha Conant, May 31st, 1688. 

Jacob Perkins was maried to Elisabeth Sparks, Dece. 25, 1681. 

Thomas Emerson was married to Phillip Perkins, Novemb. 20, 168 
[torn off, 1685]. 

John Brewer was married to Martha Perkins, June 3d, 1689. 

Jacob Burnam marrycl Mehitable Perkins, Nov. 20, 1704. 

Abraham Perkins marrycl Abigail Dodge, Nov. 6, 1701. 

Edward Eveleth, marrd. Eliza. Perkins, Janr. 4, 1704. 

Thomas Stevens and Charity Perkins, both of Ipswich, were married 
ye 24th day May, 1722. 

John Swain, of Reading, and Mary Perkius, of Topsfield, were mar- 
ried the first day Dec, 1720. 

Timothy Nicholls, of Reading, and Hannah Perkins, of Topsfield, 
were married at Ipswich, October 7th, 1725. 

Francis Choate and Hannah Perkins, both of Chebacco in Ipswich, 
were married April 13th, 1727. 

1728, Sept. 27th, Barnabas Dodge and Martha Perkins were married. 






253 



1728, Janry. 28th, Mr. Thomas Norton, junr., and Mrs. Mary Perkins 

were married. 
1728, Feb'ry 10th, Jacob Perkins and wicldo. Susanna Butler, both of* 

Ipswich, were joined in marriage. 
1731, Novr. 10, Capt. Elias Lowatcr and Elizabeth Perkins married. 

1731, November 18th, Jonathan Low, junr., and Sarah Perkins joined 
in marriage. 

1732, Dec. 14th, James Perkins and Margaret Andrews were joined in 
marriage. 

June 17, 1730, John Bennet, of Rowley, & the widdo. Eliza. Perkins, 

of Ipsw. were joined in marriage. 
Dec. 3, 1730, John Greaves and Hannah Perkins, both of Ipswich, 

were joined in marriage. 
June 15, 1731, Josiah Woodberry, of Bev'ly & Hannah Perkins, of 

Ipsw. were joined in marriage. 

1733, Decemr. 6th, Mr. Jacob Perkins & Mary Dresser were joined in 
marriage. 

1733, Decemr. 6th, William Greely & Judith Perkins were joined in 
marriage. 

1733, Jan'y 14, Nathanael Fuller and Eliza. Perkins, widdo., were 
joined in marriage. 

John Perkins and Abigail Dike, both of Ipswich, were married the 
4th of March, 1735. 

Sept. 15th, 1737, Nathan! Perkins and Anna Harris married. 

Feb'ry 8th, 1730, Thos. Perkins & Eliza. Fowler were married. 

1740, March 19th, Jacob Perkins & Mary Fuller were joined in mar- 
riage. 

1740, Jan. 23d, Dan'll Kinsman & Mary Perkins, both of Ipswich, were 
joined in marriage. 

1741, Jan 4 . 20th, Joseph Fowler, of Wenham, & Eliza. Perkins, of 
Ipswich, were joined in marriage. 

The following persons joined in marriage by the Revd. Nehemiah 

Porter, of Chebacco parish in Ipswich. 
1753, July 19th, Robert Perkins & Elizabeth Brown, both of Ipswich. 
Apl. 13th, 1760, Mr. John Storey & Mrs. Hannah Perkins, both of 

Ipswich, were married by the Revd. John Cleaveland. 
John Perkins & Sarah Elliot, Feb. 27th, 1786. 
Martha Perkins & David Burnham, Feb. 7th, 1787. 
William Perkins & Elizabeth Proctor Oct. 15th, 1788. 
Sarah Perkins & Eleazer Low, Dec. 25, 1788. 

Jacob Perkins of Maiden & Rebecca Appleton of Ips. Augt. 1, 1789. 
Luey Perkins & John Lord, jun., Jany. 27, 1789. 
Jonathan Perkins & Dorcas Haskell, Jan. 7, 1790. 
Sarah Perkins & John Fitz, Nov. 16, 1791. 



254 

Mary Perkins & Nathan Choate, April 10, 1794. 
Ruth Perkins & Adoniram Haskell, May 13th, 1794. 
Mary Perkins & Thomas Lewis Hovey, Dec. 30th, 1794. 

DEATHS. 

John, son of Jacob Perkins, died April 6, 1669. 

Elisabeth, wife to Quart. John Perkins, died Sept. 27, 1684. 

Sarj. Jacob Perkins' wife died Febr. the 12th, 1685. 

Quart. John Perkins, died Deer, the 14th, 1686. 

Sarah, wife to Jacob Perkins junr., died Febr. 3d, 1688. 

Elizabeth, wife to Jacob Perkins, died Aprill the 10th, 1692. 

Capta. Beamsley Perkins died at his house in Ipswich, ye twenty third 

day of July, 1720, being 47 years, three mo. and 16 days old. 
Sarah, daughter of John and Elizabeth Perkins, dyed ye 7th July, 1720.. 
Martha "Perkins, wife of Matthew Perkins, junr., dyed ye 30th Sepr., 

1720. 
Mr. Abraham Perkins dyed the 27th clay of April, 1722, in the 82d year 

of his age, being run over by a tumbrill, broke many bones across 

his breast. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob and Eliza. Perkins, dyed Augt. 25, 1726. 
Lucy, daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Perkins, dyed Octo. 30th, 1726, 

JEt. 6. 
Lucy, an infant, daughter of Jacob and Eliza. Perkins, dyed Fbr. 9, 

1727. 
Lucy, daughr. of Jacob and Eliza. Perkins, dyed March 6th, 1728, iEt. 

7 mo. 
Brewer, son of Matthew Perkins, junr., and Mary, dyed Septr. 1st, 

1730. 
Daniel (an infant), son of Jacob and Eliza. Perkins, dyed Sept. 29th, 

1731. 
Hannah Perkins, relict of Samuel Perkins, deed., dyed Augt. 21t, 1732. 
Elizabeth Perkins, wife of Jacob Perkins, dyed Septr. 27, 1732. 
Mrs. Hannah Perkins, relict of Mr. Abra. Perkins, deed., dyed Octo. 

16th, 1732, JEt. 91. 
Capt. Stephen Perkins deceased May 15th, 1733, Mt. 50. 
Stephen, son of Matthw. Perkins, junr., & Mary, deed. Feb'ry 21, 1735. 

iEt. 4 yr., 1 mo. 
John, son of John & Eliza. Perkins, dyed March 8, 1735, yrs. 12 & 5 m. 
Zerobbabel, son of John & Mary Perkins, deed. March 19, 1735. 
Eunice, claught. of John & Eliza. Perkins, deed. Mch. 31, 1736, JEt. 9 

yr., 11 mo., 20 d. 
Hannah Perkins, wife of Nathl. Perkins, deed. May 13th, 1736, JEt. 17 

yr. 9 mo. 



255 



Daniel, son of Jeremiah & Joannah Perkins, deed. June II, 1786. 

Matthew Perkins, junr., deed. May 28t, 1737. 

Capt. Matthew Perkins departed this life April 15, 1738, TEt. 72 yrs., 9 

mo., 23 d. 
Mrs. Sarah Perkins, wido. of Jacob Perkins, deed. Augt. 5, 1738, JEt. 

G5 y., 7 mo. 
Sarah Perkins, daugr. of John Perkins, died Augt. 8th, 1742. 
Jeremiah, son of Jeremiah Perkins, died May 1st, 1748. 
Saml., son of Jacob Perkins, died Novb. 30th, 1748. 
The wido. of Capt. Matthew Perkins died Oct. 6th, 1749. 
Joseph Perkins drowned in Ipswich bay, Oct. 10th, 1751. 
Hepzibah, daugt. of Joseph Perkins, deed. & Eliza, died Decb. 25, 

1753. 
Jacob Perkins, of Chebacco, died 28th March, 1754. 
Mada. Margaret Perkins, died May 23d, 1754. 
Wido. Hannah Perkins died Augt. 2d, 1758. 
Mehitable Perkins died Oct. 7th, 1758. 
Jacob Perkins died Decb. 2d, 1758. 

Nathl. Perkins was drowned on Ipswich barr, May 4th, 1761. 
Susannah, widdow of Jacob Perkins of Chebacco, died Oct. 1st, 1769, 

Mt. 80 yrs. 
The foregoing are true extracts from the records of the town of 
Ipswich. Attest, 

Alfred Kimball, Town clerk. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF LIEUT. JOHN 
PRESTON, OF SALEM VILLAGE. 



COMMUNICATED BY SAMUEL P. FOWLER. 



This diary was written on a 16 mo sheet of ten pages. 
On the outside of the manuscript was the following ei> 
dorsement : — 

JOHN PRESTON, 

Salem Village, 
1743. 

I find no record of the birth of Lieut. John Preston, or 
of his wife, Hannah Putnam. He died June 14th, 1771, 
his wife March 28th, 1771. He had ten children, whose 
names are as follows : — 

Elizabeth, born May 9th, 1745 ; John, born Sept. 8th, 
1746; Philip, born Oct. 30th, 1748; Joshua, born March 
22d, 1751 ; David, born March 20th, 1752 ; Hannah, born. 
Aug. 8th, 1754 ; Levi, born Oct. 21st, 1756 ; Moses, born 
April 20th, 1758 ; Aaron, born March 24th, 1760 ; Daniel, 
born June 11th, 1761. 

Philip died May 29th, 1749; Joshua died May 11th, 
1751 ; Aaron died April 9th, 1760 ; Daniel died July 1st, 
1762 ; David died Jan. 16th, 1774. 

REMARKS on ye year 
A blazing star was seen from December 24, 1743, to till 

(256) 



257 

Feb. 14 — then it set about half an hour after sundown, 
and it rose half an hour before the sun, and it drew nearer 
the sun till it came to ye sun. 

It was seen in the daytime. 

June 2. War proclaimed with France. 

June 3.* An earthquake a little after 10 o'clock in the 
forenoon. 

July 6. My father died in the 81st year of his age. 

Sept. 9. A very hard frost. 

Very moderate weather all February but two or three 
clays. 

March 17. At night very hard thunder. 

" 24. | The fleet sailed for Cape Breton. 
•May 9. My daughter Elizabeth born. 

May 27. Rufus Putnam fell from Capt. John Gardner's 
house and died in an hour after. 

June 10. My brother 'listed for Cape Breton. Sailed 
from Boston June 26, and arrived at Louisburg harbor 
July 6th, and wrote me a letter dated July 7th. I received 
it July 27th. 

Aug. 13. He was brought home sick. 

174G. 

Feb. 2d. A very fair, pleasant day. 

Aug. 2. Some frost in the meadows. 

Aug. 11, 12, 13. Some frost every morning so as to 
kill the corn leaves. 

Aug. 26. Very hard frost, so as to kill the corn, beans 
and potatoes. 

* Rev. Thomas Smith in his Journal says there was a Fast on account of this 
earthquake. He first saw the comet in Boston the 2Gth of December. It had then 
been seen near three weeks. 

fFor the reduction of Louisburg. 
17 



258 

Sept. 3. My son John born. 
Oct. 18. The snow a foot deep. 

Dec. 3d. At night a violent snowstorm, the wind North- 
east, and the snow lay close on the ground till the last of 
March following ; and it was thought by many that there 
was more snow this winter than there had been any winter 
since the country was inhabited. 

April 14. My brother Philip Preston died in the 28th 
year of his age. About the same time a comet was seen 
in the Northeast for a fortnight or three weeks. This 
summer was called the hottest and driest summer that had 
been known for a great number of years. 

Oct. 30. My son Philip was born. It was dry all the 
winter following, and but very little snow or rain, but 
cold and dry. 

This spring remained so dry that by the middle of May, 
the rivers and brooks were as dry and as low as ever 
known in the Fall.* 

May 29. My son Philip died after twenty-four days' 
sickness. 

June 15. A general fast throughout this Province on 
ye account of the drought. 

June 20. Joseph Cross came home after he had been 



* A melancholy dry time, the grasshoppers do us more spoil than the drought. I 
reckon my poultry (about 100) eat ten thousand grasshoppers every day. They 
have eaten up entirely an acre of potatoes. Very hot. The most remarkable time 
that ever we or our lathers saw.— Smith's Jour. 

The reading of these old journals gives u - assurance in the belief that no great 
changes have taken place in the seasons. The two dry summers experienced in 
the years 1748 and 1749 were very much like our last two dry seasons, and they oc- 
curred when the country was covered with a dense forest. AVemust therefore look 
to some other cause for our di-y summers. 



259 

gone almost twelve years, and almost eleven years of that 
time he was on board of a man-of-war in the king's ser- 
vice. 

June 28. Aunt Mary Tarbot died in the ninety-sixth 
year of her age. 

July 1. The pastures were as dry, and almost as white 
as in ye winter time. In the fore part of July we had 
fine showers of rain, which brought to the pastures as 
fresh as May. English hay was so scarce this summer 
that it was sold at the rate of 50 £ or 60 £ a load in 
Salem, and some hay in Boston 80 £ or 90 £ per load. 

Aug. 27. A general thanksgiving on account of the 
rain. There was a considerable good crop of Indian corn, 
and } r e winter was so favorable that the cattle were win- 
tered beyond expectation. 

175©. 

This spring came on early, and brought showers, and 
considerable good crops of corn. English hay at 40 £ a 
load, Lawful money. 

July 24. A shower of hail that was as large as robins' 
eggs when they fell, so that they cut holes through the 
tobacco leaves and cabbages. 

Oct. Cider sold in Salem for 4 shil. per barrel, Law- 
ful money. 

Dec. Indian meal sold in Salem market for two shil- 
lings per bushel. A moderate winter, no snow for sled- 
ding, but a great deal of rain. 

175 1. 

Jethro Putnam died. 

Feb. 11. Eleazer Brown came into the widow Crosse's 
in the evening, and fell down and died in four or five 
minutes after he got within the door. 






260 

March 22. My son Joshua was born, and he died May 
11th with the throat distemper. My other children very 
bad Avith the same distemper, but they recovered. 

July 29. It began £o rain moderately about nine o'clock, 
and it rained steadily all day and all night very hard, ye 
wind high at southeast. 

July 30. Exceeding hard shower so that the rivers the 
31st of May were almost as high as ever known in the 
spring. 

Oct. This winter the village and middle parish was set 
off from Salem as a district by the name of Dan vers.* 

1752. 

This year was ordered by Parliament to begin the 1st of 
January. 

March 20. My son David born. 

This spring was very dry, and exceeding cold. Small 
pox very bad in Boston, and in May it broke out in Salem 
and Charlestown. 

June 27. George Stone fell into his well and was 
drowned. 

July 12. Being Sabbath day, in the afternoon George 

Small's house was struck with thunder, and the thunder 

came down chimney and killed Solomon Phips as he sat 

on a block by the jamb. He fell down dead, and never 

spoke or stirred. He was just entered on his one and 

twentieth year. 

1953. 

Nothing remarkable till December, then Swinner- 

ton, his wife and one child, all died with ye fever. This 

winter very little snow but abundance of rain. 

1954. 

The month of April very cold and dry, and ye wind 

* January 25th, 1752. 



261 

N. E. and N. all the month but three or four clays. 

June 30. Being Sabbath day, it rained some. At night 
it rained very hard all night, so that Ipswich river was as 
high as ever was known in the spring. 

Aug. 8. My daughter Hannah born. 

Oct. Died, in Dea. Nathan Putnam's house, Joshua 
Wiatt and one of Asa Putnam's children. About the 
20th died the said Deacon, and three more of Asa Put- 
nam's children. The three children were all buried in 
one grave. This winter was open, no sledding at all. 

1?55. 

May 31. A very hard frost, so as to kill the corn and 
beans ; in the meadows the brakes were killed. 

This summer was exceedingly cold, and the frost came 
on very early in the fall, so Indian corn was Yery much 
hurt in some places. 

Sept. 15. Jonathan Majory 'listed to go to Crown Point. 

Sept. 25. Capt. Samuel Flint marched out of Salem 
with his, company to go to Crown Point. 

Oct. Very cold weather. 
" 18. It snowed considerably. 
" 25. Snowed again. 

" 30. A very snowy, stormy clay as you shall know 
in the winter time. 

November from the 1st to the 17th unusually foggy 
weather, and no wind till the 18th. In the morning be- 
tween 3 and 4 o'clock was a terribly hard earthquake, which 
threw down a power of stone wall, and a great many tops 
of chimneys. This winter moderate. 

135G. 

This summer very wet and cold, and the latter part of 
it very dry. 



262 

Oct. 21. My son Levi born. This month died Lieut. 
Elieazer Porter and his wife and two eldest sons with 
fever. 

1757. 

This year the French took Fort William Henry. 

175S. 

April 20. My son Moses born. In July our army was 
defeated at Ticonderoga with 4 or 5,000 men. 

August. The English took Cape Breton. The summer 
exceedingly wet and cold. 

1759. 

This year the English took Ticonderoga, Crown Point, 
and Quebec. 

17©©. 

Mch. 20. Great fire in Boston, burnt 3 or 400 houses.! 
" 24. My son Aaron born. 



THE CHIPMAN LINEAGE, PARTICULARLY AS IN 
ESSEX COUNTY, MASS. 



BY R. MANNING CHIPMAN. 



The surname "Chipman" is, in America, definitive. 
More than denoting, consanguinity excluded, a common- 
age, it designates, consanguinity included, a lineage. All 
persons on this continent who by birth bear, or have 
borne, this surname, now met with throughout the United 
States and the adjoining British Provinces, are, so far as 
long and w T ide search yet has found, comprised in one emi- 
grant ancestor with his wives and his posterity. Two 
branches from the main stem have been, and a third 
branch until lately was, in Essex County, Mass. These 
papers propose to give a specific account of those branches, 
as related to that stem ; after presenting, as preparatory, 
some items which pertain not only to the Essex County 
part, but also to their congeners, of this lineage. 

MEANING AND ORIGIN OF " CHIPMAN." 

Surnames, that have more or less been changed in form 
or in sound, may obtain or they may suggest a meaning 
which is not the true one. When Rowland Hill in his 
"Village Dialogues," serious tracts, used Chipman to de- 
nominate a carpenter, readers see that he made a good 
/it; and when Nathaniel I. Bowditch, in his "Suffolk 
Names," a humorous compilation, intimated Chipman to 
be in more than form akin to woodman, readers feel that 
he made a good hit. What is apt and what is amusing 
have their utility. Such authors, however, as offer to 

(2G3) 



264 

teach, should first know. Easy recipients may not be 
surprised that William Arthur, in his "Dictionary of 
Family and Christian Names," confounds Chip man with 
Chapman ; but an investigator, without being profound, 
may both have and express surprise that Mark Antony 
Lower, in such a work as his "Patronymica Britannica," 
allowed himself to make and utter the same confusion ; 
since Mr. LoAver cannot have the apology of being sup- 
posed ignorant of a book by which Mr. Arthur professes 
to have been aided, Burke's "Encyclopedia of Heraldry, 
or General Armory, etc." In this last named and authori- 
tative work, to descriptions of the arms proper to this 
surname are prefixed as follows : — "Chipenham, or Chip- 
nam," "Chippenham, or Chipman." The euphonic form 
"Chipman" comes from the contracted form "Chip'n'am." 
Its first element is "chip," "chipping," "cheap," as in 
"cHEAP-side," derivatives from the Anglo-Saxon ceapian, 
cypan, Dutch hoopen, German kaiifen, Danish kidbe, 
Swedish, kopa, Icelandic kaupa, to buy, sell, cheapen; 
and its second, Anglo-Saxon ham, Dutch and German 
heim, Danish hiem, Swedish hem, Icelandic heimr, a vil- 
lage, town, home. Its import is chap(men's)-home ; 
mart; emporium. It is, as will be seen by what follows, 
one of the earliest surnames which, passing from an in- 
dividual to a family designation, were thus made social, 
transmissible, hereditary and permanent. As occurring 
in ancient documents, prepared when Latin was the schol- 
arly and French the* legal language of English writers, it 
had the prefix de, which in each of those languages pur- 
ports "of" or "from," and then noted, as to the persons so 
styled, either the ownership of, or a present or former 
residence at, some locality named Chippenham (Anglo- 
Saxon Cyppanham, Doomsday Book Cipham, Cippen- 
ham, etc.) ; viz., as follows : — 



2G5 



PLACES CHIPPENHAM. 



Chippenham, Co. Buckingham, twenty-two miles from 
London is "a Liberty in the Pa-ish and Hundred of Burn- 
ham, forming part of the ancient demesnes of the crown 
[of England] , and said to be the site of a palace of the 
Mercian kings." 

Chippenham, Co. Cambridge, sixty-one miles from Lon- 
don, is "a Parish in the Hundred of Staplehou, a dis- 
charged Vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Suffolk, and 
Diocese of Norwich." 

Chippenham, Co. Wilts., ninety -three miles from Lon- 
don, is "a Borough, Market-Town, and Parish, in the 
Hundred of Chippenham," and "a place of the greatest 
antiquity. • In the time of [king] Alfred, it was one of 
the finest towns in the [Anglo-Saxon] kingdom." 

ARMS OF CHIPMAN. 

The arms of Chipman, as for several generations in the 
line of John Chipman, below marked (8), had present, 
in their coloring and otherwise, enough appearance of anti- 
quity to render probable the position that the picture was 
made in England, that is, before such things were in this 
country furnished to the order of whoever would pay for 
the drawing of a so-called "coat of arms." As in that 
picture, except that there are seen around the "shield" 
appendages termed "supporters" which formerly were by 
English rule used without, though latterly used only with, 
permission expressed by the king, they are those which 
the Messrs. Burke, giving them as by record of "Heralds' 
Visitations " known to pertain to the Chipmans once 
residing in Bristol, England, describe thus : " Ar. a bend 
bstw. six estoilcs gu. Crest — A leopard sojant ar. 
murally crowned ;" viz., as less technically stated : "Upon 



266 

a white shield or escutcheon, a red shoulder-belt between 
six (red) stars. Seated above the shield a white leopard, 
on his head a red mural crown." In respect to what 
the emblems so described mean, the Messrs. Burke say : 
"The crest or cognizance served to distinguish the com- 
batants in the battle or tournament ;" and M. Porny says : 
"A mural crown was conferred upon him who first, at an 
assault, mounted the walls of a besieged town, and there 
set up a standard." That person, then, to whom in 
feudal times was by his sovereign granted the right, for 
himself and for his posterity, to have and to bear these 
ensigns, was a soldier approved and rewarded for his 
valor. In these, as in other armorial bearings, the ab- 
sence of elaborateness and flourish attests their relatively 
great antiquity. 

CHIPMANS IN ENGLAND. 

Willielmus de Chippenham w T as chairman of the com- 
missioners ("jurors") in the "Hundred of Stapleholi," 
Co. Cambridge, Eng., Avho, by order of* William the 
Conqueror, took, a.d., 1085, the inventory of the exten- 
sive estates possessed by the opulent Monastery of Ely, 
in that County. The original record or report of that 
survey is preserved among the Cottonian Manuscripts in 
the British Museum and is marked "Tiberius, A. VI." 
A printed copy of it forms a considerable part of the 
"Doomsday Book," as prepared and issued under direc- 
tion of the "Record Commission" appointed by the Brit- 
ish Parliament, viz., the Inquisitio Eliensis, in Vol. II. 

Ricardus de Chippenham was a burgess, returned for 
Wallingford, Co. Berks., who obtained, a.d., 1306, as 
also a. d., 13-13, his "Writ de Expensis" for attending 
the then last Parliament at Westminster. 

Johannes de Chipman was a burgess, returned for 



267 

Chippenham, Co. Wilts., who obtained, a. d., 1313, bia 
"Writ de Expensis" for attending the then last Parlia- 
ment at Westminster. lie is described as "Le Chap- 
pan;" in effect as if John Chipman, of Trade-town, 
trader. 

Sir [Rev.] John de Chippenham was one of the one 
hundred and nineteen legatees of "the princely Clare," 
viz., Elizabeth de Burgh, Co. Clare and Pro v. Minister, 
Ir., Countess of Clare and foundress of Clare Hall, whoso 
father was Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, Eng., 
whose mother was Joan d' Acres, daughter of Edward L, 
of Eng., whose husband was John de Burgh, son and 
heir of the Earl of Ulster, Ir., and whose daughter was 
Countess of Athol, Scot. Her will, dated at St. Clare, 
25 Sept., 1355, was proved 3 Dec, 1360. 

With equal minuteness might have been specified Wal- 
ter Chiepman, a. d., 1198; Begat Chiepman, 1198; 
Henry de Ghippeham, 1216 ; John Chypman, m.p., 1298 ; 
Wcdterus de Chippenham, 1327 ; Johannes de Chippen- 
ham, 1355 ; Walter Chippenham, 1383 ; Henry Chippen- 
ham, 1421 ; other Henry Chippenhams, 1433 and onward ; 
several Thomas Chippenhams (and Chipmans), of whom 
was an ambassador extraordinary, with prebendaries, an 
archdeacon and a S. T. P., 1433-1512 ; Juliana de Chip- 
nam, 1509 ; Nicholas Chippenham, eccles. commis., 1518 ; ( 
Edivard Chipnani, 1625 ; and Eleanor Chipnam, 1570. 

The persons above named are as found in the books 
prepared and issued under direction of the "Eecord Com- 
mission" appointed by the British Parliament, and in 
works equally authoritative. It may here be added that 
the historic statements made in these pages, though the 
authorities are for brevity's sake not assigned, are all 
historically based and sustained. 

The date last above written being of a year later than 



268 

that in which was born the founder of the lineage which 
is, in some of its lines, to be soon presented ; the list 
above given forms thus a sort of Jacob's ladder from that 
lineage upward, each of the specified persons a round of 
it, so that by a genealogical eye may be seen generations 
ascending as well as descending upon it. 

The surname Chipman is extant, though not frequent, 
now in England. From 1830 to 1850 it was borne in 
Bristol and in Chippenham, its old localities as respects 
some families; and in 1843, in Exeter, in that country. 
'In 1851-56 was a "J. Chipman, a Member of the Royal 
College of Surgeons, at London." 

ENGLISH CHIPMANS ON AMERICAN ISLANDS. 

A physician named Chipman went from England, about 
1835, and was till he deceased, about 1840, an associate 
in medical practice at St. John, Antigua, W. I., with 
Anthony Musgrave, M. D., the treasurer of that colony. 
Another gentleman, a native of England and having that 
surname, was, not far from 1840, at St. John, Newfound- 
land, B. A., or its vicinity, probably a visitor there. No 
others than these have been known or heard of as beino; 
bearers of this surname, even temporarily, in America, 
who were not, or are not ascertained congeners in that 
lineage of which an outline is now, as below, given. 

FIRST GENERATION. 

To the names arranged serially are joined figures ; a large one 
prefixed, to specify individuals, a small one suffixed, to specify gen- 
erations of the lineage. A name printed in large capital letters is one 
with which, on its recurrence in the series, will be found a special 
or memorial notice, and also the date of birth, unless not known. 
On such recurrence, the serial number which before was prefixed, will 
be found suffixed, large, and in ( ). Abbreviations used are: b., for 
born; bap., baptized; m., married; d., dead, or died; Ru. Eld., Ruling 
Elder; and such others as are common. To names of places not in 



269 

Massachusetts are added the names of counties, etc., except as to 
places assumed not to need such specification. The double date of 
years usually denotes alternation, as "Jan., 1651-2" is of IG51, accord- 
ing to the old method of beginning the year on 25th March ; otherwise 
is of 1G52; in some cases, as 18G5-7, it denotes continuity, or the 
period from 1865 to 18G7. Quotations are, in respect to orthography, 
punctuation, etc., as are their originals. 

1. Thomas Ciiipman was born, probably in Whitchurch, 
not far from Dorchester, Dorset Co., Eng., about a. d., 
1567 ; died about 1623. He last resided in Bryan's- 
Piddle, some five miles from said Dorchester. He was 
owner of "Some certain Tenement or Tenements with a 
Mill & other Edifice thereunto beelonging Lying and 
being in Whitchurch of Marshwood vale near Burfoot 
Alias Breadport [Bridport] in DorSetshire afores d her[e]- 
tofore worth 40 or 50 Pounds p Annum," of which 
property he, "about Threescore years" before 1651, was 
dispossessed "By reason of Some kinde of Side made of 
Incoirsiclerable value by the s d Thomas (In the time of 
his Single Estate not then minding marriage) unto his 
kinsman M r Christopher Derby Living Sometime in 
Sturtle [Sturthill] near Burfort afores d ." In 1775, as in 
1848 stated the late Hon. Henry Chipman 7 , of Detroit, 
Mich., Thomas Chipman 5 , of Salisbury, Conn., who "was 
by the right of primogeniture the lineal heir," but who 
seems not to have known that any document respecting 
the estate was extant in America, "caused inquiries to be 
made by Silas Dean or Dr. Franklin (one or both), 
colonial agents [then] in England, in regard to the es- 
tate;" which inquiries "resulted in ascertaining that it 
lay" as above described, and "that the rental was worth 
five hundred pounds sterling." The last named Thomas 
Chipman "meant to have prosecuted his claim, but was 
prevented by the breaking out of the Revolution and its 
consequences." The extract first above made, which is 



270 

from an ancient copy of a document prepared by John 
Chipman(4), more than verifies the "tradition" referred to 
in the statement last quoted. As connected with other 
parts of the copied document, and in the light afforded 
by other documents and records, some of which may 
more distinctly be indicated below, that extract exhibits 
how and in what degree the more shrewd than just ac- 
quirer of Thomas Chipman's(l) estate was "his kinsman ;" 
that is to say, there thus appears that the seller and 
buyer were cousins-german in virtue of the latter's father 
having married a sister of either the father or else of the 
mother of the former. This uncle to Thomas Chipman(l) 
was the -"Henry Derby" who, in 1591, then of Bryan's- 
Piddle, "bought, in company with John Croon, of the 
same place, the manor and hamlet of Westport, in the 
parish of St. Michael's and town and borough of Ware- 
ham, from George Wadham, of Catherstone, Esq.," and 
whose sons, viz., "Christopher Derby, of Sturthill (, gent, 
buried in Shipton, 1639)," and "William Derby, of Dor- 
chester, mercer" (, uncle and great-uncle, respectively, 
to "William Derby and William his son," deceased, then 
"of Sturthill, 1683"), together sold the ".moiety of the 
manor of Bryan's-Piclclle, 1632." As connected with 
Thomas Chipman's(l) estate at Whitchurch, Christopher 
Derby and other of his sons will have farther mention. 
As connected with the birthplace and with the homes of 
Thomas Chipman's(l) descendants, and in regard to more 
general interests, William Derby, brother to Christopher, 
has elsewhere, and here may have, a record of honor. 
He was a member, sometimes official, alwa} r s efficient, of 
the "Massachusetts Company," or "Company of New 
England," by themselves styled "Adventurers for a Plan- 
tation intended at Massachusetts Bay in New England in 
America," through whose energy, under a grant obtained 



271 

from the "Council of Plymouth, in the Comity of Devon, 
for the planting, ordering and governing New England in 
America," the "Commonwealth of Massachusetts" was 
founded. The present writer, if not as being also "his 
kinsman," yet as being a native of that Salem in the rudi- 
ments of which, begun in 1626, Massachusetts had in 
1628 its beginning, and in 1628-9 its capital, takes pleas- 
tire in concluding this incidental account of him by 
reminding other natives of that Salem how the founders 
of their city and of their State held him in grateful es- 
teem ; for "the noted Darby Fort," erected in 1629 on 
Naugus Head to defend Salem's principal harbor, pre- 
serves the name, and commemorates, too, the apprecia- 
tion set by contemporaries and associates on the merits 
manifested in the services rendered, of William Derby. 

By the connection, already set -forth and to be again 
brought into view, with William Derby, as also by the 
intimacy, just below affirmed, with Mr. Lawrence, who, 
or his son or other heir of the same name, "held the manor 
and advowson of the vicarage and other lands of Aff- 
Pidclle," a "little" west of Bryan's-Piddle, is indication 
given of the social position of Thomas Chipman(l) . Both 
unfortunate and at least unsagacious as he had been, in the 
matter of his estate, his position continued to be what, in 
his country and especially in his time, was of more conse- 
quence than it would be here and now, socially respect- 
able. 

Thomas Chipman(l) married, somewhat after 1590, 

, who deceased near 1637. All that is known of their 

children other than one son is in the closing part of the 
copy, before mentioned, of the document prepared by 
their son, given as follows: "John Chipinan desires his 
Love be presented to his Sisters Hannor and Tumsun and 
to hear particulor[l]}^ from them if Living and doth fur- 



272 

ther request that Enquiry be made of m r Oliver Lawrence 
of Arpittle [Aff-Piddle]who was an Intimate friend of his 
fathers he Desires also Enquiry be made of his Sisters 
what those parchment writings Concerned in the Custody 
of his mother when he was there." The sisters' names, 
as so furnished, may be those conferred by their parents, 
or those acquired by marriage. "Hannah," as in other 
instances, so in this, may be a baptismal feminine name, 
or, which not seldom occurs, a surname. "Tamson" (or, 
as the preference is, "Twmswn") may have been intended 
for Thomasine (not infrequently written Tamasine), a 
baptismal feminine name, or, as a form which is provincial 
in England, for "Thomson." A "John Tompson," as 
records have it, or "Iohn Tomson,"'as his autograph has 
it, was, by residence and otherwise, so associated in this 
country with their brother, as renders either affinity or 
consanguinity between the two men not improbable. The 
names of the sisters remaining ambiguous, leave the 
question whether or not they married, unsolved. 
Three children : — 

2. "Hannor." 2 (Hannah?) 

3. "Tumsum." 2 (Thomasine?) 

4. JOHN. 2 

SECOND GENERATION. 

4. Ru. Eld. John Chipman, son of Thomas Chipman(l), 
was born near Dorchester, probably at Bryan's-Piddle, 
Dorset Co., Eng., about 1614; died 7 April, 1708. 
Always brotherless and early left fatherless, he came to 
America after having for a short time lived in the house- 
hold of that wealthy cousin of his father- through whose 
cozenage of his father he had, as already recited, been 
made portionless. The time of his emigration, with the 
date of his birth, is supplied by his own words as, in the 






273 

document before mentioned, copied thus : "The s d John 
Supposeth his Age to be About thirty seven years : it 
being next may Twenty and one year[s] Since he Come 
out of England, Barnstable as Afores d this 8th of Feb 
(51)." As the year was then reckoned to begin in March 
on the 25th clay, the "may," next to succeed the February 
in a.d. 1651-2, was, of course, May, 1652. It so appears 
that he emigrated in May, 1631. His thus copied words, 
when supplemented by a record of Gov. Winthrop, of 
Mass., assign also the port of his departure and the port 
of his arrival, with the name of the vessel in which his 
voyage was made. Winthrop recorded, as follows : — 
"Year 1631 . . . July . . 14. The ship called the Friend- 
ship, of Barnstable [,Eng.], arrived at Boston, after she 
had been at sea eleven weeks and [been] beaten back by 
foul weather. She set sail from Barnstable again, about 
the miclst of May." So is shown that, leaving Barnstable, 
Devon Co., Eng., May, 1631, in the ship Friendship (her 
name a good omen), he reached Boston, JNT.E., 14 July, 
1631. People had, in 1629-30, come from his native 
County to Massachusetts in throngs. He would naturally 
have sought them at or near Salem, and the very name 
which such previous neighbors had, in 1630, transferred 
from Dorchester, Eng., to Dorchester, N.E., might have 
lured him to this latter locality as by a charm, if he had 
by age or in condition been free to follow his choice. 
The matters of record, as below furnished, which show in 
what capacity, for what object, and under whose direction 
or surveillance he emigrated, show also that if, on his 
part, religious convictions either prompted or cheered his 
emigration, yet, on the part of some other persons, his 
emigration itself was an irreligious eviction. If John 
Chipman, at the age of sixteen or seventeen years, shared 
with William Derby the enthusiasm for settling New 

18 



274 

England which the eloquence of Rev. John White, of 
Dorchester, Eng., kindled and kept burning, so much the 
more easily might Christopher Derby persuade and " bind" 
to acceptance of "a good opening for a young man" one 
who, now near his majority, might, on reaching it, bring, 
should he remain in England, an action at law for eject- 
ment, so troubling, if not ousting Christopher, but who, 
removed to America, would scarcely attempt such litiga- 
tion. It will appear that one step towards such an attempt 
was taken. 

The emigrant Chipman had been in this country some- 
what more than ten years when, 2 March, 1641-2, in 
a suit which he brought against John Derby and which 
Edward Winslow, then an Assistant, and both before and 
after then the Governor, of Plymouth Colony, tried at 
Plymouth, "Ann Hincle, the wife of William Hoskins..., 
being examined..., afeirmeth vpon oath as folio weth : — 
That the said Ann liued in the house of M r Darbeyes 
father with the said John Chipman att such time as the 
said John Chipman came from thence to New England to 
serue M r Richard Darbey his brother," that is, John 
Derby's brother. The "Council for New England" had, 
so long previously as 1622, given order that youths "not 
tainted with misdemeanors" might be sent to New England 
as "apprentices ;" and a general custom of sending such 
youth indentured to such service, was so established. In 
another part of the deposition, affirming that "the said 
Ann came afterwards likewise ouer, to serue the said 
Richard Darbey," the "afterwards" evidently respects 1637, 
as to which year appear, on and by Plymouth Co. Records, 
that "about" that date Richard Derby proposed returning 
to England, and that at that date William Snow appren- 
ticed to Richard Derby did, probably along with his master, 
come from England to New England. The deposition 






275 



also recites that, on her leaving England, " old M 1 I )arbey 
requested this deponant to comend him to his cozen Chip* 
man, and tell him if hee were a good hoy he would send 
him ouer the money that was due to him when lice saw 
good ; and further, whereas this deponant heard the said 
John Darbey affeirme that his money was payed to John 
Chipmans mother*, slice further deposeth that his mother 
was dead a quarter of a yeare or thereabouts before her 
old master sent this message to his cozen Chipman ; all 
which this deponant sweareth," etc. The intent of this 
suit, viz., to recover money which John Derby, cozening, 
withheld from "his cozen Chipman," and this deposition 
as recorded, show that Christopher Derby was in respect 
to John Chipman (4) what he had been in respect to the 
father of the latter ; and that toward the latter, John Derby 
was what Christopher Derby was. The character of Rich- 
ard Derby also, as manifest by record of judgment ren- 
dered, 1 Nov., 1642, by the " Court of Assistants" of 
Plymouth Colony, in an action brought by Richard Willis 
against him for fraudulent dealing, was so unlike what 
Chipman and his other apprentices were, in order to be 
apprentices, required to have, his character being "tainted 
with misdemeanors," that between those two sons of Chris- 
topher Derby, the comfort as well as the property of their 
orphan "kinsman" was in much the same condition as 
corn between the two millstones is, while these are 
rolling. How the suit against John Derby resulted does 
not appear. 

The emigrant Chipman had been in this country some- 
what more than twenty years when he, 8 Feb., 1651-2, 
then a well-allied husband and cherishing father, prepared 
the document of which, as by an ancient copy preserved 
parts have been quoted herein above. It was designed 
to be the initiative of measures for the recovery of his 






276 

paternal estate, and was probably transmitted to England. 
Its title and design are, as in the ancient copy, given thus : 
"A brief Declaration with humble Request (to whom These 
Presents Shall Come) for further Inquiry and Advice in 
y e behalf of John Chipman now of Barnstable in the Gov- 
ernment of New Plimouth in New England In America 
[,he] being y e only Son & Heir of 'M r Thomas Chip- 
man Late Deceased at Brinspittcel [Bryan's-Piddle] about 
five miles from Dor[c]hester in Dorsetshire in England." 
The reasons for his delay of effort to recover his patrimony 
and for his now taking the first step in this way are, as 
in that copy, given thus : "y e s d John Chipman being but 
in a poor and mean outward Condition hath hitherto been 
Afraid to stir in it as thinking he should never get it from 
y e rich and mighty but being now Stirred by some friends 
as Judging it his Duty to make Effectual Inquiry after it 
for his own Comfort his wife and Children which God 
hath pleased to bestow on him if any thing may be done 
therein, & in what way it may be attained whether with- 
out his Coming Over which is most Desired if it may bee. 
Because of exposing his wife & Children to Some Straits 
in his absence from them, he hath Therefore Desired these 
as afor[e] s d Desiring also some Sear[c]h may be made 
for Further Light in y e case into the Records the Convey- 
ance being made as he Judgeth about Threescore years 
Since as Also that Enquiry be made of his Sisters which 
he Supposeth lived about those parts and of whom Else 
it may be thought meet, and Advice Sent over as Afor[e]- 
s d not Else at present But hoping that there be Some Left 
yet in England alike Spirited with him in 29 Job whom 
the Ear that heareth of may bless God for Delivering y e 
poor that crieth & him that hath no helper Being Eyes 
to the blind feet to the Lame A father to the Poor Search- 
ing out y e Cause which he knoweth not, &c." The grounds 



277 

of the declarant's claim are, as in that copy, given thus : 
"[The consideration] being as the said John hath been 
Informed bnt for 40 lb And to be maintained Like a man 
with Diet Apparel &c by the s d Christopher as Long .as 
the s d Thomas Should Live whereat y e Lawyer w c made 
the Evidences beim? troubled at his Weakness in takinff 
Such an Inconsiderable Price tendered him to Lend him 
money or to give him y e s d Thomas Seven hundred Pounds 
for y e s d Lands But yet the matter Issuing as aforcs' 1 
The Vote of the Country who had knowledge of it was 
that the s d Thomas had much wrong in it Especially after 
it pleased God to change his condition, and to give him 
children, [he] being turned off by the s (1 Christopher 
only with a poor Cottage and Garden Spott instead of his 
for[e]s d Maintenance to the great Wrong of his Children 
Especially of his Son John Afor[e]s d to whom y e S d 
Lands *by right of Entailment did belong Insomuch that 
m r William Derbe who had the s d Lands in his Possession 
then from his father Christopher Derbe told the s d John 
Chipman (being then a youth) that his father Christopher 
had done him wrong that if y e s d Lands prospered with 
him that he would then consider the s d John to do for him 
in way of recompense for the Same when he should be of 
Capacity in years to make use thereof The s d John 
further Declareth that one m r Derbe A Lawyer of Dor- 
chester (he supposeth y e father of that m r Derbe now 
Living In Dorchester) being a friend to the mother of 
the s d John Told her being Acquain[te]d with y e Business 
and sorry for the Injury to her Heir that if it pleased God 
he [the heir] Liv'd to be of Age he would himself upon 
his own Charge make A Tryal for the recovery of it and in 
case he recovered it Shee Should give him 10 lb Else he 
would have nothing for his trouble and Charge. Further- 
more John Derbe late Deceased of Yarmouth in New 



278 

Plimouth Government Afor[e]s d hath acknowledged here 
to the s d John Chipman that his father Christopher had 
done him much wrong in the for[e]s d Lands." The 
claimant, so far as is known, did not institute a suit for 
recovery. The estate, certainly, never came into his 
possession. Its income, a moderate competence in his 
day, has since been, as was above stated, quite consider- 
ably increased, and probably has now a yet greater value. 

As John Chipman while his wardship continued, 
1G31-5, and for a period just before his marriage lived 
in Plymouth where was established his guardian or surveil- 
lant, Eichard Derby; so did he probably, through all the 
term 1631-46. He then, it seems, for a short time, 
1646-9, lived in Yarmouth, to which place had removed 
from Plymouth, 1643, his other relative and inimical friend 
John Derby. He lived in Barnstable, 1649-79, inclu- 
sive, and thereafter lived nearly thirty other years in 
Sandwich. He, 1 June, 1649, then of Barnstable, bought 
of Edward Fitzrandolph, and, 10 Dec, 1672, bought of, 
partly exchanged with, his brother-in-law, Lieut. John 
Howland, the parties all of Barnstable, lands, etc., situ- 
ated there. The original of each of these deeds of sale 
is still preserved. This property, its locality the "Great 
Marshes "now "West Barnstable," once the principal part 
of the township, and where, till somewhat recently, 
was the Custom-house of the Port with the Court-house, 
etc., of the County, has proved so much more "real" 
than the "estate" which to him "by the right of primo- 
geniture" and "right of entailment did belong," that, 
continuously from his death till now, its present possessor 
being William Chipman 7 , it has been alike occupied and 
owned by descendants retaining his surname. 

Mr. Chipman, besides sustaining, 1652-69, inclusive, 
various other civil offices, was for successive years a 



279 

Selectman, then in Plymouth Colony invested with the 
authority of a Magistrate, and was often a "Deputy to 
the Court," or Representative in the Legislature. It was 
a proof of his, as well as of that Colony's "meekness of 
wisdom" that, when in Massachusetts rigorous laws, not 
without some reason, were made and executed asrainst 
and on " people called Quakers," Plymouth Colony did, 
or as the statute expressed it, "doe p[er]mitt" John 
Chipman, with three associates named, "to frequent the 
Quaker meetings to endeavor to reduce them from the 
error of their wayes." In token of his merits and of 
the public appreciation of his patriotic services, various 
" graunts " of land were made to " M 1 ' John Chipman," 
1661-73, which, as to effect, were in "Barataria," for, 
except as honoraries, they were never his possession. 

The Church established, 1639, at Barnstable, after 
having been at Scituate five or six years, had emigrated by 
its organic act from London, there formed 1616, and where 
remained some members of whom was constituted what 
still is the " Southwark Church " of that city. Mr. Chipman 
became, 30 Jan., 1652-3, as his wife had become, 7 Aug., 
1650, a member of the Church in Barnstable. He probably 
had been, as was Henry Cobb, a Deacon of that Church 
for some time when, as its records state : " Henry Cobb 
and John Chipman were chosen and ordained to bo ruling 
Elders of this same Church, and they were solemnly in- 
vested with office upon y e 14th day of April Anno Dom : 
1670." Mr. Chipman, who long survived his colleague, 
had in that office no successor, in the Barnstable Church. 
If he was qualified for that station by wisdom and probity 
as well as energy and piety ; he in that station, being to 
the Church a Clergyman in all respects except that he did 
not administer baptism and the Lord's Supper, so exhibited 
the same qualities that, after he had removed to Sandwich, 



280 

the Church in Barnstable made to him offers of an annual 
salary, and the Town of Barnstable voted to him the pro- 
priety of valuable meadow lands, conditioned that he 
would return to that position there. From an item by 
which he bequeathed " my carpenter's tools," articles that 
all well-provided farmers have, it has been inferred that 
he was, by secular occupation, a carpenter. He was, of 
record, a "yeoman." 

The Will of Ru. Eld. John Chipman, elated 12 Nov., 
1702, proved 17 May, 1708, mentions his "wife Ruth" 
and "the compact made at their intermarriage ;" his "sons 
Samuel and John," to whom were devised his. "house and 
lands at Barnstable;" his "daughters Elizabeth, Hope, 
Lyclia, Hannah, Ruth, Mercy, Bethiah, and Desire ;" his 
"grandchildren Mary Gale and Jabez Dimock ;" and his 
"friend Mr. [Rev.] Jonathan Russel, of Barnstable;" 
"sons Samuel and John, executors ;" "Mr. [Rev.] Jonathan 
Russel and Mr. [Rev.] Rowland Cotton, overseers." Wit- 
nesses to the Will were "Rowland Cotton, Samuel Prince, 
and Nathan Bourne." Among the "18 books small and 
great," which so and not otherwise were described in the 
"Inventory of Elder Chipman who deceased 7 of April 
1708, by William Basset and Shubael Smith" made, one, 
no doubt, w T as his copy of the so-called "Bay Psalm Book" 
that not long since was, and probably is still, existing in 
Massachusetts. 

The "Will of Ruth Chipman, relict of Elder John 
Chipman, late of Sandwich," dated 6 Dec, 1710, proved 
8 Oct., 1713, mentions her "brother John Sergeant," her 
"sister Lydia Sergeant," her "sister Felch," etc., etc., 
and "Mr. [Rev.] Rowland Cotton, executor." Witnesses 
to the Will were "John Chipman "(6) and others. 

Ru. Eld. John Chipman married, 1st, 1646, Hope, born 
in Plymouth, Mass., 1629, died 1683, the second daughter 



281 

of John Howland, Assistant, of Plymouth Colony. He 
who before was, though outcast as well as oil-torn, a hardy 
germ, became, through this union, a stock with many 
branches which were themselves stocks, like the banyan's, 
and fruitful, like the palm's. There stands or lately stood, 
in the ancient Burial Ground on Lothrop's Hill in Barn- 
stable, a headstone denoting where was "interred y° Body 
of Mrs Hope Chipman wife of Elder John Chipman aged 
54 years who changed this life for a better y e 8th of Jan- 
uary 1683." Of her descendants, there have been nearly 
or quite two thousand surnamcd Chipman, of which number 
survived, in 1864, one great grandchild, a contemporary 
with several of the ninth generation with and from her 
enumerated. These, with other thousands from her de- 
scended, together with the many more thousands from 
John Howland otherwise descended, trace their descent 
from at least four of the passengers from England to 
America, 1620, in the Mayflower; the wife of John 
Howland, Elizabeth Tillie, and her parents, John Tillie 
and his wife Elizabeth Tillie, having, along with John 
Howland, come to "New Plimouth" in that company 
which, then so little regarded, has since been so much 
renowned. 

Eu. Eld. John Chipman married, 2d, 1684, Ruth, born 
in Charlestown, Mass., 25 Oct., 1642, died in Sandwich, 
Mass., 4 Oct., 1713, the youngest daughter of William 
Sergeant, of Charlestown and of Barnstable. She had 
previously married, 1st, Jonathan Winslow, of Marshfield, 
a son of Josiah, and a nephew of Gov. Edward Winslow; 
and, after said Jonathan's decease, had married, 2d J in 
July, 1677, Kev. Richard Bourne, a native of England, 
who, after he had been honored in civil relations at 
Sandwich, was, by Rev. John Eliot, of Roxbury, and Rev. 
Rowland Cotton, of Sandwich, ordained, 17 Aug., 1670, 



282 

first pastor at Marshpec, Mass., of a Church there organ- 
ized from Indians, by his labors converted to Christianity, 
and who in that relation died, 1682. Her remains were 
laid by the side of her last husband's in what has until 
recently been known at Sandwich as " The Freeman Burial 
Ground." 

Of Eu. Eld. John Chipman's children, all were by his 
first wife, and, except a son and a daughter each of whom 
died in early infancy, all survived him, viz., eight daugh- 
ters from whose marriages were a numerous progeny, and 
the two sons below named, his seventh and his eleventh 
child : 

5. SAMUEL. 3 

6. JOHN. 3 

THIRD GENERATION. 

5. Dea. Samuel Chipman, second son of Eu. Eld. John 
Chipman(4), was born in Barnstable, 15 April, 1661; 
deceased — , 1723. He resided in Barnstable, was often 
employed in its local affairs and held in esteem by its 
citizens. He built, on the paternal homestead near the 
Custom-house and the Court-house and upon the great 
road of Cape Cod peninsula, a house which continued, in 
the line of his posterity, the "Chipman Tavern" until 
about 1830. The Church with which he entered into 
membership, 16 Aug. 1691, elected him to office, and he, 
as its records state, "having accepted the cleaconship, was 
ordained by prayer and laying on of hands, 1 Sept., 1706." 
Said to have been a carpenter, he was, as of record, a 
"yeoman" and an "innholder." 

His Will, dated 31 Aug., 1722, proved 17 June, 1723, 
mentions his "wife Sarah" and his "children Samuel, 
Jacob, Thomas, John, Joseph, Seth, Barnabas;" "sons 
Samuel, and Jacob, executors." His widow's Will, elated 



283 

7 Nov., 1733, mentions her children the same, Joseph 
omitted, as those mentioned in her husband's Will ; "son 
Barnabas, executor." 

Dea. Samuel Chipman (5) married, 27 Dec., 1686, 
Sarah, born 10 March, 16G2-3, died 8 Jan., 1742-3, the 
twelfth child of Ru. Eld. Henry Cobb, of Barnstable, etc., 
died 1679, emigrant from Kent Co., Eng., by his second 
wife Sarah, married 12 Dec, 1649, a sister of Thomas 
Hinkley, Governor of Plymouth Colony, and a daughter 
of Samuel Hinkley, all of Barnstable, who with his wife 
Sarah and their four children came, 1634, from Tenterden , 
Kent Co., Eng. 

Of Dea. Samuel Chipman's(5) eleven children, seven 
of them sons, the first-born was Thomas Chipman 4 , Esq., 
successively of Stonington, Groton, and Salisbury, towns 
of Conn., whose third son, Samuel Chipman 5 , of Salisbury, 
Conn., and Tinmouth, Vt., was father of Hon. Nathaniel 
Chipman 6 , LL.D.,b. 1752, d. 1843, Chief Justice of Vt., 
U. S. Senator, etc., and of Hon. Daniel Chipman 6 , LL.D., 
b. 1765, d. 1850, Mem. of Council of Censors of Vt., M. 
C, etc., and was grandfather of Hon. Henry Chipman 7 , 
LL.D., b. 1784, cl. 1867, Justice of U. S. Court for 
Mich., etc. Other sons of Dea. Samuel Chipman (5), 
were : 

7. SAMUEL. 4 

8. JOHN. 4 

6. Hon. John Chipman, third son of Ku. Eld. John 
Chipman (4), was born in Barnstable, 3 March, 1669-70; 
deceased 4 Jan., 1756. He lived at Sandwich, 1691- 
1712, and 1714-20; at Chilmark, 1712-13, and 1720-7 ; 
thenceforward at Newport, E. I. In Mass., he was a 
Magistrate and«a military officer, a Member of the General 
Court, 1719, a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, 
1722, Agent of the Eng. "Society for the Propagation of 






284 

the Gospel," 1723. In E. I., he was first of the six Assis- 
tants of that Colony and as such was, with the other Assis- 
tants and the Governor, and with Philip Cortlandt and 
Daniel Horsemanden, of the New York Council, a member 
of the Commissioners of Keview appointed by royal author- 
ity in England, who met at Norwich, Conn. ; and, in respect 
to Conn.'s course toward the Indians, a famous and pro- 
tracted controversy, pronounced their decision, 1738. A 
member of the Church in Sandwich, he was esteemed a 
"true Christian" and was "accounted a very strict man as 
to moral honesty." He, as of record, was first a "cord- 
wainer," and later a "storekeeper." 

He married, 1st, Mary, born 13 Nov., 1671, died 12 
March, 1711, a daughter of Capt. Stephen Skiff, of Sand- 
wich, a Magistrate ; married, 2d, Elizabeth, widow then 

of Kussel and previously of Pope, at the house 

of whose father, a Capt. Pope, of Dartmouth, Mass., she, 
a member of Dr. Col man's Church in Boston, died 29 
Jan., 1725, the daughter of Capt. Thomas Handley, of 
Boston, and of his wife originally Miss Young, of Bermu- 
das, W. I. ; and married, 3d, Hookey (, or Hoxie), 

of E. I., who deceased 21 Feb., 1747. 

The children of Hon. John Chipman(6), ten by wife 
Mary and two by wife Elizabeth, were seven sons and five 
daughters, of which is pertinent to the design of these 
papers his eleventh child, viz. : 

9. HANDLEY. 4 

FOURTH GENERATION. 

7. Dea. Samuel Chipman, second son of Dea. Samuel 
Chipman (5), was born in Barnstable, 6 Aug., 1689 ; died 
— , 1753. He lived in Barnstable, successor to his father's 
estate and business and offices. His times and himself 
are illustrated, not only by his wearing garments the 



285 

buttons on which were dollars and smaller coins, but also 
by less innocent exponents of wealth and position, such 
as a "negro boy" sold to him, 1728, by the executors of 
the estate of his late neighbor, a Chief Justice, and an 
"Indian Squa" assigned to him, 1749, by a Justice, to .serve 
him "Three Years And Four Months" because she had 
stolen from him "On the Lords day the Ninth of July 
Currant And On last Lords day Six Quarts of rhum of 
Value Thirteen Shillings And Four Pence." Having 
united with the Church about 1720, he was chosen Deacon 
19 Aug., 1725. A "yeoman" and "tavern-keeper." 

His Will, dated 30 Oct., 1741, proved 3 May, 1753, 
mentions his "wife Mary," and his "children Hannah, 
Mary, Samuel, Ebenezer, John, Nathaniel, and Timothy ;" 
"son Timothy, executor." 

He married, 1st, 8 Dec, 1715, Abiah, born 24 March, 
1696, died 15 July, 1736, daughter of John Hinkley, Jr. ; 

and married, 2d, 31 May, 1739, Mary, widow of 

Green, of Boston. She was living in 1763. 

Dea. Samuel Chipman(7) had, by the former of his 
marriages, six sons and two daughters ; by the latter of his 
marriages, one son. His third son, Dea. Timothy Chip- 
man 5 , born 1723, died 1770, was father of John Chipman , 
born 1762, died June, 1806, whose son William Chipman 7 , 
born 9 Jan., 1806, now T owns and occupies the estate in 
Barnstable there purchased and bequeathed by John Chip- 
man(4). The posterity of Dea. Samuel Chipman(7), as 
pertaining to Essex County, are derived from his third 
child, the second son, viz. : 

10. SAMUEL. 5 

8. Kev. John Chipman, third son of Dea. Samuel Chip- 
man(5), was born in Barnstable, 16 Feb., 1690-91, gr. 
H. C, 1711; died 23 March, 1775. He was ordained, 
28 Dec, 1715, pastor of the First Church in the Precinct 



286 

of Salem and Beverly, now North Beverly, Mass. Having 
for some months previous preached to the congregation 
in their church edifice, still used as such, he became with 
others an original member of the Church formed, as in that 
time was frequent, the same day that his ordination 
occurred. Though the choice of him as pastor is tradition- 
ally said to have been made by a very small majority, 
yet his long pastorate was harmonious to the end. The 
only children of one of his sons, Joseph (22), own and 
occupy the manse which he built. rx The Essex Gazette, 
Yol. II., No. 59, from Tuesday, September 5th, to Tues- 
day, September 12th, 1769," furnishes an illustration of 
himself and his parishioners, and of the general spirit that 
pervaded New England a century ago, in what follows : 
"Precinct of Salem and Beverly, Sept. 8, 1769. On 
Tuesday the 5th Instant, forty-one young Women of this 
Place, moved perhaps by the many later examples of others 
who have in a similar Way testified their high Esteem of 
their Pastors, for their Work's Sake, viz : by seeking 
Wool and Flax, and working willingly for them with their 
Hands, — having provided themselves with these Mate- 
rials, met early in the Morning at the House of the Rever- 
end Mr. Chipman, and in the Evening presented him with 
seventy Run of well- wrought Yarn. A Run is a skein of 
twenty Knots : the number of Knots being 1396. — Mr. 
Chipman had no Knowledge of this Work and Labor of 
Love till the Day was appointed and near at Hand ; but al- 
though he desired not the Gift, yet he always rejoices to 
see Fruit abound to their Account; and the repeated 
kindness of his People to him, in his advanced Age, as 
well as their living in the Exercise of social Yirtues each 
toward the other excites his Gratitude. N. B. The young 
Gentlewomen were not moved in the least by political 
Principles in the Affair above, yet they are the cordial 



287 

Lovers of Liberty, particularly of the Liberty of drinking 
Tea with their Bread and Butter, to which their Pastor 
consents." 

The Church having, 10 Dec, 1770, acceded to Mr. 
Chipman's proposal to that effect, Rev. Enos Hitchcock, 
D.D., was ordained Pastor Associate, 1 May, 1771. 

"A Lecture Comprising the History of the Second Par- 
iah in Beverly," published 1835, represents Mr. Chipman 
as having "been held in the highest esteem and reverence 
by his people." The same publication, to an expression 
of the great "influence" which "he exercised over them," 
adds: "His influence abroad was proportionally com- 
mensurate with that exerted at home." When in New 
England and elsewhere many, whether as leaders or as 
followers, were either passionately opposing or indiscrim- 
inately favoring certain methods and movements relative 
to advancing practical Christianity, he as discriminatory as 
decidedly approved only discreet as well as honest en- 
deavors. Among some seventy signatures to "The Tes- 
timony and Advice of an Assembly of Pastors of Churches 
in New England, at a meeting in Boston, July 7, 1743, 
occasioned by the late happy Revival of Religion in many 
parts of our land," is found appended to his name a qual- 
ification or adjustment of his concurrence, thus: "John 
Chipman, pastor of a Church in Beverly, to the substance, 
scope, and end." He showed his love for Christian doc- 
trine and his vigilant care to retain and maintain its purity 
in a work published whose title is : "Remarks on Some 
Points of Doctrine, Apprehended by many as Unsound, 
Propagated in Preaching and Conversation, and since 
Published, by the Reverend Mr. William Balch, Pastor of 
the Second Church in Bradford. Humbly offered to the 
Consideration of the Ministers and Churches of New Eng- 
land, by Samuel Wigglesworth, A. M., Pastor of a Church 



288 

in Ipswich, and John Chipman, M. A., Pastor of a Church 
in Beverly . . . Boston : Printed . . . Mdccxlvi." It is 
believed that a Thanksgiving Discourse by Mr. Chipman 
was printed. 

The "Essex Gazette, Vol. vn., from March 28th to 
April 4th, 1775," contains an obituary notice of him in 
which is said : "It pleased the Father of Spirits to indue 
him with superior natural Powers, which he greatly im- 
proved by a close Application to his Studies, and making 
Divinity his principal Study. He was well qualified for 
the important Work to which he w^as called, and was a 
great Blessing in his Station. He had many Children, 
whom he educated with great Wisdom and Prudence. 
His Family has been called a School of useful Knowledge 
and Virtue. . . His People were highly favoured of the 
Lord, in being directed to so able, faithful, and successful 
a Minister, and in having him continued with them for 
such a length of Time. . . May his numerous Offspring, 
and all that knew him, especially Ministers of the Gospel, 
follow the excellent Example he has left us." Some of 
the last expressions quoted have at least now the more 
significance from a prediction which has, as made by him, 
been, in the present writer's line of descent from him, pre- 
served, and which has till this date been literally fulfilled, 
to the effect that no pastor succeeding him in that Church 
would die while sustaining to it the pastoral relation. 

The headstone at his "rave, between his wives' graves 
ill the old Burial Ground at North Beverly, bears, below 
the representation of a person wearing an "academical 
gown" and "clerical bands," a Latin inscription which 
purports : "A man eminent for solid powers of mind and 
useful learning, and particularly distinguished by his 
acquaintance with the Scriptures ; serious and pungent in 
preaching the word ; penetrated with love of the religion 






281) 

of Jesus, and by his own example teaching others its pre- 
cepts; in presiding over the Church vigilant and upright ; 
to all the flock benevolent and just; heartily embracing 
the good of all sects ; remarkable for the performance of 
mutual and social duties ; in his family exemplary in every 
Christian duty; by prosperity not inflated; in adversity 
most patient; he yielded up his spirit in most firm hope 
of a happy immortality." 

There hangs still in the place where in his lifetime it 
hung, a portrait of him which one of his granddaughters 
owns, Miss Eliza Maria Chipman(55), of North Beverly. 
Large-sized photographic copies were, 1865, made of it, in 
Salem, at the charge of one of his great-grandsons, James 
Prescott Swain, Esq. , of New York. A copy of it, painted 
by the artist Alexander, is the property of another of his 
great-grandsons, Hon. John Chipman Gray, of Boston. 

The Will of "John Chipman, clerk," dated 4 July, 1769, 
proved 4 April, 1775, mentions "my children, viz., Henry, 
Joseph, Benjamin, Elizabeth, Sarah, Mary, Hannah and 
Abigail;" "John Warren, my grandson;" "Ward, the 
son of my son John ;" "the six children of my son John, 
deceased ;" "my late wife, Hannah ;" "Mr. Joseph Warren ;" 
"Mr. Ebenezer Warren ;" "the late Rev. John Warren;" 
and "my negro woman, Moreah." "Son Joseph exec- 
utor." 

Rev. John Chipman married, 1st, 12 Feb., 1718-9, 
Rebecca Hale, born 19 Nov., 1701 ; died 4 July, 1751. 
A Latin inscription upon the headstone at her grave 
commemorates her as "of marked piety, the ornament of 
her sex, an exemplar to her family, and the crown of her 
husband." Her father was Robert Hale, gr. H. C. 1Q8Q, 
for a time, 1695 included, a preacher in Preston, Conn., 
subsequently a teacher and long a physician and magis- 
trate in Beverly, son of Rev. John Hale,gr. H. C, 1657, 

19 



290 

pastor in Beverly, 1667-1700, and grandson of Dea. 
Robert Hale, of Charlestown, 1632-59. Her mother, 
wife of Dr. Robert Hale, was Elizabeth, born 15 May, 
1684, died in Beverly, 24 Jan., 1762, who, daughter of 
Nathaniel Clark, of Newbury, married, 2d, 1720, Col. 
John Oilman, of Exeter, N. H. 

Rev. John Chipman married, 2d, 20 Nov., 1751, Han- 
nah Warren, born 31 March, 1707 ; died 24 June, 1769. 
The inscription on the headstone at her grave represents 
her as, for her "Excellent Knowledge and Pious Prudence, 
worthy of most grateful Remembrance." Her father was 
Joseph Warren, of Roxbury (now Boston), son of Peter 
Warren, of Boston. Her brother Joseph was father of 
the orator and patriot Dr. Joseph Warren, President of 
the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts, who, a Major 
General just appointed, fell, volunteering as a private, in 
the battle on Bunker's Hill ; as also of John Warren, 
whose son was the late John C. Warren, of Boston, dis- 
tinguished practitioners and professors of surgery. To 
another of her brothers, Rev. John Warren, she, as below 
appears, was by her marriage made stepmother ; like as 
Ru. Eld. John Chipman (4)'s second wife had by her last 
marriage become stepmother to a brother, viz., John Sar- 
gent, of Maiden, whose third wife was Lydia Chipman 3 , 
a daughter of the said Ru. Eld. John. 

Rev. John Chipman's fifteen children, all by the first 
marriage, and of whom each was baptized on the Lord's 
day next after its birth, were : 

11. Elizabeth 5 , b. 21 Dec, 1719 ; d. 7 Nov. 1773 : m., 
1st, 21 April, 1737, Rev. John Warren, b. 18 Sept., 
1704, gr. H. C. 1725, d. 19 July, 1749, ordained pastor 
of Church in Wenham, 10 Jan., 1732-3; and m., 2d, 3 
July, 1751, Rev. Joseph Swain, b. 1721, gr. H. C, 1744, 
d. 27 June, 1792, ordained pastor of Church in Wenham, 



291 

24 Oct., 1750. By her first marriage were children John, 
Elizabeth, Deborah, and Rebecca. Of issue from her 
second marriage are grandsons James Prescott Swain, of 
Bronxville and New York, N. Y., 1871, and Chipman 
Swain, Esq., of Brattleboro, Vt., 1840, since at the West. 

12. Sarah 5 , b. 20 Nov., 1721; d. 10 Dec, 1721. 

13. JOHN 5 . 

14. Sarah 5 , b. 16 Nov., 1724; m. John Leech, Jr., of 
Salem; their intention of marriage published 11 March, 
1743-4. 

15. SAMUEL 5 . 

16. Rebecca 5 , b. 25 July, 1728 ; d. 28 Oct., 1763 ; m., 
14 Feb., 1749, Rev. Nehemiah Porter, b. 20 March, 
1719-20, gr. H. C, 1745, d. 29 Feb., 1820, ordained 
pastor of a Church in Ipswich (now Essex), Mass., 3 Jan., 
1750-1, dis. June, 1766, founder and installed pastor of 
a (Cong.) Church, Yarmouth, N. S., 2 Sept., 1767, and 
installed pastor of Church in Ashtield, Mass., 21 Dec, 
1774. Through his agency was procured, for one hundred 
and fifty proprietors, the grant of said Yarmouth's land, 
in width from three to sixteen miles, in length thirty, the 
earliest emigrants to which, as indicated by the records 
of said Church there, went in about equal proportions 
from Essex Co. , Mass. , and Windham Co. , Conn. Among 
the children of Rev. Nehemiah Porter and of his first 
wife, abovenamed, was Nehemiah, who established him- 
self at said Yarmouth, and left, with other children, 
Eunice, wife of Hon. Joseph Shaw, a step-son of the late 
Capt. Zachariah Chipman 5 , son of Handley Chipman (9) ; 
and Joseph, of said Ashfield, father of Rev. Charles Sum- 
mer field Porter, who, aged sixty-five years, deceased at 
Boston, Mass., 10 April, 1870. 

17. Robert 5 , b. 30 July, 1730 ; d. 30 Oct., 1736. 

18. HENRY 5 . 






292 

19. Byley 5 , b. 24 April, 1734; d., at Boston, 10 May, 
1752. 

20. Robert Hale 5 , b. 17 March, 1736 ; d. at sea, in his 
youth. 

21. JOSEPH 5 . 

22. Mary 5 , b. 15 Jan., 1740-1; cl. 1791; m., 5 Dec., 
1775, Timothy Leech, of Beverly. 

23. Hannah 5 , b. 20 Dec, 1742 ; cl. 22 April, 1829 ; m., 
28 June, 1772, Miles Ward, 3d, of Salem, b. 12 July, 
1744; cl. 23 Oct., 1796. 

24. Abigail 5 , b. 11 Jan., 1744-5 ; cl. 1816 ; m., 9 Jan., 
1776, -Capt. William Groves, of Beverly. 

25. BENJAMIN 5 . 
9. Handley Chipman, Esq., seventh son of Hon. John 

Chipman(6), was born in Sandwich, Mass., 31 Aug., 1717 ; 
died 27 May, 1799. He lived, 1740-61, in Newport, R. 
L, and thenceforward in Cornwallis, N. S. He was, in 
R. I., a magistrate, and, in N. S., a magistrate and Judge 
of Probate. Decidedly a Congregationalist, yet loving 
all good men and at his decease leaving a bequest to the 
Baptist Church and to the Episcopal, as well as to that of 
which he had been a member, in Cornwallis, he by a work 
in manuscript owned now by the writer of this notice, viz., 
"Short Comments," etc., on the New Testament, has left 
evidence that he sought to be indeed a Christian. Origi- 
nally, a "cabinet maker." 

He married, 1st, 24 April, 1740, Jane, bom 28 Aug., 
1722, deceased 5 April, 1775, daughter of Col. John 
Allen, cl. about 1765, aged 87, of Martha's Vineyard 
(island), Mass., and of his wife Margaret, b. 28 Aug., 
1722, cl. about 1768, daughter of Rev. William Homes, 
ordained, 1715, pastor of the Church in Chilmark, Mass. ; 
and married, 2d, 14 Dec, 1775, Nancy, born 1751, died 
28 Jan., 1802, daughter of Stephen Post, died 15 March, 






293 

1762, and of — Clark, his wife, died 3 June, 1802, emi- 
grants to N. S. from Saybrook, Conn. 

The children of Hundley Chipman (9), Esq., by his 
first marriage were eleven ; by his second were five. 
William Allen Chipman 5 , Esq., his eleventh child, wus 
father of Rev. William Chipman 6 , one of whose twenty- 
one children wus Isuuc 7 , born 1817, gr. Colby Univ. (then 
Wat. C), 1839, died 1852, Professor in Acadia College, 
N. S. Hon. Major Chipman 5 , his fifteenth child, born 4 
Dec, 1780, was surviving, at his residence, Annapolis, 
N. S., 1864 ; and thus he, a greatgrandson of the emigrant- 
ancestor John Chipman (4) , was, as these papers may show, 
a contemporary with persons surnamed Chipman in each 
of five generations more remote in the Chipman lineage, 
descending, than his own. Specially pertaining to the 
design of these papers was said Handley Chipman's ninth 
child: ' 

26. ANTHONY 5 . 

FIFTH GENERATION. 

10. Samuel Chipman, second son of Dea. Samuel 
Chipman (7), was born in Barnstable, 25 Nov., 1721; 
died about 1780. He lived in Groton, Conn. He was 
in the ill-fated "Havanna Expedition," 1762-3. He mar- 
ried, about 1746, Ruth Baker, of said Groton, born not 
far from 1730; deceased near 1780. Of their twelve 
children was one some of whose posterity have been of 
Essex Co., Mass., viz. : 

27. THOMAS. 6 

13. John Chipman, Esq., oldest son of Rev. John 
Chipman (8), was born in Beverly, 23 Oct., 1722, gr. 
H. C, 1738 ; died 1 July, 1768. He lived in Marblehead 
at the period in which its commercial enterprise had an 
enlarged and prosperous career. Admitted to the practice 



204 

of law, when in this country the legal profession extended 
scarcely beyond the routine of precedents and forms, he, 
recognizing it as demanding a mastery of principles and 
opening broad fields of investigation, so gave to it abilities 
of a high order and pursued it with industry and ardor, 
that his services were appreciated and sought for in dis- 
tant localities. At the time of his decease, there were 
only some twenty-five barristers, himself included, within 
the Massachusetts Colony which then embraced what now 
is the State of Maine. In Portland (then Falmouth), 
Me., on a monument over his grave is inscribed: "John 
Chipman, Esq., Barrister-at-law, was born Oct. 23 d , A. 
D. 1722, and died July 1 st , A. D. 1768, of an apoplexy 
with which he was suddenly seized in the Court House 
in Falmouth, while he was arguing a cause before the 
Superior Court of Judicature then sitting. To the re- 
membrance of his great learning, uniform integrity and 
singular humanity and benevolence, this monument is 
dedicated by a number of his brethren at the bar." 
His widow was for sometime a Teacher, aided by one or 
more of her daughters, in Salem. 

He married, in Cambridge, July, 1744, Elizabeth, 
sister to Eev. Cotton Brown, ordained, 26 Oct., 1748, 
pastor of the Church in Brookline, and oldest daughter 
of Eev. John Brown, of Haverhill, died 1742, and of 
his wife Joanna, whose father, Eev. Rowland Cotton, of 
Sandwich, was son of Rev. John Cotton, of Plymouth, 
and grandson of Rev. John Cotton, of Boston, Eng., and 
Boston, Mass. 

Twelve children : — 

28. John 6 , b. 30 July, 1745 ; d. in infancy. 

29. Nathaniel 6 , bap. 31 May, 1747 ; d. in childhood. 

30. Abigail 6 , b. 27 Jan., 1749 ; d., her husband's sur- 
vivor, 30 May, 1815; m., 29 Jan., 1769, Capt. Peter 









295 

Bubier, resident, a few years preceding 1782, in Lan- 
caster, afterward in Marblehead, and grandson to whom 
was Lt. John Bubier, U. S. N. 

31. John 6 , bap. 28 Jan., 1750; d. in childhood. 

32. Eebecca 6 , b. 16 Oct., 1752; d. 27 Dec, 1823; 
m., 27 Dec., 1773, Capt. William Blacklcr, d. 18 Jan., 
1818, resident in Marblehead. 

33. WARD 6 . 

34. Elizabeth 6 , b. 9 June, 1756 ; m., 28 March, 1782, 
Hon. William Gray, b., at Lynn, 27 June, 1750, d. 14 
Nov., 1825. Long a distinguished merchant, at Salem 
and at Boston, at one period " the largest ship-owner in 
the U. S.," and whose "fleet of commercial vessels" that 
once reached "to the number of forty-four, many of them 
the largest ships then constructed," was "kept perpetually 
plying oyer nearly every ocean and to every seaport in the 
world," Mr. Gray so far intermitted his commerce as to 
serve Massachusetts for a single term as her Lieutenant 
Governor. A writer, probably the late Col. Samuel 
Swett, of Boston, by marriage Mr. Gray's son-in-law, 
after affirming that Mr. Gray committed to his wife the 
entire direction of his large household and that she was 
competent to the position, added, in the same public jour- 
nal : " With her experience as a Teacher, and as a super- 
intendent of a relative's family, she was perfectly qualified 
to conduct all their domestic concerns and superintend 
the education of her children." With this compare Joseph 
Chipman(21). 

35. Nathaniel 6 , b. May, bap. 7 May, 1758; d. in 
infancy. 

36. Samuel 6 , ) , 26 . 1?59 d . infancy. 

37. Mary 6 , V l 

38. Joanna 6 , bap. 5 July, 1761; m., 14 Nov., 1790, 
Capt. William Ward, of Salem and of Medford, b. 28 



296 

Doc, 1761, d. 9 May, 1827, whose first wife was Martha 
Proctor, m. 16 Feb., 1785; d. Jan., 1788. 

39. John 6 , bap. 7 Aug., 1763, d. after completing the 
course of study in H. C, but before his class had received 
the first academical degree. 

15. Capt. Samuel Chipman, second son of Rev. John 
Chipman (8), was born in Beverly, 11 Dec, 1726; died 
19 Sept., 1761. He lived at Ipswich a short time, there- 
after at Salem. He deceased at St. Martin's (island), 
W. I. A shipmaster. Administration of his estate was 
granted to his widow 16 Nov., 1761, and her account was 
allowed 2 June, 1762. One line in the "Inventory of 
Capt. Samuel Chipman," comprises four articles with 
their values annexed, as follows; "Wheelbarrow Is. a 
Cow 48s. a Negro Boy £40. 1 Hogsheadd of Rum." His 
oldest granddaughter kept in memory the name of the 
"Boy," Babe. 

Capt. Samuel Chipman married (intention of marriage 
published 30 June, 1744) Anstice, born 23 Oct., 1725, 
died 25 April, 1789, oldest of the children, all daughters, 
of Capt. Richard Manning, of Ipswich, born 1700, died 6 
April, 1774, and of his first wife Margaret, born 1700, 
died 15 July, 1762, oldest daughter of Jacob Boardman 
and of his wife, widow of John Rogers, and daughter of 
Richard Smith, Jr., all of Ipswich. Administration of 
the estate of Mrs. Anstice Chipman was granted to her 
oldest son, 16 July, 1791. 

Nine children : — 

40. JOHN 6 . 

41. Richard 6 , b. 20 Oct., 1748. He resided at Salem. 
Impressed, about 1775, into the British navy, he d., as 
believed, an inmate of Greenwich Naval Hospital in Lon- 
don. A mariner, unm. 

42. Thomas 6 , bap. 27 Jan., 1750 ; d. in infancy. 






297 

43. Anstice 6 , bap. 17 Nov., 1754; d. 25 April, 1821 ; 
m., 1st, 23 July, 1772, Joshua Richardson, d. 22 Feb., 
1774, aged 28; and m., 2d, 23 Oct., 1777, Thomas .Man- 
ning, d. about 1780, a mariner; all of Salem. Mrs. 
Anstiee Manning was for many years a Teacher. 

44. THOMAS . 

45. Rebecca 6 , bap. 3 Sept., 1758; m., at Salem, 5 
May, 1776, Capt. Stephen Egen, of the British army. 
At New York, where he was stationed during its occupa- 
tion by the British forces, Capt. Egen and his family are 
said to have received in sickness kind attentions from her 
cousin Ward Chipman (33) who, after Capt. Egen and 
his wife had there died, forwarded their two children, as 
is stated, to Capt. Egen's father in Ireland. 

46. Margaret 6 , b. 3 June, 1760; d. about 1772. 

47. Elizabeth 6 , also b. 3 June 1760; d. 20 Sept., 1844. 
Uum. 

48. Samuel 6 , b. 1761 ; d. about 1783. A mariner. Unm. 

18. Henry Chipman, fourth son of Eev. John Chip- 
man (8), was born in Beverly, 23 June, 1732; died 
before 1800. He lived at Newbury (-port). As of rec- 
ord, a "tinner." He married, 5 Feb., 1755, Mary, 
daughter of Samuel Carr, and widow of Zechariah Now- 
ell, of Newbury, which Mary died 29 June, 1801, at the 
house of Joseph Vincent, of Salem, husband of Lydia, 
one of the issue of said Mary's first marriage. 

Five children : — 

49. Elizabeth 6 , b. 11 June, 1756 ; d. an infant. 

50. Rebecca 6 , b. 13 May, 1758 : d. unm. 

51. Elizabeth Carr 6 ,b. 9 Dec, 1759 ;m., 1 Oct., 1783, 
Jonathan Stickney, of Newburyport. 

52. Paulina 6 , b. 11 June, 1761 ; d. in infancy. 

53. Paulina 6 , b. 7 Dec, 1763; m., 20 Oct., 1794, 
Michael Morrison, of Newburyport. 



298 

21. Joseph Chipman, seventh son of Rev. John Chip- 
man (8), was born in Beverly, 26 Oct., 1738; died 9 
May, 1817. He lived in Salem, 175 % 9-92 ; thenceforward 
in Beverly. To his original business, in the one place 
mercantile, in the other, a tannery and agricultural pur- 
suits were added. On the paternal estate transferred to 
him partly before and partly after his father's decease, 
stand, as apt tokens of his own strong frame and character, 
substantial walls of huge granite stones, well-split, which 
around his fields were built by his direction. On a hill 
which formed, near Wenham Lake, a portion of that es- 
tate, is now a reservoir pertaining to the new Water 
Works for supplying, more amply than the old, the "pri- 
mary fluid " to the city of Salem. Like his brother 
Samuel, with his lather, and his uncle Samuel, he was a 
slave-holder, a "Peter," named in Salem records, 1797-8, 
"Peter Chipman" as then a householder, having at a 
very much earlier date been in an entry made of an old 
account called, with reference to Joseph Chipman (21), 
"your negro Peter." More honorable is the record that, 
among the names of "Volunteers from Salem for the 
Rhode Island Expedition," Aug., 1778, is found "Joseph 
Chipman." He, while unmarried, "kept house" in Salem 
as an aid to his apprentices and his journeymen, the admin- 
istration being confined to a relative, or some other woman 
of energy. Although it is in the due place recorded that 
"Joseph Chipman and Dorothy Churchill, both of Salem, 
entered their intention of marriage, 16 March, 1771," he 
remained for more than thirty years after that time a 
bachelor. A portrait of him which, taken in his prime, 
is in his daughter's possession, indicates less of the vigor 
which he had than of an unusual masculine beauty. A 
" pump-and-block-maker." 

He married, 1st, 2 Jan., 1803, Elizabeth Obear, of 









299 



Beverly, who d. ill or near 1807; and married, 2d, 7 
Feb., 1809, Elizabeth Fowler, of Beverly, who d. 29 
Aug., 1852. 

Two children : — 

54. John Hale 6 . 

55. Eliza Maria 6 , b. 9 March, 1813. She resides with 
her brother. She in former years was a Teacher. 

25. Capt. Benjamin Chipman, youngest son of Rev. 
John Chipman (8), was born in Beverly, 8 June, 1751 ; 
died April, 1783. He lived in Salem. Captured in the 
privateer schooner Warren, of Salem, 27 Dec, 1777, 
and, in England, committed to the so-called Mill Prison, 
he managed to escape and to reach his home. A ship- 
master. 

He married, about 1779, Anna, daughter of Jonathan 
Porter, which Anna married, 2d, 10 July, 1798, Dea. 
John Dike, of Beverly and Salem. 

Two children : — 

56. Benjamin 6 , d. young. 

57. Anna 6 (or Nancy), b. 13 Aug., 1783; d. about 
1854; m., 8 April, 1817, Capt. Joseph Wilson, of Salem, 
whom she, childless, long survived. 

26. ANrHONY Chipman, fourth son of Handley Chipman 
(9), Esq., was born in Newport, R. I., 1754; died (later 
than April), 1790. He lived in Gloucester. He for a 
time was a soldier in the American army, serving under a 
"Col. Tucker." He went to Gloucester, 1780, after 
having at Halifax, N. S., deserted from the British naval 
service into which he had been impressed. A mariner. 

He married, 1783, Anna Lurvey who married, 2d, 
1792, Samuel Wonson, and thereafter resided in what now 
is Rockport. • 

Two children : — 

58. ANTHONY 6 . 

59. James 6 , b. 12 Aug., 1788; d., an adult, mini. 



300 



SIXTH GENERATION. 



27. Thomas Chipman, oldest sod of Samuel Chipman 
(10), was born in Groton, Conn., about 1747 ; died 1803. 
He lived in New London, Conn. He married, about 
177G, Rachel Moore, of now Greenport, N. Y. , who sur- 
vived him. Of their six children, pertains to the design 
of these papers the oldest : 

60. THOMAS 7 . 

33. Hon. Ward Chipman, fourth son of John Chipman 
(13), Esq., was born in Marblehead, 30 July, 1754; gr. 
H. C, 1770; died 9 Feb., 1824. The oration which he 
delivered at his graduation was the first delivered on such 
occasions there, in the vernacular language. He, in 1771, 
was Preceptor of the Free School in Roxbury, Mass. He 
studied law in Boston, under direction of Hon. Jonathan 
So wall, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Massachu- 
setts, and Hon. Daniel Leonard, author of political papers 
published in a Boston journal, 1774-5, and signed "Mas- 
sachusettensis," which, an able defence of the British 
Government, were answered by John Adams, Esq., after- 
ward President of the United States. Associated in those 
professional studies with Mr. Chipman was, it is said, 
Thomas Coffin who, a cousin of Adm. Sir Isaac Coffin, 
became a Secretary of Sir Guy Carleton, and the Commis-- 
sary General of Quebec. Mr. Leonard, who at first had 
advocated the cause of the Colonies with, as Pres. Adams 
said, "great eloquence and energy," was drawn over to the 
Royalist side of the controversy by Gov. Hutchinson ; and 
then, as seems sufficiently manifest, drew with him to that 
side Mr. Chipman. The last-named, after completion of 
his preparatory studies, ^practised law in some interior 
town, probably Lancaster, Mass., since he there, or else- 
where in Worcester Co., owned land, the same, as may be 



301 

inferred, which, "with right to a seat in the Meeting-house," 
his brother-in-law Capt. Peter Bubier (30) conveyed, 3] 
Dec., 1781, to his uncle Joseph Chipman (21). "Ward 
{pbipman " and "Daniel Leonard," with fifteen other names, 
appear, upon "The Loyal Address" to Governor Gage, 
on his departure from Boston, 14 Oct., 177"), as "of those 
Gentlemen who were driven from their Habitations in the 
Country to the Town of Boston." Mr. Leonard subse- 
quently was Chief Justice of Bermudas. Mr Chipman, 
probably in company with Mr. Leonard who, in 177G, 
went with the British to Halifax, N. S., and thence to 
England, "was obliged to abandon his native land, on 
the evacuation of Boston in 1776. Having repaired to 
England, the Koyal bounty bestowed on him a pension in 
common with a long list of his suffering fellow-country- 
men ; but a -state of inaction being ill-suited to his ardent 
mind, in less than a year he relinquished his pension and 
rejoined the King's troops at New York where he was 
employed in a Military Department and in the practice 
of the Court of Admiralty until the Peace of 1783. On 
the first erection of this Province [New T Brunswick], he 
was appointed Solicitor General, and continually afterward 
bore a conspicuous and most useful part in its affairs as 
an Advocate at the Bar, a Member of the House of As- 
sembly, a Member of his Majesty's Council, a Judge of 
the Supreme Court, and Agent on the part of his Majesty 
before several Commissioners for settling disputed points 
of boundary with the United States, until he closed his 
mortal career w T hile administering the Government of the 
Province as President and Commander in Chief during a 
vacancy in the office of Lieutenant Governor." He died at 
Frederickton, N. B. The inscription on the monument at 
St. John, N. B., "erected over the remains " of Mr. Chip- 
man, adds to the above-quoted statements the following : — 



302 

"Distinguished during the whole of his varied and 
active life for his superior abilities and unweariable zeal, 
for genuine integrity and singular humanity and benevo- 
lence, his loss was universally deplored ; and this frail 
tribute from his nearest connexions affords but a feeble 
expression of the affectionate respect with which they 
cherished the memory of his virtues." 

Although by the ardor of his youth and by gifted 
instructors counselling him, then fatherless, he had, as 
"retaining his loyalty to his Sovereign," become an exile 
from New England, he, the inscription also states, yet 
"retained an affection for New England." An attestation 
of that affection was given by the education of his son at 
the same college of which he himself was, as his father 
and his grandfather had been, a graduate. 

President Chipman married, about 1785, Elizabeth, 
surviving in 1851, daughter of Hon. William Hazen, born 
in Haverhill, Mass., 1739, died at St. John, N. B., 1814, 
a member of the Executive Council of that Province from 
its erection, 1784, and of his wife Sarah, only daughter 
of Dr. Joseph Le Baron, and of his wife Sarah, born 
1726, one of the children of Rev. Nathaniel Leonard, of 
Plymouth, Mass., and of his wife Priscilla, daughter of 
Dr. Daniel Rogers, of Ipswich, Register of Probate and 
Treasurer of Essex Co., Mass., which last-named Sarah 
married, 2d, John White, Esq., of Haverhill. Mr. Hazen, 
with associates, Mr. W T hite and Mr. Symonds, received, 
before the American Revolution, a grant, from the British 
Government, of a tract of land on which now stands the 
city of St. John, N. B. President Chipman thus became 
by his marriage the possessor of a large landed estate. 

One child : — 

61. WARD 7 . 

40. John Chipman, oldest son of Capt. Samuel Chip- 
man (15), was born in Ipswich, 9 Aug., 1746; died 25 



303 

Dec, 1819. He resided in Salem. During the Revolu- 
tionary War 'he, with Samuel Jones as partner, was en- 
gaged in the manufacture of saltpetre, encouraged by the 
stimulus of a governmental bounty; and subsequently 
was, as is believed, one of the crew of the letter-of- 
marque ship, Julius Cresar, (or of some other) of Salem, 
Capt. Jonathan Harraden, commander; and in another 
cruise was armorer of the Mass. ship Tyrannicide, Capt. 
John Fisk, commander. A cabinet-maker and surveyor 
of lumber. 

Mr. Chipman married, 1st, 22 May, 1768, Hannah, 
bap. 28 Jan., 1749, died 21 April, 1797, youngest daugh- 
ter of Capt. Eleazer Moses, born 28 Nov., 1703, died 
1786, and of his wife Mary Henderson; and married 2d, 
30 Jan., 1801, Elizabeth Towzer, of Salem, born about 
1754, died not far from 1847, in Lebanon, Me. 

Nine children : — 

62. Mary Henderson 7 , b. 12 April, 1769; d. 13 Oct., 
1853. Unm. 

63. Samuel 7 , b. 2 July, 1770; d. 12 March, 1789. 

64. John 7 , b. 13 May, 1772 ; d. 20 x\lay, 1780. 

65. Eleazer Moses 7 , b. 20 Oct., 1774; d. at sea, July, 
1795. Admin, granted 7 April, 1804. A mariner. 
Unm. 

66. Hannah 7 , b. 13 Aug., 1777 ; d. Dec, 1780. 

67. Elizabeth 7 , b. 22 July, 1780; d. 20 Sept., 1859; 
m., 9 May, 1829, Capt. Samuel Gerrish, of Salem. Mrs. 
Gerrish had, for many years before her marriage, been a 
Teacher. 

(yS. JOHN 7 . 

69. RICHARD MANNING 7 . 

70. SAMUEL 7 . 

44. Capt. Thomas Chipman, fourth son of Capt. Samuel 
Chipman (15), was born in Salem, 18 Nov., 1756 ; died 4 



304 

Dec, 1821. Captured soon after his marriage and with 
his vessel carried to En^., he regained his home after a 
vexatious detention, by the British authorities, of more 
than five years. He resided in Salem. A shipmaster and 
a trader. He married, 24 Jan., 1779, Elizabeth Millet, 
of Salem, b. 31 July, 1757 ; d. 20 Nov., 1808. 
Eight children : — 

71. WARD 7 . 

72. Thomas 7 , b. 8 July, 1785; d. 22 Oct., 1808. Re- 
sided in Salem. A dealer in hardware. Unm. 

73. Andrew 7 , b. 1 June, 1787; d. 8 Sept., 1789. 

74. Samuel 7 , b. 20 June, 1789 ; d. 7 Sept., 1790. 

75. Elizabeth 7 , b. 8 Nov., 1790: d. 24 Juno, 1794. 

76. Anstice 7 , b. 25 April, 1792 ; d. 8 Sept., 1808. 

77. Elizabeth 7 , b. 2 July, 1795; m. Capt. Joseph, son 
of Capt. Gamaliel Hodges, of Salem. 

78. Margaret 7 , b. 14 Oct., 1797 ; d. 25 Oct., 1808. 
54. John Hale Chipman, son of JosephChipman (21), 

was born in Beverly, 11 May, 1811. Resides in Beverly. 
A farmer. He married, 31 Dec, 1833, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Capt, Hugh Hill. 
Six children : — 

79. JAMES EDWARD 7 . 

80. John Joseph 7 , a twin brother, b. 17 Nov. 1834; 
d. 14 March, 1836. 

81. Joseph 7 , b. 11 July, 1836 ; d. 24 June, 1843. 

82. JOHN HALE 7 . 

83. Jackson Hill 7 , b. 21 Oct., 1842; d. 19 March, 
1850. 

84. Joseph 7 , b. 21 Feb., 1846. 

58. Capt. Anthony Chapman, elder son of Anthony 
Chipman(26), was born in Gloucester, 16 July, 1786. 
He, living in Rockport till 1837, and thence till 1857 in 
Steuben, Me., has since 1857 lived in Mill bridge, Me. 






305 

A shipmaster. lie married 1st, 3 Dec, 1809, Sarah, 

died 15 Aug., 1819, daughter of Edmund Pool and of 
his wife Sarah Tarr ; and married 2d, 24 Nov., 1820, 

Sarah, died 12 March, 1857, who, a daughter of 

Thurston, was the widow of William Davis, mariner. 
Two children by Sarah (Pool) : — 

85. A child 7 ; d. in infancy. 

86. A child 7 ; d. in infancy. 

Four children by Sarah (Davis) : — 

87. ANTHONY 7 . 

88. DANIEL 7 . 

89. GEORGE 7 . 

90. James 7 , b. 6 Dec, 1830; d. 3 April, 1851. Unm. 

SEVENTH GENERATION. 

60. Thomas Chipman, oldest son of Thomas Chip- 
man (27), was born m New London, Conn., 14 Aug., 
1778; died 20 May, 1813. He lived in Newburyport. 
His death occurred at New Orleans, La. A mariner. 
He married, 19 Feb., 1809, Rebecca, died 20 Nov., 1818, 
daughter of Billings Putnam, of Newburyport, born in 
Dan vers. 

Three children : — 

91. Hannah Wire 8 , born 7 May, 1809; m., 1st, Joseph 
Carlton, of West Newbury, Mass. ; and m., 2d, John B. 
Parker, of same place, who d. 5 April, 1854. 

92. THOMAS JOSEPH 8 . 

93. Benjamin Putnam 8 , b. 10 Jan., 1813 ; d. 20 Sept., 
1813. 

61. Hon. Wakd Chipman, LL.D., son of Hon. Ward 
Chipman(33), was born in St. John, N. B., 21 July, 
1787; gr. H. C, 1805; died 26 Nov., 1851. In 1842 
Rev. John Pierce, D. D., said of him : "He was preemi- 
nently the first scholar in his class, whose eloquent oration 

20 



306 

r On the Influence of Learning,' when he was graduated, I 
well remember." Admitted early to practice in the Courts 
of New Brunswick, he soon took and steadily held in them 
the post conceded to mental culture and power. Having 
wdnle his father lived been Attorney General of the 
Province, he was, 17 March, 1824, the next month after 
his father's decease, appointed to the position which that 
decease had made vacant, a Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Judicature. He was elected Chief Justice of that 
Court, 29 Sept., 1834, which he, mainly on account of 
impaired health, resigned 19 Feb., 1851. Announcing the 
resignation, a prominent journal in the Province added : 
"During the long period he has been connected with 
the Bench of New Brunswick, his decisions have been 
highly satisfactory and his legal attainments considered of 
no ordinary description, not only by the Bar of this Prov- 
ince, but by all jurists in other countries. Up to the 
present time his decisions are said to command as much 
confidence, as to their correctness, as at any former 
period." When the result of arbitration submitted by 
Great Britain and the United States, respecting questions 
that rose soon after the last war between those parties, had 
been declared, Mr. Chipman published, and in 1839, he 
republished, anonymously : "Remarks upon the Disputed 
Points of Boundary under the Fifth Article of the Treaty 
of Ghent, principally compiled from the statements laid 
by the Government of Great Britain before the king of 
the Netherlands as Arbiter." Heir to an estate which 
by situation was productive as well as large, Mr. Chipman 
lived, though not with ostentation, in a sort of baronial 
style. He left to the "Church Society" of New Brunswick, 
a bequest of $50,000. The Prince of Wales, while he was 
at St. John, Aug., 1860, was the guest of Mr. Chipman's 
widow. 






307 

Chief Justice Ward Chipman married a daughter of 

W. Wright, Esq., Collector of the Customs in St. John. 
Pie had no children. 

68. John Chipman, fourth son of John Chipman (40), 
was born in Salem, 6 Nov., 1783; died 8 March, 1856. 
He lived in Salem. In the last war with England he once, 
or oftener was one of the crew of a vessel sailing, with 
letters of marque, from that port. A harness-maker and 
chaise-trimmer. He married, 14 May, 1807, Hannah, dau. 
of George Tucker and of his wife Deborah (Foster) . 

Ten children : — 

94. Mary 8 , m. William Moses Townsend ; both d. 

95. JOHN MOSES 8 . 96. Hannah 8 . 

97. Deborah Foster 8 , m. George A. Dix. 

98. ANDREW TUCKER 8 . 

99. Margaret 8 , m. Mark Floyd. 
100. Elizabeth 8 . 101. Anstice 8 . 

102. Laura M 8 . ; m. George Jenks Battis. 

103. Ellen 8 ; d., a Teacher. 

69. Dea. Richard Manning Chipman, fifth son of John 
Chipman (40), was born in Salem, 23 Oct., 1786 ; died 17 
Oct., 1863. He lived in Salem. A tin-plate-worker. 
He married, 1805, Elizabeth Gray, born in Beverly, 
Mass., 22 July, 1788, died 8 April, 1860. (Of him and 
of his wife, obituary notices may be seen in The New 
England Historical and Genealogical Register.) 

Twelve children : — 

104. RICHARD MANNING 8 . * 

105. ANDREW MANSFIELD 8 . 

106. Mary Elizabeth Foster 8 ; d. unm. 

107. ELEAZER MOSES 8 . 

108. Sarah Cloutman 8 ; d. first wife of John B. Porter.. 

109. Betsey Gray 8 ; d. first wife of the late Maj. 
Hiram P. Barker. 



308 

110. THOMAS 8 . 111. Henry 8 ; d. an infant. 
112. HENRY GRAY 8 . 113. Susan Poor 8 ; d. unm. 
114'. JAMES 8 . 115. Ward 8 ; d. unm. 

70. Samuel Chipman, youngest son of John Chipman 
(40), was born in Salem, 11 Sept., 1791 ; died 11 Feb., 
1867. He lived in Marlborough, Mass. A cabinet-maker. 
He was Selectman, Postmaster, etc. He married, 24 
Nov., 1813, Edith Guilford of Danvers (now Peabody). 

Ten children : — 

116. A daughter 8 ; d. an infant. 

117. SAMUEL ADAMS 8 . 118. JOHN 8 . 

119. GEORGE WASHINGTON 8 . 

120. Albert 8 ; d. an infant. 

121. Abigail Needham 8 ; cl. wife of Marshall Daclmun. 

122. Mary Elizabeth 8 ; wife of John B. Thompson. 

123. Albert 8 ; d. an infant. 

124. Charlotte Ann 8 ; wife of Hiram N. Stearns. 

125. Lucy Maria 8 ; d., 1867, unm. 

71. Capt. Ward Chipman, oldest son of Capt. Thomas 
Chipman(44), was born in Salem, 22 Aug., 1779; died 
20 Jan., 1858. He lived in Salem. A shipmaster. He 
married, 24 May, 1812, Mary Hodges; died 18 April, 
1858. 

One child : — 

126. Anstice 8 ; wife of Daniel Perkins. 

79. James Edward Chipman, oldest son of John Hale 
Chipman(54), was born in Beverly, 17 Nov., 1834. He 
married, 5 Sept., 1858, Martha W. Moses. 

Two children : — 

127. Elizabeth Frances 8 . 128. James Henry 8 . 

82. Capt. John Hale Chipman, fourth son of John 
Hale Chipman (54), was born in Beverly, 2 Oct., 1838; 
died 4 Jul}', 1866. An officer in the recent civil War, his 
constitution was broken by the severity of imprisonment 






309 

at Annapolis, Mel. He married, 14 Feb., 1861, Martha 
E. Patch. 

One child : — 

129. Frank E 8 . 

87. Anthony Ciiipman, son of Capt. Anthony Chipman 
(58), was born in Gloucester, Mass., 20 May, 1821. Re- 
sides in Harrington, Me., where he married, 7 June, 1847, 
Maria Stroutt. 

Six children : — 

130. Ann Maria 8 . 131. James A 8 . 132. Augustus 8 . 
133. Harriett 8 ; d. 134. Victoria 8 ; d. 135. John S 8 . 

88. Daniel Chipman, son of Capt. Anthony Chipman 
(58), was born in Gloucester, Mass., 11 June, 1825. 
Resides in Harrington, Me., where he married, 17 June, 
1849, Helen Sawyer. 

Four children : — 

136. Mary T 8 . 137. George F 8 . 

138. Elizabeth E 8 . 139. Joseph S 8 . 

89. George Chipman, son of Capt. Anthony Chipman 
(58), was born in Gloucester, Mass., 20 July, 1827. Re- 
sides in Millbridge, Me., where he married 14 Jan., 1849, 
Rebecca D. Turner. 

Three children : — 

140. Rebecca D 8 . ; m. James A. Mitchell. 

141. George 8 . 142. Wesley P 8 . 

EIGHTH GENERATION. 

92. Thomas Joseph Chipman, elder son of Thomas 
Chipman (60), was born in Newburyport, 8 April, 1811. 
He resides in West Newbury. A ship-carpenter. He 
married, 28 Nov., 1833, Dolly Brown Durgin. 

Six children : — 

143. Hannah Wire 9 ; m. William Warner Bailey. 

144. Harriett Frances 9 . 

145. Dolly Brown 9 . 146. Thomas Parnell Beach 9 . 



310 

147. George Kenney 9 , b. 23 March, 1847. 

148. John Kenney 9 , also b. 23 March, 1847 ; d. 23 June, 
1847. 

95. John Moses Chipman, elder sou of John Chipman 
(68), deceased 1852. He lived in Salem. A shoemaker. 
He married there, 1835, Mary Ann, daughter of Henry 
Russel. 

Five children : — 

149. John Henry 9 ; d. in youth. 150. George Tucker 9 . 
151. Charles Gustavus 9 . 152. Mary Emma 9 . 

153. Francis Granville 9 ; d. an infant. 

98. Andrew Tucker Chipman, younger son of John 
Chipman(68), lives in Salem. A currier. He married 
there, 1845, Caroline Tread well. 

One child : — 

154. William 9 . 

104. Rev. Richard Manning Chipman, oldest son of 
Dea. Richard Manning Chipman(69), was born in Salem ; 
gr. Dart. Col., 1832. He was a student of Theology in 
the Theol. Sem. Princeton, N. J., and in the Theol. 
Depart, of N. Y. Univ., N. Y. ; Sec. Amer. Peace Soci- 
ety, 1833-4 ; Prof, of Theol. in Oneida Col. Inst., elected, 
but declined, 1839. He was pastor of the Cong. Church 
in Harwinton, Conn., 1835-39 ; of Evan. Church in Athol, 
Mass., 1839-51 and of The Third Cong. Church in Guil- 
ford, Conn., 1852-58. He afterward was in pastoral 
duties at Wolcottville, Conn, and Hyde Park, Mass. ; and 
1866-71, he discharged such duties toward the Cong. 
Church in East Granby, Conn. He since June, 1871, 
has had charge of the Church in the place of his present 
residence, Lisbon, Conn. Among the published produc- 
tions of his pen is "The History of Harwinton, Connecti- 
cut :" 1860. He has improved opportunities, occasionally 
obtained, for preparing genealogical registers of several 
early settlers of Salem, with their descendants, of which 









311 

settlers little or nothing is £ivcn in Mr. Savage's "Genea- 
logical Dictionary." Those registers are yet imprinted, 
as also is another genealogical treatise by him prepared, 
viz., "The Chipman Family: a History of the Chipman 
Lineage in America." In this last-named work are em- 
braced the arranged results of extensive research and cor- 
respondence continued for more than twenty-five years. 
Parts of that he has condensed, so far as practicable, to 
form this sketch of that Lineage as related to his native 
County. He married, 1 June, 1835, Mary, oldest daughter 
of Rev. Fosdick Harrison, pastor of the Cong. Church 
in Roxbury, Conn., and of his first wife, Elizabeth 
Bunnell. 

One child : — 

155. RICHARD HARRISON 9 . 

105. A NDREW Mansfield Chipman, second son of Dea. 
Richard Manning Chipman(69), was born in Salem. He 
lives in Salem. A tin-plate-worker. He married, 1834, 
Nancy, who died 1866, daughter of William and Elizabeth 
Ryan. 

Nine children :— 

156. Eliza Willard 9 . 157. Mary Ann 9 ; d. an infant. 

158. Andrew Augustus 9 ; in the late War was in many 
severe battles ; at first a private in 12th Mass. Reg. U. S. 
V., he by merit became Lieutenant, and his Company 
gave him for a testimonial a valuable sword. 

159. Harriett Matilda 9 . 

160. Mary Ann 9 ; m. Charles Chase, of Salem. 

161. William Henry 9 ; d. an infant. 

162. Sarah Elizabeth 9 . 163. William Henry 9 . 
164. Maria Louisa 9 . 

107. Eleazer Moses Chipman, third son of Dea. Rich- 
ard Manning Chipman (69 ) , was born in Salem. He lived 
in Salem, and since has lived in New Haven, Conn. A 



312 

tin-plate-worker. He married, 1st, 1846, his cousin, 
Abigail Miller, died 1859, daughter of Andrew and Sarah 
Mansfield, of Salem, Mass., and of Nobleborough, Me. ; 
and married, 2d, 1863, Mary Elizabeth Baldwin, of New 
Haven. 

One child by Abigail M. : — 

165. Frederick Eleazer 9 . 
Three children by Mary E. : — 

166. Edgar Martin 9 . 

167. Lucy 9 ; d. an infant. 

168. Minnie Sophia. 

110. Thomas (Gray) Chipman, fourth son of Dea. 
Richard Manning Chipman (69), was born in Salem; 
died in Boston, 1850. He lived in Salem and in Boston. 
In editorial, later in mercantile business. He married, 
1848, Sarah Matilda, daughter of Peter Thatcher Vose, 
Esq., of Robbinston, Me. 

One child : — 

169. Matilda Gray 9 ; d. an infant. 

112. Henry Gray Chipman, sixth son of Dea. Richard 
Manning Chipman(69), was born in Salem; died 1865. 
He lived in Salem and at Cambridge. A soldier in the 
— Mass. Reg. of U. S. V., he, disabled by disease, de- 
ceased, on return homeward, at Key West, Fla. A tin- 
plate-worker. He married, 1849, Sarah Elizabeth Morse, 
of Salem. 

Four children : — 

170. Elizabeth Gray 9 . 171. Lydia Babson 9 . 

172. Alice Willett 9 . 173. Catharine 9 ; d. an infant. 

114. James (Gray) Chipman, seventh son of Deacon 
Richard Manning Chipman (69), was born in Salem; died 
1866. He lived in Salem. A member of the 1st Reg. 
Mass. Heavy Artillery, U. S. V.,his death occurred fVom 
a wound received in the battle of "The Wilderness." A 



313 

tin-plate-worker. He married, 1848, Mary Elizabeth 
Munroe, of Salem. 
Two children : — 

174. James Herbert 9 . 

175. Arthur Ward 9 ; d. in childhood. 

117. Samuel Adams Chipman, oldest son of Samuel 
Chipman(70), was born in Marlborough, Mass. He lives 
in Marlborough. An undertaker. He married, 1838, 
Martha B., daughter of Levi and Lucinda Rice. 

Three children : — 

176. George Eliott 9 ; m., 1863, Ellen L. Mahan. 

177. William Irving 9 ; d. an infant. 

178. Adin Vernon 9 . 

118. John Chipman, Esq., second son of Samuel Chip- 
man(70), was born in Marlborough, Mass. He lives in 
Marlborough. ' Has been, a magistrate. A broker and 
auctioneer. He married, 1st, 1839, Ann, deceased, 1848, 
dau. of Col. Ephraim Howe ; and married, 2d, Harriett 
S. Gibbs, of Framingham, Mass. 

Four children by Ann : — 

179. Mary Sophia 9 ; d. an infant. 

180. Adelia Ann 9 ; d. an infant. 

181. Mary Adelia 9 . 182. Ann Howe 9 . 
One child by Harriett S. 

183. Henry Ward 9 . 

119. Dea. George Washington Chipman, third son 
of Samuel Chipman (70), was born in Marlborough, Mass. 
He lives in Boston. A merchant (G. W. Chipman, and 
Co.). He married, 1842, Annis, daughter of Charles and 
Sarah Lane, of Abington, Mass. 

Four children : — 

184. GEORGE ALBERT 9 . 

185. Annis Miranda 9 . 186. Henry Harris 9 . 
187. Grace Edith 9 . 



314 



NINTH GENERATION. 

155. Richard Harrison Chipman, son of Rev. Rich- 
ard Manning Chipman (104), was born in Harwinton, 
Conn., 19 Jan., 1837. He lives in Philadelphia, Pa. 
Was Paymaster in the U. S. (V.) N. during the recent 
War. Chief Tariff-Clerk of Phila., Wilm., and Bait. 
R. R. He married, 10 Oct., 1857, Frances Ellen Brooks, 
of Guilford, Conn. 

Three children : — 

188. Mary Harrison 10 . 189. Richard Brooks 10 . 

190. Laura Elliot 10 . 

184. George Albert Chipman, elder son of Deacon 
George Washington Chipman (119), was born in Boston, 
1 May, 1843. He resides in Boston. A merchant (G. W. 
Chipman, and Co.). He married Sarah Minerva Bishop. 

One child : — 

191. George Judson 10 . 



STATISTICS AND SUGGESTIONS CONCERNING 
THE CHIPMAN LINEAGE. 



The families above presented show, as to alliance and 
extension by marriage, only a little commingling with 
families of non-English stock. The a^^re^ate of families 

O CO o 

in the entire lineage corresponds, in that respect, with 
those. 

As will have been noticed, Thomas Chipman (l)'s 
descendants, so far as the foregoing summary presents 
them, are of that portion derived continuously from sons. 






315 

Since not any of the series comprised in that portion is 
of greater length than the longest above specified, and 
since his surname has, to its furthest remove extant of 
descent from him, been conveyed by the persons above 
numbered 188-191, inclusive, his posterity, as traced 
through male lines of parentage, is seen to be lineally 
removed from him not farther than the tenth generation, 
and, for the most part, removed not so far. In several of 
those lines certain generations come into, and, so to Bay, 
stride over the domain chiefly occupied by generations 
graded lower on the scale ; that is, there are above exhib- 
ited, as contemporary, persons to whom, with reference to 
the head of this lineage, belong very different degrees of 
derivation. Children are now living of one son of John 
Chipman(8), as-also are great-grandchildren of others of 
his sons, and that first-specified part of his progeny are 
younger than are some persons comprised in the last- 
specified part. Handley Chipman(9), a member of the 
fourth generation, lived at the same time in which lived 
members, respectively, of the fifth, the sixth, the seventh, 
and the eighth generation. Some of that gentleman's 
children, members of the fifth generation, were born 
more recently than w T ere some members of the seventh ; 
and two of those children, namely, Major, above-men- 
tioned (at number 9, page 293) and Zachariah, above- 
mentioned (at number 16, page 291), were contemporary 
with members of the sixth, the seventh, the eighth and 
the ninth generations. The said Major, though born 
before two of his brothers, was for some years contem- 
porary with at least one member of the tenth generation ; 
so that, as he had in other years been contemporary with 
members of the fourth, his lifetime, while less extended 
than were some of the lives in this lineage, embraced 
seven of its ten generations. 



316 

A generation is usually considered as limited, on the 
average, to thirty years. If the period be taken that 
commences with the year of Thomas Chipman(l)'s birth, 
A. D. 1565, and terminates in the year latest known of 
his son's great-grandson, Major Chipman's life, 1864, the 
averaged duration of each of those five generations is, 
within the fraction of a unit, sixty years. If the period 
be taken that begins with the first of those designated 
years, and ends in the current } r ear, 1872, then, although 
there are thus assigned to the tenth of these generations 
only the fourteen years which constitute the present total 
of its oldest member's life, Mary H. Chipman(188), born 
15 July, 1858, the averaged duration of each of the gen- 
erations denoted is still somewhat in excess of thirty 
years. A due increase of the excess would accrue from 
a reckoning which should, as propriety requires, add what 
the tenth generation's expectancy contains, enough years 
to make that as long as the averaged length of the pre- 
ceding ones. A result nearly exact seems obtainable by 
taking, as the ultimate for this computation, the ninth or 
the eighth, rather than the tenth in the series. The tenth 
may properly be left out of the calculation, because its 
distinctive cycle is most incomplete. The ninth's cycle 
has less of incompleteness. The eighth's cycle, though 
also not full as yet, may allowably be assumed as com- 
plete, since it exhibits, with one birth-elate as recent as 
1863, another as little recent as 1787. Divide three hun- 
dred and seven by nine ; the quotient is plus thirty-four. 
Divide three hundred and seven by eight ; the quotient 
is plus thirty-eight. These statistics somewhat confirm 
the usual estimate of a generation's duration ; they as 
certainly tend more to confirm a conclusion drawn from 
statistics elsewhere furnished, viz., that the continuance 
of man's life, under the ordinary conditions of civilized 






317 

people, is now, instead of being less or only equal, mani- 
festly greater than in some centuries recently preceding. 
That conclusion, as here may be relevantly added, re- 
ceives as decisive a confirmation from the statistics of 
Thomas Chip m an (l)'s descendants in lines traced through 
daughters of his son. This segment of his posterity is, 
beyond doubt, much the larger one, as comprehending a 
greater number of persons and instances of longer pedi- 
grees. Of that son's daughters born, all but one, before 
John Chipman(7), and five before Samuel Chipman(6), 
five were married before either of these their brothers 
was, and sooner than their brothers became parents each 
of numerous children, who, in turn, came early into sus 7 
tabling the like relation to many. One of said children 
lived more than a hundred years, Hope 4 , born 10 May, 
1677, died at Middleborough, Mass., 7 Dee., 1732, wife 
of Thomas Nelson and daughter of John Huekins and of 
his wife, Hope, 3 John Chipman(4)'s third daughter and 
third child. Thomas Chipman(l)'s posterity, as derived 
from the daughters of said John(4) and thus bearing 
surnames other than his, has reached, doubtless to the 
eleventh, probably to the twelfth, not improbably to the 
thirteenth generation. The corollary rightly deducible 
from that premise is, not that his posterity, as thus de- 
rived, has some generations extended little beyond twen- 
ty-five or thirty years, but that, in instances of parents 
having many children, generations traced along the lines 
formed by older children contain, in a period of centu- 
ries, more extensive series than generations traced along 
the lines formed by successions of younger children. 

Introducing to one's circle a stranger assumes that 
knowing him may be of some service to others than his 
previous friends ; and so, presenting to the public any 
ancestor, and the kin from him sprung, assumes that 



318 

acquaintance with these may interest or benefit others 
than congeners and allies of the kin. The latter act, not 
less than the former, should proceed from assignable 
reasons. Genealogical inquiry, when successful, procures 
results which may partly be summarized in outline by a 
so-called family-tree, which dry thing compares with 
genealogy itself only as a herbarium compares with live 
plants, and as desiccated skeletons with integral embodi- 
ments of humanity. What is proposed by genealogical 
research is not, to laud individuals ; nor is it, to glorify 
such families as would otherwise remain without glory. 
Heraldic arms have as little worth as military, aside from 
the worth of those bearing them. Not the armor, but 
the army, merits and should best repay describing. An 
account true, not conjectural, and clear, not confused, of 
any lineage, reaching from centuries passed to the year 
passing, avails to high utility. Having gathered, it gar- 
ners supplies of materials which are sources and bases for 
such induction and deduction as lead to history respecting 
communities and nations, and even the races of mankind. 
How else than by an intelligently judicious application of 
data thus certified to be authentic and vouched, can, on a 
wide range, be found either the constituents or the adju- 
vants of viability inherited and of longevity acquired? 
How else may more readily or as surely be ascertained 
practicable methods of receiving, transfusing, transmitting 
increased mental and moral vigor through social inter- 
ties? If the teaching, not otherwise to be obtained, is 
ignored, what just ground is left for examining, much 
more, for deciding rightly the questions still mooted : 
Were former or are these, the preferable times? Are 
human character and human comfort now advancing, or 
are they both retrograde ? Is there among the masses of 
civilized society a steady diminution or, on the contrary, 






319 

a sturdy augmentation of good things? History, largely 
viewed, is the biography of men collectively considered. 

Biography, strictly viewed, is the history of men individ- 
ually taken. Genealogy, properly viewed, is the history 
of men consanguineously regarded. As the first, so the 
second, and so the third of that triad, is science. Genea- 
logic is scientific investigation; its results are scientific; 
and genealogy, whatever deserves the name, is, like gen- 
uine biography and other veritable history, a contribution 
to anthropology. 

Compilations made at second hand, made by persons 
more honest than patient and more laborious than dis- 
criminating, or in other respects incompetent, made 
sometimes by persons vain or venal, have brought odium 
on this department of history. The treatise' before- 
mentioned (at number 104, page 311) and from which 
extracts abbreviated compose the principal parts of this 
article, was designed to conform, so far as practicable, to 
the above suggested ideal. Such as seek to avoid error 
are fallible. Not every hewer of stone draws from the 
marble a statue. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Abbot, 147, 172. 

Adams, 29, 32, 33, 45, 52, 

165, 194, 220, 250, 300. 
Akerman, 51, 58, 71. 
Alden, 154, 180, 182, 216. 
Aldrich, 163, 190, 192. 
Allen, 85, 182, 242, 292. 
Almy, 248. 
Ames, 198. 
Andrews, 129, 133, 134, 144, 

148,250,251,253. [186. 
Amiable, 51, 53, 55, 58, 71, 
Appleton, 2, 26, 75, 77, 79, 

227, 253. 
Apthorp, 158. 
Archer, 248. 
Arey, 130. 
Arnold, 195, 214. 
Arthur, 264. 
Ashby, 159. 
Ashton, 36. 
Atherton, 1, 37, 155. 
Atkins, 168. 
Attwood, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 

79, 235, 236, 237, 238. 
Atwood, 203. 
Aubin, 71. 

Averill, 123, 125,131, 140, 
147,164, 165,166,171, 197. 
Bacon, 157, 185. 
Bacheller, 240. 
Bailey, 176, 193, 207, 309. 
Baker, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 

80, 121, 123, 146, 168, 183, 
235, 236, 237, 252, 293. 

Balch,84, 123, 146,287. 
Baldwin, 312. 
Ball, 242. 
Bancroft, 198, 221. 
Bangs, 168. 
Barker, 307. 
Barnabee, 51, 71. 
Barnard, 29, 68. 
Barnes, 160. 
Barnhart, 171. 
Barre, 210. 
Barrett, 132, 145. 
Barry, 176. 

Bartlett, 92, 135, 153, 180. 
Bascom, 167. 
Basset, 280. 

Batchelder, 71, 162, 164, 
165, 170, 196, 197, 198. 

21 



Batt, 153. 

Battis, 307. 

Beach, 310. 

Beaman, 242, 247. 

Beamsley, 251. 

Bearse, 143, 168, 206. 

Becket, 171. 

Bell, 100. 

Bellows, 126, 136. 

Bennet, 76, 250, 253. 

Bennett, 156,177. 

Bentlev, 56, 228. 

Benton, 201. 

Berry, 123, 133. 

Bigelow, 139, 160. 

Billings, 186. 

Bishop, 163, 195, 314. [138. 

Bixby, 124, 125, 127, 129, 

Blackler, 295. 

Blackner, 161. 

Blakeley, 194. 

Blanchard, 36, 163. 

Bligh, 249. 

Blue, 211. 

Blythe, 35. 

Boardman, 146, 161, 169, 

190, 296. 
Bolingbroke, 8. 
Bopp, 7. [200. 

Booth, 131, 141, 143, 166, 
Bootman, 127, 137. 
Bourne, 280, 281. 
Boutwell, 100. 
Bowditch, 2, 68, 263. 
Bowers, 155. 
Bowles, 127, 137. 
Boyd, 193. 
Boyden, 179, 212. 
Boynton, 156. 
Bi'ackenbury, 22. 
Bracket, 71. 
Bradford, 166, 200. 
Bradshaw, 71. 
Bradstreet. 133, 140, 146, 

160, 163, 166, 170. 
Brady, 216. 
Brahe, 181. 
Braman, 88, 92. 
Brewer, 252. 
Brooks, 182, 314. 
Brown, 32, 70, 71, 139, 148, 
159, 161, 162, 192, 211, 251, 
253, 259, 294. 



Browne, 26, 27, 28, 252. 

Browning, 121. 

Bubier, 186, 295, 301. 

Buck, 191. 

Buffum, 157, 183. 

Bunnell, 311. 

Burke, 265, 266. 

Burnam, 227, 252. 

Burnett, 27. 

Burnham, 253. 

Burr, 154, 182, 187. 

Bush, 180. 

Butler, 125, 182, 250, 252. 

Byron, 186. 

Cabot, 35. 

Cabsoe, 79. 

Calkins, 184. 

Canny, 58, 71. 

Carleton,300. 

Carlton, 305. 

Carpenter, 163, 194. 

Carr, 212, 297. 

Carter, 71. 

Casey, 159. 

Caswell, 172. 

Chamberlain, 147, 160. 

Chandler, 71, 199. 

Chapin, 178, 190,213. 

Chapman, 166, 199, 264. 

Chase, 186, 212, 311. 

Cheever, 167. 

Cheney, 178, 211. 

Chipman, 263-273, 275-285, 

287-317. 
Choate, 101, 227, 251, 252. 
Churchill, 298. 
Chute, 71. 
Clap, 151. 
Clapp, 176. 
Clark, 157, 173, 178, 188, 

290, 293. 
Clarke, 31. 
Clay, 57. 

Cleaveland, 40, 41, 64, 65, 
66, 67, 83, 84, 86, 87,253. 
Coats, 38. 
Cobb, 279, 283. 
Codman, 63, 199. 
Coffin, 300. 
Cosrgeshall, 120. 
Cogswell, 249, 252. 
Colburn. 199. 
Cole, 143, 168. 

(321) 



322 



Coleman, 41, 54, 60. 
Conant, 20, 22, 25, 58, 71, 

147. 252. 
Conley, 210. 
Cook, 140, 161, 162, 184. 
Coolidge, 199. 
Cornell. 183. 
Corawallis, 11. 
Cortland, 284. 
Cotton, 280, 281, 294. 
Covell, 140, 164. 
Cram, 192. 
Cranch, 29, 30. 
Crew, 231. 
Croon, 270, 271. 
Crosby, 168, 202, 204. 
Cross, 258. 
Crumpton, 249. 
Cue, 122. 
Culver, 172. 
Cummings, 68, 161, 190, 

213, 251, 252. 
Cummins, 83, 94. 
Cunningham, 25. 
Curtice, 124, 128. [191. 

Curtis, 127, 129, 137, 161, 
Cushing, 33, 92. 
Cuvier, 7, 16. 
Dadman, 308. 
Dalby, 183. 
Dalton, 175. 
Dane, 35, 36. 
Dauforth, 176. 
Darbey, 274, 275. 
Darbeyes. 274. 
Darling, 161, 189. 
Davenport, 213. 
Davis, 71, 180, 214, 305. 
Day, 214. 
Dean, 33, 269. 
Decker, 214, 249. 
D.nimms, 191. 
Derie, 277. 
Derby, 192, 269, 270, 273, 

274, 275, 278. 
Derth, 157. 
Dieterich. 178. 
Ddce, 250, 251, 253, 299. 
Dimock, 280. 
Dinsmore, 191. 
Dirth, 137. 
Dix, 307. 
Dodge, 52,71,125,132,146, 

158, 169, 185, 207, 217, 246, 

248, 250, 252. 
Dorman, 142, 149, 167. 
Dow, 178,211. 
Drake, 58, 71. 
Dresser, 250, 253. 
Drowne, 148, 174. 
Dudley, 149. 
Duucklee, 199. 
Durfee, 163, 196. 
Durgin, 309. 
Duty, 138. 
Dwinell, 129. 
Eaton, 197, 218. 
Eastman, 181. 
Eddy, 154. 

Edwards, 90, 105, 111.. 
Eells, 154. 
Egen, 297. 



INDEX, 



Elderkin, 178. 

Eldridge, 169, 205. 

Elkins, 40, 41. 

Eliot, 281. 

Elliugwood, 151, 173. 

Elliot, 253. 

Elliott, 169. 

Ellis, 188. 

Ely, 251. 

Emerson, 129, 140,249. 252. 

Emery, 200. [249. 

Endicott, 20, 25, 30. 31, 231, 

English, 230,232, 233. 

Esty, 152. 

Eveleth, 227, 252. 

Faruham. 29, 31. 

Farnsworth, 156. 

Farrar, 188. 

Faulkner, 170. 

Felt, 35, 38. 

Felton, 148. 

Fellows, 250. [303. 

Fisk, 123, 132, 145, 146, 163, 

Fiske, 35. 

Fitts, 146. 

Fitz, 253. 

Fitzrandolph, 278. 

Flagg, 139, 158. 

Fletcher, 144. 

Flint, 68, 164, 185, 239, 261. 

Floyd, 152, 307. 

Fly, 200. 

Flynn, 142. 

Folsom, 157, 184. 

Forbes, 51, 53, 71. 

Foss, 71, 192. 

Foster, 59, 130, 133, 135, 

142, 147, 152, 170, 210, 218, 

251. 
Fowler. 251, 253, 299, 
Frame, 197, 210. 
Franklin, 269. 
Freeman. 203. [218. 

French, 124, 151, 157, 185, 
Fuller, 141, 159, 166, 250, 

251, 253. 
Gale, 280. 
Gardner, 257. 
Gates, 154, 179, 183, 214. 
Gay, 186. 
Gednev, 239. 
Gerrish, 71, 251, 303. 
Gibbs, 313. [227. 

Gilbert, 135, 136, 153, 154, 
Giles, 138. 
Gillingham, 197. 
Gilman, 290. 
Glazier, 219. 
Gleason, 147. 
Goddard, 159, 187. 
Godfrey. 130, 143, 188. 
Goldsmith. 131, 146. 
Goldthwaite, 52. 
Goodale, 174, 190. 
Goodell, 174. 
Goodhue, 30. 
Goodrich, 177. 
Goodridge, 126, 134, 151. 
Goold, 252. 
Gorluim. 204. 
Gould, 72, 84, 92, 115, 116, 

118-221. 



Graham, 158,181, 187. 

Grant, 249. [301. 

Gray, 61, 154, 179,247,295, 

Greaves, 2.10, 253. 

Greely, 250. 253. 

Green, 179, 213, 215. 

Greene, 183. * • 

Crey, 36. 

Grimes, 173. 

Giover, 120. 

Groves, 292. 

Guilford, 308. 

II ad lock, 214. 

Ilagett, 214. 

Hale, 39, 289, 290. 

Hall, 163, 216. 

Hamilton. 169. 

Hammond, 135, 204. 

Hanson, 71. 

Harding, 168, 206. 

Hailey, 176. 

Harraden, 383. 

Harris, 195.238,251,253. 

Harrison, 311. 

Hart, 38, 201,250. 

Hartford. 181. 

Haskell, 253, 254. 

Haven, 41. 193. 

Hawkins, 242. 

Hawthorne, 23, 59, 22S, 230, 

232, 239. 
Hayden, 151,212. 
Havnes. 162, 192. 
Ha*zen, 302. 
Head, 54. 71. 
Henderson, 303. 
Hendrenk, 169. 
Herbert, 230. [185. 

Herrick, 71, 122, 141, 158, 
Hichborn, 166, 200. 
Hicks, 192. 

Higgins, 167, 168, 201, 203. 
Higginson, 239. 
Hill. 304. 
Hincklev, 205. 
Hinde, 274. 
Hinkley, 283, 285. 
Hitchcock, 287. 
Hitchings, 205. 
Hobbs, 146, 161. 
Hodges, 304. 308. 
Hodgkins, 177. 
Holbrook, 49. 
Holden, 136, 155. 
Holdgate, 128. 
Holland. 71, 249, 250. 
Hoi lings worth, 228, 229, 

230. 231. 
Holt. 164, 206. 
Holwav, 205. 
Hoi yoke, 36. 
Homes, 292. 
Hood, 84, 131, 133, 148, 158, 

161, 170. 175, 185, 190. ' 
Hookev, 284. 
Hopkins. 68,240. 
Hoppin, 242. 
Home, 191. 
Horsemnnden, 284. 
Houghton, 161, 1U0. 
Houstings, 71. 
Hovey, 251, 254. 












INDEX. 



:v>\\ 



How, 128, 165. 170, 207, 249. 

Howard, 41, 193. 

Howe, 162, 313. 

Howes, 180. 

Howland, 278, 281. 

Hoxie, 284. 

Hubbard, 161, 185. 

Hubbell, 08. 

Huckins, 317. 

Humphreys, 02. 

Hunt, 213. 

Huntington, 82, 83, 84, 85, 

87, 80, 90, 01-104, 107-113. 
Hard, 130, 107, 108, 202. 
Hutchinson, 170, 300. 
Hyde, 143. 
Iugersoll, 228. 
Jackson, 54, 71. 
Jago, 252. 
Janes, 100. 
Jarnegan, 214. 
Jarvis, 202. 
Jenkins, 140, 164. 
Jennings, 13(5, 154. 
Jepherson, 162, 193. 
Johnson, 71, 153, 1G2, 178, 

103, 201. 
Johonnot, 173. 
Jones, 127. 206, 303. 
Kellogg, 185. 
Kelsey, 187. 
KenricU, 108. 
Kent, 29, 30. 
Keyes, 124, 180. 
Keysor, 239. 
Kilbuvn, 151. 
Killam, 133, 148, 164. 
Kimball, 135, 142, 152, 176, 

222, 240, 218, 255. 
King, 08, 184, 217. 
Kingsbury, 213. 
Kinney, 148, 173. 
Kinsman, 227, 251, 253. 
Kneeland, 30. 
Knight, 51. 53, 58, 71, 178, 

200, 242, 214. 
Knowles, 167, 202. 
Knox, 71. 
Lake. 123, 135, 143, 152, 161, 

173,101. 
Lakeman, 251. 
Lamson, 84, 131, 135, 140, 

144, 1(54, 206, 252. 
Landon, 214. 
Lane, 167, 313. 
Itangmaid, 41. 
Larkin, 40, 41. 
Lawrence, 247, 271, 272. 
Law son, 195. 
Lazelle, 193. 
Leach, 171. 
Leatherland, 227. 
Leavitt. 49, 71. 
Le Baron, 302. 
Lee, 160. 
Leech, 291, 292. 
Leighton, 227. 
Legg, 179. 

Leonard, 300. 301, 302. 
Levalley, 195, 221. 
Linnell, 130, 168, 202, 203. 
Long, 71, 144, 169, 170. 



Longfellow, 140. 

Loomis, 183. [253. 

Lord, 77, 82, 83, 101, 237, 

Lorimer, 158. 

Low, 58, 71, 250, 253. 

Lowater, 250, 252, 253. 

Lowe, 70. 

Lowell, 79, 235, 236. 

Lower, 264. 

Lovejoy, 156. 

Ludlow, 247. 

Lunt, 92. 

Lurvey, 299. 

Luther, 195, 220. 

Lyon, 139. 

Mack, 138. 

Mackie, 59. 

Majory, 261. 

Malum, 313. 

Mann. 177. 

Manning, 58, 59, 60, 87, 250. 

206, 297. 
Marsh, 147, 172,212,219. 
Marshall, 58. 71. 227. 
Marston, 129, 239. 
Martin, 29, 30, 218. 
Mason, 197, 221. 
Maxwell. 213. 
May, 28, 71. 
Maybey, 251. 
Mayo. 57, 203. 
Mo A dam, 34, 36. 
McAvoy, 181. 
McClintock, 199. 
Mclntire, 212. 
McKean, 200. 
McKnight, 179, 214. 
McMurtire, 189. 
Mecum, 131, 144. 
Meldram, 218. 
Mel 1 en, 05. 
Melody, 1(54. 
Mendum, 51, 70, 71. 
Mentzer, 219. 
Merrill, 46, 71, 164. 
Merri field, 213. 
Messenger, 176. 
Metcalf, 197. 
Miller, 71, 172, 200, 312. 
Millet. 304. 
! Mitchell, 71, 309. 
! Moody, 188. 
Moore, 300. 
Morgm, 179, 211,215. 
Mori-ell, 206. 
Morris, 205. 
Morrison, 214, 216, 297. 
Morse, 312. 
Moses, 71, 303. 308. 
Munday, 175, 198. 
Mundy, 149. 165. 
Munroe, 313. 
Musgrave, 268. 
Nason, 250. 
Neale, 238. 
Nelson, 100, 317. 
Newcomb, 211. 
Newell, 178. 
Newman. 41, 249. 
Newmarch, 121,123, 249. 
Newton, 17. 
Nicholls, 252. 



Nichols. 108.210. [206. 

Nickereon, 203. 204, 206, 

Nimcs, 136. 

Noble, 39. 

Norton, 253. 
No well, 207. 

Obear,298. 
Ober. 200.' 
Osborne. 31. 
Osgood, 238, 289. 

Owen, 137. 

I'age, 57. 70, 71. 100. 126. 
Paine, 30. 41. 130,202, 204, 
Palmer, 126, 134, 130, 162, 

186. 
Parker, 58, 140. 149, 150, 

164, 175, 176, 179,211,216, 
305. 

Parkman, 21. 

Patch, 58, 71, 134. 150, 156, 
185, 309. 

Patterson, 169. 204, 205. 

Peabodv, 16, 65. 122, 131, 
138, 112, 113, 160, 163, 164, 
166. 172, 174, 191, 106, 107, 
219,221. 

Peach, 58, 71. 

Pearsall, 193, 219. 

Pearson, 71. 

Pea>lev, 101, 219. 

Peele, 08. 

Peirson, 67. 

Penniwell. 123. 

Perkins, 84, 121. 123, 124, 
128, 130, 131, 132. 133, 134, 
138, 111, 145, 147, 149, 158, 
159, 169, 222, 223, 224, 225, 
226, 227, 246, 247, 249, 250, 
251, 252, 253. 254, 308. 

Perley, 131, 140. 141, -142, 
146, 140, 152, 161, 163,"175, 
190, 210. 

Perrin. 238. 

Perry, 193. 

Peters, 31. 

Philbrick, 2. L210. 

Phillips, 180, 181, 191, 206, 

Phips, 260. 

Pickering, 2, 24, 29. 68. 

Pidge, 163. 193. 

Pierce, 126, 135, 157, 163, 
195, 305. 

Pike. 51,53, 71, 179, 212. 

Pinkham, 71. 

Pitman, 171. 

Pool. 305. 

Poor. 169, 308. 

Pope, 284. 

Porny, 2(56. 

Porter, 71. 140. 156, 164, 

165, 170,181, 185,215,218, 
253, 262, 291, 299, 307. 

Post. 292. 

Potter, 56, 58, 71, 174, 214, 

249. 
Prats, 26. 
Prescott. 35. 71. 
Preston. 256, 258. 
Price, 239. 

Prince, 68, 142, 167, 280. 
Pritchard, 129. 
Proctor, 145, 170, 253, 296 . 



324 



INDEX. 



Punchard, 230. 

Putnam, 118, 175, 198, 256, 
257, 259, 2(J1, 305. 

Pynchon, 29. 

Quarles, 227, 251. 

Quiney. 188, 218. 

Radcliffe, 169. 

Rand, 55, 71. 

Kapallo. 159, 189. 

Kay, 57, 70, 71. 

Head, 27, 163, 189, 195. 

Reaiield, 194. 

Redington, 121, 122. 

Reed. 181. 

Remiek, 71. 

Revere, 191. 

Rew, 171. 

Rhodes, 151. 

Rice, 182, 193, 313. 

Richardson, 297. 

Ridley, 169, 207. 

Rindge, 249. 

Ritebey, 217. 

Robbins, 213. 

Roberts, 143. 

Robinson, 54, 58, 70, 71, 
125, 127, 129, 132, 139, 163, 
216. 

Rock woo (1. 71. 

Rogers, 186, 202, 205, 212, 
2:>7, 302. 

Rood, 132. 

Russ, 214. 

Russel, 280, 310. 

Russell, 144, 170. 

Ruskins, 8. 

Rust, 237,*251. 

Ryan, 311. 

Saltonstall, 29, 68, 99. 

Sanborn, 165. 

Sanderson, 134, 150. 

Sanford, 211. 

Sargent, 29, 290. 

Saunders, 71. 

Savory, 71 . 

Sawtell, 137, 155, 156. 

Sawyer, 309. 

Schlb'zer. 10. 

Scott, 91, 114, 184, 217. 

Sears, 162, 169, 192, 207. 

Sergeant, 280, 281. 

Sewall, 29, 31, 76, 300. 

Seward, 167, 201. 

Sexton, 181. 

Sharp, 25, 181, 216. 

Shattuck,Jl. [291. 

Shaw, 58, 70, 71, 140, 176, 

Shedd, 135. 

Sibley, 194, 219. 

Silsbee, 57. 

Simes, 40. 

Simmons, 201. 

Sinclair, 242. 

Skiff, 284. 

Skinner. 196. 

Small, 169, 174, 205, 260. 

Smith, 32, 71, 76, 127, 128, 
136, 137, 139, 142, 157, 161, 
165, 166, 168, 169, 179, 185, 
187, 188, 189, 200, 203, 206, 
215, 227, 248, 249, 250, 257, 
280, 296. 



Snow, 202, 213, 274. 

Somerby, 71, 115. 

Sparks, 252. 

Spaulding, 247. 

Spencer, 204. 

Spokesfield, 184. 

Sprague, 164. 

Stacy, 242. 

Standley, 125, 126, 127. 

Statton, 220. 

Stearnes, 160, 177. 

Stearns, 36, 162, 189, 308. 

Stephens, 140, 164. 

Stetson, 71. 

Stevens, 135, 153, 194, 220, 

252. 
Stickney, 101, 134, 151, 297. 
Stiles, 126, 133, 135, 142. 
Stinson, 71. 
Stockwell, 134, 149. 
Stone, 124, 126, 171, 191, 

280. 
Storey, 251, 252, 253. 
Story", 2, 68, 229, 247. 
Strange, 179. 
Striker, 230. 
Stroutt, 309. 

Sumner, 124, 125, 187, 189. 
Swain, 252. 289, 290, 291. 
Swan, 167, 201. 
Sweetser, 41. 
Swett, 295. 
Swinnerton, 138. 
Svmonds, 128, 129, 302. 
T'aft, 179, 189, 213, 218. 
Tapley, 177. 
Tarbell, 136, 155. 
Tarbot, 259. 
Tarbox, 133, 178. 
Tarr, 305. 
Taylor, 134, 138, 149, 154, 

182, 203, 216. 
Telford, 36. 
Temple, 213. 
Tenney, 58, 71. 
Thayer, 153, 177, 179, 211. 
Thomas, 144, 191. 
Thompson, 2, 171, 308. 
Thorndike, 35, 36. 
Tilden, 171, 201. 
Tillie, 281. 
Tilton, 71. 
Todd, 120, 158, 186. 
Tompson, 272. 
Touzell, 228. 
Towe, 71. 
Towne, 122, 125, 127, 129, 

130, 132, 141, 144, 210. 
Townsend, 175, 307. 
Towzer. 303. 
Tozer, 71. 
Tozzer, 58. 
Travis, 25. 

Treadwell, 30, 250, 310. 
Tucker, 98, 164, 299, 307, 

310. 
Tufts, 30. 

Turner, 158, 187, 309. 
Twitchell, 58. 
Tyler, 32. 
Underhill, 20. 



Upham, 2, 3. 

Upton, 152, 177, 179, 214. 

Valentine, 194. 

Vaughan, 195. 

Vincent, 180, 297. 

Vose, 312. 

Wade, 189. 

Wadham, 270. 

Wainwright, 252. 

Wait, 156. 

Wakefield, 238, 239. 

Walker, 71. 

Wall, 183. 

Wallace, 171, 186. 

Wallis, 121. 

Ward, 26, 28, 101, 180. 182, 

292, 295. 
Ware, 36. 
Warner, 163. 
Warren, 289, 290. 
Wascoat, 77. 
Washburn, 99. 
Washington, 35. 
Waters, 230. 
Way. 200. 
Webb, 148, 174. 
Webster, 32. 
Weeks, 179, 205. 
Wells, 252. 
Wendell, 25, 29. 
Wentworth, 177, 178. 
West, 252. 
Weston, 144, 188. 
Wheatland, 36. 
Wheeler, 205. 
Wheelock, 194. 
Whidden, 40. 
Whipple, 49, 64, 68, 249. 
White. 2, 35. 68, 93, 135, 

151, 274, 302. 
Whiting, 163, 195, 204. 
Whitney, 177. 
Whitten, 71. 
Wiggin, 71. 
Wilbur, 178, 211. 
Wilder, 188. 
Wildes, 41, 48, 71, 84, 91, 

121, 122. 
Wilkins, 207. 
Willard, 134, 151, 176. 
Willey, 143. 

Williams, 145, 163, 188, 251. 
Willis, 275. 
Wilson, 299. 
Winchester, 58, 71. 
Winslow, 191, 274, 281. 
Winthrop, 20, 21, 31, 273. 
Wright, 191, 307. 
Wolcott, 238. 
Wonson, 299. 
Wood, 132, 133, 147, 157, 

176, 184. 
Woodberry, 253. 
Woodbury, 146, 229. 
Woodman, 134. 
Woodward, 212. 
Woodwell, 76. 
Worcester, 68. 
Wyman, 116. 
Young, 154, 167, 168, 181, 

284. 






ESSEX INSTITUTE 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS. 



VOLUME XI, 



PART I. 



SALEM, MASS. 

PUBLISHED BY THE ESSEX INSTITUTE. 
APRIL, 1871. 

FOB SALE AT PLUMMEB HALL, IN SALEM; 

AND AT A. K. BORING'S BOOK STORE, CORNER OF WASHINGTON AND 
BROMF1ELD STREETS, IN BOSTON. 



V 



ESSEX INSTITUTE 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS. 



# 



VOLUME XI 



PARTS II AND III. 



SALEM, MASS. 

CJBLISHED BY THE ESSEX INSTITUTE. 

JULY, OCT., 1871. 



FOR SALE AT PLUMMER HALL, IN SALEM. 



373*7